Chapter 13


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Chapter 13

  1. 1. Chapter 13 Burglary Hess 13-1
  2. 2. Introduction• Word burglar comes from the German words burg, meaning “house,” and laron, meaning “thief”• Burglary is reported by frequency and by the value of the property stolen and recovered• 30-year decline in burglaries due partly to improvements in locks and burglar alarm technology• Public regards burglary as a major crime problem Hess 13-2
  3. 3. Burglary versus RobberyDIFFERENCES• Burglar seeks to avoid contact• Robbers confront their victims directly• Burglary is a crime against property• Robbery is a crime against a person Hess 13-3
  4. 4. ClassificationRESIDENTIAL BURGLARIES• Buildings, structures or attachments suitable for dwellings• Routine-activity theory  Likely or motivated offenders  Suitable targets  Absence of guardians Hess 13-4
  5. 5. ClassificationCOMMERCIAL BURGLARIES• Burglars often specialize in one type of facility• Out-of-way businesses more susceptible• Occur when establishments are closed• Buildings may be “cased” in advance Hess 13-5
  6. 6. Elements of the Crime: BurglaryKEY ELEMENTS• All states include three key elements: Entering a structure Without the consent of the person in possession With intent to commit a crime therein Hess 13-6
  7. 7. Elements of the Crime: BurglaryADDITIONAL ELEMENTS• Breaking into the dwelling ofanother during the nighttime• Presumptive evidence• Burden of proof on the defendant Hess 13-7
  8. 8. Establishing the Severity of the BurglaryDETERMINATION• National Crime Information Center (NCIC)• Presence of dangerous devices in the burglar’s possession• Value of the property stolen• Additional crime is separate and must be proven separately Hess 13-8
  9. 9. Elements of the Crime: Possession of Burglary ToolsELEMENTS• An offense separate from burglaryTOOLS• Nitroglycerin or other explosives• Slam pullers• Bump key• Lock bumping Hess 13-9
  10. 10. The BurglarREPRESENTATION• No set image• Of all sizes, ages, races and occupations• Either amateurs or longtime professionals• Most burglars’ motives are monetary or drug related Hess 13-10
  11. 11. Responding to a Burglary CallRESPONSE• Proceed to a burglary scene quietly• Be observant and cautious• Search the premises inside and outsideFALSE BURGLAR ALARMS• Verified response policy Hess 10-11
  12. 12. The Preliminary InvestigationOVERVIEW• National clearance rate of less than 13 percent• Perceived as being high-time investments• Low-result rewards• Show concern for victims• Log articles with serial numbers into NCIC Hess 13-12
  13. 13. The Preliminary InvestigationRESIDENTIAL BURGLARIES• Middle- to upper-class preferred• Corner homes• See people approaching from a maximum of directions• May knock on doors• May call in advance Hess 13-13
  14. 14. The Preliminary InvestigationCOMMERCIAL BURGLARIES• Contact the owner• Protect the scene• Establish the point and method of entry and exit• Determine the type and amount of loss• Determine who closed the establishment• Describe the MO Hess 13-14
  15. 15. The Preliminary InvestigationFAKE BURGLARIES• Especially in commercial burglaries• Owner appears to be in financial difficulty• Check the owner’s financial status• Combination safe jobs Hess 13-15
  16. 16. Determining Entry into StructuresOVERVIEW• Burglary is a crime of opportunity and concealment• Entry is made in areas of a structure not normally observed• Jimmying• Hit-and-run burglary• Smash and grab Hess 13-16
  17. 17. Determining Entry into Safes and VaultsMETHODS• Punching• Peeling• Chopping• Pulling or dragging• Blowing• Burning Hess 13-17
  18. 18. Obtaining Physical EvidenceCOMMON PHYSICAL EVIDENCE• Fingerprints and footprints• Tire prints, tools and tool marks• Broken glass and paint chips• Safe insulation• Explosives residue• Personal possessions Hess 13-18
  19. 19. Modus Operandi FactorsIMPORTANCE• Time• Type of victim• Type of premises• Point and means of entry• Type of property taken• Peculiarities of the offense Hess 13-19
  20. 20. Effective Case ManagementOVERVIEW• Profiling• Mapping• Computer’s search capabilities• Recognize the mobility of burglars• Make assignments on the MO Hess 13-20
  21. 21. Recovering Stolen PropertyLEADS FOR RECOVERY• Pawnshops• Secondhand stores• Flea markets• Online auction sites• Informants Hess 13-21
  22. 22. Offense of Receiving Stolen GoodsSTOLEN PROPERTY• Fence is a go-between who receives stolen goods• Elements  Receiving, buying or concealing stolen or illegally obtained goods  Knowing them to be stolen  Knowing them to be illegally obtained Hess 13-22
  23. 23. Preventing BurglaryMEASURES• Installing adequate locks, striker plates and door frames• Installing adequate lighting• Providing clearly visible addresses• Eliminating obstructions to windows• Securing skylights Continued Hess 13-23
  24. 24. Preventing Burglary (Continued)MEASURES• Installing burglarproof sidelight window glass• Installing burglar alarm• Placing exterior burglar alarm signage• Keeping dogs on premises Hess 13-24
  25. 25. Summary• Burglary is the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a crime• Burglars are covert, seeking to remain unseen• Burglaries are classified as residential or commercial• When responding to a burglary call, proceed to the scene quietly Hess 13-25