Inglés Jurídico Nivel Inicial
Sentence Structure   Syntax = the study of the sentence Word Order is at the heart of syntax and it is essential for meaning
Patterns <ul><li>Most sentences can be analysed into one of only seven basic clause types </li></ul><ul><li>S + V </li></u...
Elements <ul><li>I ) Subject:  </li></ul><ul><li>II) Verb </li></ul><ul><li>III) Object </li></ul><ul><li>IV) Complements ...
I) Subject <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It controls whether the verb is singular or plural.  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
II) Verb  <ul><li>The verb can never be omitted. </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence may contain a single verb or a cluster of ve...
III) Object <ul><li>It usually follows the subject and verb in a clause. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types: a)Direct  ...
IV) Complements <ul><li>Subjective Complement: It refers to the subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The secretary  looked  worri...
v) Adverbials <ul><li>They are not always  necessary within the sentence. (additional information) </li></ul><ul><li>They ...
Questions and Negatives <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Aux + Subject+Verb   ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do  they  work ? </li...
Word Classes <ul><li>1. Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>2. Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>3. Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>4. Adverbs </li...
Nouns <ul><li>TYPES: </li></ul><ul><li>Proper :  e.g. names : Michigan, Steve </li></ul><ul><li>Common:  Countable  : book...
Nouns: Gender <ul><li>There is no grammatical gender but there are ways of expressing whether they are male or female or w...
Nouns: Number <ul><li>1) In general, there are singular and plural nouns. The most common plural form is:  singular noun +...
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Diario Judicial Inglés Jurídico

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Diario Judicial Inglés Jurídico

  1. 1. Inglés Jurídico Nivel Inicial
  2. 2. Sentence Structure Syntax = the study of the sentence Word Order is at the heart of syntax and it is essential for meaning
  3. 3. Patterns <ul><li>Most sentences can be analysed into one of only seven basic clause types </li></ul><ul><li>S + V </li></ul><ul><li>S + V + O </li></ul><ul><li>S + V + C </li></ul><ul><li>S + V + A </li></ul><ul><li>S+ V + O + O </li></ul><ul><li>S + V + O + C </li></ul><ul><li>S + V + O + A </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elements <ul><li>I ) Subject: </li></ul><ul><li>II) Verb </li></ul><ul><li>III) Object </li></ul><ul><li>IV) Complements </li></ul><ul><li>V) Adverbials </li></ul>
  5. 5. I) Subject <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It controls whether the verb is singular or plural. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The witness work s with the plaintiff . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects are generally: nouns, noun phrases and pronouns. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He works with the plaintiff </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. II) Verb <ul><li>The verb can never be omitted. </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence may contain a single verb or a cluster of verbs (verb phrase) </li></ul><ul><li>There are three types of verbs: Full, modal and primary verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Forms of Verbs: </li></ul><ul><li>A) Finite verbs (they refer to a particular number, tense, person or mood) </li></ul><ul><li>B) Non finite : -ing participle, -ed participle and the infinitive. </li></ul>
  7. 7. III) Object <ul><li>It usually follows the subject and verb in a clause. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types: a)Direct b)Indirect </li></ul><ul><li>A) Direct: person or thing directly affected by the action expressed by the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>B) Indirect: animate being which is the recipient of the action. </li></ul><ul><li>Objects are generally nouns or objective pronouns </li></ul>
  8. 8. IV) Complements <ul><li>Subjective Complement: It refers to the subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The secretary looked worried </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objective Complement: It refers to the object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The secretary left the door ajar </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. v) Adverbials <ul><li>They are not always necessary within the sentence. (additional information) </li></ul><ul><li>They are usually adverbs, prepositional phrases, noun phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>There may be more than one in a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>They are used to express: Time, place, manner. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Questions and Negatives <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Aux + Subject+Verb ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they work ? </li></ul><ul><li>Wh-+aux+Subj+Verb ? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do they work ? </li></ul><ul><li>Negatives </li></ul><ul><li>Subj + Aux + NOT + V </li></ul><ul><li>They do not work </li></ul>
  11. 11. Word Classes <ul><li>1. Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>2. Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>3. Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>4. Adverbs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nouns <ul><li>TYPES: </li></ul><ul><li>Proper : e.g. names : Michigan, Steve </li></ul><ul><li>Common: Countable : book </li></ul><ul><li>(Abstract/Concrete) Uncountable : justice </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nouns: Gender <ul><li>There is no grammatical gender but there are ways of expressing whether they are male or female or whether they are people or things. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince/princess it/he/she fiancé/fiancée </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bride/groom husband/wife </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some words have dual gender: </li></ul><ul><li>-cousin president student </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nouns: Number <ul><li>1) In general, there are singular and plural nouns. The most common plural form is: singular noun + “s”= house/houses, car/cars </li></ul><ul><li>2) Irregular Plurals : </li></ul><ul><li>Old English or Germanic: foot/feet, woman/women, </li></ul><ul><li>Greek/Latin words: formula/formulae, thesis/theses </li></ul><ul><li>Invariable Plurals : aircraft,deer, sheep </li></ul>
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