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India Today Rankings of Top 20 states

India Today Rankings of Top 20 states

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State of the states State of the states Document Transcript

  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA Best of the Decade The Winners The best performing states across (2003-2012) This is the 10th year of INDIA TODAY’s State of the States survey. Here are the two nine categories in 2011 and 2012 BIG SMALL best performing states in last 10 years. STATES STATES 1st HIMACHALPRADESH OVERALL 2012 Gujarat Delhi Himachal Pradesh displaced Punjab in 2011 Maharashtra Arunachal Pradesh 2010 as the best state in India and has Virbhadra Singh Virbhadra S dra dr Prem Kumar Dhumal retained the top position ever since. Chief Minister, Chief Minister, 2007 PRIMARY HEALTH 2003-2007 onwards 2012 Jammu & Kashmir Manipur 1,545 is the number of manu- facturing units in Himachal Pradesh in 2009-10, increased from 263 in 2003-04. 34,389 is the number of teachers in the middle and higher secondary schools of Himachal Pradesh in 2009-10, an increase from 13,747 in 2003-04. 2011 Haryana 2012 Gujarat Mizoram INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENT Mizoram 2011 Gujarat Arunachal Pradesh 2nd TAMILNADU MACRO ECONOMY 2012 Madhya Pradesh Goa Tamil Nadu was ranked seven in overall 2011 Maharashtra Arunachal Pradesh performance in 2003.In 2012,Tamil Nadu J.Jayalalithaa M.Karunanidhi displaced Punjab from second position. Chief Minister, 2002- Chief Minister, AGRICULTURE 06, and 2011 onwards 2006-2011 2012 Tamil Nadu Puducherry 16% 2,364 KG 2011 Assam Mizoram is the annual growth in is foodgrain per CONSUMER MARKET Tamil Nadu’s per capita hectare Tamil Nadu income, which grew from Rs 30,062 in that produced in 2010-11 as against the 2012 Maharashtra Delhi 2004-05 to Rs 84,496 in 2011-12. national average of 1,921 kg per hectare. 2011 Uttarakhand Goa PRIMARY EDUCATION particularly in manufacturing. The 2003 and 2008. By delivering good 2012 Uttarakhand Sikkim state has, for example, attracted governance, she converted a city that the auto industry away from had traditionally voted for BJP into a 2011 Haryana Puducherry Maharashtra, Haryana and Tamil Congress bastion. Like Modi, she is INFRASTRUCTURE Nadu, courtesy easy land acquisition not a perfect politician. Her govern- 2012 Maharashtra Delhi policies, excellent road infrastructure, ment has been accused of irregulari- 2011 Himachal Pradesh Nagaland modern ports and uninterrupted elec- ties in the execution of projects, tricity supply. Modi’s government particularly those related to the 2010 GOVERNANCE hasn’t promoted industry at the cost of Commonwealth Games. Yet, her ach- 2012 Kerala Goa agriculture. The farming sector, which ievements are substantial. She has struggled to grow at a rate beyond remains popular among her con- 2011 Assam Manipur 4 per cent nationally in the last decade, stituents. She privatised Delhi’s elec- has grown at just over 10 per cent per tricity distribution in 2002. The rected the economic fortunes of a state annum in Gujarat over the same Capital’s power situation is infinitely that was ranked at the bottom on all period. Modi has leveraged the Sardar better than a decade ago. Delhi’s infra- parameters when INDIA TODAY’s State of Sarovar project to irrigate large parts structure has also received a boost in the States Report was first launched in of arid Gujarat and encouraged water her time in government, with the con- 2003. Seven years of his governance harvesting to conserve water. Gujarat struction of several new flyovers and has lifted the state out of the bottom is the poster state for Bt cotton cultiva- roads. Dikshit has other forward-look- rung. In the last five years, Bihar has tion and horticulture in India. ing ideas on her agenda including the registered double digit growth, next Away from Gujarat, in the heart of privatisation of Delhi’s water supply. only to Gujarat. Of course, the state the national Capital, Congress Chief In Bihar, Chief Minister Nitish has grown from a much lower base so Minister Sheila Dikshit has won three Kumar, who has won two terms in it has a longer distance to travel before consecutive terms in office—1998, office (in 2005 and 2010) has resur- it can catch up with India’s richest50 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • KHAND RAJAST D SHRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI HAND J METHODOLOGY HOWTHE STATES WERE RANKED here are two broad ways to personnel, percentage of homes ufacturing, ratio of factories to T rank states. First is asking a group of respondents to reply to a specific question- naire. It’s presumed the respon- dents know all the states which are having tap water, registered doctors per million population, sex ratio and per capita expenditure on health and family welfare by the state government. number of disputes, ratio of industrial workers to urban 15-59 population, and percentage of sick small scale industries. Data on all the parameters was to be ranked. In reality, this doesn’t ● Education Literacy rate, propor- normalised. To obtain a state’s per- happen. Second is using objective tion of 10-plus children having com- formance under any one head, vari- data. There’s a third alternative of pleted primary education, ratio of ables have to be aggregated. We splicing subjective and objective, but boys to girls in elementary school, used principal components analysis, that’s neither here nor there. We teacher-pupil ratio and expenditure which churns out weights in the es- used the objective method, relying on elementary education per six to timation process. For each head, we solely on data from central sources, 14-year-old. have scores for each state. The eight so that non-comparability of data ● Consumer market Households heads are aggregated into an over- across states was not an issue. owning TV sets, affluent households all performance index for each The next step is to identify the in urban and rural areas, per capita state. For this aggregation, we are parameters. We picked eight heads. deposits in banks and per capita reporting equal weight aggregation. ● Macro Economy Percentage of ownership of two wheelers. In understanding the development population above poverty line, ● Agriculture Percentage of culti- of a state, what is important is not percentage of urban population, vated area under cash crops, agri- the base level score, but its incre- per capita capital expenditure, in- culture GSDP per rural population, ment. And this year we move to em- flation, per capita debt, per capita agriculture electricity consumption phasising the changes in the scores. gross state domestic product, per rural population, foodgrain The base level depends on various per capita revenue of scheduled yield, loans extended to farmers historical factors, and incremental commercial banks. and net irrigated area. improvements provide a lot of impe- ● Law and order Number of police- ● Infrastructure Percentage of tus to growth. Using the increments men per lakh people, ratio of cases homes with electricity; villages in scores, states are ranked on the filed to pending cases in district and connected by pucca roads; basis of their improvement. lower courts, share of murders, per capita road length, bank We acknowledge the efforts of kidnappings, rapes and mole- branches, LPG connections, post Minakshi Chakraborty, Swati Gupta, stations to total cognisable crimes. offices and telephones. and Sunil Bhatt of Indicus Analytics ● Health Infant mortality ratio (IMR), ● Investment Per capita capital ex- in sourcing the information as well ratio of male IMR to female IMR, per- penditure, commercial bank credit as conducting the analysis. centage of births assisted by trained and gross capital formation in man- by Laveesh Bhandari and Bibek Debroy states. However, Nitish’s delivery on form of the public distribution system Even if much of the funding for projects law and order and the construction of using technology to prevent leakages. comes from the Centre, the delivery roads, through heavy spending of Chouhan has greatly expanded his mechanisms must be fine-tuned at the public funds, has laid out basic condi- state’s road networks and irrigation level of states. Those states which are tions for a sustainable turnaround in outreach. In Odisha, Chief Minister already delivering better governance Bihar. His next challenge is to attract Naveen Patnaik has won three con- are growing faster than others. private investment. secutive terms in office despite having The state of Indian politics is in a In Madhya Pradesh and Chhat- a more mixed record on governance flux. Governance at the Centre is tisgarh, which like Bihar, usually lan- than some of the other high-achieving caught in uncertainty. State govern- guished in the rankings, popular BJP chief ministers. His greatest asset is ments, led by popular politicians, have Chief Ministers Shivraj Singh Chouhan his perceived integrity and complete the potential to lift India’s economic and Raman Singh are making a differ- commitment to the people of Odisha. potential. With a fractured mandate a ence. Both have won second terms in States have a crucial role in plug- reality for the forseeable future at the office (in 2008) and are well-position- ging the most serious gaps in gover- Centre, the state of India’s states will ed to attempt a third in 2013. Raman nance—education, agriculture, health, be the real determinant of the pros- Singh’s government has pioneered re- roads, power and social safety nets. perity of India’s citizens. ■ NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 51
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA How State Capitals Can Transform Rural Lives A dynamic agriculture sector is crucial to a state’s overall economic performance. It’s equally crucial for states to create opportunities outside farming. By Bibek Debroy and ties. Hence, there is an agricultural Laveesh Bhandari reform agenda and there is a rural reform agenda that goes beyond agri- griculture is fundamentally a culture. Within agriculture, there are A state subject. Therefore, there are variations between states and the fundamental problem of India’s agriculture is its dry lands. States that have ensured issues like allowing corporate sector involvement, removal of government- imposed restrictions on production, marketing and distribution, refocus of public expenditure away from input has been lost to urbanisation and indus- trial development. There has also been climate change, soil degradation and increasing growth-related consump- tion demand. Logically, food price infla- power, irrigation and roads have per- subsidies to infrastructure and exten- tion should trigger and stimulate formed better. Our agricultural vari- sion services, fewer stages in the agricultural reform for supply-side ables—percentage of cultivated area value chain, forward markets, con- changes. But in practice, it often leads under cash crops, agriculture gross tract farming, revamping credit to greater distortions and state inter- state domestic products (GSDP) per ru- and insurance, and freeing up land vention, at least in the short-term. This ral population, agriculture electricity markets. All these are linked to en- is perverse. The underlying reasons consumption per rural population, couraging commercialisation and di- behind higher food prices will not foodgrain yield, loans extended to versification. There is also the issue of go away. Therefore, the supply-side farmers and net irrigated area— encouraging off-farm employment responses require agricultural reform. straddle several dimensions and pro- and this is where rural sector reforms Development is co-related with a vide an indication of what has kick in, through provision of physical reduction in the number of people who happened to agriculture within states. and social infrastructure. are employed in agriculture. In rela- The successes are spread across These issues have always been tively richer parts of the world, people India—Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra important, but they have been com- have been pulled out of agriculture into Pradesh, Kerala and Haryana. If pounded by a food security problem. At more productive activities. People who Indian agriculture (including allied one level, food security is posed as a bal- remain in agriculture move away from activities) is to grow at 4 per cent, ance of payments problem, that is, a producing foodgrain to other forms of other states across India must repli- country’s ability to pay for its required crop output, such as horticulture. There cate these successes. imports of food. However, more com- is commercialisation and diversifica- Development in India requires a monly, food security is defined as an in- tion. Of India’s rural labour force of movement away from agriculture to dividual household’s access to food, not roughly 300 million, 72.7 per cent still non-agriculture sectors and within including the areas characterised by earns a living from agriculture. This has agriculture, a movement away from famine. Food security has become even declined from 81.4 per cent in 1983, but foodgrain output. This involves more of an issue because there has the decline hasn’t been quick enough. commercialisation and diversification been a switch of farmland to bio-fuels, Some comments are in order about of agriculture, as well as the creation world oil prices have increased, popu- such figures. First, there may be a sec- of off-farm employment opportuni- lation has grown and agricultural land ondary occupation outside agriculture.52 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • HRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI HAND J VEGETABLE SECTION tribution to consumers through the in- AT A BIG BAZAAR efficient public distribution system. STORE IN MUMBAI Other than the crowding out of private grain trade, this also creates perverse price signals for producers. The third factor is the APMC Acts. Stated simply, the APMC Acts require buy- ing and selling of agricultural products through regulated markets, with man- dated fees to be paid to market commit- tees. Marketing boards are meant to use these fees for developing infrastructure in rural markets. Though the fee is collected, it is debatable to what extent it has been used to develop infrastruc- ture. Cold storage and grading facilities exist only in few of the markets. In addi- tion, a regulated market can be quite far away and a requirement that a farmer should only transact through a regu- lated market does no particular service to the farmer. Unless amended, the APMC Acts prevent direct marketing or con- BHASKAR PAUL/www.indiatodayimages.com tract farming and work against the in- volvement of the corporate sector. Fiscal Indeed, with the seasonal nature of the constraints have meant reductions in bulk of India’s agriculture, that is invari- public expenditure on research and de- ably the case. Second, there are wide Since 2003, agriculture velopment as well as extension services. variations across states and the pace of performance index values Fourth, there is a lack of harmonisation decline also varies. Third, there are of best states in overall of indirect taxes on agricultural prod- gender differences. The farm to non- ucts across states. Not only does this farm transition happens first for males performance such as exist for VAT and GST, but there are also and then a feminisation of the agricul- Himachal Pradesh and Tamil specific entry taxes for specific locations, tural workforce occurs. Fourth, out of Nadu have quadrupled, but such as when entering cities or bound- those who are in agriculture, roughly for slower moving states aries of municipal corporations. Fifth, two-thirds (64 per cent) describe them- because of ECA, APMC and fiscal anom- selves as self-employed, that is, they are such as Punjab, Haryana alies, there are physical check-posts, farmers. The remaining, roughly one- and Uttar Pradesh, these which affect perishable produce. There third, are wage workers, almost invari- have barely doubled. are physical checks on trucks, thanks to ably on casual basis. Fifth, 13.1 per cent laws like the Indian Forests Act, 1927, of rural households are landless and non-farm does not happen. There are the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, the only 11.2 per cent have medium or several distortions induced by policies. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and the large holdings, defined as those that are All these tend to prevent competition. Biomedical Waste (Management and more than two hectares. And 44.8 per In output markets, these policies lead Handling Rules), 1988, as well as the cent of land-holdings are sub-marginal to perverse price signals. First, there lack of uniformity under the Motor (0.01-0.40 hectares), 18.7 per cent are are physical government-imposed Vehicles Act, 1988. The problem is with marginal (0.41 to 1 hectare) and 12.2 restrictions on production, marketing multiplicity, rather than clearances. per cent are small (1-2 hectares). and distribution. These are usually Competition in agriculture isn’t only This kind of small-holder agricul- through the Essential Commodities Act, about the farm-to-fork supply chain. ture cannot exploit economies of scale (ECA) 1955, and the Agricultural Produce It is also about input markets. Seeds, and is subsistence-level, inefficient and Marketing and Control (APMC) Acts. pesticides, agro-chemicals and fertilis- unproductive. For development to hap- Second, there are minimum support ers are obvious examples. Power and pen, there must be a movement up the prices and procurement policies in water belong to a different category. value chain of productivity. favour of foodgrain. This means pro- Distortions are created by input subsi- Since people always want to better curement of foodgrain through the Food dies on power, water, seeds and fertilis- their lives, there must be a reason Corporation of India (FCI), not only to ers. State governments must address why the transition from farm to maintain buffer stocks, but also for dis- these issues. ■ NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 53
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA OVERALL RANK BIG STATES 2012 GUJARAT MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (1)* The Way Forward GUJARAT 2 (9) KERALA 3 (1) MAHARASHTRA rom a farmer in a remote education facilities in tribal F 4 (5) TAMIL NADU village of the state to a areas didn’t include science 5 (4) HARYANA businessman in the heart schools, as the government 6 (17) WEST BENGAL of the capital Ahmedabad, de- initially sought to provide velopment has reached all education only in agriculture 7 (20) MADHYA PRADESH corners of Gujarat. Focusing to the tribals. 8 (3) ODISHA equally on all sectors is the In 2010-2011, Chief Min- 9 (12) ANDHRA PRADESH reason behind the state’s cur- TWIN TRIUMPHS ister Narendra Modi laun- rent 10 per cent growth, the In the last five years, ched a fresh round of sche- 10 (7) KARNATAKA only one to boast of double the Gujarat govern- mes to help farmers and 11 (16) CHHATTISGARH digit growth in both industry ment has launched a people living below the pov- and agriculture. Rs 18,000-crore erty line. One such scheme is 12 (11) ASSAM Two schemes played a key Vanbandhu Yojana for the Garib Samriddhi Yojana, 13 (10) PUNJAB role in spurring development development of tribals to upgrade civic infrastruc- 14 (15) BIHAR in the last five years—the and a Rs 11,000-crore ture for the poor in 150 mu- Rs 18,000-crore Vanbandhu Sagarkhedu Yojana for nicipalities. As Gujarat’s 15 (18) UTTAR PRADESH Yojana for development of coastal inhabitants. Planning Secretary V.N. 16 (8) UTTARAKHAND 42 tribal tehsils and the Maira puts it: “The key reason Rs 11,000-crore Sagarkhedu for the government’s good 17 (14) JHARKHAND Yojana for coastal inhabitants, particu- performance is the emphasis on results 18 (19) RAJASTHAN larly fishermen, in 38 tehsils. Both against money spent.” schemes were launched in 2007 The government is now focusing on 19 (6) HIMACHAL PRADESH and completed in 2011. Before 2007, strengthening urban infrastructure. In 20 (13) JAMMU & KASHMIR SHAILESH RAVAL/www.indiatodayimages.com RANK SMALL STATES 2012 1 (7)* DELHI 2 (8) MIZORAM 3 (3) SIKKIM 4 (10) MANIPUR 5 (5) TRIPURA 6 (6) NAGALAND 7 (4) GOA 8 (9) MEGHALAYA 9 (1) ARUNACHAL PRADESH 10 (2) PUDUCHERRY * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings Rs 3,000 cr is the amount sanctioned by the Gujarat government for urban development in last two years. Chief Minister Narendra Modi addressing a crowd in Gujarat54 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA OVERALL the past two years the Government parative study of the agricultural to the farmers,” says Shah. has sanctioned Rs 3,000 crore for ur- growth of Saurashtra region in The government has restruc- ban development. But agriculture Gujarat and Vidarbha region of tured the distribution of aid to those still remains a priority for the gov- Maharashtra in 2012. Two decades living below the poverty line through ernment. Eight lakh hectares of ago, the two regions were on a par in the Garib Kalyan Mela started farmland in Gujarat has come under agriculture. Today, Saurashtra is do- in 2009. Ministers and senior bu- drip and sprinkler irrigation, com- ing three times better than Vidarbha. reaucrats hand over the benefits di- pared to 10,000 hectares a decade “In agriculture, Gujarat has set a rectly to the poor, thus cutting out the ago. Tushar Shah, director of great example of a sustainable middleman. It’s no wonder then that Colombo-based International Water growth that emphasised agricultural Gujarat leads in development. Management Institute, did a com- research, and took scientific farming by Uday Mahurkar REUBEN SINGH/www.indiatodayimages.com DELHI MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE Up for New Challenges elhi Chief Minister 2010-11 to Rs 31.39 lakh D Sheila Dikshit smiles delightedly asked about her success when crore in 2011-12. Dikshit wants to make Delhi a service centre as mantra. “I can’t say what services contribute to 82 the secret is, but I work per cent of its GSDP. “We are very hard. We have tried to discouraging industries make Delhi’s governance SERVICE CENTRE like dyeing, printing and responsive to the needs of Delhi’s gross state lathe-making. These add to the poor and the rich in all domestic product pollution,” she says, adding areas, from infrastructure (GSDP) growth rate of proudly, “Considering the 11.3 per cent in 2011- to education,” she says. infrastructure demand and 12 is well above the When asked about her national GDP rate of population density, Delhi is biggest triumph in 2011, 6.9 per cent for one of the greenest cities.” she says: “It’s difficult to the year. Services She talks about how her choose one.” Her officials contribute 82 per cent government has put a rattle off a laundry list of of the state’s GSDP. green cover on the rocky achievements. The state terrain of Asola and Bhatti has a 150-km world-class mines in the last seven Metro and public transport system, years. Another achievement she is 75 flyovers, a swanky airport and proud of is regularising 917 unau- 7,000 low-floor buses. “Not to men- thorised colonies in August. Sheila Dikshit, Delhi Chief Minister tion, wider and better roads than In June, the power tariff was other metros,” adds Dikshit. hiked by almost 20 per cent, but on total budget allocation of Rs 33,000 The Capital’s gross state domes- October 22, it was brought down by crore has been allotted to this sector. tic product (GSDP) growth rate of 11.3 15 per cent. The consumer will now “It is to be spent on pension, health- per cent in 2011-12 is well above be charged Rs 3.70 per unit for con- care and schools,” says Dikshit. the national GDP growth rate of 6.9 sumption up to 200 units, while When you have run a state for 14 per cent for the year. Delhi’s GSDP Rs 5.50 will be charged for consump- years—Dikshit has won three con- jumped from Rs 26.45 lakh crore in tion between 201 and 400 units. Says secutive elections since 1998—some Dikshit, “Delhi’s power privatisation things are bound to become routine. model is the best in India. Yet people “Before I get bored, some new chal- 917 unauthorised colonies try to make a political issue out of it.” lenges come up. Delhi is an exciting were regularised in Social sector is one of Dikshit’s place to govern,” she says with Delhi in August 2012. priorities as 65 per cent of this year’s a laugh. by Priya Sahgal56 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA AGRICULTURE RANK BIG STATES 2012 TAMIL NADU MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (2)* TAMIL NADU 2 (10) 3 (5) 4 (13) HARYANA ANDHRA PRADESH KERALA More Power to the Tiller ebastian, 48, of Adukkamparai vil- 20,000 to produce 1,025-1,500 kg rice. 5 (4) 6 (19) GUJARAT CHHATTISGARH S lage, Vellore district, 160 km from Chennai in Tamil Nadu is a relaxed man today. On his one acre plot, he pro- Now the yield is 1,400-2,000 kg at an ex- pense of Rs 8,000-Rs 10,000. In Tamil Nadu, 4,892,000 hectares of 7 (20) WEST BENGAL duces 40 per cent more rice than two available 13,000,000 hectares of land 8 (16) MAHARASHTRA years ago, and with much less man- are cultivated. The net irrigated area power and effort, thanks to the System of 9 (3) MADHYA PRADESH Rice Intensification (SRI) launched by 10 (8) KARNATAKA the state government in 2007-08. SRI lakh tonnes of foodgrain was 105.42 has significantly reduced Sebastian’s produced by Tamil Nadu in 11 (18) RAJASTHAN expenses on seeds and irrigation. He 2011-12, a 4 per cent 12 (6) UTTARAKHAND would earlier invest Rs 15,000-Rs increase from 2010-11. 13 (1) ASSAM 14 (14) UTTAR PRADESH PUDUCHERRY MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE 15 (7) ODISHA 16 (11) 17 (15) 18 (12) PUNJAB HIMACHAL PRADESH Farmers to the Fore BIHAR 19 (9) JHARKHAND 20 (17) JAMMU & KASHMIR bdul Haiz grows paddy, chillies, bit- RANK 1 (3)* SMALL STATES 2012 PUDUCHERRY A ter gourd, snake gourd, brinjal and bananas in his one-and-a-half hectare plot in Katterikuppam, a rural 2 (5) DELHI hamlet about 15 km from the state cap- ital Puducherry. This year, his yield has 3 (10) ARUNACHAL PRADESH doubled. And despite being affected by 4 (1) MIZORAM Cyclone Thane, even the chillies yielded more than 30 tonnes per acre. They 5 (7) TRIPURA fetched him a price of Rs 13 per kg at the 6 (2) SIKKIM wholesale market, higher than Rs 5 per 7 (9) NAGALAND kg the year before. Arul Murugan, 37, a BCom graduate 8 (6) MEGHALAYA and former MLA in Sandhaipu- 9 (8) MANIPUR dhukuppam village, is smiling too. He experimented with precision farming 10 (4) GOA techniques and crop rotation. His earn- * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings ings have doubled this year using Yanmar, a Japanese rice transplanter from is the number of farmer suicides Perunthaivar Kamaraj Krishi Vigyan 0 in Puducherry in 2011-12, buck- ing a sad but palpable national Kendra, India’s first rural-based agricul- trend that takes thousands of tural science centre. Murugan manages lives each year. to plant paddy saplings in 12 acres of his58 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • HRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI HAND J is 2,864,000 hectares; the lakh tonnes of rice. It is has approved Rs 831.40 lakh to im- rest is rain-fed. Storage inching towards self-suffi- plement the service. Other new systems have been devel- ciency. Of India’s 257.44 schemes include the Sustainable oped for rainwater-har- million tonnes foodgrain Sugarcane Initiative (SSI) and System vesting. Irrigated production in 2011-12, of Pulses Intensification (SPI). SSI aims Agriculture Moderni- sa- Tamil Nadu’s share was to improve sugarcane production tion and Water Bodies 10.542 million tonnes (4 through drip irrigation. “I applied SSI Restoration and Manag- MORE FOR LESS per cent of India), which on an acre of land. Earlier, I used to ement (IAMWARM), a six- The System of Rice was a 39 per cent increase get 35 tonnes of sugarcane. I’m now year programme, was Intensification over the previous year. expecting at least 45-50 tonnes per implemented at Rs 98 has led to dramatic The state government acre,” says B. Ramalingam, 53, a crore in 2007, to give im- yield in production, has successfully launched farmer from Kesavapuram village, petus to cultivation that for lower input costs, the Tamil Nadu Agricul- Vellore district, 140 km from Chennai. which is down from led to rainwater harvest- tural Information Service The state agriculture department Rs 13-14 per kg ing. It will end in 2013. to Rs 5 per kg. Network (TN-AGRISNET), a donates small farming equipment, In 2011-12, the state Net-based service, to give seeds and micro-nutrient mixtures had a Rs 1,430-crore farmers necessary infor- worth Rs 3,000 to farmers who attend budget for agriculture. In that period, mation on agriculture, such as data- SSI demonstrations. Farmers have the state produced 105.42 lakh base on soil and availability of never had it better in the state. tonnes of foodgrain, including 77.50 produce and fertilisers. The Centre by R. Ramasubramanian 150 acres plot per day, a far cry from the time till 2009, when scarcity of labourers forced him to toil more for less. “The new NEXT MOVE methods help us To reduce post- harvest losses, produce more estimated at 9 per with lesser man- cent of total pro- power,” he says duce, the state will proudly. provide improved Puducherry is threshing floors on its way to re- and rural godowns. duce post-harvest losses, estimated at 9 per cent of total produce, which is now mainly due to non-availability of sufficient threshing floors and storages. Under a new scheme, the state is now plan- ning to make available improved threshing floors and rural godowns. “Most ministers in Chief Minister N. Rangaswamy’s Cabinet, including the Chief Minister and Agriculture Minister M. Chandrakasu, are Chief Minister Rangaswamy (second from right) and farmers. So they understand our Agriculture Minister problems,” says A. Ramamourti, ad- Chandrakasu (extreme right) ditional director of the state agricul- on a paddy transplanter ture department. by J. Binduraj NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 59
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA CONSUMER MARKET RANK BIG STATES 2012 MAHARASHTRA MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (2)* MAHARASHTRA 2 (6) 3 (14) GUJARAT KARNATAKA GETTY IMAGES Retail Boom Bucks Trend 4 (9) JHARKHAND 5 (15) UTTAR PRADESH 6 (7) HARYANA 7 (5) TAMIL NADU 8 (17) BIHAR 9 (4) CHHATTISGARH 10 (8) WEST BENGAL 11 (1) UTTARAKHAND 12 (19) ANDHRA PRADESH 13 (3) ODISHA 14 (13) MADHYA PRADESH 15 (12) KERALA 16 (10) HIMACHAL PRADESH 17 (20) RAJASTHAN 18 (18) ASSAM Customers at a mobile phone showroom in Mumbai 19 (11) PUNJAB 20 (16) JAMMU & KASHMIR ast year, Akshay Shah, According to excise dep- RANK 1 (6)* SMALL STATES 2012 DELHI L 32, a software engineer with a leading IT firm in Powai, Mumbai, bought a one artment data, Maharashtrians spent the maximum on food and beverages in 2011. The BHK apartment in Mulund for department collected Rs 8,622 2 (1) GOA Rs 50 lakh. He took a Rs 40- crore revenue in 2011-12 3 (5) PUDUCHERRY lakh bank loan and paid the WINNING TOUCH from the sale of liquor, 47 per rest from his savings. Shah is High growth in cent more than 2010-11. 4 (9) MIZORAM one of the 20,000 people in the savings has led to Though people drank 272 lakh 5 (4) SIKKIM state who bought their dream growth in the state’s litres less in 2011-12, they home in 2011 despite real es- consumer market, paid higher taxes on it. Higher 6 (7) MEGHALAYA tate prices going up by 33 to which saw a boom prices did not affect the spen- 7 (3) NAGALAND 40 per cent over a year. in real estate and ding capacity of people in the retail last year. High growth in savings has state. Mumbai residents pay 8 (10) MANIPUR Rs 79 per litre of petrol, the led to considerable growth in 9 (8) TRIPURA Maharashtra’s consumer mar- highest in India, and the state ket. According to the Directorate collected Rs 14,815 crore from sales tax 10 (2) ARUNACHAL PRADESH of Economics and Statistics, Rs 15 lakh and VAT on petroleum products in 2011- * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings crore was deposited in Maharashtra’s 12, the highest in the country. banks in 2011-12. The state’s per capita The state also witnessed a boom in Rs 15 lakh cr was deposited in Maharashtra’s income during this time was Rs 87,686. At 16.18 per cent, Maharashtra’s share in processed food production 2011. According to a research paper pre- sented by management consultancy firm Tata Strategic Management Group in banks in 2011-12. is highest in the country. April 2011, increasing urbanisation and60 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • THE STATE OFTHE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA CONSUMER MARKETrising incomes will be major growth ised retail,” states the report. The However, the state’s consumerdrivers for this industry in Maha- Government’s decision to give tax market is focused only on six majorrashtra. At 42 per cent urbanisation, benefit to retailers has given industry cities—Pune, Mumbai Metropolitanit is the most city-oriented state in a boost in the state. Earlier, retailers Region (MMR), Nashik, Aurangabad,India. “Mall space in Mumbai and used to get 4 per cent tax concession Nagpur and Kolhapur—wherePune is expected to grow by 17 lakh on 50 per cent of their turnover. This 87 per cent of the state’s rich live.sq ft by the end of 2012. Tier II cities has now been raised to 5 per cent. “MMR, Pune and Nashik contributesuch as Nashik, Aurangabad, “Maharashtra will be first state to im- 75 per cent in the state’s GDP. WeSolapur and Amravati are expected plement FDI in retail,” says Chief need to focus on other areas too,”to see a rise in penetration of organ- Minister Prithviraj Chavan. says Chavan. by Kiran TareDELHI MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE REUBEN SINGH/www.indiatodayimages.com Shoppers at Select Citywalk mall In DelhiThe Capital of Deep Pockets er capita income in Delhi is kets such as Connaught weekends is 50,000-60,000.P about three times the national average. In 2011-2012, percapita income in Delhi was Place, the posh Khan Market, M-Block in Greater Kailash I, the favourite The government has also created an environ- ment for the growth of theRs 1,75,812 which is a rise of hangout of college goers, consumer market in theRs 25,159 from Rs 1,50,653 in 2010- the busy Lajpat Nagar mar- state. Several malls are al-11. “Delhiites have the money and ket, favoured by bargain lowed to remain open till 11want to spend. It’s in their culture,” hunters, and Sarojini SHOPPERS’ STOP at night, while restaurantssays Chief Secretary P.K. Tripathi. Nagar, a hit with street By government are allowed to be open till Apart from traditional retail mar- shoppers, Delhi has 30 policy, malls remain midnight. In the last 12 days malls. Experts estimate open till 11 p.m.; of 2011, Delhiites consumed that about 30-40 per cent of restaurants are open alcohol worth Rs 400 crore. till midnight—justRs 1.75 lakh India’s retail mall space is The excise department ear- cornered by the NCR-Delhi what retailers dream ned Rs 1,707 crore between region. The average footfall of everywhere else April-December 2011, a 24is Delhi’s per capita income in 2011-12, against in a Delhi mall on weekdays in the country. per cent jump from the yearthe national figure of Rs 60,972. is 35,000-40,000 and on before. by Shravya Jain NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 61
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA EDUCATION RANK BIG STATES 2012 UTTARAKHAND MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (15)* Elementary Lessons UTTARAKHAND 2 (7) CHHATTISGARH 3 (17) WEST BENGAL 4 (6) MAHARASHTRA avi Kumar, 11-year-old son of a puter Technology’ scheme of the Uttara- 5 (13) 6 (5) JAMMU & KASHMIR ODISHA R rickshaw puller, studies in a gov- ernment school in Ghantaghar, Dehradun. With a monthly income of khand government. Like Ravi, 60 other students are trained in computer use every year in Gandhi College. 7 (10) TAMIL NADU Rs 3,000, Ravi’s father cannot afford to It’s not just computer education. 8 (19) MADHYA PRADESH buy him a computer. Yet, the Class VI Uttarakhand, a state known for out- student is a computer wizard, thanks standing educational institutions such as 9 (18) ASSAM to Avadhesh Kumar Chaubey, principal Doon School, Sherwood College, 10 (1) HARYANA of Gandhi Intermediate College. The Woodstock College and Oak Grove winner of the best teacher of the state 11 (14) PUNJAB 182 award in 2007 and 2010, 40-year-old 12 (16) GUJARAT Chaubey enrolls students from poor schools and 147 colleges were backgrounds who receive free computer added to Uttarakhand’s 15,677 13 (12) RAJASTHAN education under the ‘Information Com- schools and 2,814 colleges in 2011. 14 (20) UTTAR PRADESH 15 (8) KERALA SIKKIM MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE 16 (3) BIHAR 17 (2) How to HIMACHAL PRADESH Chief Minister Pawan 18 (9) KARNATAKA Kumar Chamling with schoolchildren 19 (11) ANDHRA PRADESH 20 (4) RANK JHARKHAND SMALL STATES 2012 Learn a 1 (8)* 2 (7) 3 (3) SIKKIM MIZORAM ARUNACHAL PRADESH New Skill 4 (4) erhaps it helps that Sikkim has a P TRIPURA population of just over 600,000. It 5 (9) MEGHALAYA has been able to create a wide net- 6 (10) MANIPUR work of educational institutes that puts schools within walking distance of 7 (5) DELHI both the urban and rural population. 8 (6) NAGALAND According to the 2011 Census, Sikkim has a literacy rate of 82.2 per cent, 9 (1) PUDUCHERRY compared to 68.81 per cent in 2001. 10 (2) GOA The state, which has three-quarter of its * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings people in villages, has a rural literacy rate of 79.82 per cent, higher than the Abhiyan in 2010. national rural literacy of 68.91 per cent. Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Kumar 1:16 is the teacher-student In a bid to achieve 100 per cent literacy Chamling’s innovative policies have ration in 800 government by 2015, the Sikkim government played a key role in increasing aware- schools in Sikkim. launched the Mukhya Mantri Saksharta ness on education. He has set aside 2062 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • HRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI HAND J School, has made giant new primary schools. In the Mohini Thapliyal. Some initiatives strides in the field of edu- hills, the government has have also been taken in the field cation in the last one year. set up a primary school of technical education. At the The state has 15,677 within a radius of 1 km for a Uttarakhand Technical University, a schools, 2,814 colleges, population cluster of over team from IIT-Delhi, Delhi School of 106 technical institutes 200. In the plains, a popula- Economics and Punjabi University, and seven medical col- tion cluster of 300 has a Patiala, is preparing a new syllabus leges. In 2011, 182 STUDY SMART school within a radius of 1.5 that will replace the current one schools and 147 colleges The Uttarakhand km. The 2011 Census re- which has not changed for 16 years. were added to these num- government has ported a 79.03 per cent lit- The state government will also bers. The state’s govern- earmarked Rs 40 eracy rate in Uttarakhand, a set up a call centre-based monitor- ment schools have over crore for 2012-2013, jump of 8 per cent ing system by 2013 to gather infor- to build 250 new 15 lakh students while from 2001. “Our aim is to mation. Through this, officials will primary schools. around 1.7 lakh are achieve 100 per cent liter- check the availability of teachers. If enrolled in the colleges acy,” says Chief Minister an institution is facing a problem, and technical institutes. Vijay Bahuguna. principals will inform the call centre The school dropout rate in The focus is on woman’s educa- and officials will take the required Uttarakhand has gone down from 15 tion. The state’s largest women’s col- steps, says Education Director of per cent in 2001 to 0.31 in 2011. lege, Government Girl’s Inter College the state, Chandra Singh Gwal. For the financial year 2012-2013, in Dehradun, has over 800 students. Uttarakhand is leading the way to the Uttarakhand government has “The number has increased from 500 quality education in the country. earmarked Rs 40 crore to build 250 to 800 in five years,” says principal by Ashish Misra SMART LEARNING The government has set up 34 livelihood schools for vocational training in fields like aviation and software development. been as low as 3.49 per cent in 2007- 08 and 4.46 per cent in 2008-2009. But it went up to 7.11 per cent in 2009-10. Hence education was given more emphasis after this. “We want our children to adopt life-oriented ed- ucation and pursue professional edu- cation that will help them emerge as world-class citizens,” says Chamling. Envisioning an education beyond the ABCs, Sikkim government has set up 34 livelihood schools and institutes that hone skills of educated youth in vocational fields such as aviation and software development. The Sikkim government has roped in the Centre per cent of the Rs 1,877 crore plan says the Chief Minister, who took over and the private sector to open univer- outlay of the state budget for the ed- in 1994 and is now in his fourth term. sities, colleges and academies for ucation sector. But that is just one In the 800 government schools in the medical, information technology and step. “The next major focus is to im- state, the teacher-student ratio is engineering across the state. prove the quality of education itself,” 1:16. The school dropout rate has by Joel Rai NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 63
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA GOVERNANCE RANK BIG STATES 2012 KERALA MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (4)* KERALA 2 (10) 3 (1) 4 (2) WEST BENGAL ASSAM BIHAR The People’s CM erala Chief Minister cer. But can we ask the people 5 (19) 6 (16) 7 (12) UTTAR PRADESH PUNJAB HIMACHAL PRADESH K Oommen Chandy can’t stand for more than 15 minutes. According to his to wait forever till the system is reformed even to get their sim- ple needs solved?” asks the 69- doctors, the debilitating pain year-old Chief Minister. 8 (14) UTTARAKHAND in his legs is a legacy of the The law and order situation 9 (15) HARYANA round-the-clock marathon in Kerala has shown remark- mass contact programmes CRIME PATROL able improvement in the last one 10 (18) TAMIL NADU the Chief Minister held be- 493 rapes have been year. In the first six months of 11 (17) GUJARAT tween May and June in each reported till June, 2012, Kerala recorded 80,229 of the state’s 14 districts. 2012 as against 1,132 cognisable crimes, over 50 per 12 (11) ODISHA Each programme was at- in 2011 while murders cent less than 172,137 in 2011. 13 (6) JHARKHAND tended by thousands of ag- have almost halved Till June 2012, 493 rapes had at 183 in 2012 from grieved citizens. Chandy been reported as against 1,132 14 (20) MADHYA PRADESH 521 in 2011. listened to all their problems in 2011; number of murders 15 (9) CHHATTISGARH and offered on-the-spot solu- have almost halved at 183 in 16 (8) RAJASTHAN tions. In every district, the 2012 from 521 in 2011. programme would start at 8 a.m. and go Kerala’s police-population ratio is 17 (7) ANDHRA PRADESH on till the easy hours of the next day. 1: 725 in 2012 compared to 1: 800 in 18 (5) MAHARASHTRA By the time the mass contact pro- 2009. With 16,000 new recruits in the gramme was over, the Chief Minister had last five years, the total strength of the 19 (13) KARNATAKA heard a total of 545,298 cases, found Kerala Police force is over 50,000. 20 (3) JAMMU & KASHMIR immediate solutions to 297,212 cases “Kerala is the only state where there is and doled out Rs 30.19 crore at an aver- no vacancy in the police force,” says RANK SMALL STATES 2012 age of Rs 1,017 per person. Jacob Punnuse, who retired as the direc- “Critics call it tokenism and ask me tor general of police in October. 1 (7)* GOA why I should do the job of a village offi- by M.G. Radhakrishnan 2 (1) MANIPUR 3 (8) DELHI C SHANKAR 4 (10) MIZORAM 5 (4) NAGALAND 6 (6) ARUNACHAL PRADESH 7 (3) MEGHALAYA 8 (5) TRIPURA 9 (9) SIKKIM 10 (2) PUDUCHERRY * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings 2 97,212 number of complaints the chief minister resolved during his month-long mass contact programme in 14 districts. Kerala Chief Minister Oommen Chandy (left) with his colleagues64 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA GOVERNANCE RANK BIG STATES 2012 KERALA MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (4)* KERALA 2 (10) 3 (1) 4 (2) WEST BENGAL ASSAM BIHAR The People’s CM erala Chief Minister cer. But can we ask the people 5 (19) 6 (16) 7 (12) UTTAR PRADESH PUNJAB HIMACHAL PRADESH K Oommen Chandy can’t stand for more than 15 minutes. According to his to wait forever till the system is reformed even to get their sim- ple needs solved?” asks the 69- doctors, the debilitating pain year-old Chief Minister. 8 (14) UTTARAKHAND in his legs is a legacy of the The law and order situation 9 (15) HARYANA round-the-clock marathon in Kerala has shown remark- mass contact programmes CRIME PATROL able improvement in the last one 10 (18) TAMIL NADU the Chief Minister held be- 493 rapes have been year. In the first six months of 11 (17) GUJARAT tween May and June in each reported till June, 2012, Kerala recorded 80,229 of the state’s 14 districts. 2012 as against 1,132 cognisable crimes, over 50 per 12 (11) ODISHA Each programme was at- in 2011 while murders cent less than 172,137 in 2011. 13 (6) JHARKHAND tended by thousands of ag- have almost halved Till June 2012, 493 rapes had at 183 in 2012 from grieved citizens. Chandy been reported as against 1,132 14 (20) MADHYA PRADESH 521 in 2011. listened to all their problems in 2011; number of murders 15 (9) CHHATTISGARH and offered on-the-spot solu- have almost halved at 183 in 16 (8) RAJASTHAN tions. In every district, the 2012 from 521 in 2011. programme would start at 8 a.m. and go Kerala’s police-population ratio is 17 (7) ANDHRA PRADESH on till the easy hours of the next day. 1: 725 in 2012 compared to 1: 800 in 18 (5) MAHARASHTRA By the time the mass contact pro- 2009. With 16,000 new recruits in the gramme was over, the Chief Minister had last five years, the total strength of the 19 (13) KARNATAKA heard a total of 545,298 cases, found Kerala Police force is over 50,000. 20 (3) JAMMU & KASHMIR immediate solutions to 297,212 cases “Kerala is the only state where there is and doled out Rs 30.19 crore at an aver- no vacancy in the police force,” says RANK SMALL STATES 2012 age of Rs 1,017 per person. Jacob Punnuse, who retired as the direc- “Critics call it tokenism and ask me tor general of police in October. 1 (7)* GOA why I should do the job of a village offi- by M.G. Radhakrishnan 2 (1) MANIPUR 3 (8) DELHI C SHANKAR 4 (10) MIZORAM 5 (4) NAGALAND 6 (6) ARUNACHAL PRADESH 7 (3) MEGHALAYA 8 (5) TRIPURA 9 (9) SIKKIM 10 (2) PUDUCHERRY * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings 2 97,212 number of complaints the chief minister resolved during his month-long mass contact programme in 14 districts. Kerala Chief Minister Oommen Chandy (left) with his colleagues64 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • HRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI HAND J GOA MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE MANDAR DEODHAR/www.indiatodayimages.com Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar listens to citizens’ grievances at the Secretariat Public Comes First tension in Margao in 2011 over a Muslim graveyard but timely action by the po- lice brought the situation oa has made remarkable holds the home portfolio. In under control. “There has G progress in maintaining law and order in the last one year. According to Chief Minister Manohar the first six months of this year, there were 66 cases in which tourists visiting Goa CM’S DURBAR been no riot in Goa in the last one year,” says Kishan Kumar, DGP, Goa. Parrikar, 64 per cent crimes were fell victim to thefts, burgla- Every Thursday, the The otherwise lethargic solved in 2011-12, a big leap from just ries and accidents. The Chief Minister meets administration is moving 39 per cent the previous year. The number was 129 in 2011. people at the in fast gear since Parrikar police-population ratio in the state is The state government is secretariat to listen took over in March this 287 per 100,000 population as also working towards to their grievances year. “Earlier, a junior against 216 per 100,000 population bringing transparency to and delivers engineer would take at verdicts instantly. at the national level. The state gov- the police force. least 12 hours to fix water ernment will soon raise the number of In November 2011, two supply problems in my police stations from 24 to 32. policemen were suspended constituency. Now, he Between February and May, 22 for misbehaving with a female jour- reaches the spot within a few minutes cases of rape were reported and nalist whom they allegedly called a of a phone call,” says Prabhakar Naik, arrests were made in 20 of them, sex worker because she had been a resident of Sanguelim. claims the Chief Minister, who also roaming around Miramar beach at Parrikar’s people-oriented gover- 10 p.m. The same year, police busted nance has won over Goa’s middle- is the number of police an international narcotics syndicate class. Every Thursday, he meets 287 personnel in Goa for a population of one lakh.The national figure stands at 216. and two senior officers were sus- pended for their alleged involvement in the racket. There was communal people at the secretariat to listen to their grievances and delivers his ver- dict on the spot. by Kiran Tare NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 65
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA HEALTH RANK BIG STATES 2012 JAMMU & KASHMIR MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (15)* JAMMU & KASHMIR 2 (1) 3 (3) 4 (6) HARYANA CHHATTISGARH MAHARASHTRA In Good Health ringing healthcare to available information has al- 5 (20) 6 (8) UTTAR PRADESH TAMIL NADU B people in remote cor- ners of a state that still lives under the shadow of mil- ready made it possible for the department to send doctors, paramedics and medical sup- 7 (13) WEST BENGAL itancy is a continuing chal- plies to locations demarcated 8 (14) KERALA lenge,” says Manoj Kumar “inaccessible”, “very difficult” Dwivedi, 40, who says he is and “difficult”. “We had 250 9 (11) GUJARAT the youngest health secretary TECH MAP primary health centres that did- 10 (5) ASSAM of a state in India. In early 2012, the n’t have a doctor for more than Born in Uttar Pradesh and department enlisted a decade. Now, 230 of them 11 (18) MADHYA PRADESH raised in Delhi, the young IAS the state’s remote have regular doctors in places 12 (7) ODISHA officer has made healthcare of sensing agency to like Leh, Kupwara, Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir’s people map its health infra- Kistwar, Ramban, Poonch, Riasi 13 (16) PUNJAB his life’s mission. Supported by structure, using soft- and Doda,” says Dwivedi. ware provided by WHO. 14 (19) BIHAR a chief minister who is about Cash incentives, too, have his own age, Dwivedi can helped achieve seemingly im- 15 (12) KARNATAKA boast of a range of health indi- possible targets. Doctors vol- 16 (4) ANDHRA PRADESH cators that are much better in Kashmir VIKRAM SHARMA/www.indiatodayimages.com than the national average. 17 (10) JHARKHAND Ironically, for a state where militancy 18 (9) RAJASTHAN has rendered life cheap, one has a better 19 (17) UTTARAKHAND chance of survival at birth here than in many parts of the country. The prevail- 20 (2) HIMACHAL PRADESH ing Infant Mortality Rate of 43 per 1,000 is lower than the all-India figure of 47. RANK SMALL STATES 2012 Similarly, Total Fertility Rate, often a re- flection of survival of children, stands at 1 (10)* MANIPUR 2.1, again lower (and hence better) than 2 (1) MIZORAM the all-India figure of 2.6. The state also 3 (7) DELHI has a more evenly balanced Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years) at 941, as against the 4 (9) MEGHALAYA national average of 933. 5 (3) GOA Getting here has taken a whole lot of hard work. “It’s largely because of 6 (4) SIKKIM Chief Minister Omar Abdullah’s sup- 7 (8) NAGALAND port,” says Dwivedi. Unlike in the past when healthcare services were appro- 8 (5) TRIPURA priated by ruling party legislators, in 9 (6) PUDUCHERRY early 2012, the department enlisted the state’s remote sensing agency to 10 (2) ARUNACHAL PRADESH map the state’s health infrastructure, * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings using software provided by World Health Organisation (WHO). “This helps 43:1000 is the infant mortality ratio in Jammu & Kashmir as against the national ratio of 47: 1,000. us to employ budgetary resources in a more planned way,” he says. Though only 13 of the state’s 22 districts have as yet been mapped,66 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • HRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI HAND J unteering to serve in remote vil- MANIPUR MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE lages and towns are now eligi- ble for hardship allowances, between Rs 10,000 and Rs 20,000, in addition to their regular salaries. Jammu and Kashmir has a robust MCTS Best Place To Be Born In (mother and child tracking sys- he latest Sample sive maternal mortality rate tem) where each and every case can be monitored directly from the state headquarters, and T Registration Survey (SRS) data sent to the Union Health Ministry by the with only 160 among 100,000 women dying through com- plications during pregnancy even cellphones. “We have Registrar General of India and childbirth. The national done away with health workers on October 19 shows that ratio is 220: 100,000. having to file paper reports. Manipur, along with Goa, is “Though we are a re- These days, they simply upload the best place for an infant CARE FREE source-crunched state, we photos of their visit to villages to be born. For every 1,000 Under the Rashtriya have identified certain sec- Arogya Nidhi, the via cellphones to our Facebook live births, 11 die in tors for fast-track deve- state offers medical page,” he says. Manipur, recording the care worth Rs 1 lakh to lopment. Health is one such In a state that made head- lowest infant mortality rate BPL patients in govern- area,” says Chief Minister lines for nearly 900 infant (IMR) in the country. In 2011, ment hospitals. Okram Ibobi Singh. “This deaths over the past year in the IMR in the state was 14. year we have formulated a Srinagar’s GB Pant Children’s The number of institutional State Health Policy under the Hospital, people like Dwivedi deliveries in Manipur has gone up theme of ‘prevention is better than have worked a miracle. from 7,025 in 2010 to 9,983 in 2012. cure’. We are planning to organise by Asit Jolly The state has also recorded an impres- awareness camps to prevent common diseases. The idea is to bring down the footfalls in hospitals,” says Health Health Minister Minister Phungzathang Tonsing. P.Tonsing at To take healthcare to the remote Jawaharlal Nehru and rural areas, the state government Institute of offers incentives to doctors to serve in Medical Science those areas. Of the 821 government doctors, 556 are working in rural areas. With a doctor patient ratio of 1:1660, Tonsing laments dearth of doctors in Manipur. “There was only one Central Government-run medical college in the state, the Regional Institute of Medical Sciences. This year, we have started the Jawahalal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences. The total number of MBBS seats now stand at 137,” says Tonsing. The state government has also done well in implementing the Central healthcare initiatives. For instance, under the Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi, launched by the Central Government in 1997, the government offers med- ical care worth Rs 1 lakh to BPL patients in government hospitals. by Kaushik Deka 11 die in Manipur for every 1,000 live births, recording the lowest infant mortality rate in the country. NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 67
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA INFRASTRUCTURE RANK BIG STATES 2012 MAHARASHTRA MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (9)* MAHARASHTRA 2 (2) 3 (14) 4 (4) WEST BENGAL KERALA PUNJAB Well Connected n July, when the entire eral industrial cities of the state 5 (1) 6 (5) HIMACHAL PRADESH GUJARAT I north and east of India faced a total power blackout for two days, Maharashtra en- such as Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Nashik and Aurangabad. This, in turn, has attracted FDI. Last 7 (13) ANDHRA PRADESH joyed uninterrupted power year, the state signed 40 MoUs 8 (11) KARNATAKA supply, thanks to the state gov- with foreign companies for an ernment’s decision to pur- investment of Rs 1 lakh crore. 9 (12) MADHYA PRADESH chase power from private WINNING MOVE Almost 98 per cent of 10 (6) HARYANA producers. In 2000, the state’s Maharashtra is the the villages in the state are con- daily shortfall in electricity only state which has nected through all-weather 11 (15) RAJASTHAN was 3,000 MW when the de- 15 airports, highest for roads. Maharashtra State Road 12 (7) BIHAR mand was 10,000 MW. In a state in the country, Development Corporation has 2011-12, the shortfall was including one at the constructed three flyovers at 13 (3) ODISHA between 3,000 and 3,500 MW temple town of Shirdi. Sion, Chembur and Kandivali 14 (10) TAMIL NADU in contrast to the demand of in Mumbai. “Maharashtra 16,000 MW. The government continues to be the first choice 15 (16) ASSAM managed to secure 6,000 MW additional of foreign investors because we provide 16 (17) JHARKHAND electricity from private producers to the required infrastructure,” says the maintain the state’s power supply. Chief Minister. Today, Maharashtra is the 17 (8) UTTAR PRADESH Since he took over as Chief Minister in only state which has 15 airports, highest 18 (19) CHHATTISGARH November 2010, Prithviraj Chavan has for a state in the country, including one 19 (20) JAMMU & KASHMIR given priority to certain sectors such as at the temple town of Shirdi, the most vis- power, road development, health and ed- ited place in the state. 20 (18) UTTARAKHAND ucation. The improved power situation The National Bank for Agriculture has resulted in no load-shedding in sev- and Rural Development (NABARD) ex- RANK SMALL STATES 2012 1 (2)* DELHI 2 (9) GOA 3 (1) NAGALAND 4 (4) TRIPURA 5 (8) SIKKIM 6 (10) MEGHALAYA 7 (5) PUDUCHERRY 8 (6) MANIPUR 9 (7) ARUNACHAL PRADESH 10 (3) MIZORAM * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings of the villages in 98% Maharashtra are con- nected through all- weather roads.68 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • HRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI tended a record support of Rs 6,024 crore for agriculture and rural develop- ment in Maharashtra during 2011-12, up 71 per cent from Rs 3,533 in 2010-11. NABARD allotted Rs 1,777 crore for the CHANDRADEEP KUMAR/www.indiatodayimages.com creation of rural infrastructure such as View of the Barapullah elevated road in Delhi roads and bridges, drinking water, warehousing, waste water management, public health and anganwadi centres. DELHI MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE The state secured first place among all others in India with disbursement of Rs 460 crore in rural bank loans. With 75,000 schools of primary edu- cation, 22,000 of secondary education, All Game for a 4,000 of higher education and 19 univer- sities. Maharashtra has one of the finest education infrastructures in the country. Growth Overdrive According to a 2010 report by infrastruc- elhi has seen Rapid Transit corridors in ture consultant company Ernst and Young, 1.5 million students were enrolled in the state’s colleges and institutes, the D tremendous gr- owth since 2003, when it was given the various parts of the city. The Delhi Metro cov- ers an area of 200 km. highest in the country. responsibility to host Delhi Metro Rail The communications sector in the the 2010 Common- Corporation (DMRC) is un- state has also grown in the last year. wealth Games (CWG). dertaking 150 km of ex- Maharashtra has the highest number of This has attracted SMOOTH RIDE pansion, with another 50 telephone connections in the country, migrants from all over Delhi has a road planned in the last phase. both fixed line as well as wireless. The the country, which, network of 1,200 km The government had state has 20 lakh fixed line and 7 crore some feel, has affected under PWD.The to also take some hard wireless telephone connections. Till the city adversely. But city boasts of 75 decisions to keep devel- March 2011, it had the largest Internet as Delhi Chief flyovers that ease oping the state. One such subscriber base of 1.49 million and a Secretary P.K. Tripathi traffic congestion. decision was privatisa- broadband subscriber base of 22.88 lakh. says, “We think immi- tion of electricity, in by Kiran Tare grants are the back- 2002. Ten years later, the bone of this city and they should get gamble has paid off. According the best infrastructure.” to an October 21 report on the Chief Minister The Public Works Department power sector by SBI Cap Securities, Chavan (left) oversees 1,200 km of roads. Delhi has saved around Rs 30,000 inspecting work Delhi has the most extensive road crore in the last 10 years. About at Andheri- network in India as 21 per cent 99 per cent of Delhi households Ghatkopar of its geographical area is have power lines, compared to metro motorways. The city now boasts 67 per cent nationally. of 75 flyovers that ease traffic The next tough decision is the congestion as against just five in privatisation of water supply. At 1982. Signals have been removed present, there are six treatment from major bottlenecks such as plants in Delhi. The Delhi Jal Mukarba Chowk in northwest Board has approved a public-pri- Delhi, Apsara border on G.T. Road vate partnership model for a 46 and Ghazipur border to facilitate MGD water treatment plant at smooth traffic flow. The govern- Nangloi on October 26. The ment is planning eight new Bus Rs 650-crore project went to Veolia Water of France and Swacha. According to Census 2011, 81 per 81% Delhi households have piped cent Delhi households have piped water supply as against water supply as against 75 per cent 75 per cent in 2001. in 2001. by Shravya Jain NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 69
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA INVESTMENT RANK BIG STATES 2012 GUJARAT MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (1)* GUJARAT 2 (5) 3 (18) 4 (3) ODISHA MADHYA PRADESH ASSAM Still the Safest Bet robust infrastructure of Summit in January 2013 5 (17) 6 (2) ANDHRA PRADESH KARNATAKA A ports, all-weather roads, uninterrupted power supply and easy availability of where nearly 50,000 business delegates, including 1,800 from foreign countries, are 7 (9) HARYANA skilled labour coupled with an expected to take part. 8 (12) KERALA unparalleled effort to market The government’s decision the state under the brand in 2009 to create 13 special in- 9 (15) WEST BENGAL name “Vibrant Gujarat” have SMART MOVE vestment regions (SIR) focusing 10 (14) TAMIL NADU catapulted Gujarat into the The 2012 Cotton on a core sector each are ex- most attractive destination Textile Policy is pected to attract big-ticket in- 11 (20) BIHAR for investors. The state boasts expected to bring vestment to the state. One of in investment worth 12 (16) UTTAR PRADESH of 1.05 lakh km of surface Rs 20,000 crore these SIRs at Dahej in south road network across the state, by 2017. Gujarat, spread over 100 sq 13 (4) MAHARASHTRA 241 railways stations, 11 km, has affected investment 14 (13) JHARKHAND airports and 46 ports. worth Rs 1.20 lakh crore. In the last 10 years, 6,880 projects What has particularly attracted in- 15 (19) HIMACHAL PRADESH worth Rs 17 lakh crore have either been vestors to Gujarat is its policy of setting 16 (10) PUNJAB commissioned or are under implementa- up skill development centres to create tion in the state in various sectors such trained manpower for diverse indus- 17 (6) CHHATTISGARH as ports, engineering, automobile, tries. Over 60,000 personnel have been 18 (7) JAMMU & KASHMIR roads, biotechnology, textile and agro trained in 2011 in 97 centres which 19 (8) UTTARAKHAND processing. The state is now gearing up were opened on the public-private-part- for the sixth biannual Vibrant Gujarat nership model. The goal is to open 300 20 (11) RAJASTHAN SHAILESH RAVAL/www.indiatodayimages.com RANK SMALL STATES 2012 1 (10)* MIZORAM 2 (8) DELHI 3 (7) NAGALAND 4 (4) GOA 5 (3) TRIPURA 6 (9) MANIPUR 7 (6) MEGHALAYA 8 (5) PUDUCHERRY 9 (2) SIKKIM 10 (1) ARUNACHAL PRADESH * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings Rs 17 LAKH CR value of 6,880 projects commissioned or under implementation in last 10 years. A view of the 29-km-long BRTS corridor in Rajkot in Gujarat70 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • HRA PRADESH KARNATAKA CHHATTISGARH ASSAM PUNJAB BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JHARKHAND RAJASTHAN HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU & KASHMI HAND J such centres and train two lakh added tax (VAT) till 2017. Since the Gujarat summit, our focus is on personnel annually. declaration of the textile policy, sev- knowledge sharing, innovation, skill Though the government has built eral key textile manufacturers have development for industry and sus- a strong infrastructure to attract expressed interest in setting tainability,” says Maheshwar Sahu, investment, it has not shied away up factories in Gujarat promising an principal secretary, Industries & from offering incentives to industries. investment of Rs 20,000 crore in Mines. The strong follow-up is For instance, the Cotton Textile the next five years. reflected in the fact that nearly Policy announced in September, “We aim at sustainable develop- 60 per cent of MOUS signed during 2012, says that the state will pay the ment based on long-term vision. Our the five Vibrant Gujarat summits interest on the invested capital, offer follow-up on implementation is have been converted to actual proj- free electricity and exempt value very strong. In the next Vibrant ects on ground. by Uday Mahurkar MIZORAM MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE VIKRAM SHARMA/www.indiatodayimages.com The Root of Money his year, Chief Minister Lal T Thanhawla declared March 3 as State Bamboo Day in Mizoram and instituted several awards for ex- cellence in bamboo production—for best bamboo village, bamboo entre- preneur and artisans. It was not a symbolic gesture, as Mizoram plans to promote bamboo as its single largest source of investment. In the Mizoram Chief Minister Lal Thanhawla at his residence last four years, three bamboo product manufacturing units have come up skirts of Aizwal. Spread as well. Mizoram Ispat here, with a cumulative investment over five hectares, it sells Industries is planning a of Rs 6.3 crore. In two of them— around 300,000 flowers a new steel project at Aizawl Mizoram Venus Bamboo and Zonum month during peak season for Rs 60 crore. Marathon Matply—the government has 50 per and 30,000 during off-sea- Batteries have started a cent stake, while a Rs 10-lakh soft son. From November, Zopar Rs 30-crore plant, while Rs loan was given to a third, Newtech will grow 75,000 straw- 4 crore was invested to set Bamboo Products. berry plants on 15 bigha POWER DRIVE up Eternity Partners, an IT- It is also attracting private in- land. “The state govern- Power projects such based research centre. as the Rs 930-crore vestors. In 2006, Bangalore-based en- ment offers us all possible However, the big-ticket Tuirial hydroelectric trepreneur Rajesh Prasad, an support. In return, we project by NEEPCO investment in the state is alumnus of Delhi School of Economics run the state floriculture are drawing big- happening in the power and IIM, Ahmedabad, started a flower department’s own flower ticket investments. sector. The Rs 930-crore farm, Zopar, at Chanmari, on the out- farm at Champai,” says Tuirial hydel project has Chandan Narzary, technical been given to the North supervisor at Zopar, which employs Eastern Electric Power Corporation Rs 6.3 CR is the total investment by 110 Mizo boys and girls at Rs 170 daily. (NEEPCO) while seven companies have three bamboo product The last three years have seen in- bid for the 210 MW Tuivai hydro manufacturing farms. vestment in other sectors of Mizoram power project. by Kaushik Deka NOVEMBER 12, 2012 ◆ INDIA TODAY 71
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA MACRO ECONOMY RANK BIG STATES 2012 MADHYA PRADESH MOST IMPROVED BIG STATE 1 (12)* More Than a Leap of Faith MADHYA PRADESH 2 (11) KARNATAKA 3 (17) JHARKHAND 4 (20) BIHAR PANKAJ TIWARI/www.indiatodayimages.com 5 (6) UTTARAKHAND 6 (14) ODISHA 7 (1) MAHARASHTRA 8 (9) UTTAR PRADESH 9 (7) HARYANA 10 (2) KERALA 11 (16) RAJASTHAN 12 (15) ANDHRA PRADESH 13 (18) WEST BENGAL 14 (13) ASSAM 15 (5) TAMIL NADU 16 (3) GUJARAT 17 (19) CHHATTISGARH 18 (8) PUNJAB Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan at his office 19 (4) JAMMU & KASHMIR adhya Pradesh’s unprecedented promotion 20 (10) RANK HIMACHAL PRADESH SMALL STATES 2012 M growth, from an un- der-developed tribal state to that of a front ranker and growth of industries in 2011-12. During this period, the state has clocked close with a robust economy, is a to 17 per cent in manufactur- 1 (3)* GOA largely untold one. The state ing and 8 per cent in industrial 2 (6) DELHI has seen a phenomenal 10 per growth, augmenting job cent growth in the 11th SMART DEAL opportunities. The manu- 3 (2) SIKKIM In the last five years, Five-Year Plan, well above the projects worth facturing sector has seen a 4 (7) NAGALAND target of 7.9 per cent. It looks Rs 3 lakh crore rise of nearly 12 per cent, and 5 (10) PUDUCHERRY set to achieve a 12 per cent have either been the services sector, which ac- target in the 12th Plan. implemented or are counts for 48 per cent of 6 (8) MIZORAM The state’s Gross Domestic in different stages state’s growth, has seen an 7 (4) TRIPURA Product (GDP) during 2011-12 of implementation. increase of 9.4 per cent. stands at 12 per cent, a jump The state offers a wide 8 (9) MANIPUR of 4 per cent from last year. It range of fiscal policy incen- 9 (5) MEGHALAYA is mainly agriculture that has pulled up tives for businesses under the 10 (1) ARUNACHAL PRADESH the state’s economy at a time when Industrial Promotion Policy, 2010, due the country is experiencing decelera- to which the state has begun to attract * Figures in brackets indicate 2011 rankings tion in growth. The agriculture growth industrial investments. In the last five rate in the state is an exceptional 18 per years, projects worth Rs 3 lakh crore 10% cent. The area under irrigation has gone have either been implemented or are in is the state’s growth up from 7 lakh hectares to 22 lakh different stages of implementation. Day rate in the 11th Five-Year hectares in the last year. two of the third Global Investors’ Plan, well above the target of 7.9 per cent. Madhya Pradesh has also seen an Summit held in Indore from October 2872 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012
  • THE STATE OF THE STATES INDIA’S MOST IMPROVED STATES GUJARAT KERALA MAHARASHTRA TAMIL NADU HARYANA WEST BENGAL MADHYA PRADESH ODISHA ANDH AMIL NA MACRO ECONOMY to October 30, saw 269 MOUs worth earlier. Procter & Gamble CEA investment of Rs 550 crore. “Despite Rs 93,398 crore being inked. Anil Shantanu Khosla announced an in- a global slowdown, investors are Dhirubhai Ambani Group (ADAG) vestment of Rs 1,000 crore in health- queueing up to invest in Madhya Chairman Anil Ambani announced care. Essar Group Chairman Shashi Pradesh. I’m overwhelmed by that his company would make an ad- Ruia said his company had invested enquiries from investors, both do- ditional investment of Rs 20,000 Rs 6,000 crore in power. Tata mestic and foreign, to pursue invest- crore in Madhya Pradesh in the Consultancy Services announced it ment plans in the state,” says Chief power and cement sectors, over and would build an integrated campus in Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan. above the Rs 30,000 crore proposed Indore for IT and BPO with an initial by Bhavna Vij-Aurora GOA MOST IMPROVED SMALL STATE It’s Raining Jobs The state registered 20 per cent growth in the service sector, highest in the country in 2011. Its emphasis MANDAR DEODHAR/www.indiatodayimages.com on tourism—by organising tourism fairs in Russia and the UK—and pro- motion of casinos, has helped it to register 10 per cent GDP growth, which has gone up from Rs 20,922 crore in 2011 to around Rs 25,000 crore in 2012. The tourist influx has led to an improvement in infrastruc- ture in the state. The capacity of ho- tels rose by 3,000 beds between 2010 and 2011. In 2011-12, Goa earned Rs 600 crore from tourism and Rs 300 crore from the state’s 21 casinos, which attract guests with free trans- port and stay. Some casinos have even opened play centres for chil- dren. “We ensure that our clients’ children are safe, so that they can Casino Pride spend more time gambling,” says in Panaji Shriniwas Nayak, in-charge of Casino Pride, Goa’s biggest on-shore casino. In 2011, 200,000 NRIS wo years ago, Rehan Sheikh, icy, exempting new indus- sent home Rs 1,000 crore, T 25, came to Panaji from his hometown Belgaum, Karna- taka, seeking a job. Today, working tries from paying income tax for five years has paid off well. Till November that led to strong banking system and savings. According to Census 2011, as a driver at Hotel Neo Majestic, he 2011, 409 entrepreneurs Goa has 586 functional earns over Rs 6,000, a hike of almost had filed proposals for in- bank offices, and domestic Rs 4,000 from what he used to earn vestment worth Rs 980 savings grew at 17 per in Belgaum. Sheikh represents the crore, with a capacity to TAX FREE cent. Goa’s per capita in- younger generation of job seekers generate 4,867 jobs. Till In 2010, Goa come (PCI) has consistently exempted new who have made Goa their home. November 2011, a high topped the rest of the industries from The Goa government’s 2010 pol- power co-ordination com- paying tax for five country since 2004. In mittee for approving in- years. It promises to 2011, while India’s PCI was lakh is Goa’s per capita vestment proposals, has bring in investment Rs 53,331, Goa’s PCI was Rs 1.68 income,three times green signalled 21 units, worth Rs 980 crore Rs 1,68,572. As if the sand higher than the national with an employment po- and create 4,867 jobs. and surf wasn’t attractive average of Rs 53,331. tential of 2,504. enough. by Kiran Tare74 INDIA TODAY ◆ NOVEMBER 12, 2012