Intellectual disabilities
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Adolescents with Exceptionalities Presentation

Adolescents with Exceptionalities Presentation

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Intellectual disabilities Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Intellectual Disabilities
    What is it?
    http://www.ehow.com/how_2100050_pick-school-down-syndrome-child.html
    http://elliestumbo.blogspot.com/2010/10/from-mutterings-and-mussings.html
    http://www.nysut.org/educatorsvoice_14852.htm
    What causes it?
    What do they need?
    Presented by: Janet Lee
    How can we help?
    How can we do this?
  • 2. Imbecile
    Moron
    1910:
    Idiot
    Feeble-minded
    1950:
    Mental Retardation
    Retard
    2010:
    Intellectual Disability
  • 3. What is it?
    • Expressive and receptive language
    • 4. Physical disability
    • 5. Difficulty in learning
    • 6. Difficulty with concentrating
    • 7. Display inappropriate behavior
    • 8. May not be able to read and/or write
    • 9. May not be able to live or work independently
    • 10. May have difficulty in participating in group settings
    Three traits:
    Limited intellectual functioning (<70-75)
    Limited adaptive behavior
    Originates before 18 yrs. old.
    These students may have difficulty with:
  • 11. What is it?
    High incidence
    1 million people in Canada (3 in 10 people)
    Severity varies
    Social, gender, age
    Mild IQ=(50-55) to 70
    Profound IQ=(<20-25)
    Assess:
    IQ, WISC, WIAT, DABS
  • 12. What causes it?
    There is no cookie-cutter student.
    Infections & intoxicants
    Syphilis, Herpes simplex, bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic infections; drugs, poisons, smoking, caffeine, alcohol, lead
    Trauma
    Metabolism or Nutrition
    Amino acid disorders (phenylketonuria), malnutrition
    Unknown Prenatal Influence
    Chromosomal Abnormality
    Down Syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome, fragile X syndrome
    Gestational Disorders
    Prematurity, postmaturity, low birth weight
    Psychiatric disorders
    Environmental
    Sensory deprivation
  • 13. What do they need?
    Supported Education
    Manitoba Curriculum
    Student’s Learning Needs
    General Curriculum
    Assistive Technology
    Adaptations
    Augmentation
    (Emphasis on strategy training, self-determination)
    Curricular Alternatives
    (functional emphasis)
  • 14. What do they need?
    Employment
    Involvement
    Climate of empowerment
    Life Skills
    Independence
    Relationship
    Building
  • 15. Regular curriculum
    Keep the student’s attention on task,
    Teach the content with the methods of learning the content
    Focus on relevant and meaningful teachable content
    Provide training that is widely applicable across other subjects
    Offer opportunities to allow active participation while they are learning.
    How can we help?
  • 16. How can we do this?
    Role-playing
    Demonstrations
    Use concrete objects
    Form routines - Flip cards
    Simplify and highlight key terms
    Instructions – short, precise, clear - repeat
    Teach to the different learning styles
    Involve participation – peers, family
  • 17. HOKEY POKEY DanceOff!
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GMbzZ_ss0s
  • 18. Thank you for your time!
  • 19. References
    Aaidd.org. (2011) American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Definition of Intellectual Disability. <http://www.aaidd.org/content_100.cfm?navID=21>. (10 Feb. 2011).
    Smith TEC, Polloway EA, Patton JR, Dowdy CA, Heath NL, McIntyre LJ, Francis GC. (2005) Teaching students with special needs in inclusive settings, 2nd Canadian Edition: Teaching students with intellectual disabilities. Pearson Education Canada: p 170-188.
    Winzer M. (2002) Children with Exceptionalities in Canadian Classrooms: Sixth Edition. Children with Intellectual Disabilities. Pearson Education Canada. Toronto: p 173-213.
    Woolfolk AE, Winne PH, Perry NE, and Shapka J. (2009) Educational Psychology: Fourth Canadian Edition. Pearson Canada. Toronto: p 134-5.
    Picture References:
    http://www.genetic-diseases.net/down-syndrome/
    http://www.medindia.net/patients/childhealth_articles.asp
    http://www.disease-picture.com/2010/03/page/3/
    http://www.ehow.com/how_2100050_pick-school-down-syndrome-child.html
    http://elliestumbo.blogspot.com/2010/10/from-mutterings-and-mussings.html
    http://www.nysut.org/educatorsvoice_14852.htm
    http://www.canstockphoto.com/illustration/lifting.html
    Video Reference:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GMbzZ_ss0s