Romeo & Juliet
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Romeo & Juliet

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Romeo & Juliet Romeo & Juliet Presentation Transcript

  • William Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet Background notes about William Shakespeare and the play
  • William Shakespeare
    • Born in 1564 in Stratford, England
    • Died in 1616 on his birthday
    • Nickname- The Bard
    • Married Anne Hathaway and had three children.
  • William Shakespeare
    • He worked as an actor, a poet, and a playwright.
    • He thrived as a playwright during the monarchs of Elizabeth I and James I.
    • Founded and wrote plays for the theatrical company The Lord Chamberlain’s Men
  • 16th-century Elizabethan Theatre
    • Religious groups condemned theater for the immorality in the plays.
    • All of society attended the theater, including royalty.
    • Plays were meant to be performed-- not seen as literature, therefore only rough copies of Shakespeare’s plays survive today.
    • Only men were actors at the time, even for female roles.
  • The Globe
    • Shakespeare’s theater group constructed The Globe, an open-air round theatre.
    • The original theatre burned in 1613. A new Globe Theatre was built in London in 1997.
  • Romeo and Juliet
    • Romeo and Juliet was written in Elizabethan English circa 1595.
    • Shakespeare derived the plot from another play, which was common at the time.
    • Like his other works, this play was celebrated for its experimental and exciting language.
    • This was one of his first tragedies; he had mainly written comedies until this time.
      • Tragedy- a play dealing with tragic events; usually has an unhappy ending, culminating in the main character’s downfall
      • Comedy- a humorous play where the characters triumph over adversity
  • Romeo and Juliet
    • This play is an unusual tragedy because Romeo and Juliet is about love.
    • Shakespeare had a flair for mixing comedy, tragedy, and romance in his writing.
    • At the time, marriage was not always viewed as a result of love. People married for reasons other than love.
  • Iambic Pentameter
    • Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter.
      • Iambic pentameter- a type of meter with 10 syllables per line (1 unstressed syllable,
      • 1 stressed syllable [5x] in each line)
      • iamb= foot pent= 5 5 feet per line
  • Iambic Pentameter
    • This type of meter was originally used in dance and by actors to remember lines in theatre.
      • The regular rhythm helps dancers keep the beat when dancing and the actors keep the beat when speaking.
    • When lines in iambic pentameter do not rhyme and are not grouped in stanzas, they’re called blank verse.
  • Rhyme Scheme
    • Rhyme scheme is the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem.
      • Letters of the alphabet are used to assign the pattern, e.g., aabbcc.
  • Sonnet
    • A sonnet is a fourteen-line rhyming poem in iambic pentameter.
    • Shakespeare’s sonnets contain three four-line stanzas (quatrains) and one couplet.
    • The rhyme scheme for a Shakespearean sonnet is abab cdcd efef gg .
    • The chorus, or narrator, in Romeo and Juliet speaks in sonnets.
    • In Romeo and Juliet’s first meeting, their dialogue is a sonnet.
  • Themes
    • A theme is a story’s insight about life.
    • Themes in Romeo and Juliet :
      • The Power of Love
      • Love vs. Family
      • Family Ties
      • Revenge
      • The Power of Attraction, specifically of opposites
      • Arranged Marriage
  • Motifs
    • A motif is a recurring element that usually relates to one of the story’s themes.
    • Motifs in Romeo and Juliet :
      • Young/Old
      • Love/Hate
      • Wisdom/Passion
      • Light/Dark
      • Night/Day
        • All the motifs are opposites of one another.
  • Foreshadowing
    • Foreshadowing is the use of hints to suggest what will happen later in the story.
      • Shakespeare uses foreshadowing throughout Romeo and Juliet to provide clues about the fate of the characters in the play.