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Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy
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Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy

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Presented by: Elizabeth Haupin, Lily-An Korbeil, Marilyn Kray, Lynn Newton, Lisa Zurawski

Presented by: Elizabeth Haupin, Lily-An Korbeil, Marilyn Kray, Lynn Newton, Lisa Zurawski

Published in: Engineering, Technology, Business
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  • 1. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable The benefits and misperceptions of Nuclear Energy 2013 SWE Conference
  • 2. Agenda • Panelist Introductions • Exelon Corporation Overview • Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy – Nuclear energy is bad for the environment. – Most Americans don’t support nuclear power. – Nuclear energy is not safe. – The events at Fukushima prove that Nuclear energy is not safe. – Americans get most of their yearly radiation dose from nuclear power plants. – Nuclear waste cannot be safely transported. – There is no solution for huge amounts of nuclear waste being generated. – Used nuclear fuel is deadly for 10,000 years. – Nuclear energy can’t reduce our dependence on foreign oil. • Additional Benefits – Reliable Electricity – Economic Benefits Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable1
  • 3. Panelist Introductions Marilyn Kray (moderator), VP Nuclear Project Development Kennett Square Elizabeth Haupin, First Line Supervisor Maintenance Scheduler Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station Lily-An Korbeil, Reactor Engineer Limerick Nuclear Power Station Lynn Newton, Manager Maintenance Planning Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Station Lisa Zurawski, Principal Regulatory Engineer Byron Nuclear Power Station Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable2
  • 4. Exelon Overview • Exelon Corporation is the nation's leading competitive energy provider, with approximately $23.5 billion in annual revenues. The Exelon family of companies participates in every stage of the energy business, from generation to competitive energy sales to transmission to delivery. • Headquartered in Chicago, Exelon has approximately 26,000 employees and operations and business activities in 47 states, the District of Columbia, and Canada. • Exelon Generation is the leading competitive power generator in the nation, with owned generating assets totaling more than 34,700 megawatts. With strong positions in the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and Texas, Exelon is the largest owner and operator of nuclear plants in the United States and maintains a growing renewable energy development business headquartered in Baltimore. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable3 • The Constellation business unit provides energy products and services to approximately 100,000 business and public sector customers and approximately 1 million residential customers. Exelon’s utilities deliver electricity and natural gas to more than 6.6 million customers in central Maryland (BGE), northern Illinois (ComEd) and southeastern Pennsylvania (PECO).
  • 5. Exelon Generation Overview • Exelon Generation is comprised of two primary business units: Exelon Nuclear and Exelon Power. – Exelon Nuclear operates the largest nuclear fleet in the United States and the third largest in the world. Exelon’s 10 power plants and 17 reactors, located in Illinois, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, represent approximately 20% of the U.S. nuclear industry’s power capacity. – Exelon Power is responsible for managing, operating, and maintaining the company’s fossil (coal, oil, and natural gas), renewable (landfill gas, wind and solar) and hydroelectic fleet of generating assets. Exelon Power can provide over 15,000 MW of safe, efficient and environmentally responsible baseload, intermediate and peak power generation. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable4 • The Exelon Generation portfolio is unique in its diversity of geography, markets, fuels and technologies and includes: – Nation’s largest commercial nuclear fleet, which ensures dependable low-carbon baseload (around-the-clock) power supply – Wide range of company-owned fossil, hydroelectric and renewable facilities, to diversify our fuel mix and help meet peak demand periods
  • 6. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 1: Nuclear energy is bad for the environment. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable5
  • 7. Environmental Benefits • Nuclear energy produces 63.3 percent of all U.S. emission free electricity. • In 2011, nuclear energy facilities prevented 613.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, almost equal to the amount of carbon dioxide emissions from all U.S. passenger cars. • Nuclear energy facilities also prevented the emission of 1.41 million short tons of sulfur dioxide and 0.54 million short tons of nitrogen oxide in 2011. • A nuclear energy facility’s life-cycle carbon emissions are among the lowest of any electricity generation source at 17 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per gigawatts-hour, comparable to geothermal (15 tons) and wind (14 tons). • Protecting the environment extends to safely managing used fuel, protecting water quality, and preserving and improving habitat for plants and wildlife. • All U.S. nuclear energy facilities have extensive environmental monitoring programs, which are under the oversight of the NRC and state regulators. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable6
  • 8. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 2: Most Americans don’t support nuclear power. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable7
  • 9. Support of Nuclear Energy Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable8
  • 10. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 3: Nuclear energy is not safe. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable9
  • 11. Nuclear Energy and Safety Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable10 OECD Non-OECD Energy chain Fatalities Fatalities/TWy Fatalities Fatalities/TWy Coal 2259 157 18,000 597 Natural gas 1043 85 1000 111 Hydro 14 3 30,000 10,285 Nuclear 0 0 31 48 Summary of severe accidents in energy chains for electricity 1969-2000
  • 12. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 4: The events at Fukushima prove that Nuclear energy is not safe. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable11
  • 13. Response to Events at Fukushima • U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 2011 • Initiated special, focused inspections • Verified no safety concerns requiring immediate action • Made 12 recommendations for enhancements. • Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) in 2011 • Independently required plant assessments • The preliminary assessments included protection from seismic and flooding hazards, an extended loss of power to vital safety systems, and protection of used fuel in storage at U.S. reactors. • Nuclear industry proposed to • Place emergency equipment at diverse locations at each reactor site. • U.S. plants will be supported by off-site equipment pre-staged at specific locations. • Acquired or ordered 300 pieces of backup safety equipment at 104 reactors including diesel generators, pumps and emergency and response vehicles. • Enhance the ability of nuclear energy facilities to remain safe even if there is an extended loss of electric power. • Develop strategies to mitigate external events beyond the design envelope for nuclear plants. • Re-analyze potential flooding and loss of ultimate heat sink scenarios. • Implement improvements to ensure accessible and reliable hardened vents for Mark I and Mark II boiling water reactor containments. (Of America’s 104 reactors, 31 have Mark I or Mark II containments.) • Improve plants’ ability to monitor water level and temperature in storage pools for used nuclear fuel during an extended loss of electric power. • Assess staff needed to respond to a large-scale natural event at multiple reactors at a site and to implement strategies contained in the emergency plan. • Assess communications and equipment used during an emergency to ensure that power is maintained during a large-scale natural event. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable12 There have been no deaths or cases of radiation sickness from the nuclear accident, but over 100,000 people had to be evacuated from their homes to ensure this.
  • 14. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 5: Americans get most of their yearly radiation dose from nuclear power plants. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable13
  • 15. Radiation Sources Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable14 • We are surrounded by naturally occurring radiation. • Less than 1 / 1000th of the average American’s yearly radiation dose comes from nuclear power. • This yearly radiation dose is 100 times less than we get from coal, [1] 200 times less than a cross-country flight, and about the same as eating 1 banana per year. [2] 1. National Council on Rad Protection and Measurements No. 92 and 95 2. CDR Handbook on Radiation Measurement and Protection
  • 16. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 6: Nuclear waste cannot be safely transported. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable15
  • 17. Nuclear Waste Transportation • Radioactive materials have been shipped in this country for more than 60 years. • 3 million packages of radioactive materials are shipped each year in the U.S. • As when transporting other commodities, vehicles carrying radioactive materials have been involved in transportation accidents. However, NO deaths or serious injuries have resulted from exposure to the radioactive contents of these shipments. [1] 1. U.S. Department of Energy, Transporting Radioactive Materials: Answers to Your Questions, June 1999 Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable16
  • 18. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 7: There is no solution for huge amounts of nuclear waste being generated. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable17
  • 19. Nuclear Waste • If all the used fuel produced by U.S. nuclear power plants in nearly 50 years were stacked end to end, it would cover a football field to a depth of less than 10 yards. [1] • 96% of this “waste” can be recycled. [2] • Used fuel is currently being safely stored. • The U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the equivalent scientific advisory panels in every major country support geological disposal of such wastes as the preferred safe method for their ultimate disposal. [3] 1. Nuclear Energy Institute: http://nei.org/keyissues/nuclearwastedisposal/storageofusednuclearfuel/ 2. K.S. Krane, Introductory Nuclear Physics, John Wiley and Sons, 1988 3. Progress Towards Geologic Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Where do We Stand? Nuclear Energy Agency, OECD report, 1999 (http://www.nea.fr/rwm/reports/1999/progress.pdf) Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable18
  • 20. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 8: Used nuclear fuel is deadly for 10,000 years. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable19
  • 21. Nuclear Fuel Radioactivity over Time • Used nuclear fuel can be recycled to make new fuel and other useful products. [1] • Most of the waste from this process will require a storage time of less than 300 years. 1. K.S. Krane, Introductory Nuclear Physics, John Wiley and Sons, 1988 Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable20
  • 22. Common Misperceptions of Nuclear Energy Misperception 9: Nuclear energy can’t reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable21
  • 23. Nuclear Energy and Dependence on Foreign Oil Near-term • nuclear power can provide electricity for expanded mass-transit and plug-in hybrid cars. • Small modular reactors can provide power to islands (e.g. HI, PR, Nantucket and Guam) currently burning oil to generate electricity.[1] Longer-term • Nuclear power can reduce dependence on foreign oil by producing hydrogen for fuel cells and synthetic liquid fuels. 1. U.S. Energy Information Administration Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable22
  • 24. Other Benefits of Nuclear Energy Reliable Electricity Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable23
  • 25. Reliable Electricity • Nuclear energy is a reliable energy source, providing on-demand baseload electricity 24/7. The average nuclear energy facility is on line 90 percent of the time, generating on-demand electricity around the clock .[1] • Nuclear energy facilities have the highest average capacity factor among all U.S. electricity sources. A facility’s “capacity factor” compares its actual energy production with how much it could produce at full operating power during the year. This is a crucial measure of reliability and a plant’s online performance, and it varies substantially by energy source. [1] 1. Nuclear Energy Institute (www.nei.org) Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable24
  • 26. Other Benefits of Nuclear Energy Economic Benefits Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable25
  • 27. Economic Benefits • Production costs at nuclear energy facilities in 2011 averaged 2.19 cents per kilowatt-hour, cheaper than coal (3.23 cents) and natural gas-fueled plants (4.51 cents). • The average nuclear energy facility pays approximately $16 million in state and local taxes and $67 million in federal taxes annually. • Each nuclear energy facility generates about $470 million annually in sales of goods and services in the local community. • Approximately $40 million is spent annually in wages at each facility. • Ten license applications are being reviewed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for 16 new reactors. • Five new nuclear reactors are under construction in three states: Georgia (Vogtle 3 and 4), South Carolina (V.C. Summer 2 and 3) and Tennessee (Watts Bar 2). • Some 19 companies and consortia are studying, licensing or building more than 30 nuclear power reactors. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable26 •Up to 21,000 high-paying jobs will be created if all planned nuclear reactors come on line. •One reactor creates up to 3,500 jobs at peak construction. •A new nuclear energy facility creates 500 permanent jobs per 1,000 megawatts of electricity generating capacity, compared to 190 jobs for a coal plant, 50 for a wind farm and 50 for a natural gas plant.
  • 28. Nuclear Energy: Safe, Clean, and Reliable27 Questions

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