Saudi Arabia: Education and Development

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Briefing by Dr. Mody Alkhalaf from January 2011 on "Education and Development in Saudi Arabia: Women as Agents of Future Change."

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Saudi Arabia: Education and Development

  1. 1. Dr. Mody AlkhalafDirector of Cultural and Social Affairs Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia malkhalaf@sacm.org
  2. 2. Area: 2,149,690 sq kmPopulation: 28,636,633Ethnicity: 85% ArabLanguage: ArabicReligion: IslamGovernment type: MonarchyMonetary Unit: RiyalCapital: Riyadh
  3. 3.   1932: Foundation  1938 :Discovery of Oil - One of the world’s fastest growing economies - The world’s largest producer of petroleum liquids - The most dynamic economy in the Arab world  1970- Present: 5-Year Developmental Plans - Industry - Agriculture - Mining - Banking
  4. 4. Development Sector Allocation Share ($ Billion) (%) Human Resources 195 50.6 Social and Health 73 19 Economic 60.7 15.7 Resources Transportation & 29.6 7.7 CommunicationMunicipal & Housing 26.8 7 Total Expenditure 385.1 100
  5. 5. Ninth Plan Allocations Human Resources Social and Health Economic Resources Transportation and Communication Municipal and Housing
  6. 6.   Urbanization: %81 (2008 est)  Economy: 13th Most Competitive Economy (World Bank Report 2009)  Health System: 26th in World (WHO 2008)  IT sector: Most Advanced in Region  Humanitarian Aid: Ranked 1st (0.19 GDP: UN 2009 report)  Interfaith Dialogue Initiative (2008)  Newsweek: King Abdullah; Top 10 World Leaders  Forbes: Third Most Powerful Person in the World
  7. 7.   31,798 schools  68 Technical Institutions  24 Universities  435,343 Academic Staff  5,106,162 StudentsRaised the literacy rate from %10 to over %82.9
  8. 8.   Increasing the capacity of universities to 1.7 million  Increasing post-graduate students to %5 of all university students by diversifying post-grad programs.  Encouraging university collaboration with international institutions  Increasing number of local scholarships
  9. 9. 1958- 2002: 2003- 2010:1.  King Saud University 9.  Alqasseem University 19.  Princess Norah Taibah University University2.  Islamic University 10.  Altaif University 20.  KAUST3.  King Fahad University 11.  21.  Northern Borders for Petroleum and 12.  King Saud University Minerals (KFUPM) for Health Sciences University4.  King Abdulaziz 13.  Albaha University 22.  Aldammam University University 14.  Ha’il University 23.  Alkharj University5.  Imam Mohammed bin 15.  Aljouf University 24.  Shaqra University Saud University 16.  Jazan University 25.  Almajma’a University6.  King Faisal University 17.  Najran University7.  Um Alqura University 18.  Tabouk University8.  King Khalid University
  10. 10. 2000- 2010:1.  Prince Sultan University2.  Arab Open University3.  International University of Madinah4.  Alyamamah University5.  Alfaisal University6.  Prince Mohammed bin Fahd University7.  Prince Fahd bin Sultan University8.  Dar Al uloom University
  11. 11. Currently:  68 Technical education institutionsNew plan includes budget for:  25 technical colleges  28 technical institutes  50 industrial training institutes
  12. 12. To actively develop and qualify human resources to be:1- World competitive in the work market and academic research2- A high caliber basis in Saudi universities, the public sectors and private businesses.
  13. 13. Degrees: Academic disciplines:  Bachelor’s   Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Nursing  Master’s   Pure Sciences: Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Chemistry   Medical Sciences: Physiotherapy,  Doctorate Laboratory Sciences Radiology, Biomedical Technology  Medical Fellowship
  14. 14.   Engineering:  Civil, Architectural, Electrical, Mechanical, Industrial, Chemical Automotive, Environmental and Communication and Survey.  Computer:  Computer science, Computer Engineering, Networking Information Technology, and E-Commerce  Business:  Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Insurance and Marketing
  15. 15. Student Category TotalSponsored Students 64,014Employed Scholarship Student 10,167Self-Sponsored Student 14,681Student’s Dependents Learning English 9,529Total 98,391 MOHE: September, 2010
  16. 16. %18.5 Abroad Studying in the Kingdom Studying Abroad
  17. 17.   United States   Poland  Canada   Japan  United   South Korea Kingdom   China  Australia   India  New Zealand   Singapore  France   Malaysia  Germany   Ireland  Netherlands   Slovakia  Spain   Romania  Italy   Czech  Hungary Republic  Austria  Ukraine
  18. 18. Number of Students USAGreat Britain Canada AustraliaNew Zealand Germany Malaysia France China Austria 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000
  19. 19. Number of Students3000025000200001500010000 5000 0
  20. 20. No. of Students12001000 800 600 400 200 0
  21. 21. Gender Bachelors Masters Doctoral Residency Other Dependent TotalMale 39,043 14,131 3,393 1,359 10,738 68,664Female 6,860 7,238 1,243 400 4,457 20,198Total 45,903 21,369 4,636 1,759 15,195 9,529 98,391
  22. 22. Other Residency 16% 2%Doctoral 5% Bachelors Masters 57% 20%
  23. 23. Other 22% Bachelors Residency 35% 2%Doctoral 6% Masters 35%
  24. 24.   1959 Royal Decree for Girls’ Schools  %49 Enrolled in K-12 (MOE 2009)  %62 Enrolled in Higher Ed. (MOHE 2010)  %60 Higher Ed Graduates (MOHE 2010)  %21 Scholarship Students Worldwide (MOHE 2010)
  25. 25.   %40 of family-owned companies  %30 of brokerage accounts  %21 of total investments  %10 real estate in major cities  %20 of commercial businesses  SR45 billion cash funds
  26. 26.   %16 general workforce  %30 government sector  %48 education sector  %40 Saudi doctors  %35 managerial positions
  27. 27. Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund and Under- Secretary General of the United Nations.
  28. 28. CEO and Chairperson of the Olayan Financing Company-2004 First Saudi woman to be on board of a Saudi bank- 2005 Time- 2006 Forbes
  29. 29. CEO Gulf One Investment Bank2003-2006 Senior Economist Saudi Hollandi Bank-2006 First Saudi woman to be CEO of bank in the Gulf Region.-2006 Forbes
  30. 30. Feb. 2009 FirstSaudi Female Deputy Minister
  31. 31.   8 million sq m  Academic buildings  Conference Centers  Library  Student Housing  Faculty Housing  Hospital
  32. 32. Head & Consultant of Ophthalmology KFSH-  Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins-  Member of 12 Medical Associations-  Executive Board of Friends of Saudi Arabia
  33. 33. Executive Manager Kingdom Holding-  TV presenter-  Young Global Leader
  34. 34. Internationally acclaimed writer and poet “The Unfurling”-  Public book signing-  Translated into Japanese, Chinese, and Portuguese and Arabic.-  Her works are taught at schools and colleges in Arabia, the U.S, Canada, Singapore, Japan, India and others.
  35. 35. First Saudi Female Film DirectorFilms:“Who”“The Bitter Journey”“The Only Way Out”
  36. 36. Saudi photographer-  First collection “The Shadow of a Palm Tree”-  Pictures displayed in 120 exhibits worldwide.-  First Saudi woman photographer to join Reuters.
  37. 37. Pilot, Kingdom HoldingFirst Saudi female pilot to fly planes in Saudi Arabia.
  38. 38. Won Several International Rallies for Women, Dubai

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