Business Forum: Entrepreneurship and the Development of SMEs - Hammouda
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Business Forum: Entrepreneurship and the Development of SMEs - Hammouda

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Presentation at the US-Saudi Business Opportunities Forum (Dec 5-7, 2011, Atlanta, GA). Mohammed Hammouda, Director, Kafala Program, Saudi Industrial Development Fund, presented at the panel titled, ...

Presentation at the US-Saudi Business Opportunities Forum (Dec 5-7, 2011, Atlanta, GA). Mohammed Hammouda, Director, Kafala Program, Saudi Industrial Development Fund, presented at the panel titled, "Entrepreneurship and the Development of SMEs".

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    Business Forum: Entrepreneurship and the Development of SMEs - Hammouda Business Forum: Entrepreneurship and the Development of SMEs - Hammouda Presentation Transcript

    • Director SME Financing Guarantee Program, SIDF (K.S.A) Mohammed Hammoudah Kafalah SME Financing Guarantee Program
    • Conference Topics
      • The reality of the SME’s sector in Saudi Arabia.
      • The role of Kafalah Program in supporting SME’s.
      • Kafalah Program Achievements during the period from 2006 till the 3 rd Quarter of 2011.
      • The challenges and difficulties which faces the program.
      • Promoting the program.
    • The reality of SME’s sector in Saudi Arabia
    • The reality of the SME’s sector in Saudi Arabia.
      • First : procedural, administrative and technical - difficulties :-
      • Bureaucratic procedures by some government agencies when approached for the necessary permits.
      • Lack of proper organizational structure and management experience.
      • The owner-manager pattern, which usually combines the management, finance and marketing functions.
      • Lack of advanced production methods.
    • The reality of the SME’s sector in Saudi Arbia.
      • Second : marketing difficulties:-
      • Lack of marketing awareness and marketing inefficiency.
      • Random pricing policy that does not take into account the prices of competitors as well as the production costs.
      • Difficulties in marketing local products, while the consumer prefers foreign products.
      • Shortage in research and marketing studies within the sector.
    • The reality of the SME’s sector in Saudi Arabia.
      • Third : financial difficulties : -
      • Funding is the SME’s spirit, especially in the initial stages. The funding difficulties which faces SME’s are as follows: -
        • High cost of finance (lending rate).
        • banks and lending institutions refuse to lend SME’s for several reasons, mainly because:-
          • SME’s high risk.
          • Lack of sufficient collateral.
          • The absence of regular accounts of the existing projects .
    • The need of a new source in SME’s sector to reduce the funding risk, creates Saudi Banks SME Financing Guarantee Program Kafalah
    • The role of Kafalah program in supporting SME’s.
    • Kafalah Financing Guarantee program
      • Kafalah Program :-
      • Kafalah Program was established in January 2006, to guarantee the banks financing for SME’s, by guaranteeing a percentage of the banks loans to encourage them to lend SME’s .
      • The SME’s definition according to the program :-
      • Any profitable SME , established in Saudi Arabia, with annual sales not exceeding SR 30 million.
    • * Compatible with the Islamic Regulations. Credit facilities types * Types of financing Fixed Assets Working Capital Kafalah percentage 80% Murabaha loan Tawaroy trade Letters of guarantee Tawaroy Loan Letters of Credits Others Murabah
      • For any one project the program guarantee 80% of the value of the loan for a maximum of 426,000 US $ while the minimum is 21,000 US $.
      • For the client who owns more than one activity (individual institution), the total value of guarantees granted to all individual institutions must not exceed 1,3 million US $.
      • Companies who own more than one project can get guarantees up to 2,6 million US $, provided each project will not get more than 426,000 US $ in guarantees.
      Amount of guarantees provided by the program
    • Kafalah Achievements during the period from 2006 till the 3 rd Quarter of 2011.
    • The program achievements during the period from 2006 until the 3 rd Quarter of 2011. *conversion rate 1 US $ = 3.75 SR. ** the 3rd Quarter of 2011 . Number Of Beneficial Projects Number Of Guarantees The Value Of Guarantees * The Value Of Funding * Years 36 51 22 49 2006 211 263 128 278 2007 207 292 118 279 2008 315 504 181 464 2009 480 777 271 716 2010 536 873 437 935 2011 ** 1,785 2,760 1,157 2,721 Total
    • Relative importance of the guarantees according to the economic sectors
    • Percentage of the guarantees according to gender Percentage of the guarantees according to nationality
    • The program achievements in the field of training and education
      • In the context of expanding the base of clients with the program, and increase awareness of the role of SMEs in economic development, the program accomplished the following :
        • Organized (26) seminars under the name of (the day of SME’s) in cooperation with the Chambers of Commerce and Industry and the participating banks to promote the program.
        • Organized (22) training courses across the Kingdom in cooperation with the World Bank, IFC and Chambers of Commerce and Industry under the name of (the basics of starting and managing new business) targeting owners of SME’s, (trained 567 trainees, including 402 male and 165 female) .
        • The program organized in collaboration with the Institute of Banking (13) workshop about the program targeting the staff of the participating Saudi banks.
    • The program achievements in the field of training and education
    • The challenges and difficulties which faces the program
    • The challenges and difficulties which faces the program
      • First : Challenges and difficulties of the founders (banks): -
        • Slow progression in the interaction of participated banks with the program’s objectives.
        • Lack of advertising and promoting the program by the banks.
        • The large number of securities required.
        • The high cost of lending.
        • Centralization .
    • The challenges and difficulties which faces the program
        • Second : Challenges and difficulties of the investors (SME’s owners) :-
        • Misunderstanding of the SME’s owners about the program and its objectives and mechanism.
        • Failure to meet credit standards.
        • Lack of knowledge in how to prepare and complete a funding request including the preparation of a feasibility study for the project.
        • Lack of seriousness of some clients.
        • Some clients think that Kafalah is a grant from the government.
    • Promoting the program
    • Promoting the program
      • The program executed 4 campaign to activate the program in all the KSA areas.
      M.SR
    • Promoting the program
      • Regular meetings with banks to activate the program.
      • Activating the role of bank branches in supporting SME’s .
      • Focusing on increasing the advertisements and promotions of the program
      • Training courses for the banks employees, in cooperation with the Institute of Banking.
      • Training courses for investors in how to manage SME’s.
    • Thank you for listening