Romeo & Juliet
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Romeo & Juliet

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    Romeo & Juliet Romeo & Juliet Presentation Transcript

    • William Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet Background notes about William Shakespeare and the play
    • William Shakespeare
      • Born in 1564 in Stratford, England
      • Died in 1616 on his birthday
      • Nickname- The Bard
      • Married Anne Hathaway and had three children.
    • William Shakespeare
      • He worked as an actor, a poet, and a playwright.
      • He thrived as a playwright during the monarchs of Elizabeth I and James I.
      • Founded and wrote plays for the theatrical company The Lord Chamberlain’s Men
    • 16th-century Elizabethan Theatre
      • Religious groups condemned theater for the immorality in the plays.
      • All of society attended the theater, including royalty.
      • Plays were meant to be performed-- not seen as literature, therefore only rough copies of Shakespeare’s plays survive today.
      • Only men were actors at the time, even for female roles.
    • The Globe
      • Shakespeare’s theater group constructed The Globe, an open-air round theatre.
      • The original theatre burned in 1613. A new Globe Theatre was built in London in 1997.
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • Romeo and Juliet was written in Elizabethan English circa 1595.
      • Shakespeare derived the plot from another play, which was common at the time.
      • Like his other works, this play was celebrated for its experimental and exciting language.
      • This was one of his first tragedies; he had mainly written comedies until this time.
        • Tragedy- a play dealing with tragic events; usually has an unhappy ending, culminating in the main character’s downfall
        • Comedy- a humorous play where the characters triumph over adversity
    • Romeo and Juliet
      • This play is an unusual tragedy because Romeo and Juliet is about love.
      • Shakespeare had a flair for mixing comedy, tragedy, and romance in his writing.
      • At the time, marriage was not always viewed as a result of love. People married for reasons other than love.
    • Iambic Pentameter
      • Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter.
        • Iambic pentameter- a type of meter with 10 syllables per line (1 unstressed syllable,
        • 1 stressed syllable [5x] in each line)
        • iamb= foot pent= 5 5 feet per line
    • Iambic Pentameter
      • This type of meter was originally used in dance and by actors to remember lines in theatre.
        • The regular rhythm helps dancers keep the beat when dancing and the actors keep the beat when speaking.
      • When lines in iambic pentameter do not rhyme and are not grouped in stanzas, they’re called blank verse.
    • Rhyme Scheme
      • Rhyme scheme is the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem.
        • Letters of the alphabet are used to assign the pattern, e.g., aabbcc.
    • Sonnet
      • A sonnet is a fourteen-line rhyming poem in iambic pentameter.
      • Shakespeare’s sonnets contain three four-line stanzas (quatrains) and one couplet.
      • The rhyme scheme for a Shakespearean sonnet is abab cdcd efef gg .
      • The chorus, or narrator, in Romeo and Juliet speaks in sonnets.
      • In Romeo and Juliet’s first meeting, their dialogue is a sonnet.
    • Themes
      • A theme is a story’s insight about life.
      • Themes in Romeo and Juliet :
        • The Power of Love
        • Love vs. Family
        • Family Ties
        • Revenge
        • The Power of Attraction, specifically of opposites
        • Arranged Marriage
    • Motifs
      • A motif is a recurring element that usually relates to one of the story’s themes.
      • Motifs in Romeo and Juliet :
        • Young/Old
        • Love/Hate
        • Wisdom/Passion
        • Light/Dark
        • Night/Day
          • All the motifs are opposites of one another.
    • Foreshadowing
      • Foreshadowing is the use of hints to suggest what will happen later in the story.
        • Shakespeare uses foreshadowing throughout Romeo and Juliet to provide clues about the fate of the characters in the play.