The psychoanalytic approach to bipolar disorder says that the cause of both manic/depressive episodes arise from a low self-concept. Depressive episodes represent this, while manic episodes represent a defense against the low self-concept.
The humanistic approach suggests that bipolar disorder occurs when circumstances stop or hinder a person and force them to loose there drive toward self-actualization, and the ultimate fulfillment of one’s dreams, desires, and potential.
Individuals in a manic phase often have grandiose thoughts, such as one being capable of doing anything. Those in a depressive phase often have self-deprecating thoughts, such as “I am terrible at this, or why can’t I do anything right?”
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