SCIENCE IS A WAY OF LEARNINGABOUT THE NATURAL WORLD.The processes of science include:• Observing• Inferring• Predicting• Classifying• Evaluating• Making models• Conducting scientific experiments
OBSERVINGQualitative• Descriptions that cannot beexpressed in numbersQuantitative• Numbers or amountsUsing one or more of your senses to gather accurate informationCircularLiquid
INFERRINGThe girl is celebrating her birthday.*This is an inference because we are explaining theobservation of the balloons as a sign of a birthday.Explaining or interpreting the things you observed
YOUR TURN!Identify each statement as either aqualitative observation, quantitativeobservation, or an inference.1. The classroom walls are yellow.2. Sixteen students were present for roll call.3. The chalkboard is 1 meter high and 2meters wide.4. The friendliest people were there first.5. The empty aquarium tank is waterproof.
WERE YOU CORRECT?Qualitative Quantitative Inference1. The classroom walls are yellow.2. Sixteen students were present for roll call.3. The chalkboard is 1 meter high and 2 meterswide.4. The friendliest people were there first.5. The empty aquarium tank is waterproof.
PREDICTINGThe girl will have cake and openpresents later.Making a statement or claim about what will happen in the future basedon past experience or evidence.
CLASSIFYINGGrouping together of items that are alike in some ways.
MAKING MODELSCreating representations of complex objects or processes.
EVALUATINGComparing observations and data to reach a conclusion about them.Type of Year Average Number ofHurricanesNormal Year 5.8El Nino Year 4*Evaluation - There tends to be less hurricanes during an El Nino year.
SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONThe way in which scientists study the natural world.1. Question2. Observe/Research3. Hypothesize/Predict4. Test/Make Models5. Evaluate6. Conclude