Romeo & Juliet


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Romeo & Juliet

  1. 1. William Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet Background notes about William Shakespeare and the play
  2. 2. William Shakespeare <ul><li>Born in 1564 in Stratford, England </li></ul><ul><li>Died in 1616 on his birthday </li></ul><ul><li>Nickname- The Bard </li></ul><ul><li>Married Anne Hathaway and had three children. </li></ul>
  3. 3. William Shakespeare <ul><li>He worked as an actor, a poet, and a playwright. </li></ul><ul><li>He thrived as a playwright during the monarchs of Elizabeth I and James I. </li></ul><ul><li>Founded and wrote plays for the theatrical company The Lord Chamberlain’s Men </li></ul>
  4. 4. 16th-century Elizabethan Theatre <ul><li>Religious groups condemned theater for the immorality in the plays. </li></ul><ul><li>All of society attended the theater, including royalty. </li></ul><ul><li>Plays were meant to be performed-- not seen as literature, therefore only rough copies of Shakespeare’s plays survive today. </li></ul><ul><li>Only men were actors at the time, even for female roles. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Globe <ul><li>Shakespeare’s theater group constructed The Globe, an open-air round theatre. </li></ul><ul><li>The original theatre burned in 1613. A new Globe Theatre was built in London in 1997. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Romeo and Juliet was written in Elizabethan English circa 1595. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare derived the plot from another play, which was common at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>Like his other works, this play was celebrated for its experimental and exciting language. </li></ul><ul><li>This was one of his first tragedies; he had mainly written comedies until this time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tragedy- a play dealing with tragic events; usually has an unhappy ending, culminating in the main character’s downfall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comedy- a humorous play where the characters triumph over adversity </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>This play is an unusual tragedy because Romeo and Juliet is about love. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare had a flair for mixing comedy, tragedy, and romance in his writing. </li></ul><ul><li>At the time, marriage was not always viewed as a result of love. People married for reasons other than love. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Iambic Pentameter <ul><li>Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iambic pentameter- a type of meter with 10 syllables per line (1 unstressed syllable, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 stressed syllable [5x] in each line) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iamb= foot pent= 5 5 feet per line </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Iambic Pentameter <ul><li>This type of meter was originally used in dance and by actors to remember lines in theatre. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The regular rhythm helps dancers keep the beat when dancing and the actors keep the beat when speaking. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When lines in iambic pentameter do not rhyme and are not grouped in stanzas, they’re called blank verse. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rhyme Scheme <ul><li>Rhyme scheme is the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters of the alphabet are used to assign the pattern, e.g., aabbcc. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Sonnet <ul><li>A sonnet is a fourteen-line rhyming poem in iambic pentameter. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare’s sonnets contain three four-line stanzas (quatrains) and one couplet. </li></ul><ul><li>The rhyme scheme for a Shakespearean sonnet is abab cdcd efef gg . </li></ul><ul><li>The chorus, or narrator, in Romeo and Juliet speaks in sonnets. </li></ul><ul><li>In Romeo and Juliet’s first meeting, their dialogue is a sonnet. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Themes <ul><li>A theme is a story’s insight about life. </li></ul><ul><li>Themes in Romeo and Juliet : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Power of Love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Love vs. Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Ties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Power of Attraction, specifically of opposites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged Marriage </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Motifs <ul><li>A motif is a recurring element that usually relates to one of the story’s themes. </li></ul><ul><li>Motifs in Romeo and Juliet : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young/Old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Love/Hate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wisdom/Passion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light/Dark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Night/Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All the motifs are opposites of one another. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Foreshadowing <ul><li>Foreshadowing is the use of hints to suggest what will happen later in the story. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakespeare uses foreshadowing throughout Romeo and Juliet to provide clues about the fate of the characters in the play. </li></ul></ul>
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