Permaculture in a Global Context

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  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that there will be 150 million environmental refugees by 2050. The Institute for Environment and Human Security, affiliated with United Nations University, estimated the number of environmental refugees at 20 million in 2005 and predicted the number could be 50 million as early as 2010. http://www.climatechangecorp.com/content.asp?contentid=5871
  • DR M King Hubbert - Shell Oil geophysicist in 1956 modeled peak oil production for lower 48. “Correctly predicted peak in 1970”
  • Million tons of oil equivalent Liquid Fuels: Liquid fuels - nonvolatile, easily transportable, pipable without being under pressure, all of our transportation infra.
  • Unit = quadrillions of british thermal units 1 is enough to heat 1 pound of water 1 degree F
  • Holmgren is one of the founders of the ecological design system we’re trained in, but we’ll get to that later
  • • The permaculture pie. All elements must be functionally interconnected. • Buildings must be living, functionally interconnected pieces of the whole system. • example: home - small scale • example: new low-rise. water catchment. rooftop forest gardens and aquaculture. aquaponics and farm-floors. local organic restaurant (forget foodmiles - let's talk foodfeet!). all waste treated on site with living machines. down to the next level of solar pumps. • example: Marbletown Green. • crazy? we need to push the edges of what's been done before. push the edges, but back to the center -- food, water, shelter, energy.
  • --Ubiquitous in tropical world, likely predating annual crop agriculture by many millennia.
  • Permaculture in a Global Context

    1. 1. Permaculture in a Global Context Southern Vermont Permaculture Design Course June-August 2011
    2. 2. DEFINING THE PROBLEM
    3. 3. DEFINING THE PROBLEM <ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the health of the planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the resources available to future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently concentrating wealth, power, and freedom in the hands of few. </li></ul><ul><li>Our ability to effectively respond is highly constrained by disconnection. Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the health of the planet. </li></ul>
    4. 4. CLIMATE DISRUPTION
    5. 5. HARDINESS ZONES www.arborday.org Hardiness Zone
    6. 7. DEFINING THE PROBLEM <ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the health of the planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the resources available to future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently concentrating wealth, power, and freedom in the hands of few. </li></ul><ul><li>Our ability to effectively respond is highly constrained by disconnection. Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the health of the planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the resources available to future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Our ability to effectively respond is highly constrained by disconnection. </li></ul>
    7. 8. Hubbert “ Stategic Significance of America’s Oil Shale Resource” March 2004 Offices of DASPR, NPOSR and US Department of Energy PEAK PETROLEUM
    8. 9. PEAK PETROLEUM
    9. 10. “ The US military has warned that surplus oil product ion capacity could disappear within two years and there could be serious shortages by 2015 with a significant economic and political impact.” -- The Guardian , April 11, 2010 Source: Wikipedia PEAK PETROLEUM
    10. 11. &quot;Crude oil output reaches an undulating plateau of around 68-69 mb/d, by 2020, but never regains its all-time peak of 70mb/day reached in 2006.&quot; — International Energy Agency Source: Wikipedia PEAK PETROLEUM
    11. 13. Fuel by type <ul><li>“ The US military has warned that surplus oil production capacity </li></ul><ul><li>could disappear within two years and there could be serious </li></ul><ul><li>shortages by 2015 with a significant economic and </li></ul><ul><li>political impact.” </li></ul><ul><li>--The Guardian, April 11, 2010 </li></ul>
    12. 14. <ul><li>Center for Sustainabile Systems, University of Michigan. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>“ U.S. Food System Factsheet.” Pub. No. CSS01-06 </li></ul>
    13. 16. “ The real issue of our time is how we make a graceful and ethical descent from the energy peak.” ~ David Holmgren
    14. 17. DEFINING THE PROBLEM <ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the health of the planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the resources available to future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently hyperconcentrating wealth, power, and freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Our ability to effectively respond is highly constrained by disconnection. </li></ul>
    15. 18. GLOBAL WEALTH DISTRIBUTION: 2015 Projection 2015 Projection
    16. 19. DEFINING THE PROBLEM <ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the health of the planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently decreasing the resources available to future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting human needs is currently hyperconcentrating wealth, power, and freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Our ability to effectively respond is highly constrained by disconnection. </li></ul>
    17. 20. Photo by Alamy. Source: guardian.co.uk
    18. 21. FEEDBACK LOOPS
    19. 22. FEEDBACK LOOPS Tragedy of the Commons/Vicious Cycle
    20. 23. FEEDBACK LOOPS Tragedy of the Commons/Vicious Cycle
    21. 24. PERMACULTURE: --meeting human needs while increasing ecological and social health.
    22. 25. PERMACULTURE: --meeting human needs while increasing ecological and social health. -- ecosystem mimicry through conscious design.
    23. 26. PERMACULTURE: --meeting human needs while increasing ecological and social health. -- ecosystem mimicry through conscious design. --meeting human needs while increasing ecological and social health. -- ecosystem mimicry through conscious design. --rebuilding resilient local economies that embody the above.
    24. 27. THE PERMACULTURE PIE perennial vegetables coppice woodcrafts & biomass composting & compost tea biochar/ terra preta apiculture aquaculture edible forest gardening mycoscaping bioremediation earthworks keyline natural building green architecture management- intensive grazing alternative currencies agroforestry
    25. 28. History of Permaculture
    26. 29. History of Permaculture - Predecessors J. Russell Smith & Tree Crops - 1930’s
    27. 30. Masanobu Fukuoka & Natural Farming - 1930’s & 40’s History of Permaculture - Predecessors
    28. 31. P. A. Yeomans & Keyline Water Planning - 1950’s History of Permaculture - Predecessors
    29. 32. History of Permaculture Later Work of Bill Mollison
    30. 33. History of Permaculture Later Work of David Holmgren
    31. 34. History of Permaculture Penny Livingston Some Prominent Teachers in North America Dave Jacke
    32. 35. Ancient Roots
    33. 36. Tropical Agroforestry Worldwide
    34. 37. Tending the Wild Across North America “ The New World is in fact a very old world.” -- Kat Anderson, Tending the Wild
    35. 38. Coppice: Traditional European Agroforestry
    36. 39. Global Problems Local Solutions Local Solutions
    37. 40. Global Problems Local Solutions Local Solutions
    38. 41. Global Problems Local Solutions Local Solutions www.primaryagriculture.com “ Over 50% of Russia’s agricultural output [is] coming from family garden-plots...” -- Family Gardens: Russia’s Primary Agriculture, Dr. Leonid Sharaskin
    39. 42. Global Problems Local Solutions Local Solutions Victory Gardens in the US and Britain
    40. 43. Global Problems Local Solutions Local Solutions Transition Towns & Initiatives
    41. 44. Urban Placemaking & City Repair Global ProblemsLocal Solutions
    42. 45. Global Problems Local Solutions Local Solutions Gaia University International www.gaiauniversity.org www.gaianortheast.org

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