Zambia   Mid-Term SRI Field Report to US Embassy 2012
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Zambia Mid-Term SRI Field Report to US Embassy 2012

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Mid-term Field Progress Report by Henry Ngimbu (CSRII) for a grant by the Special Self-Help (SSH) of the U.S. Ambassador in Zambia

Mid-term Field Progress Report by Henry Ngimbu (CSRII) for a grant by the Special Self-Help (SSH) of the U.S. Ambassador in Zambia

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Zambia Mid-Term SRI Field Report to US Embassy 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT SRI Mid-term Field Progress Report The information in this report was written by CSRII for the Special Self-Help (SSH) of the U.S. Ambassador in Zambia which has supported CSRII work. This report provides information on field activities for SRI development at the local level in the West Bank of ZambeziZambezi West Bank: SRI demo field of rice plants at three months district.
  • 2. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICTMeeting the principal objectives of the Special Self-Help Program (SSH),: Projects are to be of a high- impact nature, benefiting the The impact is here greatest observed from the 2011- number of 12 farming season where people 16 SRI demo fields have possible been developed in West Bank of Zambezi district. with any This has involved 12single activity. women’s clubs, a youth club and an old-aged club. 300 local people have adapted SRI as a
  • 3. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT Meeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): A projectmust be within thecommunity‟s ability tomaintain and operate. The largest and most pervasive requirement for SRI adoption is change in farmers‟ thinking and willingness to change. Farmers need a certain amount of skill and motivation to use SRI techniques successfully.
  • 4. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT Meeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): A successful project shouldalso demonstrate the likelihood that it will besustained over a long period. There are 14 community-based clubs that have become growers undertaking to establish the best rice crop stand possible and to maintain the same in the best possible condition observing best SRI cropping practice for seed
  • 5. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT Meeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH),: A project should help improve basic economic orsocial conditions at the local community orvillage level, and have long-lived value. The project has provided low-input technology for SRI growers, which should be flexibly applied based on the enabling factors and farm conditions.
  • 6. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT Meeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): A project should help improve basic economic orsocial conditions at the local community orvillage level, and have long-lived value. The project has designed low-input technology for SRI growers, which should be flexibly applied based on the enabling factors and farm
  • 7. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICTMeeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): Contributions may include labor, materials(bricks, sand, gravel , seeds, etc.), land,buildings, or money to ensure the success of the project. ” There is overwhelming commitment from local SRI farmers in ensuring soil biological activity based on the concept “grow the soil, and the soil will grow the plants”.
  • 8. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT Meeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): Contributions may include labor, materials(bricks, sand, gravel, seeds, etc.), land, buildings, or money to ensure the success of the project. As part of self-help initiative, using learning-by-practicing method to build human capacity in response to local application of SRI, local farmers prepare seedling nursery in different approaches. Local farmers are managing on their own to produce healthy seedlings for transplanting -- a practice that is expected to help the small farmers to significantly increase their rice yields.
  • 9. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT Meeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): Contributions may include labor, materials(bricks, sand, gravel, seeds, etc.), land, buildings, or money to ensure the success of the project. Local farmers are contributing their own efforts in using learning-by-practicing method, transplanting young seedlings, transplanting single seedling per clump, carefully and with shallow rooting.
  • 10. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT Meeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): Contributions may include labor, materials(bricks, sand, gravel, seeds, etc.), land, buildings, or money to ensure the success of the project. The project promotes ownership of the activities they carry out at the farm- level. As part of social-economic responsibility at their levels, farmers participate in their own food preparation, eaten to give them strength while
  • 11. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICTMeeting the principal objectives of Special Self-Help Program (SSH): As part of an ongoingcommitment by the U.S.government to supportZambian-driven development activities on a local level. At mid-term the focus is on farming activities in the vegetative growth stage of the SRI rice demo-fields for the women„s clubs. There is still a final report to come in August this year, to present end-of-season results focusing, among other things, on plant height, tiller number per hill, panicles per hill, spikelets per panicle, % of filled spikelets, flag leaf area, grain length, grain width, root systems, threshing, and quantities harvested. For that reason, assessment of
  • 12. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICTSRI VISION IN ZAMBIA Spread one of the most modern rice farming methodologies in Zambia and to other African countriesSRI MISSION IN ZAMBIA Build capacity of human resources with competence. knowledge and skills to implement SRI at all levels -- from national to farm community, Regulate the standards and certify rice grown with SRI methods in Zambia Support global marketing initiatives for rice grown with SRI methods in Zambia Promote and support the development of necessary infrastructure required to advance rice-growing with SRI methods in Zambia Raise awareness on the benefits and the importance of SRI to policy makers, government institutions, development partners, and farmers. Develop all required documents and disseminating to all relevant
  • 13. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICTSIX BEST PRACTICES OF SRI Transplant young seedlings (<15 days, with just 2 leaves) Set out plants singly with wider spacing In a square pattern (25x25cm or more) and Planted shallow, gently, and quickly -- No continuous flooding during the period of vegetative growth, with either (a) minimum daily applications, or (b) alternate wetting and drying –keeping soil mostly moist but not inundated After panicle initiation, maintain a thin layer of water (1-2 cm) on field until 10 days before harvest
  • 14. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICTKEY BENEFITS OF SRI NO NEED to change varieties -- HYVs and hybrids can give the highest yieldswith SRI methods, but local varieties can produce 3-12 t/ha with SRI methods LESS SEED is used, because plant populations (plant density) will be greatly reduced(less by 70-80%); fewer plants well- managed will give more yield than several times more plants casually managed NO NEED for use of chemical fertilizers -- while these can raise rice yield withSRI, the best results are achieved with compost or other organic fertilization of thesoil NO NEED to apply agrochemicals -- pesticides, fungicides, etc., are usually not necessary -- farmers find that these are not economical as SRI plants areusually resistant to pests/diseases SIGNIFICANT WATER SAVINGS – usual irrigation water can be reduced by50% -- but need good water control to apply smaller amounts of water reliably, regularly MORE LABOR – is needed at first, but as the SRI methods are mastered, SRI
  • 15. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICTREMARKABLE RESULTS OF SRI: UNLOCKING THE POTENTIAL Increased TILLERING -- 30-50 tillers/plant, or more, if the soil and water are well-managed Larger ROOT SYSTEMS – it can require 5-6x more force to uproot SRI plants; one evaluation found 28 kg of force was needed to pull up 3 regular plants in a hill vs. 53 kg to uproot single SRI plants Bigger PANICLES -- 200-300 grains/panicle, or more Positive correlation between the number of panicles and panicle size -- contrary to the negative relationship commonly reported – SRI can give more and bigger panicles GRAIN QUALITY -- fewer unfilled grains and fewer broken grains when milling the paddy, so one can get a higher milled outturn of polished rice from one‟s paddy (unhusked) production RESISTANCE to pests, diseases, storms and drought as plants remain healthier with their deeper root systems and stronger tillers; LODGING is rare; also RATOON crop is possible HIGHER YIELDS – average of 3-6 t/ha, even up to 15 t/ha or more PRODUCTIVITY gains – from all inputs (land, labor, water, capital) -- more
  • 16. THE U.S. AMBASSADOR’S SPECIAL SELF-HELP (SSH) PROGRAM IN WEST BANK OF ZAMBEZI DISTRICT THANK YOU!!!(Prepared and presented by: Henry Ngimbu, SRI specialist and advocate-Zambia) For SRI information, contact details: Centre for System of Rice Intensification Initiative (CSRII) Corner Savenda/Nyangongo Road HNN Village, Mize Royal Capital P.O. Box 150109 Zambezi, ZAMBIA Phone: +260- 977- 172359 E-mail: csriizambia@ymail.com, or hngimbu@gmail.com or check out the SRI home page: http://ciifad.cornell.edu/sri/ including a Zambia SRI country page: http://sri.ciifad.cornell.edu/countries/zambia/index.html