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Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
Taylor2 ppt ch13
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Taylor2 ppt ch13

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CRJ235

CRJ235

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  • 1. Chapter 13 Gangs and Delinquency
  • 2. Chapter Outline
    • Gangs in Society
    • Defining Gangs
      • What is a Gang?
      • Gangs? Who is a Gang Member?
      • Crime? Why do Youths Join
    • The Extent of the Gang Problem
  • 3. Chapter Outline Continued
    • Types of Gangs
      • Other Categories of Gangs
    • Characteristics of Gangs
      • Age
      • Race and Ethnicity
      • Gender-Females and Gangs
      • Gang Migration
      • Communication
      • Delinquent Activity
    • Responses to Gangs
  • 4. Chapter Outline Continued
    • Controlling Gang Activity
      • Law Enforcement Efforts
      • Prosecution Efforts
        • RICO
        • STEP Acts
      • Nuisance Abatement
      • Legislative Efforts
        • Enhanced Penalties for Gang-Related Crime
        • Gang Membership and Participation Defined as Illegal
        • Drive-By Shootings Defined as a Separate Offense
    • The Future of Gangs
  • 5. Gangs and Society
    • Heightened concerns for gangs grew for
    • several reasons:
    • Emergence of youth gangs in small and rural communities
    • Increased diversity of gang composition
    • Increased use of highly dangerous weapons and the higher level of violence
    • The role of gang in drug trafficking
  • 6. Definition of Gangs
    • Michael W. Klein: An adolescent group who are generally perceived as a distinct aggregation by others in their neighborhood, recognize themselves as a group, and have been involved in a number of delinquent incidents.
    • Walter B. Miller: A self-formed association of peers, bound together by mutual interests, with identifiable leadership, well- defined lines of authority, and other organizational features, who commit illegal activity and control a particular territory.
  • 7. Types of Gangs C. Ronald Huff
    • Hedonistic gangs are primarily involved in using drugs and getting high with little involvement in delinquency.
    • Instrumental gangs are primarily involved in committing property offenses such as burglary, auto theft, and theft.
    • Predatory gangs are the more serious type of gang and are actively involved in serious offenses including violent crimes such as robbery.
  • 8. Other Categories of Gangs Cheryl Maxson and Malcolm Klein
    • Traditional gang: very large with as many as several hundred members.
    • Neo-traditional gang: smaller and newer than the traditional gang.
    • Compressed gang: new gang with less than 50 members of the same age.
    • Collective gang: short history, limited size, and little defined territory.
    • Specialty gang: well-defined territory, narrow age range, small in size, drug trafficking.
  • 9. Responses To Gangs
    • Community organization: mobilize the community to deal with gangs.
    • Opportunities provision: employment, job training and education.
    • Organizational change and development
      • Gang units in police departments
    • Social intervention: counseling, role models, inter-gang mediation, and drug treatment.
    • Suppression: juvenile justice system, arrest, and incarceration.
  • 10. Gang Intelligence Officer
    • Work for police departments and are the gang specialists in the department.
    • Document gang members and gather intelligence on gang related crime.
    • Functions:
      • Gang information available to other officers
      • Assist in identifying gang suspects
      • Provide training to officers
      • Monitor areas of gang activity
      • Testify in court as gang experts
  • 11. Gang Resistance Education And Training (G.R.E.A.T.)
    • Goal: to reduce adolescent involvement in gangs.
    • National school-based gang prevention program in which uniform law enforcement officers teach a 13-week curriculum to middle-school students.
    • Designed to help children set goals for themselves, resist pressures, learn how to resolve conflicts without violence, and understand how gangs and youth violence impact the quality of their lives.
  • 12. Racketeer Influence Corrupt Organization Act (RICO)
    • Requirements for RICO to be applicable:
    • Operates with a criminal purpose over time
    • Established managerial order
    • Restricts membership
    • Criminal activity generates income
    • Achieves goals through violence
    • Has a power/profit motive

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