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Opennessa principle in need of a code of conduct<br />Dr. L.A. Plugge, WTR<br />January 27, 2010 – eInfraNet kick-off meet...
Allemansrätten - Everyman's Rights<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />2<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and...
Don’t disturb – Don’t destroy<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />3<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and rese...
Openness depends on a common interest, cooperation and joint policy making about the do’s and don’ts<br />Januari 27, 2010...
First steps to openness in Schengen countriesneeded new policies for information exchange Germany, Netherlands, Belgium (1...
What does Openness mean?<br />It presupposes a Communal interest and agreement.<br />It can include to mean:<br />Transpar...
Openness is relevant in every sector of life on all levels<br />Infrastructure and facilities<br />Government (local, nati...
Network neutrality, for example<br />Some threats:<br />Prioritizing certain important (€€) traffic<br />Filtering traffic...
Open Education – mainly content / courseware<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />9<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher edu...
Open Ed can also mean ‘transparent’<br />Bologna process to create one European Higher Ed area<br />Standard academic degr...
Open Access is well on its way<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />11<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and re...
“is free”;
“the author pays”;
“has no peer review”;
“will make publishers obsolete”.</li></li></ul><li>There is a choice to give access,but it is work in progress<br />Januar...
1423 Repositories worldwide holding over >20.9 Million items<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />13<br />SURF – ICT innovation by a...
Open Access Data<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />14<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />So...
You cannot copyright a fact.
I have paid for it through taxes!
Don’t stifle innovation!
We need to be able to check!
…</li></li></ul><li>An example what you can do with open databy Hans Rosling – Gapminder.org<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />15...
The problem is how to manage the explosion of digital information<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />16<br />SURF – ICT innovation...
For example:Data production from LHC at CERN<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />17<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher ed...
Open Science is about more than publications and data:<br />It is about sharing, reusing and contributing of:<br />Tacit a...
e(nhanced)Science: The Fourth Paradigmthe merging of experimental and theoretical science<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />19<br...
“Data and information become the core business of scientists in both public and private organizations” (Bob Hertzberger)<b...
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Openness

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Transcript of "Openness"

  1. 1. Opennessa principle in need of a code of conduct<br />Dr. L.A. Plugge, WTR<br />January 27, 2010 – eInfraNet kick-off meeting, Dublin<br />
  2. 2. Allemansrätten - Everyman's Rights<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />2<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />The Allemansrätt gives a person the right to access, walk, cycle, ride, ski, and camp on any land – under the condition that you…<br />
  3. 3. Don’t disturb – Don’t destroy<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />3<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Allemansrätten became part of the Swedish constitution since 1994.<br />Overseen by the Swedish National Environmental Protection Agency<br />
  4. 4. Openness depends on a common interest, cooperation and joint policy making about the do’s and don’ts<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />4<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  5. 5. First steps to openness in Schengen countriesneeded new policies for information exchange Germany, Netherlands, Belgium (1995)<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />5<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  6. 6. What does Openness mean?<br />It presupposes a Communal interest and agreement.<br />It can include to mean:<br />Transparency – visibility of structure, procedures, organization<br />Net neutrality - no restrictions on content, sites, platforms, equipment, modes of communication;<br />Open education – sharing content, methods, ideas;<br />Open access – free to view/use/contribute/redistribute;<br />Open source - access to product's source (code) materials (not equal to free source);<br />…<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />6<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  7. 7. Openness is relevant in every sector of life on all levels<br />Infrastructure and facilities<br />Government (local, national, EU)<br />Research and innovation<br />Education<br />Health<br />Businesses<br />…<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />7<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />And all those sectors are interconnected<br />
  8. 8. Network neutrality, for example<br />Some threats:<br />Prioritizing certain important (€€) traffic<br />Filtering traffic (-€€)<br /> For example: Skype blocking application <br />Taxing communication<br /> For example EU considered taxing SMS and e-mail<br />(1ct/sms en 0.00001 ct per e-mail)<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />8<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  9. 9. Open Education – mainly content / courseware<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />9<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />No certificates<br />No credits<br />Contribution to EU-policies:<br />“…harmonizing education & training policies throughout Europe. […] promoting collaboration between European educators and comprehension between European learners.” (www.ariadne-eu.org)<br />Quality assurance?<br />
  10. 10. Open Ed can also mean ‘transparent’<br />Bologna process to create one European Higher Ed area<br />Standard academic degrees<br />Bachelor, Master, Doctoral<br />Quality assurance<br />European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />10<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  11. 11. Open Access is well on its way<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />11<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Open Access does not mean:<br /><ul><li>“no copyright”;
  12. 12. “is free”;
  13. 13. “the author pays”;
  14. 14. “has no peer review”;
  15. 15. “will make publishers obsolete”.</li></li></ul><li>There is a choice to give access,but it is work in progress<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />12<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />OA<br />Publishing<br />OA<br />Archiving<br />
  16. 16. 1423 Repositories worldwide holding over >20.9 Million items<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />13<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Repository66.org Repository Maps<br />
  17. 17. Open Access Data<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />14<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Some arguments pro:<br /><ul><li>(Some) Data belong to all humans
  18. 18. You cannot copyright a fact.
  19. 19. I have paid for it through taxes!
  20. 20. Don’t stifle innovation!
  21. 21. We need to be able to check!
  22. 22. …</li></li></ul><li>An example what you can do with open databy Hans Rosling – Gapminder.org<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />15<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  23. 23. The problem is how to manage the explosion of digital information<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />16<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  24. 24. For example:Data production from LHC at CERN<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />17<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />LHC in full production generates 15 Petabyte each year<br />
  25. 25. Open Science is about more than publications and data:<br />It is about sharing, reusing and contributing of:<br />Tacit and explicit knowledge<br />Methods, models and techniques;<br />Applications;<br />Middleware;<br />Computing and storage facilities;<br />Instruments;<br />Network.<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />18<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />
  26. 26. e(nhanced)Science: The Fourth Paradigmthe merging of experimental and theoretical science<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />19<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />The Fourth Paradigm<br />
  27. 27. “Data and information become the core business of scientists in both public and private organizations” (Bob Hertzberger)<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />20<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />The Fourth Paradigm<br />
  28. 28. eScience is facilitated by merging technologies<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />21<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />GT: grid technology<br />OGSA: open grid services architecture<br />WSDL: web service definition language<br />WSDM: web services distribution management<br />Bob Hertzberger<br />
  29. 29. Providing the opportunity to share and reuse<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />22<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Bob Hertzberger<br />
  30. 30. Sharing, using and contributing to infrastructure<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />23<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Bob Hertzberger<br />
  31. 31. Sharing and contributing has economic advantages<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />24<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Bob Hertzberger<br />
  32. 32. When do we have (most) openness?<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />25<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Maturity<br />Hans Dijkman<br />
  33. 33. Concluding remarks<br />Openness presupposes a common interest;<br />Openness requires agreements and policies for conduct;<br />Openness does not mean simply ‘free’ – it is about using, sharing, contributing and transparency;<br />Openness can be supported by many business models;<br />Openness is important to all sectors of life;<br />Openness has started to take off in Research and Education; many initiatives but also many uncertainties to be solved;<br />Openness needs cooperation and coordination<br />Januari 27, 2010<br />26<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />It only works when done together<br />
  34. 34. Januari 27, 2010<br />27<br />SURF – ICT innovation by and for higher education and research<br />Leo Plugge<br />plugge@surf.nl<br />www.surf.nl/wtr<br />Shoot!<br />

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