3. Introduction SPEAKING•Speaking is the 2nd of the fourlanguage skills, which are:•1. Listening•2. Speaking•3. Reading•4. Writing
4. Two Keys To Succeed In Public speaking Taking control of the situation. Preparing your self to succeed.
5. Strategy For The Speech Develop a strategy for the speech which involves: Developing a reason for speaking. A knowledge of who will hear your speech. Sense of the context in which it will occur.
6. GET TO KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE Knowing something about the people you are addressing to. The information about their Age, Education, Personal beliefs, Occupation, Income, Socio- Economic status, Ethnic origin, Gender, knowledge of the subject, attitude towards the subject may help you to get to know your audience.
7. Determine your reason for speaking All speaking is persuasive. All public speaking should tell people what they don’t know rather than telling them what the already know. Learn what you can about the occasions. Managers must choose their theme carefully because audience will pay close attention to their words, the tone of speech and their approach to the subject.
8. Know Three Basic reasons Why PeopleWill Listen To A Speech. Their own interest . Who is telling the story. How is it told. Audience react positively to the speaking styles they regard as warm, friendly, knowledgeable and creative. They will react negatively to styles they regard as pompous, vague and irrelevant.
9. Understand seven basic questionslisteners will bring to any listeningsituation Do you know something I need to know? Can I trust you? Am I comfortable with you? How can you affect me? What’s my experience with you? Are you reasonable? Who do you represent?
10. Recognize The Most Common ObstaclesTo Successful Communication Stereotyping: Any commonly known public belief about a certain social group or a type of individual e.g.. All Arabs and Muslims are terrorists, All Jews are greedy, All teenagers are rebels etc. Managers should put aside the stereotypical views and with an open mind treat them as an individual. Prejudice: To judge before knowing. Because of time constraints managers have to judge before knowing. So its speakers ethical obligation to admit his prejudicial thinking when ever possible. Feelings: Feelings and emotions are personal thoughts. Managers should control their feelings at work place.
11.  Language: Or words used in a talk are assigned different meanings by different people. Managers should work around with the difficulties inherit in language by different people. Consider using graphs and other visuals to convey the message. Culture: Is everything we have, say, do, or think as people. Response to cultural habits is a mark of your respect for them and thus adds willingness of the audience to listen to your speech. Communication obstacles can provoke negative reactions. Cater your audience to attain their attention and willingness to think about your ideas.
12. Support Ideas With Credible Evidences Begin with your own experience and interests. The audience is likely to respond positively and approvingly. Consider new ideas, information and techniques to bring your audience up to date on the subject. Consider the availability and quality of information on your topic. Respect your time limits imposed on you and consider the amount of detail you plan to include in your talk.
13. Organize Your Thoughts • Each speech should include an introduction. A good introduction will provide you with a good start. There are a number of proven methods to construct an introduction. 1. An Anecdote: A short tale about ones youth or a funny story about an incident that happened on the way to work. 2. Humor. 3. A prediction. 4. A dramatic forecast. 5. A striking example. 6. A climatic moment. 7. A suitable quotation. 8. A reference to the occasion. 9. A provocative question. 10. A description. 11. A statement of opinion. 12. Current or recent events.
14.  Consider placing your strongest points either first or last for emphasis. These are the patterns1. Chronological order: Chronological means arranged in the order it happened. An example of chronological is a biography that starts in 1920 and goes through 1997.2. Topical organization: A speech organized topically has main points organized more randomly by sub-topics.3. Cause-and-effect.4. Problem-solution.5. Geographic.6. Spatial: happening or existing in space.
15.  Several bits of forensic wisdom may prove helpful for managers.1. Keep it simple.2. Talk don’t read to your audience.3. Breathing steadily and naturally will help you focus , relax and deliver a convincing, entertaining and interesting speech. Conclusions are amongst the most important portion of a speech. they allow you to wind up with your speech. Give a cue verbally and non verbally that you are about to end. and leave the audience with a clear message and purpose of your speech. Keep your audience interested:1. Provide audience with order and structure so they can easily follow you.2. Make speech logical.3. Make the speech reasonable. The more reasoned the more convincing.4. Make the intentions of the speech clear.5. Use simple English.6. Keep the speech moving.7. Answer the questions of the audience.
16. Select a delivery approach Memorized speech: these are delivered word to word as the author has written it. Manu scripted: the manager should include each key point. By doing so he might loose eye contact with the audience. Extemporaneous: these kind of speeches are thoroughly researched, organized, and well rehearsed. They are delivered with the visual aids mostly and are more convincing. Impromptu: These kind of speeches are not at all prepared. While giving an impromptu speech keep following things in mind:1. Maintain your poise2. Decide on your topic3. Do no apologize4. Summarize your point5. Be sincere honest and direct.
17. Develop Your Visual Support Visual information is the best way of presenting a new complex data or technical information. Good visuals are:1. Simple in nature.2. Easy to set up, display and transport.3. Reinforce the spoken message.
18. Rehearse your speech It will limit timing. Improve transitions. Polish your delivery. Build confidence.Develop confidence in your massage and yourself The more confident the more credible you are.
19. Deliver Your Message  Consider the following details: 1. Date time and location. 2. Room layout or arrangement of the room. 3. Microphones and acoustics. 4. Visual-aids. 5. Stage. 6. Time limits. 7. Lectern. 8. Notes. 9. Lights. 10. Try out all the equipments that you have to use.
20. Keep Audience Interested As You Speak Here are some ideas to keep them interested:1. Share your own experiences, values, backgrounds, goals and fears.2. Talk first then give the details.3. Use yourself and involve them.