Multimodal Consolidation

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Multimodal, Intermodal, Consolidation, Convergence, Freight, Forwarding

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  • Industry Analysis 06/06/09 Shantanu Bhadkamkar - ATC
  • Multimodal Consolidation

    1. 1. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR A.T.C. (Clearing & Shipping) P.L. Vice Chairman Federation Of Freight Forwarders’ Associations In India FORWARDERS’ FUTURE
    2. 2. <ul><li>What is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimodal Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHA As MTO - Trends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Overview </li></ul></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC What does not kill you, will only make you stronger. - Neitze Comprehensive Overview
    3. 3. <ul><li>Negative Freight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High Destination Charges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Incentives – Rebates … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploit or Get Exploited </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Of Pre-Dated BL </li></ul><ul><li>Oligopoly, Monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>Simplistic Sub-Contracting </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    4. 4. Shantanu Bhadkamkar ATC Smooth Movement Online Information Right Place Right Documentation Good Condition Right Price Right Time Right Tariff
    5. 5. <ul><li>Price of service </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of co-ordination </li></ul><ul><li>Consequential cost of time </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of delay and bad service </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of business </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    6. 6. <ul><li>Multimodal Transport Operator, is defined as ‘any person who concludes a multimodal transport contract </li></ul><ul><li>and acts as a principal, </li></ul><ul><li>not as an agent on behalf of the consignor or on behalf of the carriers participating in the multimodal transport operations, </li></ul><ul><li>and who assumes responsibility for the performance of the contract’ </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    7. 7. <ul><li>Freight integrators are transport service providers who arrange full load, door-to-door transportation by selecting and combining without prejudice the most sustainable and efficient mode(s) of transportation. </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    8. 8. <ul><li>The Freight Forwarder, who consolidates shipments, pays lower price for carriage </li></ul><ul><li>The Freight Forwarder's partner, who will receive all goods, will protect his customers' interests </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>The grouping together of smaller consignments of goods into a large consignment for carriage as a larger unit in order to obtain a reduced rate. </li></ul><ul><li>The Freight Forwarder issues separate Shipment Transport Documents (FBL/HAWB/MTD) for every consolidated shipment and obtains a collective one from the performing carrier. On the collective Shipment Transport Document the Freight Forwarder who consolidates the parcels is the Shipper, and the consignee is the Freight forwarder at the destination who de-consolidates them. </li></ul><ul><li>The carrier has only a look into his BL/AWB. </li></ul><ul><li>The Shipper / Consignee has a FBL/HAWB/MTD. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tuticorin & Rest Of India to Zurich & Basel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India to UK DDU </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Own </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleveland to JNP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atlantic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pacific </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bhadoi to Dallas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JNP to Atlanta via Charleston </li></ul></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    11. 11. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    12. 12. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC Competitive Door To Door Cost
    13. 13. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC LCL - FCL
    14. 14. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    15. 15. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    16. 16. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    17. 17. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    18. 19. <ul><li>Seamless Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Options & Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions to common & uncommon problems </li></ul><ul><li>Bridges Gaps in the Efficiency Voids </li></ul><ul><li>Brings efficiency to the movement </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Makes movement cost effective </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as Buffer & Moderator </li></ul><ul><li>One Stop Shop </li></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>More than one mode of transport </li></ul><ul><li>Sea * Air * Road * Rail </li></ul><ul><li>Single </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Price </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seamless </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Optimiser </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Value Added </li></ul>UNCTAD/ICC Rules for Multimodal Transport Documents 2.1. Multimodal transport contract (multimodal transport contract) means a single contract for the carriage of goods by at least two different modes of transport. 2.2. Multimodal transport operator (MTO) means any person who concludes a multimodal transport contract and assumes responsibility for the performance thereof as a carrier.
    20. 21. <ul><li>Domestic Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both the countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Authorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both the countries & transit if any </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uni - Modal / Multimodal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Intermediaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC <ul><li>30% Of Total Container Traffic Handled By Major Ports Moves Between Gateway Ports And Inland Centres </li></ul><ul><li>More Reliance On Smaller / Feeder Vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Cost Of Inland Container Movement, In Comparison To ASEAN </li></ul>
    22. 23. Overview On Indian Container Shipping
    23. 24. <ul><li>National Maritime Development Programme: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Launched 30.12.2005 Envisage Investment Rs. 1,003 B. (Us$ 22 B.) In 387 Port & Shipping Sector Projects Over 20 Years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Port Sector Investment: Rs. 558 B. (Us$ 12 B.) Over Next 6 Years - Public Private Partnership Funding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Highway Development Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly Golden Quadrilateral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Phases 20,000 kms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL RAIL VIKAS YOJANA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freight Corridor: Dedicated Rail Corridor Between Delhi & Kolkata And Delhi & Mumbai - Investment Over Rs 250 B (Us$ 54 B) Delhi-Mumbai </li></ul></ul>
    24. 25. <ul><li>India’s Geographical Position As a Major Asian Transport and Distribution Hub </li></ul><ul><li>Location for Outsourcing a Range of Activities (Including Manufacturing, IT and Communication Services, Etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Evolved Banking System </li></ul><ul><li>India’s Security Focused Banking Regulations </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC Eyefortransport India Market Report 2007
    25. 26. <ul><li>Abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsions </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    26. 27. <ul><li>Expert On Customs Law </li></ul><ul><li>Architect Of Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Information Management </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC EFFICIENCY - COST SAVING – EFFECTIVITY - SOLUTIONS
    27. 28. <ul><li>TARRIFS </li></ul><ul><li>RULES & PROCEDURES </li></ul><ul><li>LAWS & REGULATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>RATES </li></ul><ul><li>ROUTES </li></ul><ul><li>STORAGE </li></ul><ul><li>INSURANCE </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC <ul><li>TRACKING </li></ul><ul><li>SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>SECURITY </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENT </li></ul>
    28. 29. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC Overseas Forwarder DATA CARRIER CUSTOMS REGULATORY BODIES PORTS WAREHOUSES CARRIER INTERNATIONAL DOMESTIC SHIPPER CONSIGNEE FORWARDER
    29. 30. <ul><li>OLD </li></ul><ul><li>CIF </li></ul><ul><li>C&F </li></ul><ul><li>FOB </li></ul><ul><li>FAS </li></ul><ul><li>Under Hook </li></ul><ul><li>NEW </li></ul><ul><li>CIP </li></ul><ul><li>FCA </li></ul><ul><li>DDP </li></ul><ul><li>DDU </li></ul><ul><li>Ex-Works </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Routing - Consignment Basis - FCR - FWR </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>New Terms Increasing Forwarders Role
    30. 31. <ul><li>DTD - DDP/DDU – Delivered Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Interplant Movement & Vendor Managed Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Change from ‘Need Based’ to ‘Expectation Based’ Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Full Supply Chain Integration - Value Chain included </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Customer Interface </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneous Online Processing & Information Flow </li></ul><ul><li>Servicing at Both the Ends, including intermediate </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive </li></ul><ul><li>Post Delivery Services </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC Proliferation of Successful Strategies
    31. 32. <ul><li>Technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Integration with Customer’s ERP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Ware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID, Bar Coding … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage, Carriage, Personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Implications of Fuel Costs Rise, particularly Fossil Fuels - Peak Oil </li></ul>Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    32. 33. EMERGING TRADE & INDUSTRY ISSUES Shantanu Bhadkamkar
    33. 34. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC CONVERGENCE IN LOGISTICS
    34. 35. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC WHO KNOW WHAT NEXT?
    35. 36. Saturday, June 6, 2009 SHANTANU BHADKAMKAR - ATC
    36. 37. Shantanu Bhadkamkar ATC FORWARDERS’ FUTURE

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