SRI applicationSRI application in Vietnamin Vietnam
Farmer group in Thuy Lam Commune, Dong Anh District, Hanoi,
applying S...
- Rice cultivation: 7.4 millions ha/year
- Rice production: 38.9 mill tons of
paddy rice/year
- Corn area: 1.14 million ha...
There are several existing problems in
rice cultivation:
• Overuse of pesticides
• Overuse of chemical fertilizers
(especi...
BackgroundBackground
Causing problems:
• Rice crop is susceptible
to pests, resulting in
decreased yield, less
economic ef...
• In 2003, National IPM Program Vietnam introduced SRI to
the farmers for experimental application.
• From 2003 to 2004, f...
• From Sept. 2007, OXFAM America launched a
3-year program “Advancing Small Farmers in
Mekong Region with SRI” (VIE 034/07...
Background: Project since 2003Background: Project since 2003
Implementing
agency:
Plant Protection Department, MARD
Partne...
• Community-based Farmer Field SchoolsCommunity-based Farmer Field Schools
(FFS)(FFS)
Approach:Approach:
IPM farmerIPM far...
• Community-based Farmer Field SchoolCommunity-based Farmer Field School
(FFS)(FFS)
Approach:Approach:
Purposes:
• Strengt...
Develop-
ment of
SRI
should
go
through a
series of
stages
Steps to utilize SRI:
Farmer group in Hoa Binh Province doing ob...
Steps to utilize SRI:
Full draining of the field
1st stage (first season activities): study the
principles of SRI through ...
2nd stage (2nd and 3rd season activities):
practicing the utilization on SRI in a larger
scale (within 5 ha)
Steps to util...
3rd stage (after two or three seasons):
extension of SRI in the whole community
Steps to utilize SRI:
SRI applied in
50 ha...
• 4th stage: farmer groups will continue to
improve SRI techniques and improve
cultivation practice in order to have bette...
Burning straw and
stubble might kill
natural enemies and
harm the soil ecology;
also health hazard
Farmers develop minimum tillageFarmers develop minimum tillage
with potato productionwith potato production
Basal fertiliz...
Farmers develop minimum tillageFarmers develop minimum tillage
with potato productionwith potato production
In comparison ...
Develop rice production in compliance
with VietGAP standard
SRI FFS Alumni in Dong Phu Commune, Chuong My
District, Hanoi,...
s SRI Conventional
Comparison of SRI and ConventionalComparison of SRI and Conventional
Seedling age 2 – 2,5 leaf age 4 – ...
Same variety as with SR
Rice was lodged becau
strong wind
Sheath blight disease w
SRI field in Dong Anh, Hanoi:SRI field i...
SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests
Table 4: Number of sprayings per season, by province, 2005-2006
Province Number...
SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests
Table 5: Level of sheath blight infestation, different provinces, 2005-2006
Pro...
SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests
Table 6: Leaf blight, different provinces, summer season, 2005-2006
Province SR...
SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests
Table 7: Small leaf folder , different provinces, 2005-2006 (insects/m2
)
Provi...
SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests
Table 8: Brown plant hopper, different provinces, 2005-2006 (insects/m2
)
Provi...
Increased Rice YieldIncreased Rice Yield
Table 12: Rice yield, different, 2006 (tons/ha)
Province Spring season Summer sea...
Economic EfficiencyEconomic Efficiency
Table 13: Economic efficiency of SRI application
Province Increase in profit betwee...
Reduced Cost of ProductionReduced Cost of Production
per kilogram pf paddyper kilogram pf paddy
Table 14: Per kilogram cos...
SRI Application andSRI Application and
Water SavingWater Saving
Summer seasons 2005
& 2006
Summer season 2008
Farmers save...
LimitationsLimitations
• SRI irrigation management needs a
strong collaboration among the
community
• Financial support fo...
Strategy:Strategy:
• Strengthen collaboration with Cooperatives,
Mass Organizations (Farmers’ Unions,
Women’s Unions, Yout...
Strategy:Strategy:
• Diversify the communication work in order
to disseminate and share better the
experiences and achieve...
• Develop weeding and aeration tools for
local conditions, and improve their supply
• Improve soil ecology: minimum tillag...
Thank you for your attentionThank you for your attention
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1050 SRI application in Vietnam

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Presenter by: Ngo Tien Dung, Deputy Director General – Plant Protection Department (PPD), MARD

Presented at: Pre-Congress SRI Day, November 8, 2010

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1050 SRI application in Vietnam

  1. 1. SRI applicationSRI application in Vietnamin Vietnam Farmer group in Thuy Lam Commune, Dong Anh District, Hanoi, applying SRI methods to production of traditional sticky rice Ngo Tien Dung, Deputy Director General – Plant Protection Department (PPD), MARD
  2. 2. - Rice cultivation: 7.4 millions ha/year - Rice production: 38.9 mill tons of paddy rice/year - Corn area: 1.14 million ha - Vegetable area: 720,000 ha - Coffee area: 525,100 ha - Sugarcane area: 270,000 ha VIETNAM VIETNAM
  3. 3. There are several existing problems in rice cultivation: • Overuse of pesticides • Overuse of chemical fertilizers (especially nitrogen) • High transplanting density BackgroundBackground
  4. 4. BackgroundBackground Causing problems: • Rice crop is susceptible to pests, resulting in decreased yield, less economic efficiency, and deteriorating environmental quality. • Pesticides kill natural enemies, causing pest outbreaks • Overuse of chemicals (fertilizer, pesticide, etc.) will pollute the environment, affecting environmental health. Hopper burn
  5. 5. • In 2003, National IPM Program Vietnam introduced SRI to the farmers for experimental application. • From 2003 to 2004, farmer groups under IPM/BUCAP auspices applied SRI under various practice conditions • In years 2005 and 2006, SRI was applied in demonstration plots of 2-5 ha that showed SRI having any advantages in comparison with conventional practice (DANIDA support) • In 2007, Vietnam conducted a pilot model of “community- based SRI application” on the large scale of 170 ha in Ha Tay (supported by OXFAM America) • On 15 Oct. 2007, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) issued a decision acknowledging SRI as an ‘advanced technology’ BackgroundBackground
  6. 6. • From Sept. 2007, OXFAM America launched a 3-year program “Advancing Small Farmers in Mekong Region with SRI” (VIE 034/07) to assist Vietnam for scaling up the SRI utilization • Programme has been conducted in collaboration of the Government and NGOs in Vietnam: the Plant Protection Department under MARD; Oxfam Quebec; and Centre for Sustainable Rural Development (SRD), as well as Oxfam America BackgroundBackground
  7. 7. Background: Project since 2003Background: Project since 2003 Implementing agency: Plant Protection Department, MARD Partners: SEARICE, Oxfam America, Oxfam Quebec, Center for Sustainable Rural (SRD), Oxfam Belgium, Hanoi Agriculture University, Thai Nguyen University, Women’s Unions, Farmers’ Union, Japan International Volunteer Center (JVC), World Vision, FAO regional Vegetable IPM Programme Donors: Oxfam America, Denmark (DANIDA) Trainers active: 294 government; 43 farmers 2010 SRI area 286,053 Farmers applyFarmers applyinging SRISRI in 2010:in 2010: 781,282781,282 (( 7171 % female)% female) Main crops: Rice, potato, soybean
  8. 8. • Community-based Farmer Field SchoolsCommunity-based Farmer Field Schools (FFS)(FFS) Approach:Approach: IPM farmerIPM farmer study group instudy group in Dong HoiDong Hoi Commune,Commune, Dong AnhDong Anh District, HanoiDistrict, Hanoi study on SRIstudy on SRI
  9. 9. • Community-based Farmer Field SchoolCommunity-based Farmer Field School (FFS)(FFS) Approach:Approach: Purposes: • Strengthen farmers’ capability with self-developing mechanisms to manage their resources. • Institutionalize SRI applications in the commune level
  10. 10. Develop- ment of SRI should go through a series of stages Steps to utilize SRI: Farmer group in Hoa Binh Province doing observations in their study field
  11. 11. Steps to utilize SRI: Full draining of the field 1st stage (first season activities): study the principles of SRI through the Farmer Field School (FFS) process with farmers managing together a trial/demonstration field Young seedlings
  12. 12. 2nd stage (2nd and 3rd season activities): practicing the utilization on SRI in a larger scale (within 5 ha) Steps to utilize SRI: Making the beds 2 meters wide Canal made between two beds
  13. 13. 3rd stage (after two or three seasons): extension of SRI in the whole community Steps to utilize SRI: SRI applied in 50 ha of traditional sticky rice in Thuy Lam Commune, Dong Anh District, Hanoi, in summer crop season, 2010
  14. 14. • 4th stage: farmer groups will continue to improve SRI techniques and improve cultivation practice in order to have better production and better market access. (Stage 4 can be incorporated in stage 3) Steps to utilize SRI:
  15. 15. Burning straw and stubble might kill natural enemies and harm the soil ecology; also health hazard
  16. 16. Farmers develop minimum tillageFarmers develop minimum tillage with potato productionwith potato production Basal fertilizer application Mulching Farmers observe agro-ecosystem
  17. 17. Farmers develop minimum tillageFarmers develop minimum tillage with potato productionwith potato production In comparison with conventional practice, these new practices: - Reduce soil preparation labor by 40% - Reduce harvest labor by 70% - Increase yield by 8.3-20% - Increase profits by 31%
  18. 18. Develop rice production in compliance with VietGAP standard SRI FFS Alumni in Dong Phu Commune, Chuong My District, Hanoi, cooperate with a private company to develop rice production in compliance with VietGAP (Good Agricultural Practice) standard
  19. 19. s SRI Conventional Comparison of SRI and ConventionalComparison of SRI and Conventional Seedling age 2 – 2,5 leaf age 4 – 5 leaf age Seedling/hill 1 seedling/hill 3 – 5 seedlings/hill Seedlings/m2 11 – 32 / m2 80 – 150 seedlings/m2 Water management Soil aeration Keep standing water Fertilizer Nutrient management Technical package
  20. 20. Same variety as with SR Rice was lodged becau strong wind Sheath blight disease w SRI field in Dong Anh, Hanoi:SRI field in Dong Anh, Hanoi: - Stems are strong, no lodgingStems are strong, no lodging - Sheath blight disease <5%Sheath blight disease <5% - Stems are more strong- Stems are more strong - Pest and disease is low- Pest and disease is low SRI fieldSRI field Conventional fieldConventional fieldSRI tolerant toSRI tolerant to lodginglodging
  21. 21. SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests Table 4: Number of sprayings per season, by province, 2005-2006 Province Number of sprays/season SRI Farmer Difference Yen Bai 1 3 2 Hanoi 1 2 1 Ha Tay 0.5 1.5 1 Hai Dương 1 2.5 1.5 Hung Yen 2 5 3 Thai Binh 1 2 1 Hai Phong 2 4 2 Ha Nam 2 4 2 Ninh Binh 1 1.5 0.5 Averge 1.25 2.75 1.5
  22. 22. SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests Table 5: Level of sheath blight infestation, different provinces, 2005-2006 Province Spring season Summer season SRI Farmer Difference SRI Farmer Difference Yen Bai - - - 8.3 45.5 82% Ha Tay 2.6 15.5 83% 11.2 25.7 56% Hai Phong - - - 1.2 18.5 94% Thai Binh 5.2 12.5 58% 2.9 18.6 84% Hai Duong 8.5 18.8 54% 7.0 14.6 52% Hung Yen 9.8 27.5 64% 3.2 19.5 84% Ha Nam 9.6 25.6 6e% 3.8 14.5 74% Nam Dinh 4.9 6.2 21% 2.1 10.3 80% Ninh Binh 2.6 9.6 73% 4.7 10.8 57% Average 6.7 18.1 63% 5.2 19.8 74%
  23. 23. SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests Table 6: Leaf blight, different provinces, summer season, 2005-2006 Province SRI Farmer Difference Yen Bai 0.5 32.5 98% Ha Tay 0.3 52.7 99% Thai Binh 33.1 51.3 36% Ha Nam 5.7 20.8 73% Nam Dinh 7.0 21.7 68% Ninh Binh 4.7 39.0 88% Average 8.55 36.3 77%
  24. 24. SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests Table 7: Small leaf folder , different provinces, 2005-2006 (insects/m2 ) Province Spring season Summer season SRI Farmer Difference SRI Farmer Difference Hai Duong 13.2 26.2 49% 9.6 23.0 58% Hung Yen 57.0 108.0 47% 140.0 252.0 44% Thai Binh 53.0 74.0 28% 39.5 60.0 35% Ha Nam 90.0 135.0 43% 60.0 120.6 50% Nam Dinh 68.2 123.0 44% 62.5 122.1 49% Ninh Binh 99.0 180.0 45% 59.5 156.8 62% Average 63.4 107.7 41% 61.8 122.3 49%
  25. 25. SRI tolerant to pestsSRI tolerant to pests Table 8: Brown plant hopper, different provinces, 2005-2006 (insects/m2 ) Province Spring season Summer season SRI Farmer Difference SRI Farmer Difference Ha Tay 1,020 3,200 68% 1,900 4,230 55% Hai Duong 387 1,413 79% 471 3,115 85% Hung Yen 525 1,352 61% 300 8,000 96% Hai Phong - - - 428 1,960 78% Thai Binh 290 940 69% 400 1,238 68% Ha Nam 508 1,060 45% 81 3,090 99% Nam Dinh 490 1,050 53% 710 2,125 67% Ninh Binh 580 1,060 45% 71 1,950 96.% Average 542 1,440 62% 545 3,214 83%
  26. 26. Increased Rice YieldIncreased Rice Yield Table 12: Rice yield, different, 2006 (tons/ha) Province Spring season Summer season SRI Farmer Difference SRI Farmer Difference Yen Bai - - 6.8 6.5 4.6% Ha Tay 5.9 5.3 10.9% 5.8 5.1 13.7% Ha Nam - - - 6.5 6.0 8.3% Nam Dinh 7.5 7.3 2.7% 7.0 6.7 4.5% Ninh Binh 7.0 6.6 6.1% 6.6 5.1 29.4% Hung Yen 6.4 6.0 6.7% 6.0 5.0 20.0% Hai Duong 6.8 5.7 19.3% 6.8 5.6 21.4% Hai Phong - - - 6.3 5.2 21.1% Thai Binh 7.0 6.1 14.8% 6.9 6.3 30.2% Average 6.8 6.2 9.7% 6.5 5.7 14.0%
  27. 27. Economic EfficiencyEconomic Efficiency Table 13: Economic efficiency of SRI application Province Increase in profit between SRI and farmer fields (1000 VND) Spring season Summer season Average Ha Tay 3,598 3,185 3,391 Ha Nam - 2,587 2,587 Nam Dinh 782 1,736 1,259 Ninh Binh 2,301 2,527 2,414 Hung Yen 1,845 2,411 2,128 Hai Duong 1,804 2,339 2,071 Hai Phong - 2,611 2,611 Thai Binh 1,920 2,108 2,014 Average 2,042 2,438 2,240
  28. 28. Reduced Cost of ProductionReduced Cost of Production per kilogram pf paddyper kilogram pf paddy Table 14: Per kilogram cost of paddy production, different provinces (VND) Province Spring season Summer season SRI Farmer Difference SRI Farmer Difference Yen Bai - - - 772 1,016 244 Ha Tay 1,228 1,623 395 1,264 1,893 629 Ha Nam - - - 1,976 2,390 414 Nam Dinh 1,270 1,447 177 1,373 1,585 212 Ninh Binh 1,084 1,360 276 1,506 2,112 606 Hung Yen 1,178 1,578 400 1,466 2,349 883 Hai Duong 1,367 1,575 207 1,462 1,774 312 Hai Phong - - - 1,595 2,276 681 Thai Binh 1,307 1,904 597 1,402 2,103 701 Average 1,239 1,581 342 1,424 1,944 520
  29. 29. SRI Application andSRI Application and Water SavingWater Saving Summer seasons 2005 & 2006 Summer season 2008 Farmers saved about 30% of water volume Reduced irrigation cost by 33% to 40-50%
  30. 30. LimitationsLimitations • SRI irrigation management needs a strong collaboration among the community • Financial support for expansion is still limited • Organic manure resources are limited; need to make better use of straw and other biomass to reduce fertilizer need
  31. 31. Strategy:Strategy: • Strengthen collaboration with Cooperatives, Mass Organizations (Farmers’ Unions, Women’s Unions, Youth Unions…) for better support of farmer groups to develop SRI in their localities • Priority is given to women’s participation in the learning process to improve their knowledge and skills needed to identify problems and find solutions to solve problems.
  32. 32. Strategy:Strategy: • Diversify the communication work in order to disseminate and share better the experiences and achievements of SRI among communities and to advocate the policy support for SRI expansion • Build up the core farmers as resource persons in each commune • Study the potential and conditions for market access of SRI produce (higher quality)
  33. 33. • Develop weeding and aeration tools for local conditions, and improve their supply • Improve soil ecology: minimum tillage, inter-cropping with beans, adding green manure crop Strategy:Strategy:
  34. 34. Thank you for your attentionThank you for your attention
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