Urban/Rural Distribution and Economic Growth
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Urban/Rural Distribution and Economic Growth

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by Thomas Allen, SWAC consultant, 2nd Working Group meeting, West African Futures: settlement, market and food security, 27-28 October 2011.

by Thomas Allen, SWAC consultant, 2nd Working Group meeting, West African Futures: settlement, market and food security, 27-28 October 2011.

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Urban/Rural Distribution and Economic Growth Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Urban/Rural Distribution and Economic GrowthSahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD)West African Futures: settlement, market and food securityby T. Allen, October 2011www.oecd.org/swac/waf 1
  • 2. Settlement and food security How settlement patterns impact food security issues? 2
  • 3. Settlement and food security How settlement patterns impact food security issues?This question:• can only be tackled at the regional level;• and requires to revisit current settlementtrends. 3
  • 4. Urbanisation trends 4
  • 5. World Development Report 2009Factors favouring economic development:• Concentration of activities and people;• Decline of transportation costs;• Removal of barriers to movement of goods, people andinformation. 5
  • 6. World Development Report 2009Factors favouring economic development:• Concentration of activities and people;• Decline of transportation costs;• Removal of barriers to movement of goods, people andinformation. 6
  • 7. Urban agglomeration and GDP 7
  • 8. Urban agglomeration and GDP 8
  • 9. Urban agglomeration and GDP 9
  • 10. Urban agglomeration and GDP 10
  • 11. Urban agglomeration and GDP 11
  • 12. Urban agglomeration and GDP 3.500 12
  • 13. The Urban/Rural ratioUrban/Rural ratio:Two advantages:1) An uncapped indicator;2) ... 13
  • 14. GDP and urbanisation 14
  • 15. GDP growth and urbanisation pace 15
  • 16. GDP growth and urbanisation pace 16
  • 17. The Urban/Rural ratioUrban/Rural ratio:Two advantages:1) A non-capped indicator;2) A proxy for the ratio of non-producing food consumers to producers. 17
  • 18. Evolution of the U/R ratio 18
  • 19. Evolution of the U/R ratio 19
  • 20. Evolution of the U/R ratio 20
  • 21. ConclusionThe Urban/Rural trend inducesnew characteristics of food insecurity:• The urbanisation process creates demand formarketed agricultural products;• Up-stream and down-stream economic activities linkedto agricultural production have sustained thedevelopment of the urban centres. 21