How to Domesticate the Multi-Channel  Communication Monster (medium)
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  • 16) Add more details (done – see previous slide)
  • Figure needed
  • http://newsroom.fb.com/content/default.aspx?NewsAreaId=22http://blog.twitter.com/2011/06/200-million-tweets-per-day.htmlhttp://www.youtube.com/t/press_statistics
  • http://newsroom.fb.com/content/default.aspx?NewsAreaId=22http://blog.twitter.com/2011/06/200-million-tweets-per-day.html
  • http://www.youtube.com/t/press_statistics
  • http://email.about.com/od/emailtrivia/f/emails_per_day.htmhttp://www.radicati.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/Email-Statistics-Report-2010-2014-Brochure.pdf
  • http://www.syndic8.com/stats.php?Section=feeds#tabtable
  • http://www.pressreference.com/Fa-Gu/Germany.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Television_in_Germany
  • Media metrics statistics about the news websiteshttp://blogs.rnw.nl/medianetwork/currently-about-2700-online-radio-stations-in-germany
  • 3) Add a slide that verbally explain the issue (done)

Transcript

  • 1. How to Domesticate the Multi-Channel Communication Monster*Carmen Brenner, Anna Fensel, Dieter Fensel, Andreea Gagiu, Iker Larizgoitia, Birgit Leiter, Ioannis Stavrakantonakis, and Andreas Thalhammer STI Innsbruck, University of Innsbruck©www.sti-innsbruck.at INNSBRUCK www.sti-innsbruck.at Copyright 2008 STI *medium
  • 2. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 2
  • 3. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 3
  • 4. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 4
  • 5. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 5
  • 6. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 6
  • 7. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 7
  • 8. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 8
  • 9. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites - booking sites HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 9
  • 10. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites - booking sites - social network sites HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 10
  • 11. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites - booking sites - social network sites - blogs HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 11
  • 12. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites - booking sites - social network sites - blogs - fora & destination sites HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 12
  • 13. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites - booking sites - social network sites - blogs - fora & destination sites - chat HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 13
  • 14. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier of today has to deal with many different communication channels: - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites - booking sites - social network sites - blogs - fora & destination sites - chat - video & photo sharing HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 14
  • 15. The Crazy Hotelier The Hotelier doesn’t only have to deal with an overwhelming number of communication channels, but also has to pay up to 15% sales commissions to the booking sites! HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 15
  • 16. The Crazy Hotelier -> 40 million overnight stays -> 3 billion € transaction volume -> 70 million € sales commission HOTEL RECEPTIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 16
  • 17. (Mulpuru, Harteveldt, & Roberge, 2011) Call this ―the growth of the multichannel monster‖www.sti-innsbruck.at 17
  • 18. Content 1. Multi-channel Dissemination 2. Social Media Monitoring 3. Four Roles for Semantics 4. Semantic Communication Engine Innsbruck (SCEI*sky) 5. Seekda Social Agent (SESA) 6. Summarywww.sti-innsbruck.at 18
  • 19. MULTI-CHANNEL DISSEMINATIONwww.sti-innsbruck.at 19
  • 20. Dissemination • Dissemination refers to the process of broadcasting a message to the public without direct feedback from the audience • Takes the traditional view of communication which involves a sender and a receiver. • The message carrier sends out information to many in a broadcasting system (composed of more than one channels) • ―In telecommunications and computer networking, a communication channel, or channel, refers either to a physical transmission medium such as a wire, or to a logical connection over a multiplexed medium such as a radio channel.‖ (Wikipedia) 20 Image taken from: http://nichcy.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/rsz_1rsz_dissemination2.jpgwww.sti-innsbruck.at
  • 21. Dissemination Classification of channels by the type of service they provide: –Static Broadcasting –Dynamic Broadcasting –Sharing –Collaboration –Social Networks –Internet Forum and Discussion Boards –On-line Group Communication –Semantic-based Communication Image taken from: http://www.softicons.com/free-icons/application-icons/or-applications-icons-by-iconleak/file-cabinet-iconwww.sti-innsbruck.at 21
  • 22. Static Broadcasting• Prehistoric methods of dissemination: cave drawings, stories of triumphs on columns and arches, history on pyramids, stones with messages• More modern means: printed press, newspapers, journals• Online static dissemination: homepage …. And various web siteswww.sti-innsbruck.at 22
  • 23. Static Broadcasting Homepage Example Static Website Example The same hotel mentioned on Wikitravel’s entry for Innsbruckwww.sti-innsbruck.at 23
  • 24. Static Broadcasting Static Website ExampleEntry in Wikipedia for Hotel Goldener Adler www.sti-innsbruck.at 24
  • 25. Dynamic Communication Small piece of content that is dependent on constraints such as time or location. Examples of tools (organized considering first the length of message and second – the level of interactivity) • News Feeds (f.e., RSS) • Newsletters • Email / Email lists • Microblogs (twitter, tumblr, …) • Blogs • Social networks • Chat and instant messaging applications (skype, messenger, …)www.sti-innsbruck.at 25
  • 26. Sharing • There are a large number of Web 2.0 websites that support the sharing of information items such as: bookmarks, images, slides, and videos, etc. • Provided by hosting services (images, videos, slides are stored on a server)www.sti-innsbruck.at 26
  • 27. Sharing • Can use specialized applications (see below) of features of other platforms and services (e.g. share photos through Facebook) • Examples: – Flickr, Pinterest – means of exchanging photos, visible to all users (no account necessary), allows users to post comments; – Slideshare – channel for storing and exchanging presentations; – YouTube and VideoLectures – sharing videos, all users can see the posted videos and leave comments on the websites – Social Bookmark sites: e.g. delicious, digg, StumbleUpon – Social News websites: e.g. redditwww.sti-innsbruck.at 27
  • 28. Dissemination through Collaboration Wiki • ―Wiki‖ = Hawaiian word for ―fast‖ of ―quick‖. • Described by the developer of the first wiki software, Ward Cunningham, as the ―simplest online database that could possibly work‖*. • Websites whose users can add, modify or delete content via a web browser using simplified markup language or a rich-text editor. • Most of the content is created collaboratively. • Promotes meaningful topic associations between different pages by making link creation intuitively easy and showing whether an intended page exists or not. • It seeks to involve the visitor in an ongoing process of creation and collaboration that constantly changes the Web site landscape • Often used for internal collaboration, however, when public also an indirect means for dissemination. *http://www.wiki.org/wiki.cgi?WhatIsWikiwww.sti-innsbruck.at 28
  • 29. Social Networks • Provide a community aspect, i.e. forms a community that shares information in a multi-directional way • Common features (regardless of platform): – construct a public/semi-public profile; – articulate list of other users that they share a connection with; – view the list of connections within the system • Some sites allow users to upload pictures, add multimedia content or modify the look and feel of the profile • Social networks typically offer more than one channel of dissemination (thus they will be considered platforms with many available dissemination channels): – Facebook: Pages, Groups, Share options – LinkedIn and Xing are focused on professional use and fit the purpose of organizationswww.sti-innsbruck.at 29
  • 30. Internet Forums and Discussion Boardswww.sti-innsbruck.at 30
  • 31. Internet Forums and Discussion Boards • Web applications managing user-generated content • Early forums can be described as a web version of an email list or newsgroup • Internet forums are prevalent in several countries: Japan, China • Are governed by a set of rules • Users have a specific designated role, e.g. moderator, administrator • Common features – Tripcodes and capcodes - a secret password is added to the users name following a separator character – Private message – Attachment – BBCode and HTML – Emoticon or smiley to convey emotion – RSS and ATOM feedswww.sti-innsbruck.at 31
  • 32. Group Communication • Many-to-many • Threaded conversations • Usually created on a particular topic • Have different access levels • Better for disseminating within a group that shares common interests as the purpose of the services is to enable collaboration, information sharing and discussions • Exampled: Google Groups, Facebook Groups, Yahoo! Groups, LinkedIn Groups, Xing Groups. • Similar in many ways to Discussion boards and Internet Forumswww.sti-innsbruck.at 32
  • 33. Semantic Based Dissemination Rich Snippets • Snippets—the few lines of text that appear under every search result—are designed to give users a sense for what’s on the page and why it’s relevant to their query. • If Google understands the content on your pages, it can create rich snippets— detailed information intended to help users with specific queries.www.sti-innsbruck.at 33
  • 34. Semantic Based Dissemination Overview Format e.g. RDFa Implementation e.g. OWLIM Vocabulary e.g. foafwww.sti-innsbruck.at 34
  • 35. Semantic Based Dissemination • Format is an explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by a material, product, or service. – The most known examples are RDF and OWL. • A (Semantic Web) vocabulary can be considered as a special form of (usually light- weight) ontology, or sometimes also merely as a collection of URIs with an (usually informally) described meaning*. – URI = uniform resource identifier – Semantic vocabularies include: FOAF, Dublin Core, Good Relations, etc. • Implementation realization of an application, plan, idea, model, or design. – OWLIM - a family of semantic repositories, or RDF database management system * http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Ontologywww.sti-innsbruck.at 35
  • 36. Semantic Based Dissemination: Formats RDFs 1998 RDF 1999 RDFa 2004 Microformats 2005HTML Meta OWL Elements 2007 SPARQL 2008 OWL 2 2009 RIF 2010 Microdata 2011www.sti-innsbruck.at 36
  • 37. Semantic Channels: Vocabularies • A (Semantic Web) vocabulary can be considered a special form of (usually light- weight) ontology, or sometimes also merely as a collection of URIs with a (usually informally) described meaning. • For us these vocabularies are channels (roughly a vocabulary corresponds to a platform and a term to a channel).www.sti-innsbruck.at 37
  • 38. Semantic Channels: Vocabularies ... and a lot morewww.sti-innsbruck.at 38
  • 39. Overview of Channelswww.sti-innsbruck.at 39
  • 40. SOCIAL MEDIA MONITORINGwww.sti-innsbruck.at 40
  • 41. What is Social Media Monitoring? Definition* Social Media Monitoring is the continuous systematic observation and analysis of social media networks and social communities. It supports a quick overview and insight into topics and opinions on the social web. *http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Media#Monitoringwww.sti-innsbruck.at 41
  • 42. Social Media Monitoring • Social Media Monitoring tools facilitate the listening of what people say about various topics in the social media sphere (blogs, twitter, Facebook, etc.) Listening: is active, focused, concentrated attention for the purpose of understanding the meanings expressed by a speaker.www.sti-innsbruck.at 42
  • 43. Social Media Monitoring What are Social Media Monitoring Tools? • Harness the wealth of information available online in the form of user- generated content • These tools offer means for listening to the social media users, analyzing and measuring their activity in relation to a brand or enterprise • Offer access to real customers opinions, complaints and questions, at real time, in a highly scalable waywww.sti-innsbruck.at 43
  • 44. Social Media Monitoring Channels to analyze FORUMS/NEWSGROUPS MICROBLOGS VIDEO SHARING SOCIAL NETWORKS WIKIS The Conversation SOCIAL MEDIA NEWSPHOTO SHARING AGGREGATORS BLOGS MAINSTREAM MEDIAwww.sti-innsbruck.at 44
  • 45. Channels to analyze 1. Social networks, e.g.: • Twitter: – 200 million Tweets per day (2011) • Facebook (Q1 2012): – 200K Tweets per minute – 526 million daily active users • LinkedIn: 147 million users – 3.2 billion Likes and Comments per day – 500K comments per minute • Google+: 170 million users – 700K status updates per minute – 80K wall posts per minutewww.sti-innsbruck.at 45
  • 46. Channels to analyze 2. Sharing networks, e.g.: • YouTube: – 4 billion videos are viewed a day – 100 million people take a social action on YouTube every week (likes, shares, comments, etc) • Flickr: >6.500 new photos per minute • Pinterest: – 13 million users – American users spend an average of 97.8 minuteswww.sti-innsbruck.at 46
  • 47. Channels to analyze 3. Email lists 4. Group Communication and Message Boards (e.g. Google Groups, Yahoo! Groups, Facebook • 2172 million Email users Groups, etc.) • Forums: 2K posts per minute • 3375 million Active email • Yahoo! Groups: accounts – 9 million groups • 2.8 million emails per second – 113 million users – 933 thousand unique visitors daily • 90 trillion emails per yearwww.sti-innsbruck.at 47
  • 48. Channels to analyze 5. News feeds 6. Blogs: • >95 million blogs available online • Total Feeds*: 694,311 • 22K posts per minute • Atom Feeds*: 86,496 • Tumblr (Q2 2012): – 55.9 Million blogs • RSS feeds*: 438,102 (63% of – 23.3 Billion posts the total) – 20K posts per minute • WordPress (Q2 2012) – 73.724.911 WordPress sites *source: http://www.syndic8.comwww.sti-innsbruck.at 48
  • 49. Channels to analyze 7. Traditional mediums: • TV: – 365 TV channels licensed in Germany • Radio: – 822 Radio stations in Germany • Print mediums (newspapers, magazines) – 382 Daily newspapers in Germany – 4180 Weekly magazines in Germanywww.sti-innsbruck.at 49
  • 50. Channels to analyze 8. Online News: • News websites: >25.000 • Online radio stations: >2700 Online radio stations in Germanywww.sti-innsbruck.at 50
  • 51. Social Media Monitoringwww.sti-innsbruck.at 51
  • 52. FOUR ROLES FOR SEMANTIC TECHNOLOGIESwww.sti-innsbruck.at 52
  • 53. Semantic Analysis What a computer understands from text messages: bla bla bla... bla... bla bla...www.sti-innsbruck.at 53
  • 54. What is Semantic Analysis? • Discovering facts in texts and other sources (audio, video, etc.) • Deriving additional facts from them • Somewhere in the Web the text fragment ―Dieter is married to Anna‖ occurs (extracted statement) • Named Entity Recognition tells us that Dieter is a (German) male given name, and Anna is a female given name (enriched with background knowledge) • We can infer that Dieter and Anna are persons and – Dieter is male – Anna is female – Dieter is married to Anna – Anna is married to Dieter – What with “Anna-Marie is married with Dieter”? (derive new facts)www.sti-innsbruck.at 54
  • 55. Semantic Analysis Typical tasks of Information Extraction from Natural Language: – Topic detection – Named entity recognition – Co-reference and Disambiguation – Relation Extraction – Sentiment detection and Opinion mining – Social annotation – Text summarization • Obviously all of them are needed in Social Media Analysiswww.sti-innsbruck.at 55
  • 56. Semantic as a channelwww.sti-innsbruck.at 56
  • 57. Semantic as a channel • Not to be interpreted by humans, but machines that can make something out of it: • Publishing Linked Data can take various formats and vocabularieswww.sti-innsbruck.at 57
  • 58. The three dimensions RDFs 1998 RDF 1999 RDFa 2004 Microformats HTML 2005 Meta OWL Element 2007 s SPARQL 2008 OWL 2 Format 2009 RIF e.g. RDFa 2010 Microdata 2011 Implementation e.g. OWLIM Vocabulary e.g. foaf ... and a lot morewww.sti-innsbruck.at 58
  • 59. Semantic Content Modelling Separate content and channel. Same Eventwww.sti-innsbruck.at 59
  • 60. Separating Symbol and Knowledge Level Analogy 1 (for senior people in the audience) “I am about to propose the existence of something called the knowledge level, within which knowledge is to be defined.” [Newell, 1982] • Knowledge is intimately linked with rationality. Systems of which rationality can be posited can be said to have knowledge. • At the knowledge level, knowledge is described functionally in terms of goals and rationality. Observer Agent • At the symbol level, knowledge is described operational in terms of achieving the goals through a certain sequence of activities. • Obviously, there are various ways to encode knowledge at the symbol level.www.sti-innsbruck.at 60
  • 61. Separating Content and Rendering • Analogy 2 for juniors in the audience : – Content may be presented differently in different contexts. – Therefore, it should be modeled independent from a specific representation – Stylesheets connect content with a specific presentation • Content: <html><head> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/tryit.css" /></head> <body> <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Person"> <img src="http://www.fensel.com/dieter.jpg" itemprop="image" /> <span id="property">Title: <span itemprop="jobTitle">Prof. Dr.</span></span> <span id="property">Name: <span itemprop="name">Dieter Fensel</span></span> <span id="property">Nationality: <span itemprop="nationality">German</span></span> <span id="property">Birthdate: <span itemprop="birthdate">October 1960</span></span> <span id="property">Address: <span itemprop="address" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PostalAddress"> <span itemprop="streetAddress">Technikerstr. 21a</span>, <span itemprop="postalCode">6020</span> <span itemprop="addressLocality">Innsbruck</span>, <span itemprop="addressRegion">Tirol</span> </span></span> <span id="property">Tel.: <span itemprop="telephone">+43 512 507 6485</span></span> <span id="property">E-Mail: <a href="mailto:dieter.fensel@sti2.at" itemprop="email">dieter.fensel@sti2.at</a></span> <span id="property">WWW: <a href="http://www.fensel.com/" itemprop="url">http://www.fensel.com/</a></span> </div></body><html>www.sti-innsbruck.at 61
  • 62. Separating Content and Rendering• Style Sheet 1: body { background-color: rgb(220,220,255); font-family:"Times New Roman"; font-size:20px; } img { float: right; } span[id="property"] { display: block; font-style: italic; } span[itemprop] { font-weight: bold; font-style: normal; } a:link { color: green; font-style: normal; font-weight: bold; } www.sti-innsbruck.at 62
  • 63. Separating Content and Rendering• Style Sheet 2: body { font-family:"Calibri"; font-size:25px; } img { float: left; width: 120px; margin-right: 50px; } span[id="property"] { margin-right: 40px; float: left; } span[itemprop] { font-style: italic; } a:link { font-style: italic; font-weight: bold; } www.sti-innsbruck.at 63
  • 64. Use an Ontology to model the contentwww.sti-innsbruck.at 64
  • 65. Use a weaver to align content and channels Branch specific OntologyDistribute content Collect feedback Weaver + statistics Web/Blog Social Web Web 3.0/Mobile/Otherwww.sti-innsbruck.at 65
  • 66. Semantic Channel Modelling Branch specific OntologyDistribute content Collect feedback Matcher + statistics Web/Blog Social Web Web 3.0/Mobile/Otherwww.sti-innsbruck.at 66
  • 67. Semantic Channel Modelling • The number of digital publishing channels has increased exponentially in the past decade. • Using semantics (i.e., an Ontology) to describe these channels. • Automatic review and adjustment of content and dissemination to channels based on semantic match-making. • Content-Channel mapping becomes an instance of Ontology alignment.www.sti-innsbruck.at 67
  • 68. SEMANTIC COMMUNICATION ENGINE INNSBRUCK (SCEI *SKY)www.sti-innsbruck.at 68
  • 69. Reference architecture • SCEI is a reference architecture. • A reference software architecture is a software architecture where the structures and respective elements and relations provide templates for concrete architectures in a particular domain. • A reference architecture consists of a list of functions and some indication of their interfaces (or APIs) and interactions with each other and with functions located outside of the scope of the reference architecture. • SCEI provides a semantic engagement engine applicable to various domains and tasks. • Core of its efficiently and flexibility is its separation of concern. • And the proper separation and alignment of form and substance. • In total, SCEI is based on three different types of functionalities.www.sti-innsbruck.at 69
  • 70. SCEI *sky • Infrastructure – The infrastructure layer provides basic functionalities needed by the other functionalities. – The infrastructure layer is responsible for separating and multiple alignments of communication content and communication channels. • Communication – The communication layer used the basic functionality of the infrastructure layer to implement the on-line communication of an agent. – It combines these elements into useful patterns of on-line interactions. – It supports exchange of meaning. • Engagement – turns communication into cooperation. – Workflow – Crow sourcing – Value generation through on-line cooperation.www.sti-innsbruck.at 70
  • 71. Customization of the Architecture • To derive concrete products and services from the reference architecture it must be instantiated for Application types (Tasks) and Domains. • Task customization: – Advertisement – Customer Relationship Management – Revenue management – Brand management – Reputation management – Quality management • Domain Customization: E.g., eTourisms.www.sti-innsbruck.at 71
  • 72. Infrastructure Infrastructure Channels Content • Content can be down-/and uploaded from GUIs, Repositories, CMSs, and others • Channels are the millions of on-line communication possibilitieswww.sti-innsbruck.at 72
  • 73. Infrastructure Infrastructure Weaver Channel Manager - Integrates Content Manager - Import Content - Personalizes - Export Content - Interacts - Describes Channels Channels Contentwww.sti-innsbruck.at 73
  • 74. Infrastructure – Weaver • Separating content from channels also requires the explicit alignment of both. • This is achieved through a weaver. • A weaver is – an uni-set of tuples describing bi-directional content-channel mappings, – an execution engine for these tuples, – a GUI to define these tuples, and – a management and monitoring component for these tuple sets.www.sti-innsbruck.at 74
  • 75. Communication • Meaningful communication requires often more than just a single and isolated act of exchanging information. – It can be active or reactive (Dissemination, Social Media Monitoring, and its integration) – It has a trace, a history – It needs multi-channel switch – It is bi-directional and multi-agent – It is based on patterns of successful interaction styles (campaigning versus individual interaction, etc.)www.sti-innsbruck.at 75
  • 76. Dissemination and Social Media Monitoring• Dissemination (from the Latin dissēminātus = ―sowing seeds‖, FORUMS/NEWSGROUPS ―scatter wildly in every direction‖) refers to the process of broadcasting a MICROBLOGS message to the public without direct VIDEO SHARING feedback from the audience. SOCIAL NETWORKS• Takes on the view of the traditional WIKIS view of communication which involves The a sender and a receiver. Conversation PHOTO SHARING SOCIAL MEDIA NEWS• The message carrier sends out AGGREGATORS information to many in a broadcasting system (composed of more than one channels). BLOGS MAINSTREAM MEDIA Image taken from: http://nichcy.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/rsz_1rsz_dissemination2.jpg 76 www.sti-innsbruck.at
  • 77. Communication - Integration of Publication and Monitoring Communication • Active and reactive communication Multi-Channel Social Media Publishing Monitoringwww.sti-innsbruck.at 77
  • 78. Feedback Example of ActiveCommunicationperformed by a hotelier on Facebookwww.sti-innsbruck.at 78
  • 79. Feedback Customerresponse to thehotel’s messagewww.sti-innsbruck.at 79
  • 80. Response Transmitter: guest at hotel Reactor: hotelierSource: http://www.tripadvisor.com/ShowUserReviews-g53449-d96753-r130438938-Hampton_Inn_Pittsburgh_Greentree-Pittsburgh_Pennsylvania.html www.sti-innsbruck.at 80
  • 81. Communication - Trace Tracing a conversation is crucial for making communication effective and efficient, and is therefore required for Communication • Active and reactive • Communication has a history communication • Tracing the communication • The communication history IS the trace • Communication must be Multi-Channel Social Media remembered otherwise it is Publishing Monitoring meaninglesswww.sti-innsbruck.at 81
  • 82. Communication - Multi-Channel Switch (Online) Communication is scattered over multiple, often very different channels. Communication • Active and reactive • Agents are challenged to communication • Tracing the communication disseminate information over all • Multi-channel switch appropriate channels. • Activities of all channels the agent is active in must be Multi-Channel Social Media monitored. Publishing Monitoring • Impact, Feedback and Responses need to be collected from all channels. • E.g., switch from a public tweet to a private email response.www.sti-innsbruck.at 82
  • 83. Communication - Multi-Agent • Communication requires at least two agents: a speaker and a Communication listener. • Active and reactive communication • Tracing the communication • However, communication does • Multi-channel switch • Multi-agent not occur in a void – thus the initial model may never occur in real life as there may always be Multi-Channel Social Media more than one listener or more Publishing Monitoring than one agent. • Agents may receive responses from multiple listeners that may also listen and start to interact with each other.www.sti-innsbruck.at 83
  • 84. Communication Patterns • In software engineering, a design pattern is a general reusable Communication • Active and reactive communication solution to a commonly • Tracing the communication • Multi-channel switch occurring problem within a • Multi-agent • Patterns given context in software design. • It is a description or template for how to solve a problem that Multi-Channel Social Media Publishing Monitoring can be used in many different situations. • So patterns are formalized best practices that you must implement yourself in your application. • Based on this definition of Software design patterns we introduce at this point the idea of the communication patterns.www.sti-innsbruck.at 84
  • 85. Communication Patterns • The communication patterns could be a way to facilitate the response phase of an enterprise. • A rich set of communication paradigms that address different types of issues by describing workflows of interaction with customers or potential customers. • It should be a dynamic set of patterns in the sense that it is being extended and altered continuously according to the needs of the customers and the nature of the issues that are arising.www.sti-innsbruck.at 85
  • 86. Communication patternswww.sti-innsbruck.at 86
  • 87. Engagement Engagement Value-chain generation Crowdsourcing Workflow managementwww.sti-innsbruck.at 87
  • 88. Engagement Workflow management What is Workflow management? • A workflow consists of a sequence of concatenated (connected) steps*. • Workflow management refers to the process of assigning, tracking and responding to social media streams, usually in a team environment in order to prevent double responses and missed opportunities. It is crucial for an enterprise tool to promote team productivity through collaboration. • Example: Bad review *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workflowwww.sti-innsbruck.at 88
  • 89. Engagement - Crowdsourcing What is Crowdsourcing? • Crowdsourcing is the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call. • The application of Open Source principles to fields outside of software. Howe (2008, 2009)www.sti-innsbruck.at 89
  • 90. Engagement - Crowdsourcing Amazon Mechanical Turk • Amazon’s Mechanical Turk is a market in which anyone can post tasks to be completed and specify prices paid for completing them. • The inspiration of the system was to have users complete simple tasks that would otherwise be extremely difficult (if not impossible) for computers to perform. • A number of businesses use Mechanical Turk to source thousands of micro- tasks that require human intelligence, for example to identify objects in images, find relevant information, or to do natural language processing. • Mechanical Turk has more than 500,000 people in its workforce. Their median wage is about $1.40 an hour.* • Example: Turn a text into a tweet. *http://www.economist.com/node/21555876www.sti-innsbruck.at 90
  • 91. Engagement Value-Chain generation “A value chain is a chain of activities for a firm operating in a specific industry. The business unit is the appropriate level for construction of a value chain, not the divisional level or corporate level. Products pass through all activities of the chain in order, and at each activity the product gains some value. The chain of activities gives the products more added value than the sum of the independent activities values.” Wikipediawww.sti-innsbruck.at 91
  • 92. Engagement Value-Chain generation • The value chain generation lays on top of the other layers (i.e. workflow management, crowdsourcing and communication patterns) and reflects the aim of the enterprise to monetize their activities through these layers. • The ultimate target for keeping the customers happy and engaged to the brand is to increase the revenue. Thus, it is important to have a layer on top of the communication that transforms long-term relationships into economic transactions and new opportunities for the enterprise. • For example, for a hotelier this layer could be the bookability of his services.www.sti-innsbruck.at 92
  • 93. SCEI - Summary Communication • Active and reactive communication • Tracing the communication • Multi-channel switch • Multi-agent Engagement • Pattern Value-chain generationMulti-Channel Publishing Social Media Monitoring Crowdsourcing Workflow management Infrastructure www.sti-innsbruck.at 93
  • 94. SEEKDA SOCIAL AGENTwww.sti-innsbruck.at 94
  • 95. Facts and Figures on Tourism in Austria and Tyrol • Total overnight stays 126 Mio (42,7 Mio in Tyrol) • Travel intensity per inhabitant (number of overnight stays divided by the resident population): Total 16 (63 in Tyrol) • Direct employment in tourism: Total 307.000 • Direct spendings of foreign and resident visitors: 30.586.000.000 € • Direct percentage of overall GDP through tourism: 7.4%www.sti-innsbruck.at 95
  • 96. Facts and Figures on Tourism in Austria and Tyrol source: http://www.tnooz.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/four-pillars-FULLjpg.jpgwww.sti-innsbruck.at 96
  • 97. Multi-channel booking problem • Hotels are facing the multi-channel booking problem • More than 100 different booking channels available • Daily maintenance of right balance of rooms availability across more than 100 channels does not scale • Average time for hoteliers required to maintain a profile of a medium size hotel at one portal takes between 5 to 15 minutes a day • An effort of maintaining hotel’s profile on 100 portals would require then at least 20 hours of workwww.sti-innsbruck.at 97
  • 98. Multi-channel booking solution • The multi-channel solution for hotel-industry internet distribution seekda! connect seekda! IBEwww.sti-innsbruck.at 98
  • 99. seekda connect • Automatic support for online booking on multiple channels • One single entry point providing direct connections to different booking platforms • Simple, Web-based user interface for management of bookingswww.sti-innsbruck.at 99
  • 100. Direct bookability for hotels • Booking quickly and directly via hotel Web sites • Seekda producs for direct bookability: – Dynamic Shop – Dynamic Shop Mobile • Benfits: – Hotels do not give part of their profit to booking chanells – Guests spend less time in booking using the instant booking engine solution of seekdawww.sti-innsbruck.at 100
  • 101. Dynamic Shop integrated in the Hotel websitewww.sti-innsbruck.at 101
  • 102. Direct bookability for hotels - challenges • Does the customer find the hotel web site? • Does the customer trust the web site? • Are his/her requests properly answered? • Is his/her feedback taken serious and form a positive review of the hotel?www.sti-innsbruck.at 102
  • 103. Multi Channel Communication and Yield Management • Multi-channel communication tools can improve revenues and benefits within the hospitality industry by: – Increasing the on-line visible presence of hotels – Make hotels offers visible to a broader audience via multiple channels – Attract potential guests to hotel websites and thus increase direct bookability – effective and targeted on-line marketingwww.sti-innsbruck.at 103
  • 104. Multi Channel Communication and Yield Management + SCEI *sky = holistic multi channel communication and revenue management for the hotelierwww.sti-innsbruck.at 104
  • 105. Touristic Portal • Multi-channel communication (SCEI *sky) • seekda booking engine • Linked Open Data (LOD) • On the fly service integration as you pay • Everything integrated into a comprehensive mapwww.sti-innsbruck.at 105
  • 106. Multi-channel communication - walk-in customer - telephone - email - fax - hotel website - review sites - booking sites - social network sites - blogs - fora & destination sites - chat - video & photo sharingwww.sti-innsbruck.at 106
  • 107. Multi-channel communication SCEI Branch specific conceptsDistribute content Collect feedback Weaver + statistics Web/Blog Social Web Web 3.0/Mobile/Otherwww.sti-innsbruck.at 107
  • 108. seekda booking enginewww.sti-innsbruck.at 108
  • 109. seekda booking engine - direct bookability for hotels • Booking quickly and directly via hotel Web sites • Seekda producs for direct bookability: – Dynamic Shop – Dynamic Shop Mobile • Benfits: – Hotels do not give part of their profit to booking chanells – You do not loose the guest having him booking other hotelswww.sti-innsbruck.at 109
  • 110. Linked Open Data (LOD) Facts: • 295 data sets • Over 31 billion triples • Over 504 billion RDF links between data sources Figure from http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/lodcloud/state/, September 2011www.sti-innsbruck.at 110
  • 111. Linked Open Data (LOD) • Use LOD to integrate and lookup data about – places and routes – time-tables for public transport – hiking trails – ski slopes – points-of-interestwww.sti-innsbruck.at 111
  • 112. Linked Open Data (LOD) - data sets • Open Streetmap • Google Places • Databases of government – TIRIS – DVT • Tourism & Ticketing association • IVB (busses and trams) • OEBB (trains) • Ärztekammer • Supermarket chains: listing of products • Hofer and similar: weekly offers • Innsbruck Airport (travel times, airline • ASFINAG: Traffic/Congestion data schedules) • Herold (yellow pages) • ZAMG (Weather) • City archive • University of Innsbruck (Curricula, student statistics, study possibilities) • Museums/Zoo • IKB (electricity, water consumption) • News sources like TT (Tyrols major daily newspaper) • Entertainment facilities (Stadtcafe, Cinema...) • Statistik Austria • Special offers (Groupon)www.sti-innsbruck.at 112
  • 113. On the fly service intergation as you pay • Data and services from destination sites integrated for recommendation and booking of – Hotels – Restaurants – Cultural and entertainment events – Sightseeing – Shops • Two integration approaches: – ad-hoc service integration: via Web scrapping as a quick integration solution – via APIs and backend integration for a long term, durable solutionwww.sti-innsbruck.at 113
  • 114. Everything integrated: Tourist Map Austria • Based on Open Street Mapwww.sti-innsbruck.at 114
  • 115. Everything integrated: Tourist Map Austria • Based on Open Street Map • Increase on-line visibility for hotel and destination via multi- channel communication - SCEI SCEIwww.sti-innsbruck.at 115
  • 116. Everything integrated: Tourist Map Austria • Based on Open Street Map • Increase on-line visibility for hotel and destination via multi- channel communication - SCEI • Hotels, ski passes, etc. directly bookable – seekda engine SCEIwww.sti-innsbruck.at 116
  • 117. Everything integrated: Tourist Map Austria • Based on Open Street Map • Increase on-line visibility for hotel and destination via multi- channel communication - SCEI • Hotels, ski passes, etc. directly bookable – seekda engine • LOD to integrate and lookup data about hiking trails, ski slopes, etc. SCEI LODwww.sti-innsbruck.at 117
  • 118. Everything integrated: Tourist Map Austria • Based on Open Street Map • Increase on-line visibility for hotel and destination via multi- channel communication - SCEI • Hotels, ski passes, etc. directly bookable – seekda engine • LOD to integrate and lookup data about hiking trails, ski slopes, etc. • On the fly service integration as you pay SCEI LODwww.sti-innsbruck.at 118
  • 119. 6. SUMMARYwww.sti-innsbruck.at 119
  • 120. Summary • The multi-channel monster can be seen as a threat of: – Failing to be properly present (active and passive) in a multitude of opportunities – Spending a non-justify effort on achieving the former – Going out of business in both cases (even if for different reasons) • We propose a scalable solution for this based on using semantics. • Core is the separation of content and channel and its explicit interweavement. • For our approach, semantics is a corner stone but requires many additional services and layers to actually provide its potential. • Together with Seekda we are currently focusing on the eTourisms domain, however, other verticals may follow. • In general, we target domains (verticals) with many SMEs that need to intensively interact with their customers on-line.www.sti-innsbruck.at 120