Prepositions

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Prepositions

  1. 1. Prepositions<br />Ms. Ratliff<br />
  2. 2. What is a preposition?<br />A preposition is one of the eight parts of speech. It shows the relationship between a noun/pronoun and another word in the sentence.<br />Prepositions are usually short words, but some prepositions have a couple words in them.<br />There are over 60 common prepositions. You will need to familiarize yourself with all of them.<br />
  3. 3. What follows the preposition?<br />The noun(s) or pronoun(s) that follow(s) the preposition is/are called the object(s) of the preposition.<br />Usually there is an article or other adjective that comes before the object.<br />For example, find the preposition in this sentence.<br />The dog is chewing on his bone.<br />Now find the object of the preposition.<br />
  4. 4. What is a prepositional phrase?<br />The preposition ON is showing the relationship between the noun DOG and the object BONE.<br />There can be more than one object of a preposition.<br />The dog is chewing on his bone and collar.<br />The preposition and the object of the preposition is called a prepositional phrase. There will never be a VERB in a prepositional phrase.<br />For example, what is the prepositional phrase in this sentence?<br />The children are inside the classroom.<br />
  5. 5. Where are prepositional phrases located?<br />A prepositional phrase does not have to end a sentence. You can also begin a sentence with a prepositional phrase, or you can put the prepositional phrase in the middle of the sentence.<br />You will find a casserole in the refrigerator.<br />In the refrigerator you will find a casserole.<br />You will find in the refrigerator a casserole.<br />
  6. 6. Where do the commas go?<br />Sometimes when the prepositional phrase is in the beginning or middle of the sentence, a comma or commas is/are needed.<br />For example, why do you need commas in the following sentence?<br />In the cupboard, plates and bowls are located.<br />If there is confusion about the meaning of the sentence, use a comma with your prepositional phrase.<br />
  7. 7. Which pronouns do I choose when writing prepositional phrases?<br />Objects of prepositions are sometimes pronouns. <br />Since the subject of a sentence will NEVER be within a prepositional phrase, subject pronouns can’t be used as objects.<br />Do NOT use I, she, he, we, they.<br />Objects pronouns must be used. <br />Do use me, him, her, us, them.<br />For example, which pronouns should you use in this sentence?<br />How will she choose betweenwe/us and they/them?<br />
  8. 8. May I end a sentence with a preposition?<br />NO!<br />A preposition MUST have an object, so if you are using correct grammar, your sentences will never end with a preposition.<br />For example, how can you correct these sentences?<br />Where is the party at?<br />Who is the letter going to?<br />
  9. 9. What if I must end a sentence with a preposition?<br />If you are having trouble rewording the sentence, there is a chance that your preposition is actually an adverb.<br />Yes, some words can be multiple parts of speech!<br />For example, what parts of speech are INSIDE and OFF?<br />The children are playing inside.<br />Turn the lights off.<br />
  10. 10. Are you ready for the Preposition Hunt?<br />Number your paper 1-18 and skip lines.<br />Find the prepositions located on Post-Its throughout the room.<br />Write a sentence with each preposition on each Post-It.<br />The preposition should show a relationship between objects that are located near the Post-It.<br />
  11. 11. PREPOSITION HUNT<br />Every preposition is numbered.<br />Write the sentences next to the correct numbers.<br />When you finish, underline your prepositions and circle the objects of the prepositions.<br />For example, you could write the following for the preposition by.<br />The speaker is BY the SMARTBOARD.<br />
  12. 12. Sample Sentences <br />1.The garbage can is below the bulletin board.<br />2. The cardinal is on the radio.<br />3. The tissue box is between the house and the candle.<br />4. The plant is under the butterfrog.<br />5. The crucifix is above the light switch.<br />6. The chair is against the wall.<br />7. The signatures are around the photographs.<br />
  13. 13. PREPOSITION HUNT<br />8. The feathers are behind the plant.<br />9. The speaker is beside the SmartBoard.<br />10. The marker is by the eraser.<br />11. The books are in the basket.<br />12. The pens are withpencils.<br />13. The classmates are near each other.<br />
  14. 14. PREPOSITION HUNT<br />14. The Post-It is hanging off the pinecone.<br />15. The tissues are within the box.<br />16. The dog house is without a dog.<br />17. The journals are located past the labels.<br />18. The coat is hanging over the chair.<br />

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