Sky and SpaceSky and Space
Lecture Outline # 9Lecture Outline # 9
History of AstronomyHistory of Astronomy
EratosthenesEratosthenes
PrecessionPrecession
Ptolemy’s EpicyclesPtolemy’s Epicycles
Retrograde MotionRetrograde Motion
CopernicusCopernicus
1473-15431473-1543
Eccentricity – Kepler’s DiscoveryEccentricity – Kepler’s Discovery
Kepler’s Second Law ofKepler’s Second Law of
Planetary MotionPlanetary Motion
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
1564 - 16421564 - 1642
Galileo’sGalileo’s
observationsobservations
of Jupiter’sof Jupiter’s
moonsmoons
Phases of VenusPhases of Venus
Sir Isaac NewtonSir Isaac Newton
1642-17271642-1727
Effect of GravitationEffect of Gravitation
Locations in SpaceLocations in Space
Stars “Rotating” Around PolarisStars “Rotating” Around Polaris
Locating the North StarLocating the North Star
ConstellationsConstellations
What is the Plane of the Ecliptic?What is the Plane of the Ecliptic?
Earth Position at Vernal EquinoxEarth Position at Vernal Equinox
Earth’s MoonEarth’s Moon
Motions of the MoonMotions of the Moon
Earth/moon systemEarth/moon system
 SynchronousSynchronous
RotationRotation
Gravitational PullGravitational Pull
Phases of the MoonPhases of the Moon
Synodic vs. Sidereal MonthSynodic vs. Sidereal Month
Partial vs. Total Solar EclipsePartial vs. Total Solar Eclipse
Partial vs. Total Lunar EclipsePartial vs. Total Lunar Eclipse
Conditions Needed for EclipseConditions Needed for Eclipse
Moon ShadowMoon Shadow
Total Solar EclipseTotal Solar Eclipse
Solar Eclipse across AfricaSolar Eclipse across Africa
June 2001June 2001
Moon ExplorationMoon Exploration
Moon FormationMoon Formation
Geology of the MoonGeology of the Moon
Moon’s SurfaceMoon’s Surface
Crater FormationCrater Formation
TerraTerra
MareMare
RegolithRegolith
Lo 9-ss-historyofastron,moon
Lo 9-ss-historyofastron,moon
Lo 9-ss-historyofastron,moon
Lo 9-ss-historyofastron,moon
Lo 9-ss-historyofastron,moon
Lo 9-ss-historyofastron,moon
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Lo 9-ss-historyofastron,moon

  1. 1. Sky and SpaceSky and Space Lecture Outline # 9Lecture Outline # 9 History of AstronomyHistory of Astronomy
  2. 2. EratosthenesEratosthenes
  3. 3. PrecessionPrecession
  4. 4. Ptolemy’s EpicyclesPtolemy’s Epicycles
  5. 5. Retrograde MotionRetrograde Motion
  6. 6. CopernicusCopernicus 1473-15431473-1543
  7. 7. Eccentricity – Kepler’s DiscoveryEccentricity – Kepler’s Discovery
  8. 8. Kepler’s Second Law ofKepler’s Second Law of Planetary MotionPlanetary Motion
  9. 9. Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei 1564 - 16421564 - 1642
  10. 10. Galileo’sGalileo’s observationsobservations of Jupiter’sof Jupiter’s moonsmoons
  11. 11. Phases of VenusPhases of Venus
  12. 12. Sir Isaac NewtonSir Isaac Newton 1642-17271642-1727
  13. 13. Effect of GravitationEffect of Gravitation
  14. 14. Locations in SpaceLocations in Space
  15. 15. Stars “Rotating” Around PolarisStars “Rotating” Around Polaris
  16. 16. Locating the North StarLocating the North Star
  17. 17. ConstellationsConstellations
  18. 18. What is the Plane of the Ecliptic?What is the Plane of the Ecliptic?
  19. 19. Earth Position at Vernal EquinoxEarth Position at Vernal Equinox
  20. 20. Earth’s MoonEarth’s Moon
  21. 21. Motions of the MoonMotions of the Moon Earth/moon systemEarth/moon system  SynchronousSynchronous RotationRotation
  22. 22. Gravitational PullGravitational Pull
  23. 23. Phases of the MoonPhases of the Moon
  24. 24. Synodic vs. Sidereal MonthSynodic vs. Sidereal Month
  25. 25. Partial vs. Total Solar EclipsePartial vs. Total Solar Eclipse
  26. 26. Partial vs. Total Lunar EclipsePartial vs. Total Lunar Eclipse
  27. 27. Conditions Needed for EclipseConditions Needed for Eclipse
  28. 28. Moon ShadowMoon Shadow Total Solar EclipseTotal Solar Eclipse
  29. 29. Solar Eclipse across AfricaSolar Eclipse across Africa June 2001June 2001
  30. 30. Moon ExplorationMoon Exploration
  31. 31. Moon FormationMoon Formation
  32. 32. Geology of the MoonGeology of the Moon
  33. 33. Moon’s SurfaceMoon’s Surface
  34. 34. Crater FormationCrater Formation
  35. 35. TerraTerra
  36. 36. MareMare
  37. 37. RegolithRegolith
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