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Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
Taylor2 ppt ch1
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Taylor2 ppt ch1

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  • 1. Chapter 1 The Juvenile Justice System
  • 2. Chapter Outline <ul><li>Origins of the Juvenile Justice System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court Jurisdiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining Delinquency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining a Juvenile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Language of Juvenile Justice </li></ul>
  • 3. Chapter Outline continued <ul><li>Overview of the Juvenile Justice System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law Enforcement and Other Referral Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court Intake </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prosecution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adjudication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Probation or Other Non-Residential Dispositions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Residential Placement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison of Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems </li></ul>
  • 4. Origins Of The Juvenile Justice System <ul><li>Parens Patriae – a legal doctrine in which the state plays the role of a parent. State as parent. </li></ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction – the authority granted by law to hear a case. </li></ul>
  • 5. Defining Delinquency <ul><li>Delinquency – any behavior that is prohibited by the juvenile law of a state. </li></ul><ul><li>Status Offense – an act of delinquency committed by a juvenile that would not be considered if committed by an adult. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Running away from home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skipping school, truancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Underage smoking </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Types of Status Offenders <ul><li>CHINS – Children In Need of Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>PINS – Persons In Need of Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>JINS – Juveniles In Need of Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>MINS – Minors In Need of Supervision </li></ul>
  • 7. Other Definitions <ul><li>Juvenile – An individual who falls within a specified age range and is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Justice System – the system of agencies that is designed to manage adult offenders. </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Age Jurisdiction – the upper age limit for which a juvenile court may hear a case. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum Age Jurisdiction – the lower age limit for which a juvenile court may hear a case. </li></ul>
  • 8. Terminology of the Juvenile Court
  • 9. Referral To The Juvenile Court <ul><li>2 Main Sources of Referrals to Juvenile Court: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law enforcement agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents, victims, schools, and probation officers. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Juvenile Court <ul><li>Diversion – procedure by which a juvenile is removed from the juvenile justice process and provided with treatment services. </li></ul><ul><li>Intake – the procedure by which juvenile court staff decide whether to process the case further in court, handle the case informally, or dismiss the case. </li></ul><ul><li>Victim restitution – a sanction by which a juvenile offender pays the victim for the harm done. </li></ul>
  • 11. Juvenile Court Continued <ul><li>Community service – a sanction requiring a juvenile offender to perform a predetermined number of hours of volunteer work. </li></ul><ul><li>Informal probation – a process by which a juvenile agrees to meet certain requirements in exchange for dismissing the case. </li></ul><ul><li>Waiver – process through which a juvenile court relinquishes jurisdiction over the juvenile offender to the adult court. </li></ul>
  • 12. Juvenile Court Continued <ul><li>Adjudication – decision by a juvenile court judge that the juvenile committed the delinquent act. </li></ul><ul><li>Disposition – the equivalent of the sentencing phase in a criminal case. </li></ul><ul><li>Probation – a disposition imposed by the court allowing the adjudicated offender to remain in the community under certain conditions. </li></ul>

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