Taylor2 ppt ch1


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Taylor2 ppt ch1

  1. 1. Chapter 1 The Juvenile Justice System
  2. 2. Chapter Outline <ul><li>Origins of the Juvenile Justice System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court Jurisdiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining Delinquency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining a Juvenile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Language of Juvenile Justice </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter Outline continued <ul><li>Overview of the Juvenile Justice System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law Enforcement and Other Referral Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court Intake </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prosecution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjudication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Probation or Other Non-Residential Dispositions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Residential Placement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison of Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems </li></ul>
  4. 4. Origins Of The Juvenile Justice System <ul><li>Parens Patriae – a legal doctrine in which the state plays the role of a parent. State as parent. </li></ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction – the authority granted by law to hear a case. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Defining Delinquency <ul><li>Delinquency – any behavior that is prohibited by the juvenile law of a state. </li></ul><ul><li>Status Offense – an act of delinquency committed by a juvenile that would not be considered if committed by an adult. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Running away from home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skipping school, truancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Underage smoking </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Status Offenders <ul><li>CHINS – Children In Need of Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>PINS – Persons In Need of Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>JINS – Juveniles In Need of Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>MINS – Minors In Need of Supervision </li></ul>
  7. 7. Other Definitions <ul><li>Juvenile – An individual who falls within a specified age range and is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Justice System – the system of agencies that is designed to manage adult offenders. </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Age Jurisdiction – the upper age limit for which a juvenile court may hear a case. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum Age Jurisdiction – the lower age limit for which a juvenile court may hear a case. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Terminology of the Juvenile Court
  9. 9. Referral To The Juvenile Court <ul><li>2 Main Sources of Referrals to Juvenile Court: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law enforcement agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents, victims, schools, and probation officers. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Juvenile Court <ul><li>Diversion – procedure by which a juvenile is removed from the juvenile justice process and provided with treatment services. </li></ul><ul><li>Intake – the procedure by which juvenile court staff decide whether to process the case further in court, handle the case informally, or dismiss the case. </li></ul><ul><li>Victim restitution – a sanction by which a juvenile offender pays the victim for the harm done. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Juvenile Court Continued <ul><li>Community service – a sanction requiring a juvenile offender to perform a predetermined number of hours of volunteer work. </li></ul><ul><li>Informal probation – a process by which a juvenile agrees to meet certain requirements in exchange for dismissing the case. </li></ul><ul><li>Waiver – process through which a juvenile court relinquishes jurisdiction over the juvenile offender to the adult court. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Juvenile Court Continued <ul><li>Adjudication – decision by a juvenile court judge that the juvenile committed the delinquent act. </li></ul><ul><li>Disposition – the equivalent of the sentencing phase in a criminal case. </li></ul><ul><li>Probation – a disposition imposed by the court allowing the adjudicated offender to remain in the community under certain conditions. </li></ul>