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  1. 1. Assignment On Hijab 1. What is Hijab? The term hijab in Arabic literally means “a screen or curtain” and is used in the Holy Qur'an to refer to a partition. In broader sense, according to Islamic Shariah, it means to adopt the proper policy in dress code, behaviour, attitude, gazing towards opposite sex and so on. In a word, hijab is a way of life. In Islam, Hijab is a must for both men as well as women. 2. Why do women wear hijab? There are various types of reasons of wearing hijab by women at present. For instance, some of the reasons have been described as followsa. The first and foremost reason of wearing hijab is to carry the order of Allah (swt). In the holy Quran, in many places, He has ordered both men and women to adopt hijab. b. At present times, there are some women who cover their heads in order to protect their hair from dust. c. Again, with a view to attain some specific purposes, some can wear hijab. d. As can be seen across the world, some non-Muslims are also wearing hijab due to get the worldly benefits of hijab. 3. Types of hijab In Islam, hijab is not only about to wear dresses, but also regarding the gaze, the attitude, behaviour and so on. It also includes the way a personwalks, the way a person talks, the way he behaves, etc.The hijabs of different types have been described as followsa. Make-up and perfume: Wearing make-up is out of hijabas Allaah orders us NOT to display.The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said:“Any woman
  2. 2. who puts on perfume and passes by people so that they can smell her fragrance, is an adulteress.” (al-Nasaa’i, Tirmidhi: hasan by Albaani) b. Jewellery and Jingling bracelets: ‘Loud’ and tinkling anythingi.e. jewellery, bracelets, clip-clopping shoes, little bells on clothes, if it jingles or makes noise, it is against the principles of Hijab, because it attracts attention to the one wearing it. That is what is meant when Allaah orders us in the verse…“not to strike their feet (on the ground) so as to make known what they hide of their adornments.” c. Starring: Allaah orders us to “lower the gaze” in the verse. Why? Because a single ‘look’ can say more than a thousand words. So, even if one is properly covered, keeping the eyes down, conductinghimself or herself with ‘Hayaa’, and avoiding ‘fitnah’ are also must. d. Conduct and behaviour:hijab also includes the moral conduct, behaviour, attitude as well as intention of the individual. In fact, hijab of the clothes should be accompanied by hijab of eyes, hijab of the hearts, hijab of the intention, hijab of the behaviour and so on. e. Way of walking:the Muslimsare not a runway model displaying the latest fashion. Walking with modesty and hayaa is a must in Islam. The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa Sallam) said:“There are two types of the people of Hell that I have not seen yet….women who are clothed yet naked, walking with an enticing gait…..” (Muslim). Apart from the above points, there are some other points too i.e. ‘Chatting’ on the internet/phone is not a part of Hijab, either, not to shake hands with nonmahrams, staying away from the men’s areas etc. 4. Features of hijab (dress code) The hijab must fulfil the following criteriaa. Extent: the first criteria the extent of the body that should be covered. This is different for men and women. The extent of covering obligatory on the male is to cover the body at least from the navel to the knee. For women, the extent of
  3. 3. covering obligatory is to cover the complete body except the face and the hands up to the wrist. However, the other features are same for both men and women. b. Tight dress with covered head is not hijab: in Islam, it is not allowed to express the body shape. Hence, tight dress with covered head even if it is long will not fulfil hijab’s criteria. In this regard, one hadith can be noted: “In later (generations) of my ummah there will be women who will be dressed but naked. On top of their heads (what looks) like camel humps. They will not enter into paradise or (even) get a smell of it.” (Muslim) c. If it is see-through, it’s NOT Hijab: clothes i.e. chiffons can’t be used to cover head and body as though the skin underneath should not be seen. d. The Hijab shouldn’t attract attention: the hijab should not be such glamorous that it attracts the opposite sex. Allaah tells us: “And do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance…” *al-Ahzaab:32] e. The cloth should not resemble opposite sex: again, the dress code must not be such that it resembles the dress code of opposite sex. f. The cloth should not resemble the unbelievers: the cloth worn should not resemble that of the unbelievers’ i.e. one should not wear clothes that are specifically identities or symbols of the unbelievers’ religion. 5. Why do you wear hijab? Surely, I do wear hijab to attain the pleasure of Allah (swt) and to show the gratitude towards Him as I know that It is a way to show respect and obedience to Allah’s (swt) commands as guided by the Quran andProphet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) sayings and practices. 6. Advantages and disadvantages The merits of wearing hijab cannot be described in few words. However, a little attempt to make some points have been given as followsa. Allah (swt) will be pleased.
  4. 4. b. Our Imaan strengthens as people expect us to be more religious than normal girls who don't wear hijab, so it causes stimulus to keep us on right track. c. Bad guys usually don't try to tease a person wearing proper hijabs. d. One can protect herself from unnecessary attention frommales, esp. when going for shopping or in crowd areas. e. The whole body plus face and hair are covered so we don't spend too much time on them before going somewhere; more time is saved. f. People generally respect women with hijab and try to help them whenever they ask. g. Cosmetically, hijab protects the skin and hair from side effects of sun exposure......so better skin, better hair, no need to spend extra money on sun blocks and hair conditioners. h. As one wears hijab so she has to dress modestly and if she coversherself with abaya or gown, then less money and time spent on designing and buying of clothes; money is saved. i. Non- Muslims will know our religion and faith, even without being introduced......so it spreads message of Islam. While one can't differentiate between non-Muslims that from what religion they belong. j. Girls will become less conscious of their appearance and physique in co-gatherings., so it also promotes confidence in personality. So what to convey is that Hijab not only strengthens our faith but it is also very useful in other things also, there are not any disadvantage of it and lots of and lots of advantages, including both religious as well as cosmetic. 7. Conclusion Hijab is not a choice. It is obligatory. Hijab is not just covering the hair. It is covering the entire body(hands, arms, feet, shoulders, neck, and bosom). Bright colours shouldn't be worn as they attract attention to the woman and vice versa. Islam instructs men and women to preserve their modesty and not stamp their feet to draw attention to themselves.