CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
(COPD)
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Agenda
 What is COPD
 Prime Causes
 Symptoms
 Diagnosis
 COPD in India
 Prevention
 Managing the Disease
 Oxygen C...
What is COPD
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
What is COPD
 Lungs Airways narrow over time
 Lungs Airways loss of elastic recoil and
eventually collapse
 This limits...
 May lead to heart disease, hypertension, skeletal muscle dysfunction,
osteoporosis, depression, diabetes etc.
 Chronic ...
Prime Cause
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Prime Cause
 Smoking
 Occupational exposures
 Air pollution
 Others
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Symptoms
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Symptoms
 Tachypnea, a rapid breathing rate.
 Wheezing sounds or Crackles in the lungs
 “Breathing-Out” taking a longer...
Diagnosis
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Diagnosis
 Spirometry
 X-Ray
 Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
COPD in India
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
COPD in India
 30 million people suffer with COPD in India
 Half a million people die every year due to COPD in India.
...
Prevention
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Prevention
 Smoking cessation
 Dust control
 Improve Ventilation
 Avoid Pollution
 Regular Exercise/Yoga/Walking/Runn...
Managing the Disease
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Managing the Disease
 Bronchodilators
 β2 agonists
 Anticholinergics
 Long Term Oxygen Therapy
 Oxygen Cylinders
 Ox...
Managing the Disease
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Oxygen Concentrators
© Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
Oxygen Concentrators
 Oxygen Concentrator is a device which draws oxygen from ambient air
and supplies to a patients unli...
Oxygen Concentrators offer by Leader Healthcare
Brand Name: Airsep
Airsep is a USA based company and pioneer in Oxygen Con...
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Introduction to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Levels

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This is a brief presentation about COPD. If you have been prescribed oxygen therapy, you may have COPD. It talks about the symptoms, causes and treatment levels.
The Presentation also talks about AirSep Oxygen Concentrators. Further details about AirSep concentrators and their availability in India can be found out at http://www.respirent.com/our_products_oxygen_concentrators.html

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Introduction to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Levels

  1. 1. CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD) © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  2. 2. Agenda  What is COPD  Prime Causes  Symptoms  Diagnosis  COPD in India  Prevention  Managing the Disease  Oxygen Concentrator  Oxygen Concentrators offer by Leader Healthcare © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. What is COPD © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. What is COPD  Lungs Airways narrow over time  Lungs Airways loss of elastic recoil and eventually collapse  This limits airflow to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea)  Increased mucus production and reduced mucociliary clearance - cough and sputum production  Increase smooth muscle tone  Pulmonary hyperinflation Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  5. 5.  May lead to heart disease, hypertension, skeletal muscle dysfunction, osteoporosis, depression, diabetes etc.  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) kills more than 3 million people every year  4th largest cause of death in the world. What is COPD © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. Prime Cause © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. Prime Cause  Smoking  Occupational exposures  Air pollution  Others © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. Symptoms © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  9. 9. Symptoms  Tachypnea, a rapid breathing rate.  Wheezing sounds or Crackles in the lungs  “Breathing-Out” taking a longer time than “Breathing-In”  Enlargement of the Chest, particularly the Front-to-Back distance (hyperaeration)  Active use of muscles in the neck to help with breathing  Breathing through pursed lips  increased anteroposterior to lateral ratio of the chest (i.e. barrel chest).  Low, flat diaphragm © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  10. 10. Diagnosis © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  11. 11. Diagnosis  Spirometry  X-Ray  Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  12. 12. COPD in India © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  13. 13. COPD in India  30 million people suffer with COPD in India  Half a million people die every year due to COPD in India.  4 times the number of people who die due to COPD in USA and Europe.  4.29% in males and 2.7% in females.  Prime Cause are Cigarettes, bidis, hookahs and chillums among several other forms of smoking and Biomass fuel (animal dung, crop residues, wood)  70% of the homes use biomass fuel for cooking and heating purposes in poorly ventilated kitchens.  other common indoor air pollutant is the burning of mosquito coils at homes to get rid of mosquitoes, which is equivalent to around 100 cigarettes  COPD kills half a million people in India every year, more than those who die due to tuberculosis, malaria or HIV-AIDS. © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  14. 14. Prevention © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  15. 15. Prevention  Smoking cessation  Dust control  Improve Ventilation  Avoid Pollution  Regular Exercise/Yoga/Walking/Running © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  16. 16. Managing the Disease © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  17. 17. Managing the Disease  Bronchodilators  β2 agonists  Anticholinergics  Long Term Oxygen Therapy  Oxygen Cylinders  Oxygen Concentrators © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  18. 18. Managing the Disease © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  19. 19. Oxygen Concentrators © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  20. 20. Oxygen Concentrators  Oxygen Concentrator is a device which draws oxygen from ambient air and supplies to a patients unlike other oxygen delivery system.  Normally Oxygen is supplied @90% +/- 5% Purity and 1 LPM to 10 LPM.  Running Cost is significantly low; The running cost is only Rs 2.5/Hr as compared to Oxygen Cylinder which is approximately Rs 20/Hr.  A properly maintained oxygen concentrator will run for 3-4 years without hassle. © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved
  21. 21. Oxygen Concentrators offer by Leader Healthcare Brand Name: Airsep Airsep is a USA based company and pioneer in Oxygen Concentrators. Currently we have 7 active models in India; 3 Portable and 4 Stationary. Models Flow Rate Focus 2 LPM FreeStyle 1-3 LPM LifeStyle 1-5 LPM Visionaire 1-5 LPM NewLife Elite 1-5 LPM NewLife Intensity 8 2-8 LPM NewLife Intensity 10 2-10 LPM © Leader Healthcare India. All Rights Reserved

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