Sahana General Brief - April 2011
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Sahana General Brief - April 2011



Short general Bbiefing on the Sahana Software Foundation.

Short general Bbiefing on the Sahana Software Foundation.



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Sahana General Brief - April 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Sahana Software Foundation: Making Chaos Manageable “No innovation matters more than that which saves lives”Avelino J. Cruz, Jr., Secretary of National Defence of the Philippines on the use of Sahana following disastrous mudslides in 2005
  • 2. What is a Disaster?“A disaster is a serious disruption of thefunctioning of a society, causing widespreadhuman, material or environmental losseswhich exceeds the ability of the affected societyto cope using only its own resources” - Source: UNDP 2
  • 3. Problem: Aftermath of DisastersThe trauma caused by waiting to befound or find the next of kinCoordinating all aid groups andhelping them to operate effectively asoneManaging the multitude of requestsfrom the affected region and matchingthem effectively to the pledges ofassistanceTracking the location of all temporaryshelters, camps, etc. 3
  • 4. Tasks Facing RespondersSearch and Rescue Tracing MissingEvacuation PersonsSetting up Shelters Trauma CounselingEffective Distribution Assuring Security ofof Aid Affected AreasManagement of Donor Protecting Childrenand Donations Rehabilitation Life Saving decisions need to be made very fast! The best decisions are the most informed ones 4
  • 5. How Can Technology Help?Scalable management of information No stacks of forms and files to manageEfficient distribution of information Accessibility of information on demandAutomatic collation and calculation No delay for assessments and calculationsLive situational awareness Reports are updated live as data is entered 5
  • 6. Disaster Information SourcesGovernment & Emergency Services relief capacity hasbeen exceeded or crippledTo meet response requirements, the boundary of theeffort extends to external groups (NGOs, civil society,foreign aid, UN agencies)Core Decision Makers need to consult a wider group andgather information from nontraditional “uninitiated”sources for better Situational Awareness CROWDSOURCING & SOCIAL MEDIA 6
  • 7. Sahana Software FoundationThe Sahana Software Foundation is dedicated to themission of saving lives by providing informationmanagement solutions that enable organizations andcommunities to better prepare for and respond to disasters.We develop free and open source software and provideservices that help solve concrete problems and bringefficiencies to disaster response coordination betweengovernments, aid organizations, civil society and the victimsthemselves. 7
  • 8. Sahana SoftwareSahana free and open source software helps bringefficiencies to disaster response coordination: Reuniting separated families through registering missing and found persons Tracking and managing requests for help from individuals and organizations Tracking organizations and programs responding to the disaster, including the coverage and balance in the distribution of aid, providing transparency Enabling relevant sharing of information across organizations, connecting donors, volunteers, NGOs, and government organizations, enabling them to operate as one Primary focus is always to help victims 8
  • 9. The Historic Trigger: 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake & TsunamiAt least 226,000 deadUp to 5 million peoplelost their homes, oraccess to food andwater1 million people leftwithout a means tomake a livingAt least $7.5 billion inthe cost of damages “Facts and Figures: Asian Tsunami Disaster” New Scientist, 20 January 2005 9
  • 10. First deployed forSri Lanka tsunami response 10
  • 11. Core CapabilitiesOrganization / VolunteerRegistry Understanding 4W: “Who What Where When”: Maintains data (contacts, services) of groups, organizations, staff, and volunteers responding to the disasterMissing Persons /Disaster Victims Registry Helps track and find missing and found, deceased, injured and displaced people and families 11
  • 12. Core CapabilitiesRequest Management Manages all requests, assessments and incident reports and helps match commitments for support, aid and supplies through to fulfillmentGeospatial Analysis Provides situational awareness of all important locations to the disaster response, such as shelters, hospitals, warehouses, incident reports, and assessments. 12
  • 13. Functionality OverviewSituation Awareness Person Management Geospatial Database Person Registry Situation Mapping Victim Tracking & Tracing Charts & Reporting Disaster Victim Identification Assessment Collection Missing Persons Registry Situation & Incident Reporting Biosurveillance Aid Management Organization RegistryResource Management Shelter Registry Volunteer Management Request Management Project Tracking and Management Logistics Management Communications & Alerting Inventory Management E-mail & SMS Hospital Management Mobile Apps (iPhone & Android) Food Aid Request Management Alerting System (CAP) Aid Catalogue Alert Aggregation 13
  • 14. Sahana Software ProjectsEden – Emergency AgastiDevelopment Environment Vesuvius – Developed by US flexible rapid application National Library of Medicine – development platform with a provides Lost Person Finder & rich feature set Hospital Triage Management capabilities include: logistics, Mayon – Developed by City staffing and volunteers, University of New York or organizations, hospitals, NYC OEM – provides shelters, assessments, incident Emergency Resource reports, disaster victim Management for large identification, mapping, municipalities messaging, person finder. OCR - Paper form scanning designed for humanitarian system that supports both Eden organizations and agencies and Agasti projects. engaged in disaster relief. 14
  • 15. Technology and FeaturesEnvironments Linux, Windows, OSX Portable App, VMTranslation & Localization Pootle, Character Sets Right-to-left scriptingOpen Data Standards KML, WMS, GeoRSS, WPS EDXL, CAP, JSON, XMLMobile Accessibility J2ME, HTML 5, Xforms JavaRosa, OCR 15
  • 16. Mobile Devices 16
  • 17. US NIMS/ICS Compliance: ESFs & Symbology 17
  • 18. Mapping 18
  • 19. Major Disaster DeploymentsEarthquake and Tsunami in Japan – 2011Flooding in Colombia – 2011Flooding in Venezuela – 2010Flooding in Pakistan – 2010Hurricane in Veracruz, Mexico – 2010Earthquake in Chile – 2010Earthquake in Haiti – 2010Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar – 2008Chengdu-Sitzuan Province Earthquake, China – 2008Bihar Floods, India – 2008Ica Earthquake, Peru – 2007Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh – 2007Yogjakarta Earthquake, Indonesia – 2006Landslides in the Philippines– 2005Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami in Sri Lanka – 2005 19
  • 20. Pre-Disaster DeploymentsCity of Los Angeles (RFP) – 2011IFRC Asia Pacific Disaster Management Unit – 2010Philippines Red Cross in the Philippines – 2010SahanaTW, Academia Sinica, in Taiwan – 2010Asia Disaster Preparedness Center, Bangkok, Thailand – 2010National Disaster Relief Services Center, Sri Lanka – 2010National Coordinating Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) inIndonesia – 2009National Disaster Coordinating Council in the Philippines – 2009US National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland - 2009LirneAsia, Bio-Surveillance, Sri Lanka and India - 2008Sarvodaya (NGO), Sri Lanka – 2008Office of Emergency Management in New York City – 2007 20
  • 21. City of New YorkOffice of Emergency Management Shelter Management System 21
  • 22. US National Library of Medicine Lost Person Finder Project 22
  • 23. Lost Person Finder Web + Mobile 23
  • 24. AwardsGartner Inc. Cool Vendor in Risk Management andCompliance – 2010Best Practices Award from Public Private Businesses, Inc. –2010Sourceforge Community Choice Awards Best Project forGovernment Finalist – 2009Free Software Foundation Award for Social Benefit – 2006Sand Hill Group Good Samaritan Award – 2006Sourceforge Project of the Month – June 2006User Award from Redhat Summit – 2005 24
  • 25. Case StudiesUN Foundation: Disaster Relief 2.0: The Future of Information Sharing inHumanitarian Emergencies, 2011ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction 2, Asian Pacific Training Centre for Informationand Communications Technology for Development, 2010Gartner Inc.: Sahana: Humanitarian Disaster Management and CollaborationSystem, June 16, 2010.ISCRAM: The Sahana Software Foundation response to the 2010 HaitiEarthquake - 2010UNESCAP Technical Paper: A Case Study of the Sahana Disaster ManagementSystem of Sri Lanka – 2009Communications of the ACM (CACM): Revitalizing Computing EducationThrough Free and Open Source Software for Humanity – 2009Disaster Resource Guide Quarterly: New Open Source Software Could GreatlyImprove Federal and State Disaster Relief Operations – 2008Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme ePrimer: ICT for DisasterManagement – 2007CACM: Open Source Software for Disaster Management - 2007UNDP IOSN Case Study on Sahana – 2006BBC Documentary, The Codebreakers – 2006 25
  • 26. The Sahana CommunityA unique global voluntary teamof developers and experts: Emergency Managers Relief Workers ICT Specialists and Researchers Experienced FOSS developers Humanitarian Activists Nurses and other Public Global collaboration for the Health Experts global public good 26
  • 27. Sahana Partners & Stakeholders 27
  • 28. Sahana Software Foundation Free and Open Source Software Projects Freedom to use, analyze, modify and re-distribute Available for everybody at no cost Open for research and development Collaboratively developed by a Global community Mark Prutsalis, President & CEO Sahana Software Foundation @SahanaFOSS #Sahana 28