Sustainable Woodland
Management
Woodlands in England
• Total woodland area 1,119,000ha

Conifers 370,000ha
Broadleaved 749,000ha
Woodland History
• Woodland clearance started in the neolithic
period 5000 years ago
• Dropped to 15% by time of the Norma...
Woodland History
This compares to
• 11.6% across the UK
• 15% target for England in IFP report 2012
• 27.9% in France
• 40...
Key Facts
• 75% of all woodlands are between 0.1 and
2ha
• 93% of timber and timber products used in
England are imported
...
Why value woodlands?
• Economic benefits – from planting,
management, harvesting, processing,
manufacture, also recreation...
Woodlands and Climate Change
• Woodfuel – carbon neutral

7
Woodlands and Climate Change
• Product substitution

8
Woodlands and Climate Change
• New woodlands – carbon sinks

Health warning –
Carbon offset planting must be additional an...
Woodlands and Climate Change
• Shade, cooling, flood plain management
Coppice produce/green wood crafts
Why manage woodland?
• Light is life
• Benefits for biodiversity – decline in woodland
birds, butterflies and dormouse lin...
•

Options for management
-Coppicing
Cutting trees

down to ground
level at intervals
to stimulate new
growth
• ‘Coupes’ o...
Options for managementClear fell
• Growing a crop of trees, thinning then felling
them all at once, then replacing them wi...
Options for managementContinuous cover
• Individual trees or small groups selectively
felled
• Gaps filled by natural rege...
Current issues
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Woodlotting
Cuts to FC, Natural England
FC disposals
Diseases – Phytophthora, Chalara
Climat...
Any questions?
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Small Woods and small woods

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Small Woods and small woods

  1. 1. Sustainable Woodland Management
  2. 2. Woodlands in England • Total woodland area 1,119,000ha Conifers 370,000ha Broadleaved 749,000ha
  3. 3. Woodland History • Woodland clearance started in the neolithic period 5000 years ago • Dropped to 15% by time of the Norman Conquest, and further to 5% by 1900 • Creation of the Forestry Commission in 1919 to develop a strategic resource stimulated a rise to 8.4%, with England’s most wooded county, Surrey, having 22% cover
  4. 4. Woodland History This compares to • 11.6% across the UK • 15% target for England in IFP report 2012 • 27.9% in France • 40% average in EU countries • Sweden 60% • Japan 70%
  5. 5. Key Facts • 75% of all woodlands are between 0.1 and 2ha • 93% of timber and timber products used in England are imported • Annual increment 7.1MT, Harvested at present 2.9MT, Unutilised 4.2MT (59%)
  6. 6. Why value woodlands? • Economic benefits – from planting, management, harvesting, processing, manufacture, also recreation and landscape • Biodiversity • Social/psychological – sense of place, calming • Environmental – shade, screening, • Carbon Balance
  7. 7. Woodlands and Climate Change • Woodfuel – carbon neutral 7
  8. 8. Woodlands and Climate Change • Product substitution 8
  9. 9. Woodlands and Climate Change • New woodlands – carbon sinks Health warning – Carbon offset planting must be additional and include provision for future management 9
  10. 10. Woodlands and Climate Change • Shade, cooling, flood plain management
  11. 11. Coppice produce/green wood crafts
  12. 12. Why manage woodland? • Light is life • Benefits for biodiversity – decline in woodland birds, butterflies and dormouse linked to unmanaged woodlands since WW2 • Local jobs • Carbon balance – carbon neutral woodfuel into local markets, reduced ‘timber miles’
  13. 13. • Options for management -Coppicing Cutting trees down to ground level at intervals to stimulate new growth • ‘Coupes’ of 0.250.5ha • Coppice with standards • Biodiversity value – usually high
  14. 14. Options for managementClear fell • Growing a crop of trees, thinning then felling them all at once, then replacing them with another crop • Replacement by planting or natural regeneration • Even age – all trees of same age • Biodiversity value – usually low
  15. 15. Options for managementContinuous cover • Individual trees or small groups selectively felled • Gaps filled by natural regeneration • Uneven age – trees of all ages present • Can convert even age woodlands into continuous cover over time • Biodiversity value- usually high
  16. 16. Current issues • • • • • • • Woodlotting Cuts to FC, Natural England FC disposals Diseases – Phytophthora, Chalara Climate change – species selection, pests/diseases Public perceptions of woodland management Woodfuel
  17. 17. Any questions?
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