The Good, the Bad and the UglyThe Relationship Between Social Work andPolice as a Topic in Social Work EducationSabine Etl...
A trip down memory lane … First cooperation between police officers and social workers at the  beginning of the 20th cent...
Common Aspects (1/2) On higher socio-political level  Both are organsisations for enforcement of social and political no...
Common Aspects (2/2) Overlap of fields of work and target groups Similar target groups: people from vulnerable social gr...
Separating Aspects (1/2) Dealing with problems from different points of view Different work orders  Social work: social...
Separating Aspects (2/2) Methods  Social Work: longlasting; work on relationship  Police: problems have to be solved qu...
Fields of overlap (1/2) Police  High amount of police activities regards problems of disorder and not crime  therefore ...
Fields of overlap (2/2) Example - Contact in the area of youth work  On the side of Social Work: street work, mobile you...
Conflicts and Tensions (1/2) Social Work complaints    Disrespectful attitude towards them – put on the same level as th...
Conflicts and Tensions (2/2) Avoidance of contact  Sometimes due to ambivalences regarding the own professional role Pr...
What is needed   To initiate meetings between social work and police students   To develop competence for dialogue   Kn...
Reasons for implementing the topic in social work education To build a basement for successful cooperation in the field o...
How it was done Lectures since 2000 in St. Pölten and Vienna Getting to know the police from the inside Joining police ...
The Beginning: Students accompany Police Officers                                             Seite03/13/13       Internat...
The Beginning: Even a cartoon is drawn     Famous Police Cartoonist  Michael Hendrich exclusively          draws for the l...
Research Projects are launched Research Workshop „The good, the  bad and the ugly“ at FH Studiengang  Sozialarbeit, Vienn...
Workshop at FH Campus Wien (2006/2007)                                         Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010...
Workshop at FH Campus Wien (2006/2007)                                         Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010...
Workshop at Ybbs an der Donau (2007)                                       Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010    ...
Social work and police students meet in Ybbs                                               Seite03/13/13       Internation...
Introductory session                                 Police Lecturer                                                   Sei...
Subgroup „Motivation for choosing the profession“                                               Seite03/13/13       Intern...
Subgroup „Gender Aspects“                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   23
Subgroup „Mental Stress Situations“                                      Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010      ...
Subgroup „Differences in Curricula“                                      Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010      ...
Subgroup „Prejudice“                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   26
Lunch and other breaks                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   27
Wrap-Up and get-together at a local pub                                          Seite03/13/13       International Week 20...
Workshop at Marokkaner-Kaserne in Vienna (2006)                                            Seite03/13/13       Internation...
More than just a job                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   30
Asylum Seekers, Migrants and Xenophobia                                          Seite03/13/13       International Week 20...
Female Police Officers                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   32
Where Police and Social Work meets                                     Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010       33
Work with drug addicts                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   34
Violence in the family                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   35
Supervision at the police                                 Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010   36
Wrap-Up … but no pub, this time                                  Seite03/13/13       International Week 2010    37
Lecture „Handling Dangerous Situations at Work“ Joint concept from police officers (WEGA) and social work (S. Etl) Objec...
The Good, the Bad and the UglyThe Relationship Between Social Work andPolice as a Topic in Social Work EducationSabine Etl...
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Social Work meets Police

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Social Work meets Police

  1. 1. The Good, the Bad and the UglyThe Relationship Between Social Work andPolice as a Topic in Social Work EducationSabine EtlFH St. Pölten03/13/13 International Week 2010 Seite 1
  2. 2. A trip down memory lane … First cooperation between police officers and social workers at the beginning of the 20th century in the USA  Target group: children, youths and women  Female social welfare workers supported the police and were ancestors of female criminal police When Alice Stebbins Wells was hired by the Los Angeles Police Department in 1910, she became a media sensation. Newspapers of the era clamored to interview and photograph the social worker. Wells quickly became known as "Policewoman Number One" because of the interviews and also from the badge she was issued. Initially, Wells was given a patrolmans badge. A police officer had free trolley car privileges in 1910, but when Wells tried boarding, the conductor accused her of misusing her husbands identity. The LAPD remedied the situation by issuing Wells "Policewomans Badge Number One." Wells toured the nation starting in 1915, promoting the hiring of women police officers. She also founded the International Association of Policewomen. In 1934, she was appointed the historian of the Los Angeles Police Department. By the time she had retired in 1940, Wells had been a policewoman for 30 years. Wells died in August, 1957. Ten policewomen in full dress uniform served as Honor Guard. She is buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Los Angeles. Source: http://www.sameshield.com/history/sshistory16.html Alice Stebbins Wells Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 2
  3. 3. Common Aspects (1/2) On higher socio-political level  Both are organsisations for enforcement of social and political norms, e.g. democracy or protection of minority rights  Both are instances for „social control“  Both are dealing with „social problems“ On lower socio-political level  Both are highly influenced by the political situation  Both are therefor susceptible for fulfilling political issues Working Conditions  Both are influenced by competing interests of social, individual and political manner often combined with low inadequate payment  Difficult working conditions with regard to shift work, e.g. rotating shift schedule and night work Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 3
  4. 4. Common Aspects (2/2) Overlap of fields of work and target groups Similar target groups: people from vulnerable social groups and in marginal social contexts, people with psycho-social problems, e.g. delinquents, addicts, homeless, victims of violence Often working besides each other or after one another Increasing overlap due to enforcement of preventive concepts especially in the field of youth work Confrontation with violence and impacts of violence Danger of burnout Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 4
  5. 5. Separating Aspects (1/2) Dealing with problems from different points of view Different work orders  Social work: social interventions, advocating, Empowerment, reducing discrimination and disadvantage  Police: maintainance of order, security; danger prevention; law enforcement Different methods  Social work : holistic view; discretion; freedom to choose; partiality  Police : principle of the mandatory prosecution of offenses; detecting problems, without being able to work on Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 5
  6. 6. Separating Aspects (2/2) Methods  Social Work: longlasting; work on relationship  Police: problems have to be solved quickly, very broad range of situations Cultural aspects  communication (reflexion)  Mental hygiene Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 6
  7. 7. Fields of overlap (1/2) Police  High amount of police activities regards problems of disorder and not crime  therefore police work often gets engaged in crisis intervention and social counselling  because there is a lack of social institutions  Lack of 24/7 availability of social institutions  Enforcement of preventive measures  Change of image from repressive to helping Social Work  Enforcement of preventive measures (mobile youth work, street work, diversion) Common understanding: prevention is not a one man show Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 7
  8. 8. Fields of overlap (2/2) Example - Contact in the area of youth work  On the side of Social Work: street work, mobile youth work with juveniles in public space, work with homeless, work with delinquents, work with drug addicts, work with politically motivated youth scenes, work with male and female youth prostitutes, work with run-aways, work with football fans…  On the side of Police Work: law enforcement and danger prevention (e.g. finding suspects, identity verification, questioning of witnesses, arresting), youth crime prevention programmes at schools (prevention police officer / youth cop)  But: Police has to act according to the principle of mandatory prosecution of offenses, which may not fit with prevention work principles? Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 8
  9. 9. Conflicts and Tensions (1/2) Social Work complaints  Disrespectful attitude towards them – put on the same level as their clients  Rude conversation with clients  Feeling powerless towards police behaviour  Exclusion of clients from a place – influences social work dramatically Police complaints  Lack of willingness for cooperation  Complicity with clients  General communication problems  Speaking a different language  Limited hours of business in social institutions (no 24/7 availability)  Nobody there if needed Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 9
  10. 10. Conflicts and Tensions (2/2) Avoidance of contact  Sometimes due to ambivalences regarding the own professional role Prejudices  Social workers are just the same as their clients  Social workers have no clue and don‘t care about the law  Police officers are racists  Police officers think they all are super-sheriffs Minor knowledge about other profession  Professional concepts  Professional way of thinking and working Resulting in false impressions on the other profession Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 10
  11. 11. What is needed To initiate meetings between social work and police students To develop competence for dialogue Know-how transfer in a professional environment Objectives  Defining the tasks of social work and police work  Knowing about the specific options of both professions  No further blurring of borders  Developing cooperations on the basis of transparent responsibilities Defining police work and social work as opponents is no constructive approach and should not be prolonged In both professions there are aspects of discipline and „social working“ Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 11
  12. 12. Reasons for implementing the topic in social work education To build a basement for successful cooperation in the field of practise  Awareness raising und knowhow transfer  Developing a more differentiated view about each other  Motivation for starting an interprofessional dialogue Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 12
  13. 13. How it was done Lectures since 2000 in St. Pölten and Vienna Getting to know the police from the inside Joining police officers in their all-day work Knowhow transfer from experts (police lawyers, officers from different departements) Workshops with police students Research lectures in the field of police and social work Planing and realising a jointly developed training on handling dangerous situations at work Joint seminars for police officers and social workers Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 13
  14. 14. The Beginning: Students accompany Police Officers Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 14
  15. 15. The Beginning: Even a cartoon is drawn Famous Police Cartoonist Michael Hendrich exclusively draws for the lecture Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 15
  16. 16. Research Projects are launched Research Workshop „The good, the bad and the ugly“ at FH Studiengang Sozialarbeit, Vienna Research Workshop „Go West – Fußballfankulturen in Wien“ at FH Studiengang Sozialarbeit, Vienna Research Workshop „Schnittstellen zwischen Sozialarbeit und Polizei“ at FH St. Pölten Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 16
  17. 17. Workshop at FH Campus Wien (2006/2007) Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 17
  18. 18. Workshop at FH Campus Wien (2006/2007) Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 18
  19. 19. Workshop at Ybbs an der Donau (2007) Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 19
  20. 20. Social work and police students meet in Ybbs Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 20
  21. 21. Introductory session Police Lecturer Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 21
  22. 22. Subgroup „Motivation for choosing the profession“ Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 22
  23. 23. Subgroup „Gender Aspects“ Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 23
  24. 24. Subgroup „Mental Stress Situations“ Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 24
  25. 25. Subgroup „Differences in Curricula“ Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 25
  26. 26. Subgroup „Prejudice“ Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 26
  27. 27. Lunch and other breaks Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 27
  28. 28. Wrap-Up and get-together at a local pub Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 28
  29. 29. Workshop at Marokkaner-Kaserne in Vienna (2006) Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 29
  30. 30. More than just a job Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 30
  31. 31. Asylum Seekers, Migrants and Xenophobia Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 31
  32. 32. Female Police Officers Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 32
  33. 33. Where Police and Social Work meets Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 33
  34. 34. Work with drug addicts Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 34
  35. 35. Violence in the family Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 35
  36. 36. Supervision at the police Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 36
  37. 37. Wrap-Up … but no pub, this time Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 37
  38. 38. Lecture „Handling Dangerous Situations at Work“ Joint concept from police officers (WEGA) and social work (S. Etl) Objectives  To develop awareness for dangerous situations  To develop strategies for deescalation  To become competent in getting professional help foto Seite03/13/13 International Week 2010 38
  39. 39. The Good, the Bad and the UglyThe Relationship Between Social Work andPolice as a Topic in Social Work EducationSabine EtlFH St. Pöltenlbetl@fhstp.ac.at03/13/13 International Week 2010 Seite 39
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