Association between oral health awareness and oral hygiene


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Association between oral health awareness and oral hygiene

  1. 1. ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ORAL HEALTH AWARENESS AND ORAL HYGIENE STATUS IN NAIROBI SLUMS ABSTRACT The essence of this study is to find out the association of the oral hygiene awareness and what is the resultant oral hygiene status in the Nairobi slums-Kibera, Kangeme, Kangaware
  2. 2. <ul><li>The data would aim to provide a baseline for planning and evaluation of oral health education programmes in slums, where in a large population in Kenya do reside. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1.0 INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Health care is generally a neglected health aspect in the developing world. </li></ul><ul><li>priority given to oral health is low because of low finance allocations and preference in dealing with the multitude of other health problems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The failure to provide quality oral health care has been further aggravated by lack or limited access to oral health care to the public by the government </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>.1 CURRENT TREND OF ORAL HEALTH AWARENESS AND ORAL HEALTH STATUS IN THE KENYA: </li></ul><ul><li>In Kenya, oral health accounts for only 0.0016% of the ministry of health budget. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a document on the NATIONAL ORAL HEALTH POLICY AND STRATEGIC PLAN: 2002-2012 </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The overall goal of the oral health policy is to integrate into the National Health Sector Strategic Plan (NHSSP, 1999-2004), activities that ensure access to appropriate and coordinated quality oral health care services that aim to improve the oral health status of Kenyans,which has not been undertaken as of yet. The cost will be about 650 million shillings. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>1.2 The oral hygiene status in the slums: </li></ul><ul><li>In slums, there are a couple of health facilities near by, however the access to quality care is limited. It has been noted that certain quacks do operate in such areas, hence the levels treatment that the slum dwellers generally get are sub-standard, and level of dental awareness is indeed limited. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1.3 INDICATORS OF ORAL HYGIENE AWARENESS </li></ul><ul><li>Five items (bacteria, diet, dirt on </li></ul><ul><li>teeth, hereditary factors and lack of knowledge) </li></ul><ul><li>focused on the knowledge of the causes of dental </li></ul><ul><li>decay and gum disease, while four items (avoiding </li></ul><ul><li>sugary foods, cleaning teeth, use of fluoride tooth </li></ul><ul><li>paste, and lack of knowledge) dealt with knowledge.Hence above the indicators of oral hygiene awareness in general. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Outreach programmes initiated by professional </li></ul><ul><li>organisations such as the Kenya Dental Association </li></ul><ul><li>(KDA),dental camps organized by various organizations such as Lions, Giants in collaboration with oral health firms such as Colgate Palmolive in various slum settings </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>There are also campaigns undertaken in October /November in which the dentists try to reach out through the media the Kenyan population, giving tips on how to enhance oral hygiene. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>STATEMENT OF RESEARCH QUESTION </li></ul><ul><li>The question put forth is is the population in the slums aware of the oral hygiene and how to prevent caries and periodontal problems. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>JUSTIFICATION </li></ul><ul><li>The study will enable to derive at a conclusion in regards to the association between oral hygiene awareness and oral hygiene status. </li></ul><ul><li>Further to this,recommendations on how to enhance oral health awareness and how to provide oral health care to the slum dwellers will be put forth. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>BROAD OBJECTIVES : </li></ul><ul><li>FIND OUT THE ORAL HYGIENE STATUS OF THE SLUM POPULATION </li></ul><ul><li>Find out the knowledge,attitude,and practices of the population in regards to oral awareness </li></ul><ul><li>SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>The periodontal status of the population </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Caries in the population </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of how to prevent periodontal and caries </li></ul><ul><li>Practices involved in the prevention of the same </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude in the practice of the above </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>HYPOTHESIS </li></ul><ul><li>The oral awareness has an impact on the oral hygiene status of the population </li></ul><ul><li>METHODOLOGY AND DATA COLLECTION </li></ul><ul><li>Use of self administered questionnaire to assess oral hygiene practices as per oral hygiene indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical examination of the population under natural light and recording the of the plaque index,DMFT index and gingival index </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>About 4 oral health workers,and a dentist(myself) will be involved in the study. </li></ul><ul><li>The study will be conducted at the health facilities which cater for the above mentioned slums </li></ul><ul><li>Each slum will be allocated 4 days </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical examination will be done under the natural lighting using a wooden spatula and disposable gloves </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>STUDY DESIGN </li></ul><ul><li>Cross sectional studies </li></ul><ul><li>STUDY AREA </li></ul><ul><li>Slums in Nairobi-Kangaware,Kibera,Kangeme </li></ul><ul><li>Population?? </li></ul><ul><li>The population attending main health facility at the respective slum. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>VARIABLES </li></ul><ul><li>Independent: </li></ul><ul><li>Education level </li></ul><ul><li>age </li></ul><ul><li>Dependant </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge,attitude,practices in regards to oral hygiene maintainance </li></ul><ul><li>Socio economic status </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred place of getting treated </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional oral health care practices </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Data processing </li></ul>