GLOBALGAP



     Zhou Xin
zhou@globalgap.org
Beijing, 2 July 2009



                       © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page...
CONTENTS

•   GLOBALGAP Introduction
•   Benefits of GLOBALGAP
•   GLOBALGAP Certification
•   Approaches for small-scale ...
WHAT IS GLOBALGAP?

• Private standard, led by the industry (producers
  and food service sector)

• Democratic participat...
WHAT IS GLOBALGAP?


  • Sets standards for the certification of primary
    production

  • Communicates and supports the...
GOVERNANCE




             © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 5
INTEGRATED FARM ASSURANCE




                            © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 6
RETAIL MEMBERS




                 © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 7
SUPPLIER MEMBERS




                   © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 8
ASSOCIATE MEMBERS




                    © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 9
OBJECTIVES


• Harmonisation of G.A.P. requirements of different
  retailers; i.e. reducing duplication.


• Development o...
KEY PRINCIPLES

• Open communication and consultation with
interested parties (such as SC, NTWG´s, etc)

• Integrity of th...
NATIONAL TECHNICAL
  WORKING GROUPS
                              Denmark         Poland      Czech Republic
             ...
© GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 13
THE STANDARD


                                                                     Major Musts                           ...
BENEFITS OF GLOBALGAP

• Contributes to sustainable agriculture on a global
scale

• Focus “4 in 1” (Food Safety, Social, ...
BENEFITS OF GLOBALGAP


• Global certification system (Recognized and
Transparent)

• Integrity Programme (IPRO)

• Assist...
GLOBALGAP CERTIFICATION




                     © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 17
Normative Documents
                    General Regulations
                    (Certification System)
                   ...
Normative Documents
         Control Points and Compliance Criteria
                       (Standards)
                Str...
Certification



        OPTION 1                  OPTION 2
  Individual Certification    Group Certification
       GLOBA...
Individual Certification
 Option 1/3: Individual Certification


                             Option 1/3

          • Prod...
Individual Certification
 Option 1/3: Individual Certification




                  Producer
                            ...
Group Certification
 Option 2/4: Group Certification

                            Option 2/4

  • Producer Group (PG) is a...
Group Certification
Option 2/4: Group Certification




           Producer Group
                                       I...
Group Transparency
     Option 2/4: Group Certification




                Producer Group         CERTIFIED PRODUCTS
    ...
CERTIFICATION
Certified producers (Options 1 and 2)




                                        © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, P...
Approaches

  GLOBALGAP has implemented the
  following three approaches to facilitate
  market access for small-scale far...
Ambassador for Smallholders
in Developing Countries




                              © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 28
Successful Story

 1.   The issue
 2.   The initiative
 3.   The process
 4.   The impact
 5.   The results




          ...
Successful Story
THE ISSUE
The increased consumer awareness in food safety
issues and their impact on our health and the
e...
Successful Story
THE INITIATIVE
The Thai Chamber of Commerce and the public
enterprise GTZ are working to develop the
GLOB...
Successful Story
THE PROCESS
Four Option 2 farmer groups including 70 farmers with
a total area of 160 hectares have alrea...
Successful Story

THE IMPACT
The GLOBALGAP certification option for small-holder
farmers is improving their ability to com...
Successful Story
THE RESULTS

•The grouping of farmers overcomes structural
barriers
•Local public sector support facilita...
© GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 35
GLOBALGAP Tour 2009

 Your opportunity to learn about latest developments of
   GLOBALGAP and have an input into the Stand...
THANK YOU!
Photos: SXC/Henkster; SXC/Mills




                                               © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Pag...
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Presentation Beijing Zx 020709

  1. 1. GLOBALGAP Zhou Xin zhou@globalgap.org Beijing, 2 July 2009 © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 1
  2. 2. CONTENTS • GLOBALGAP Introduction • Benefits of GLOBALGAP • GLOBALGAP Certification • Approaches for small-scale farmers • Successful story • GLOBALGAP Tour2009 © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 2
  3. 3. WHAT IS GLOBALGAP? • Private standard, led by the industry (producers and food service sector) • Democratic participation along the food chain • Global application (>90 countries) • Voluntary participation by producers © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 3
  4. 4. WHAT IS GLOBALGAP? • Sets standards for the certification of primary production • Communicates and supports the implementation and application • Provides framework for 3rd party certification of farm production processes © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 4
  5. 5. GOVERNANCE © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 5
  6. 6. INTEGRATED FARM ASSURANCE © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 6
  7. 7. RETAIL MEMBERS © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 7
  8. 8. SUPPLIER MEMBERS © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 8
  9. 9. ASSOCIATE MEMBERS © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 9
  10. 10. OBJECTIVES • Harmonisation of G.A.P. requirements of different retailers; i.e. reducing duplication. • Development of a protocol for producers globally • Reducing cost of compliance © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 10
  11. 11. KEY PRINCIPLES • Open communication and consultation with interested parties (such as SC, NTWG´s, etc) • Integrity of the Certification process (requirement of ISO 65 accreditation for CBs) • Open access to producers (Voluntary and no discrimination) • Integrity Programme (IPRO) © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 11
  12. 12. NATIONAL TECHNICAL WORKING GROUPS Denmark Poland Czech Republic Germany Dec. 2006 Sept. 2006 Jun 2007 May 2005 Netherlands Ukraine Jan 2002 Sept. 2006 Italy July 2002 Belgium Feb 2002 Bulgaria July 2006 France Thailand Jun 2002 Sep 2007 Spain Malaysia May 2002 Feb 2003 Colombia FV: Dec 2006 India Aqua: Jul 2008 May 2008 Chile Jun 2008 Brazil South Turkey Uruguay FV: Jun 2004 Greece Argentina Arica April May 2008 LS: 2004 Sep 2004 Mar 2004 Dec 2008 2005 © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 12
  13. 13. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 13
  14. 14. THE STANDARD Major Musts 100% Minor Musts 95% Recommendations 0% th y nt e a l lf a r e et e re f nm r H We lf a Sa o ke e oo d nv ir o r ty & W F E W fe Sa © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 14
  15. 15. BENEFITS OF GLOBALGAP • Contributes to sustainable agriculture on a global scale • Focus “4 in 1” (Food Safety, Social, Environment, Animal welfare) • Improves the management systems of the producers • Adds value to the product © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 15
  16. 16. BENEFITS OF GLOBALGAP • Global certification system (Recognized and Transparent) • Integrity Programme (IPRO) • Assist in market access for both small and large producers • Harmonise the buyers’ requirements © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 16
  17. 17. GLOBALGAP CERTIFICATION © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 17
  18. 18. Normative Documents General Regulations (Certification System) Structure • Certification Rules (options, audits, registration) • Certification Body Requirements • Auditor Qualifications. • Rights and Obligations (Producers, CBs, Standard Owner) © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 18
  19. 19. Normative Documents Control Points and Compliance Criteria (Standards) Structure and Compliance • MAJOR MUSTS (MM) 100% • MINOR MUSTS (mm) 95%* • RECOMENDATIONS (R) 0% © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 19
  20. 20. Certification OPTION 1 OPTION 2 Individual Certification Group Certification GLOBALGAP GLOBALGAP OPTION 3 OPTION 4 Individual Certification Group Certification Benchmarked Standard Benchmarked Standard © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 20
  21. 21. Individual Certification Option 1/3: Individual Certification Option 1/3 • Producer Self Assessment on all CPCCs required before the CB audit • CB carries out an external inspection for all CPCCs compliance. • CB audit the results of the inspection and decides if a GLOBALGAP certificate can be granted to the farmer. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 21
  22. 22. Individual Certification Option 1/3: Individual Certification Producer External Self Audit Assessment CB External Inspection © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 22
  23. 23. Group Certification Option 2/4: Group Certification Option 2/4 • Producer Group (PG) is a legal entity that manages a QMS containing GLOBALGAP requirements and distributed to it‘s members. • PG carry out 1 annual internal inspection to each of producer members. • PG carry out and internal audit of its QMS. • CB carries out an external audit of the PG’s QMS • CB inspects a sample of farmer members (minimum square root) • CB audit the results of the inspections and QMS audit and decides if a GLOBALGAP certificate can be granted to the PG. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 23
  24. 24. Group Certification Option 2/4: Group Certification Producer Group INTERNAL AUDIT External QMS QMS Audit CB INTERNAL GROUP INSPECTIONS External Inspection © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 24
  25. 25. Group Transparency Option 2/4: Group Certification Producer Group CERTIFIED PRODUCTS Producer Group Certificate Certificate Registration CB Producers Registration © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 25
  26. 26. CERTIFICATION Certified producers (Options 1 and 2) © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 26
  27. 27. Approaches GLOBALGAP has implemented the following three approaches to facilitate market access for small-scale farmers: 1. Group certification 2. Smallholder manual 3. Feedback opportunities © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 27
  28. 28. Ambassador for Smallholders in Developing Countries © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 28
  29. 29. Successful Story 1. The issue 2. The initiative 3. The process 4. The impact 5. The results © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 29
  30. 30. Successful Story THE ISSUE The increased consumer awareness in food safety issues and their impact on our health and the environment has increased worldwide quality standards. Yet many food products come from small farming communities in developing countries. Smallholder farmers in countries such as Thailand face difficulties in fulfilling the necessary requirements that would allow them access to higher-value markets, such as in Europe or Japan. At less than one hectare, most farms in Thailand are very small, which is why it is financially and structurally difficult for them to implement standards and gain certification. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 30
  31. 31. Successful Story THE INITIATIVE The Thai Chamber of Commerce and the public enterprise GTZ are working to develop the GLOBALGAP GTZ Option 2 Project. It is now becoming possible for these small farms to also achieve certification as member of a farmer group. This enables them to reduce certification costs and develop quality management systems, which are practical to manage, but still comply with the standards. The main objectives of the project are to open up market access for the smallholders, develop a simple smallholder manual for groups and improve consultation and training. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 31
  32. 32. Successful Story THE PROCESS Four Option 2 farmer groups including 70 farmers with a total area of 160 hectares have already been formed. The groups are trained in quality management and audit inspections, harvesting and produce handling, pesticide and fertiliser requirements, storage facilities, standard requirements and environmental issues. The aim is for all of the four groups and 70 farmers to be certified at the end of the project. The associations involved hope to continue the project in the future to make it possible for as many Thai farmers as possible to take part. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 32
  33. 33. Successful Story THE IMPACT The GLOBALGAP certification option for small-holder farmers is improving their ability to comply with international requirements. Furthermore, it is opening up new markets and allowing them to participate in exciting export opportunities and increase their profits. Agricultural products such as coconuts, mangos, lychees and dragon fruits can now be exported nationally and worldwide by the certified group farmers in Thailand. This conforms with the quality criteria for Good Agricultural Practices (G.A.P.). © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 33
  34. 34. Successful Story THE RESULTS •The grouping of farmers overcomes structural barriers •Local public sector support facilitates smallholder market access •A global standard is the driver for implementation of G.A.P. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 34
  35. 35. © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 35
  36. 36. GLOBALGAP Tour 2009 Your opportunity to learn about latest developments of GLOBALGAP and have an input into the Standard! Nairobi – Kenya................. 15th September 2009 Montevideo – Uruguay..... 24th/25th September 2009 Kuala Lumpur – Malaysia.. 14th/15th October 2009 Washington, DC – USA...... 29th October 2009 Athens – Greece................ 11th/12th November 2009 More Information on Programme, Fees and Details for Registration are available on www.tour2009.org! GLOBALGAP will have a stallholder workshop to collect views and concerns in Kuala Lumpur © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 36
  37. 37. THANK YOU! Photos: SXC/Henkster; SXC/Mills © GLOBALGAP Secretariat, Page 37

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