Sahana &  Disaster Management Software: Past, Present & Future What can we learn from the experience of professional disas...
<ul><li>Employers, Customers, Clients </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refugees International </li></ul></ul><...
Today’s Talk <ul><li>Part 1 : History of Disaster Management Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early efforts (1993-2004) </li...
PART ONE <ul><li>Personal History with  </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management Software </li></ul>
Tanzania 1994 <ul><li>Estimated 200,000+ Rwandan Refugees enter Tanzania in a single day. </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Turkey 1994 <ul><li>Kocaeli Earthquake and resulting influx of international donations of drugs and medical supplies cripp...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Organizing the Warehouse
 
 
 
 
Deploying the System
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity Tracking System Architecture  for Turkish Ministry of Health
 
 
<ul><li>Affected Population:  16,972,606 </li></ul><ul><li>Human Fatalities:  30,000 + </li></ul><ul><li>Injured Persons: ...
The Mission:  Logistics Management
Gujarat Earthquake Relief: Receipt, Packaging and Distribution of Supplies
Deploying CommTrack System: Ahmadabad, India, 7 February 2000
 
 
 
Cell phone towers still operating <ul><li>Bachau, India,  </li></ul><ul><li>5 February 2000 </li></ul>
Bhuj, India
 
 
 
 
Bhuj Relief Warehouse
 
 
 
Our Pony Express
Anjar, India 13 February 2000
Semankyali Checkpoint, India
 
Adasar Checkpoint, India
 
 
 
 
The Indian Ocean Tsunami
India: Sunil Raghavan
India: Tsunami Management System: Victim Tracking, Logistics, Information System Open source,  Linux Operating System,  MY...
India: Warehouse Management
India: Logistics System
India: Information System
Sri Lanka
 
Person/Victim Registration System
Camp/Shelter Registration System
Request/Assistance Management System
Organization Registration System
 
Students configuring Sahana in Colombo
Sahana Training Provided by Crisis Response Team’s  Dr. Tom Phelan
Indonesia <ul><li>Banda Aceh </li></ul><ul><li>7 Days after tsunami </li></ul>
SIMBA <ul><li>Sistem Informasi Manajemen Bencana Aceh (SIMBA)  </li></ul><ul><li>Information Management System for Aceh Di...
SIMBA First create a new POSKO, “double-click” on ‘Create new Posko’ Requirements meeting with Government Programming Team...
Secure Wireless Infrastructure System (SWIS) Installed in Banda Aceh and Teunom Crisis Response Team installs and adjusts ...
Hurricane Katrina, 2005
Challenge:  Nearly 50 Missing and  Located Persons Registries (examples) <ul><li>http://callhome.textamerica.com </li></ul...
Challenge: Duplicate Reporting 3595 registrations in just the letter “B”.  Over 34,000 in total.
Recommendations <ul><li>Information Sharing MOUs </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed data collection standards and formats </li></ul>...
NYC Sahana Intake Based on Official Paper Forms
Kashmir Earthquake 2005
Kashmir Earthquake 2005 Maj. General Khalid Nawaz,  GOC Muzaffarabad (GOC 12 DIV)
Balakot, Pakistan <ul><li>60% loss of life </li></ul>
 
 
 
NYC Sahana Branch – 2007+
NYC Branch Staff Registration System
NYC Branch Site System
NYC Branch – GIS Integration
NYC Branch Shelteree Registration System Reporting
NYC Branch SANDS System
NYC Branch SANDS: Assigning Staff to Activated Sites
NYC Branch SANDS: Staff Management
NYC Branch SANDS: Tracking and Updating Staff Status
NYC Branch SANDS: Situation Awareness of Staffing
NYC Sahana Branch: Next Steps <ul><li>More automation of business processes </li></ul><ul><li>More situational awareness r...
LESSONS LEARNED <ul><li>Fully functional offline / standalone </li></ul><ul><li>Development priorities driven by emergency...
PART TWO <ul><li>The Present State of Sahana:  </li></ul><ul><li>Whither Sahana 1.0? </li></ul>
<ul><li>“ Sahana is not being utilized in Aus [Australia] at this time for fire evacuee and refugee management due to seve...
A call for Sahana 1.0 this year <ul><li>Open Source = constant innovation, results in betas – “release often” </li></ul><u...
Whither Sahana 1.0?
Sahana 1.0 Release Plan <ul><li>Take a little longer than normal release schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>Clean up code </li></...
We need your help <ul><li>We need developers to support the 1.0 release. </li></ul><ul><li>Activities & tasks are document...
Sahana 1.0 launches Sahana into Stratosphere <ul><li>No, it won’t be in Python. </li></ul><ul><li>No, it won’t have all th...
PART THREE <ul><li>The Future of Sahana and Disaster Management Software </li></ul>
Sahana needs a Logistics Management System <ul><li>Emergency experience demonstrates need </li></ul><ul><li>No disaster ma...
Logistics <ul><li>Basic Principle: Get things and people to right place, at right time, for right price. </li></ul><ul><li...
Design for Sahana Logistics (1)
Design for Sahana Logistics (2)
Next Steps for Sahana Logistics <ul><li>GSoC 2009 Project for NGO Warehouse Management </li></ul><ul><li>Again, we need yo...
THANK YOU <ul><li>Mark Prutsalis </li></ul><ul><li>President, Gl  bal iist  Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sahana PMC </li></ul><...
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Sahana 2009 Conference Presentation

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Sahana &amp; Disaster Management Software: Past, Present &amp; Future: What can we learn from the experience of professional disaster managers and humanitarian aid workers to build better humanitarian FOSS software

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  • Sahana 2009 Conference Presentation

    1. 1. Sahana & Disaster Management Software: Past, Present & Future What can we learn from the experience of professional disaster managers and humanitarian aid workers to build better humanitarian FOSS software Mark Prutsalis President, Globaliist Inc. Living-Prepared.com Sahana PMC March 25, 2009
    2. 2. <ul><li>Employers, Customers, Clients </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refugees International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rocky Mountain Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Vision International </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UN Agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UNHCR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNICEF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNJLC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Navy’s Third Fleet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DARPA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crisis Response Team (IBM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT Crisis Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On Site Emergency Management Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia 1993 (elections) </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnia & Herzegovina 1993-94 (conflict) </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania 1994 (refugees) </li></ul><ul><li>Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Zaire 1994-96 (Great Lakes region refugee emergency & civil conflict) </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya, Southern Sudan, 1997 (OLS) </li></ul><ul><li>Mali 1997 (emergency response team training) </li></ul><ul><li>Central America 1998 (Hurricane Mitch) </li></ul><ul><li>East Timor 1999 (conflict) </li></ul><ul><li>Ecuador 1999 (volcano) </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey 1999 (earthquake) </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan 2000 (emergency planning) </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat, India 2000 (earthquake) </li></ul><ul><li>New York 2001 (9/11) </li></ul><ul><li>India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia 2004-05 (earthquake, tsunami) </li></ul><ul><li>Kashmir, Pakistan 2005 (earthquake) </li></ul><ul><li>City of New York 2004-08 (emergency planning) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Today’s Talk <ul><li>Part 1 : History of Disaster Management Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early efforts (1993-2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean tsunami (2004-05) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-tsunami experience (2005-09) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 2 : the Present State of Sahana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges of moving Sahana into a public stable 1.0 release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What 1.0 means for Sahana and the humanitarian community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part 3 : the Future of Disaster Management Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission critical functions that have yet to be developed: logistics </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. PART ONE <ul><li>Personal History with </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management Software </li></ul>
    5. 5. Tanzania 1994 <ul><li>Estimated 200,000+ Rwandan Refugees enter Tanzania in a single day. </li></ul>
    6. 13. Turkey 1994 <ul><li>Kocaeli Earthquake and resulting influx of international donations of drugs and medical supplies cripple Turkish Ministry of Health’s ability to respond. </li></ul>
    7. 21. Organizing the Warehouse
    8. 26. Deploying the System
    9. 33. Commodity Tracking System Architecture for Turkish Ministry of Health
    10. 36. <ul><li>Affected Population: 16,972,606 </li></ul><ul><li>Human Fatalities: 30,000 + </li></ul><ul><li>Injured Persons: 68,478 </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed Houses: 228,906 </li></ul><ul><li>Damaged Buildings 397,538 </li></ul>Bhuj, India January, 2001 Gujarat Earthquake M7.9
    11. 37. The Mission: Logistics Management
    12. 38. Gujarat Earthquake Relief: Receipt, Packaging and Distribution of Supplies
    13. 39. Deploying CommTrack System: Ahmadabad, India, 7 February 2000
    14. 43. Cell phone towers still operating <ul><li>Bachau, India, </li></ul><ul><li>5 February 2000 </li></ul>
    15. 44. Bhuj, India
    16. 49. Bhuj Relief Warehouse
    17. 53. Our Pony Express
    18. 54. Anjar, India 13 February 2000
    19. 55. Semankyali Checkpoint, India
    20. 57. Adasar Checkpoint, India
    21. 62. The Indian Ocean Tsunami
    22. 63. India: Sunil Raghavan
    23. 64. India: Tsunami Management System: Victim Tracking, Logistics, Information System Open source, Linux Operating System, MYSQL Database
    24. 65. India: Warehouse Management
    25. 66. India: Logistics System
    26. 67. India: Information System
    27. 68. Sri Lanka
    28. 70. Person/Victim Registration System
    29. 71. Camp/Shelter Registration System
    30. 72. Request/Assistance Management System
    31. 73. Organization Registration System
    32. 75. Students configuring Sahana in Colombo
    33. 76. Sahana Training Provided by Crisis Response Team’s Dr. Tom Phelan
    34. 77. Indonesia <ul><li>Banda Aceh </li></ul><ul><li>7 Days after tsunami </li></ul>
    35. 78. SIMBA <ul><li>Sistem Informasi Manajemen Bencana Aceh (SIMBA) </li></ul><ul><li>Information Management System for Aceh Disaster </li></ul>
    36. 79. SIMBA First create a new POSKO, “double-click” on ‘Create new Posko’ Requirements meeting with Government Programming Team in Aceh
    37. 80. Secure Wireless Infrastructure System (SWIS) Installed in Banda Aceh and Teunom Crisis Response Team installs and adjusts wireless network communications hardware in Teunom camp Setting up SIMBA in Teunom SWIS was used in Indonesia to enter and transmit IDP (Internally Displaced Person) information. Previously, these records were hand written and sent by helicopter from Teunom to Banda Aceh .
    38. 81. Hurricane Katrina, 2005
    39. 82. Challenge: Nearly 50 Missing and Located Persons Registries (examples) <ul><li>http://callhome.textamerica.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.karmus.com/photo/100350 </li></ul><ul><li>http://neworleansrefugees.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://picayunekatrina.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://slidell.weblogswork.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2005/hurricanes/list </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.familylinks.icrc.org/katrina/locate </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bergedalen.com/katrina/survived.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/home.do </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hurricanerefugee.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.katrinafinder.us </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.katrina-messages.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://connect.castpost.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://msnbc.msn.com/id/9159961 </li></ul><ul><li>http://nokr.org/nok/restricted/home.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tsasw.org/qso/healthandwelfare.asp </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/talking_point/4202042.stm </li></ul><ul><li>http://208.137.136.144/phpbb2/viewforum.php?f=111 </li></ul><ul><li>http://survivedkatrina.proboards54.com/index.cgi </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.katrinaconnections.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hurricanekatrinasurvivors.com/main </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wwltv.com/forums/viewforum.php?f=15 </li></ul><ul><li>http://katrinacentral.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://katrinafamiliesandfriends.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fullcircle.net </li></ul><ul><li>http://katrinaslost.com/connect </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.katrinaslost.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://neworleans.craigslist.org/laf </li></ul>* Based on a full compilation as of Sept 2, 2005 at 8:30pm (list available)
    40. 83. Challenge: Duplicate Reporting 3595 registrations in just the letter “B”. Over 34,000 in total.
    41. 84. Recommendations <ul><li>Information Sharing MOUs </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed data collection standards and formats </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying duplicate records & false records </li></ul><ul><li>Only one official Missing Persons site per disaster – one database </li></ul><ul><li>Sahana can fill this role </li></ul>
    42. 85. NYC Sahana Intake Based on Official Paper Forms
    43. 86. Kashmir Earthquake 2005
    44. 87. Kashmir Earthquake 2005 Maj. General Khalid Nawaz, GOC Muzaffarabad (GOC 12 DIV)
    45. 88. Balakot, Pakistan <ul><li>60% loss of life </li></ul>
    46. 92. NYC Sahana Branch – 2007+
    47. 93. NYC Branch Staff Registration System
    48. 94. NYC Branch Site System
    49. 95. NYC Branch – GIS Integration
    50. 96. NYC Branch Shelteree Registration System Reporting
    51. 97. NYC Branch SANDS System
    52. 98. NYC Branch SANDS: Assigning Staff to Activated Sites
    53. 99. NYC Branch SANDS: Staff Management
    54. 100. NYC Branch SANDS: Tracking and Updating Staff Status
    55. 101. NYC Branch SANDS: Situation Awareness of Staffing
    56. 102. NYC Sahana Branch: Next Steps <ul><li>More automation of business processes </li></ul><ul><li>More situational awareness reports (dashboard) </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics management for shelters and community distribution points </li></ul><ul><li>Development, support & maintenance from City University of New York (CUNY) </li></ul><ul><li>Merging NYC Branch features back into Sahana trunk </li></ul>
    57. 103. LESSONS LEARNED <ul><li>Fully functional offline / standalone </li></ul><ul><li>Development priorities driven by emergency/disaster management domain experts </li></ul><ul><li>Stable, reliable, easy to install & run on Windows/IE </li></ul>
    58. 104. PART TWO <ul><li>The Present State of Sahana: </li></ul><ul><li>Whither Sahana 1.0? </li></ul>
    59. 105. <ul><li>“ Sahana is not being utilized in Aus [Australia] at this time for fire evacuee and refugee management due to several fundamental considerations: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>o Sahana is still in pre-release and thereby not demonstrably robust (hopefully rectified when Sahana 1.0 is released) </li></ul><ul><li>o Sahana is not easily installed on Microsoft Windows servers and notebooks </li></ul><ul><li>o Sahana is currently considered to be overly complex in terms of features and the complexities of deployment methodologies….” </li></ul><ul><li>- e-mail from Don Cameron, Sahana PMC member, 3/16/09 </li></ul>
    60. 106. A call for Sahana 1.0 this year <ul><li>Open Source = constant innovation, results in betas – “release often” </li></ul><ul><li>At odds with need for stable & reliable code that emergency managers can depend on to save lives </li></ul><ul><li>If Sahana wants to be “the disaster management software” it has to be stable & reliable. </li></ul>
    61. 107. Whither Sahana 1.0?
    62. 108. Sahana 1.0 Release Plan <ul><li>Take a little longer than normal release schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>Clean up code </li></ul><ul><li>Fix all outstanding bugs </li></ul><ul><li>Rigorous bug test & QA </li></ul><ul><li>Professional packaging with installation/configuration scripts for windows, Linux, MAC OSX, Solaris, portable applets, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Professional documentation for installation & end-users. </li></ul>
    63. 109. We need your help <ul><li>We need developers to support the 1.0 release. </li></ul><ul><li>Activities & tasks are documents on wiki: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wiki.sahana.lk/doku.php?id=dev:strategic_plan_for_proposed_public_stable_release_of_sahana_1.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is not sexy work, but fulfilling. You will be part of team that will make Sahana 1.0 a reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved. On Sahana-Maindev; IRC #sahana </li></ul>
    64. 110. Sahana 1.0 launches Sahana into Stratosphere <ul><li>No, it won’t be in Python. </li></ul><ul><li>No, it won’t have all the bells and whistles planned for with the 0.7 and 0.8 releases and GSoC 2009 projects. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT – when next major sudden onset disaster strikes, no one will hesitate to recommend Sahana’s deployment. </li></ul>
    65. 111. PART THREE <ul><li>The Future of Sahana and Disaster Management Software </li></ul>
    66. 112. Sahana needs a Logistics Management System <ul><li>Emergency experience demonstrates need </li></ul><ul><li>No disaster management system is complete without it </li></ul><ul><li>“ Logistics efforts can account up to 80% of disaster relief spending and thus, efficient and effective logistics activities become crucial for successful humanitarian operations .” – ISCRAM 2009 </li></ul>
    67. 113. Logistics <ul><li>Basic Principle: Get things and people to right place, at right time, for right price. </li></ul><ul><li>Must organize: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Procurement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warehousing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul></ul>
    68. 114. Design for Sahana Logistics (1)
    69. 115. Design for Sahana Logistics (2)
    70. 116. Next Steps for Sahana Logistics <ul><li>GSoC 2009 Project for NGO Warehouse Management </li></ul><ul><li>Again, we need your help! </li></ul><ul><li>Post Sahana 1.0, Sahana logistics should be next major voluntary effort </li></ul>
    71. 117. THANK YOU <ul><li>Mark Prutsalis </li></ul><ul><li>President, Gl  bal iist Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sahana PMC </li></ul><ul><li>http://Living-Prepared.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.globaliist.com </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Skype: mark.prutsalis </li></ul><ul><li>IRC #sahana: mprutsalis </li></ul>

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