What is GMO?

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This is the presentation prepared and given by Dr. Nina Galang, Chair of Consumer Rights for Safe Food.

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What is GMO?

  1. 1. Consumer Rights for Safe Food
  2. 2. Food must be • • • • • Safe Nutritious Affordable Available Sustainable
  3. 3. What is more healthy? • • • • boiled banana kalamansi juice gatas ng kalabaw kaldereta Chippy Coke / Coke Lite Birch Tree / Nesvita hot dog
  4. 4. What are genetically modified organisms (GMOs)? They are organisms, e.g., crops, which are altered by changing its gene sequence in order to induce a certain desired trait.
  5. 5. How GMOs are created • The DNA is made up of genes. A gene from another individual or species is inserted in the DNA of the host organism. E.g., the gene of bacteria is inserted into the DNA of corn.
  6. 6. •                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
  7. 7.                                                                                                                                    
  8. 8. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn, soya, canola
  9. 9. And now BT talong
  10. 10. Golden rice
  11. 11. Why are GMOs created? • to kill a crop’s pest, e.g.‘corn borer’ : e.g., Bt corn • to make the crop herbicide-resistant: e.g.,Round-up ready corn • to kill the virus attacking the crop: e.g., Bt papaya • to add nutrients: e.g., Golden rice • for bigger and faster growth: e.g., salmon
  12. 12. Are GMOs safe to eat? • No one knows for sure. • No long term studies on safety of any GMO crop as human food has ever been done.
  13. 13. But there is growing evidence that GMOs are hazardous From -human epidemics -animal nexperiments - observations
  14. 14. Adverse effects of GMOs seen in humans • • • • • • • • • L-tryptophan epidemic Starlink Corn epidemic Bt pollen -allergies in Mindanao farms Aspartame linked to MS Symptoms GM Soya baby food -Infant deaths GM insulin -- extreme fatigue and myalgia GM hepatitis B vaccine - chronic fatigue and myalgia. BT cotton - extreme allergies 50% increase in soya allergies
  15. 15. Modern diseases linked to GMOs • Cancer – Americans have a 41% chance of developing cancer. American Cancer Society • Diabetes - There are 25.8 million people in the United States, or 8.3% of the population, who have diabetes. American Diabetes Association • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD Approximately 9.5% or 5.4 million children 4-17 years of age have ever been diagnosed with ADHD, as of 2007. American Psychiatric Association
  16. 16. Laboratory animals have shown growth, organ and immunity defects
  17. 17. Wildlife has been affected • Kills also non-target species, e.g. monarch butterfly. Pollinators are affected. T he food chain / web is affected.
  18. 18. Tumors
  19. 19. How do GMOs get into our food supply? • Processed food – Use flour, sugar and oil from Bt corn, soya, canola • Seeds for planting • Chickens, pigs and cows are fed GMOs
  20. 20. Countries which plant the most GMOs U.S. – 55 million hectares Soya - 91% Maize – 73% Cotton – 87% Argentina- 18 Brazil 12 Canada - 6
  21. 21. Consumers in countries or provinces that have rejected planting of GM crops England Germany Italy Leichenstein Austria Japan Peru And many more… Negros Bohol Mindoro Ifugao
  22. 22. MORAL ISSUES • Because of Intellectual Property Rights agreements, only a handful of multinational companies will control the food of the world: Monsanto Bayer Syngenta Du Pont
  23. 23. Government denial The Food and Drug Administration has announced that GMOs are safe. What is its basis? Government supports GMO agriculture rather than organic farming, has resisted GMO labeling
  24. 24. • Consumers of the Philippines, of the world! – UNITE!
  25. 25. What can we do as consumers? 1. Avoid food with GMOs • Guideline: foods with corn and soya derivatives, high fructose 2. Patronize organic food. 3. Eat / buy local, unprocessed, organic 4. Fight for our right to safe food 5. Ask your congressmen to support the labeling bill. 6. Campaign against the planting of GMOs on Philippine soil
  26. 26. Let us all all work for Safe food, safe planet.

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