REVEAL.JSTANKS OF WORLD WAR IICreated byJan Kozłowski
TANKA tank is a tracked, armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat whichcombines operational mobility and tactical offensive and defensive capabilities. Firepower isnormally provided by a large-calibre main gun in a rotating turret and secondary machineguns, while heavy armour and all-terrain mobility provide protection for the tank and itscrew, allowing it to perform all primary tasks of the armoured troops on the battlefield
FIRST TANKThe British Mark I was a tracked vehicle developed by the British Army during the FirstWorld War, and the worlds first combat tank. Born of the need to break the domination oftrenches and machine guns over the battlefields of the Western Front, it was the first vehicleto be named "tank", a name chosen as an expedient to maintain secrecy and to disguise itstrue purpose.
TANKS IN WORLD WAR IITanks were an important weapons system in World War II. Although tanks were the subjectof widespread research in the inter-war years, production was limited to relatively smallnumbers in a few countries. However, during WWII most armies employed tanks, andproduction levels reached thousands each month. Tank usage, doctrine and productionvaried widely among the combatant nations. By wars end, some consensus was emergingregarding tank doctrine and design.
TANKS OF THE MAJOR COMBATANTSUnited KingdomUnited StatesSoviet UnionGermanyJapanPoland
UNITED KINGDOMBritish had two types of tanks - "Infantry Tanks" were heavily armoured with goodall terrain performance but were slow. Lack of speed was not considered a flaw asthey were designed to support infantry assaults on enemy strong points or urbanwarfare. The other type were "Cruiser Tanks" were intended for independentmaneuvering, rapid breakouts and flanking attacks. Early Cruiser tanks gainedperformance at a cost in the armour they could carry. Reliability was an importantissue especially in the harsh conditions of North Africa and the mountainousterrain of Southern Europe.
UNITED STATESThe Light Tank M2 series was the most important pre-war US tank. These lighttanks were mechanically very reliable, with good mobility. However, they had ahigh silhouette and poor armor. Only a few saw combat, on Guadalcanal. Theirimportance lies in the fact that they formed the basis for the much more successfulLight Tank M3 series beginning in 1941. The Stuart was an improvement of the M2,with heavier armor and a 37 mm gun. From the M3A1 version, this gun wasgyrostabilized
SOVIET UNIONhe Soviet Union began and ended the war with more tanks than the rest of theworld combined (18,000-22,000). At the start of World War II the most commontank in Soviet service was the Vickers-based T-26, armed with a 45mm cannoncapable of penetrating most German tanks at normal combat ranges. Few hadradios. The design was mechanically sound although incapable of furtherdevelopment. The BT tank series, based on the Christie suspension system, wereusually armed with the same 45 mm gun and were the most mobile tanks in theworld.
GERMANYPre-war plans called for two main tanks: the main tank was to be the Panzer IIImedium tank, supported by smaller numbers of the howitzer-armed Panzer IV.However, by the beginning of the invasion of Poland, only a few hundred of thesevehicles were available. As a result, the invasions of Poland and France were carriedout primarily with the less capable Panzer I and Panzer II light tanks, with somecannon-armed light tanks from Czechoslovakia. Even in 1941, Panzer IIIproduction amounted only to about 1,000 tanks, forcing the Germans to use Czechtanks as substitutes for the Panzer III. As the war proceeded, production of heaviertanks increased.
JAPANLike the US Army (which utilized French and British tanks in World War I), theImperial Japanese Army (IJA) did not have tanks of its own in World War I, so itstarted out by purchasing foreign tanks for evaluation during World War I, andthen began developing its own designs. Like many other nations, the Japaneseinitially didnt embrace the tank, as it didnt have the cavalry tradition. Cavalry wasused for reconnaissance in the mountainous countryside, and initially, as with mostother armies, the first designs were constrained by the tanks infantry support role.Inspired by European designs.
POLANDPoland was the first to suffer the German Blitzkrieg, but it had some very goodtanks in its amoured forces. The most important was the 7TP (siedmiotonowypolski - "7-tonne Polish") light tank, which was better armed than its most commonopponents, the German Panzer I and Panzer II.
MAIN TANKS IN WW21. Panzer III G2. Panzer VI A - Tiger I3. M4A1 Sherman4. Cruiser5. T-346. KV-1 A
PANZER III GPanzer III was the common name of a medium tank that was developed in the1930s by Germany and was used extensively in World War II. The official Germandesignation was Panzerkampfwagen III Sd Kfz. 141 (abbreviated PzKpfw III)translating as "armoured fighting vehicle". It was intended to fight other armouredfighting vehicles and serve alongside the infantry-supporting Panzer IV.
PANZER VI A - TIGER ITiger I is the common name of a German heavy tank developed in 1942 and used inWorld War II. The final official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen VITiger Ausf.E, often shortened to Tiger. It was an answer to the unexpectedlyformidable Soviet armour encountered in the initial months of the Axis invasion ofthe Soviet Union, particularly the T-34 and the KV-1. The Tiger I design gave theWehrmacht its first tank mounting the 88 mm gun, in its initial armored fightingvehicle-dedicated version.
M4A1 SHERMANThe M4 Sherman, formally Medium Tank, M4, was the primary tank used by theUnited States during World War II. Thousands were also distributed to the Allies,including the British Commonwealth and the Soviet Union, via lend-lease. In theUnited Kingdom, the M4 was named after Union General William TecumsehSherman, following the British practice of naming their American-built tanks afterfamous American Civil War generals. Subsequently, the British name found its wayinto common use in the U.S.
CRUISERThe Tank, Cruiser, Mk VI or A15 Crusader was one of the primary British cruisertanks of the early part Second World War and perhaps the most important Britishtank of the North African Campaign. The Crusaders mobility made it a favourite ofBritish tank crews and its Ordnance QF 6 pounder main gun made it more than amatch for the early Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks it faced in combat.
T-34The T-34 was a Soviet medium tank produced from 1940 to 1958. When it firstappeared on the battlefield in 1941, German tank generals von Kleist and Guderiancalled it "the deadliest tank in the world." It has often been described as the mosteffective, efficient and influential design of World War II, although its armour andarmament were surpassed by later tanks of the era.
KV-1 AThe Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tanks were a series of Soviet Red Army heavy tanks,named after the Soviet defense commissar and politician Kliment Voroshilov. TheKV series were known for their extremely heavy armour protection during the earlypart of World War II, especially during the first year of the invasion of the SovietUnion.
QUOTES ABOUT TANKS“ Tank, pretty mechanical toy but very limited military value.Lord Kitchener ”“ When people ask me whats the most beautiful sight I canthink of, its the sight of Sherman tanks crashing throughbarbed wire. Clark Smith ”“ If they took all the drugs, nicotine, alcohol and caffeine off themarket for six days, theyd have to bring out the tanks tocontrol you. Dick Gregory ”
THIS PRESENTATION CAN BE FOUND IN PDFSlide: 1 of 24
MORE INFORMATIONS CAN BE FOUND HEREWikipediaMilitary FactoryWWIIVechicles