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Taylor2 ppt ch12


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  • 1. Chapter 12 Institutional Corrections For Juveniles
  • 2. Chapter Outline
    • Juvenile Placement
    • The Population in Institutional Corrections
      • Public Versus Private Facilities
        • State Variables
    • Institutional Facilities for Juveniles
      • Detention
      • Short-Term Secure Facilities
        • Boot Camps
        • Youth Ranches and Camps
        • State Institutions and Schools
  • 3. Chapter Outline - Continued
    • Programming in Institutional Corrections
      • Correctional Treatment
      • Correctional Education
      • Correctional Industry and Vocational Training
      • Specialized Treatment and Programs
      • Programs for Serious and Repeat Juvenile Delinquents
    • Institutional Life for Juveniles
      • Facility Life
    • Working in Institutional Corrections
  • 4. Trends In Institutional Corrections
    • Institutional placements 1988: 104,800.
    • Institutional placements 1999: 163,200.
    • Trends reveal that residential facilities are handing more juveniles overall and more violent and drug offenders.
  • 5. Commitment and Detention Rates By State
  • 6. Institutional Facilities For Juveniles
    • Institutional facilities for juveniles serve two classifications of youths:
      • Detained juveniles awaiting a detention or adjudication hearing
      • Committed juveniles placed by a juvenile court or other juvenile justice administrative body.
  • 7. Comparison Of Placement By Length Of Stay
  • 8. Drug And Personal Offenses Involving Detention
  • 9. Virginia’s CR Minor Reception And Diagnostic Center
    • Standard assessment includes:
      • Preliminary assessment and cottage assignment
      • Medical evaluation
      • Behavioral observations and management
      • Educational/vocational evaluation
      • Psychological and related evaluations
      • Social/casework evaluation
      • Drug abuse screening and evaluation
  • 10. Manatee County Boot camp
    • First day is designed to shock the juvenile offender into compliance.
    • The day begins when hand and leg cuffs are placed on the youths and they are transported from the local detention center to the Manatee County jail.
    • Greeted by drill instructors who require the students to use Sir and Ma’am in all of their communications.
    • They can then begin the process of changing the view of themselves and the world.
  • 11. California Youth Authority Mission
    • Mission is to protect the public from criminal activity by:
      • providing education, training, and treatment services for youthful offenders committed by the courts;
      • assisting local justice agencies with their efforts to control crime and delinquency; and
      • encouraging the development of state and local programs to prevent crime and delinquency.
  • 12. Four Primary Goals in Corrections
    • Rehabilitation – methods of treatment and counseling used to reform juvenile offenders so that they will return to society in a constructive rather than a destructive way.
    • Deterrence – arranging conditions in the law and corrections so that juveniles are aware of the risks and consequences involved in committing crimes.
    • Incapacitation – taking a juvenile out of the community so that they are prevented from committing crimes.
    • Retribution – punishing and paying juveniles back for the harm they caused society.