Ppe Training

59,523 views
60,478 views

Published on

A powerpoint presentation designed to cover the basics of Personal Protective Equipment including gloves, respiratory, earplugs, etc... Can be used in training employees. Made available free from www.nationalsafetyinc.com

2 Comments
24 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
59,523
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3,497
Comments
2
Likes
24
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ppe Training

  1. 1. Personal Protective Equipment - What’s it all about? Written by: Gene Herbest Made available by www.nationalsafetyinc.com
  2. 2. REFERENCES <ul><li>AR 385 Series </li></ul><ul><li>AR 11-34 </li></ul><ul><li>TB Med Series </li></ul><ul><li>DA Pam 385-1 </li></ul><ul><li>29 CFR 1910 </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z41-1991 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personal Protective Equipment <ul><li>Definition: Devices used to protect workers from injury or illness resulting from contact with chemical , radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards (AR 385 Series & OSHA) </li></ul><ul><li>The need for PPE and the type of PPE used is based on hazard present; each situation “ must be” evaluated independently (Risk Assessment) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some Caveats <ul><li>PPE is used as a last resort </li></ul><ul><li>The use of PPE signifies that the hazard could not be controlled by other methods, such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>administrative controls (i.e., shift rotation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>engineering or industrial hygiene controls </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Engineering & IH Controls <ul><li>Design (remove hazard from process) </li></ul><ul><li>Substitution (of less hazardous materials) </li></ul><ul><li>Process modification (how and where) </li></ul><ul><li>Isolate the process or the worker </li></ul><ul><li>Wet methods for dust reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Local exhaust ventilation (at source) </li></ul><ul><li>Dilution ventilation (area) </li></ul><ul><li>Good housekeeping </li></ul>
  6. 6. Back to the caveats... <ul><li>The use of PPE signals that the hazard still exists in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Unprotected workers in the same area will be exposed </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of PPE means that the worker “ will be” exposed </li></ul><ul><li>PPE can be combined with other controls </li></ul>
  7. 7. So, what is it???
  8. 8. PPE <ul><li>Head protection </li></ul><ul><li>Eye and Face protection </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing protection </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory protection </li></ul><ul><li>Arm and Hand protection </li></ul><ul><li>Foot and Leg protection </li></ul><ul><li>Protective clothing </li></ul>
  9. 9. Head Protection
  10. 10. Hard Hats work by dissipating force
  11. 12. Eye Protection
  12. 13. Eye Protection <ul><li>Common Uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grinding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drilling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parts washer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spray Painting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiation Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>welder’s goggles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>laser goggles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UV </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infrared </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Eye Protection - Selection <ul><li>Safety glasses are used to protect the eyes from flying objects (no face protection) </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical splash goggles protect against fluids by sealing tightly against the face </li></ul><ul><li>Face shields provide highest level of protection </li></ul>
  14. 15. Face Shield - the highest level of face protection
  15. 16. Hearing Protection
  16. 17. Hearing Protection Basics <ul><li>Noise induced hearing loss can occur with exposures >90 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>A hearing conservation program becomes a requirement at exposures >85dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of noise exposure have shorter allowable exposure times </li></ul>
  17. 18. Noise levels versus Duration <ul><li>Sound Level (dBA) </li></ul><ul><li>90 </li></ul><ul><li>92 </li></ul><ul><li>95 </li></ul><ul><li>100 </li></ul><ul><li>105 </li></ul><ul><li>110 </li></ul><ul><li>115 </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure (hours) </li></ul><ul><li>8 </li></ul><ul><li>6 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>0.5 </li></ul><ul><li>0.25 </li></ul>
  18. 19. Hearing Protection <ul><li>Rule of Thumb - if you cannot carry on a conversation in a normal tone of voice with someone at arm’s length, you are likely near 90dBA </li></ul><ul><li>All hearing protection devices should have a Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) = # of decibels they will reduce noise levels </li></ul><ul><li>Be conservative when using NRRs </li></ul>
  19. 20. A couple examples <ul><li>Example 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ear plugs with NRR of 25 dBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exposure = 105 dBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>105 minus 25 = 80 dB therefore okay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>same plugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exposure = 125 dBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>125 minus 25 = 100 dB not acceptable; must be below 90 dB </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Hearing Protection - Types <ul><li>Ear Plugs - less expensive, disposable, good ones have fairly high NRRs - sometimes difficult to tell if workers are wearing them </li></ul><ul><li>Ear Muffs - more expensive, more durable, typically higher NRRs than plugs, more obvious </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used together in very high noise areas </li></ul>
  21. 22. Arm and Hand Protection
  22. 23. Gloves - Typical Uses <ul><li>Chemical protection </li></ul><ul><li>Biohazard protection </li></ul><ul><li>Abrasion protection </li></ul><ul><li>Friction protection </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from extremes of heat and cold </li></ul>
  23. 24. Gloves - more caveats <ul><li>No glove is good against all hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Gloves have a finite lifespan and must be periodically replaced </li></ul><ul><li>When donning gloves, examine them for signs of tears, cracks, holes and dry rot </li></ul><ul><li>Hands should always be washed after removing gloves </li></ul>
  24. 25. Handwashing and gloves
  25. 26. Foot and Leg Protection
  26. 27. Protective Footwear <ul><li>Steel-toed footwear, preferably with metatarsal guards, is used to protect feet from crushing injuries caused by heavy objects </li></ul><ul><li>All safety footwear shall comply with ANSI Z41-1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber boots are often used to protect feet from exposure to liquids </li></ul><ul><li>Chaps or leggings are used in certain applications (i.e., using a chainsaw) </li></ul>
  27. 28. Other Protective Clothing
  28. 29. Other Protective Clothing <ul><li>Used to protect the work uniform from hazards in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Often hazard specific </li></ul><ul><li>To be considered effective, protective clothing must prevent the contaminant from reaching the clothing or skin of the worker! </li></ul>
  29. 30. Respiratory Protection
  30. 31. Respiratory Protection <ul><li>Protects users by removing harmful materials that may enter the body via the lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation is one of the quickest, most efficient ways to introduce “lethal” levels of hazardous materials into the body </li></ul>
  31. 32. Respiratory System
  32. 33. Respirators - types <ul><li>Air Purifying Respirators (APR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Half-face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Face </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR) </li></ul><ul><li>Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) </li></ul>
  33. 34. Respirators <ul><li>Does not include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>surgical masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dust masks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>N-95 respirators are a special class of respiratory protection primarily used in the health care field </li></ul>
  34. 35. Respirators - A Big Caveat!!! <ul><li>workers “should not” wear a respirator unless they have been medically cleared to do so! </li></ul><ul><li>This clearance may take the form of a questionnaire, physical examination, pulmonary function testing, chest X-Ray, or a combination of the above </li></ul>
  35. 36. Why? <ul><li>Respirators put additional resistance against the respiratory system of the wearer </li></ul><ul><li>workers with undiagnosed respiratory system or cardiovascular problems could trigger a serious medical problem (respiratory distress, asthma, heart attack, etc.) by using a respirator </li></ul>
  36. 37. Respirators are incompatible with facial hair
  37. 38. Facial hair… <ul><li>The respirator cannot form a tight seal against the cheeks and chin, resulting in air leaks which can allow airborne contaminants to be inhaled </li></ul><ul><li>Specially designed PAPR hoods can be used for workers with facial hair </li></ul><ul><li>small amounts of facial hair that fit inside of the respirator facepiece are acceptable </li></ul>
  38. 39. PPE Usage <ul><li>PPE that is required to safely conduct work should be purchased/ordered by the work section and/or unit </li></ul><ul><li>Employers are responsible for ensuring that PPE is “ available and worn” </li></ul><ul><li>workers “are” responsible for wearing & maintaining PPE, and reporting worn or defective PPE to their Employer </li></ul>
  39. 40. Recap <ul><li>PPE is hazard specific; the hazards of each workplace and task “ must be” evaluated (risk assessment) </li></ul><ul><li>PPE is used as a last resort when the hazard cannot be controlled by other methods </li></ul><ul><li>Employers “are” responsible to ensure it is available and worn; workers must wear and maintain their PPE </li></ul>
  40. 41. Recap <ul><li>PPE is only considered effective if it prevents the contaminant from reaching the worker </li></ul><ul><li>Respirators should not be worn by workers unless they have been medically cleared to do so </li></ul>
  41. 42. Dressed for Success!
  42. 43. For additional information on PPE... <ul><li>Contact your Employer </li></ul><ul><li>Or contact National Safety, Inc. directly </li></ul>
  43. 44. FOOD FOR THOUGHT <ul><li>Asking me to overlook a simple safety violation would be asking me to compromise my entire attitude toward the value of “ your” life! </li></ul>
  44. 45. QUESTIONS?

×