Introducing Kenyan Participation - Producing More with Less Input with SRI
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Introducing Kenyan Participation - Producing More with Less Input with SRI

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PowerPoint by Bancy Mati presented at the video conference "South-South Knowledge Sharing on Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices" at KDLC, Nairobi, on August 24, 2011.

PowerPoint by Bancy Mati presented at the video conference "South-South Knowledge Sharing on Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices" at KDLC, Nairobi, on August 24, 2011.

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  • 1. INTRODUCING KENYAN PARTICIPATION
    KDLC, Nairobi, 24th August 2011
    South-South Knowledge Sharing on
    Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices
    Producing More with Less Input through
    SRI – the System of Rice Intensification
    Prof. Bancy M. MatiSRI Projects Coordinator
  • 2. Kenyan Participants
    40 participants are here:
    Farmers from Mwea, Ahero, Bunyala & West Kano
    Researchers from JKUAT
    Government officials from the Ministry of Water & Irrigation, and the Ministry of Agriculture
    Regional/international organizations from World Bank
    Majority are adopters and practitioners of SRI
  • 3. Rice Production in Kenya
    Huge demand for rice – partly due to urbanization
    National consumption - 300,000 tons /year - increasing at 12% (4% for wheat, 1% for maize)
    Rice production - 45,000-80,000 tons /year
    Deficit is imported - Ksh.7 billion /year
    Rice - the most expensive grain in Kenya (retailing at Ksh.150-200 per kg)
    Rice to become main cereal food in Kenya
  • 4. Background to SRI efforts in Kenya
    SRI was introduced in Kenya at the Mwea Irrigation Scheme in July 2009
    Initial partners - JKUAT, NIB, AICAD, WB, WBI, MoA, MWI, KARI, Cornell University (of USA), Mwea Irrigation Scheme/MIAD, private sector, and farmers
    The first six months (July-Dec 2009) were funded by AICAD to test if SRI works in Mwea.
    Good results were obtained from two pioneer farmer trials,
    In Sept. 2009 and Jan. 2010, WBI organized two South-South knowledge sharing on SRI between India, Rwanda, Madagascar, Japan, and Kenya.
    Since April 2010, JKUAT Innovation Fund has been supporting a 3-year SRI research & capacity-building project in Mwea.
    From June 2011, NIB is supporting a six-month project to upscale SRI in 4 schemes, i.e. Ahero, West Kano, Bunyala & Mwea.
  • 5. Institutions and individuals supported SRI efforts
    Participants at 2nd SRI planning meeting on 18 August 2009
    Participants in 1st National SRI workshop 7 May 2010
  • 6. Activities Implemented
    Awareness-creation
    Scientific research on SRI (1 PhD, 3 MSc)
    Quantifying yields, economic returns, and water savings from SRI
    Assessing mosquito survival under SRI
    Capacity-building through workshops, field days, and invited trainers from India & Japan
    1,800 individuals trained on SRI so far
    Dissemination of SRI brochures, training notes, video conferences
  • 7. SRI research & farmer trials
    Measuring water input in a research plot
    Farmer SRI trials
    Mosquito trap in research plot
    9/1/2011
  • 8. Field days & open days for SRI training
    SRI field day in Mwea - 5 August 2010
    SRI field day in Mwea - 7December 2010
    SRI Open Day - 4 November 2010
    8
    8
    9/1/2011
    SRI field day (transplanting) -21 July 2011
  • 9. Up-scaling SRI in Ahero, West Kano & Bunyala
    Launching SRI in Ahero Scheme
    Launching SRI in West Kano Scheme
    Launching SRI in Bunyala Scheme
  • 10. Key findings – based on SRI farmer crop of Dec 2010
    Results show that SRI works in Mwea
    SRI yields 6.0 - 8.5 t/ha, compared to 5.0-6.0 t/ha under conventional local practice
    Net increase averaged 4.36 bags/acre (0.98 t/ha) - some farmers got 7 bags/acre more from SRI
    SRI rice is heavier, weighing 100-110 kg compared to the 85-90 kg using conventional method
    Net average incomes for SRI was KSh.98,605/acre (KSh.246,513/ha) compared to KSh.75,526/acre (KSh.188,815/ha) - 28% increase.
    Farmers use 5 kg/acre of seed for SRI compared to 25 kg conventional paddy
    Water savings were 25% less under SRI compared to conventional flooded paddy
  • 11. SRI Results have been good
    SRI fields in Mwea
    Harvesting SRI rice
  • 12. Training of Trainers for SRI Up-scaling in Kenya
    SRI ToT in class - combined for Ahero, Bunyala, West Kano and Mwea
    SRI ToT in the field combined with farmer exchange visit
  • 13. Challenges
    Mindset, skepticism, resistance
    Young, newly-transplanted SRI seedlings are vulnerable to bird damage
    A higher incidence of weeds with no flooding
    Crops not weeded with rotary weeders due to lack of proper weeders to date
    Rice blast (a disease) affected crop in 2010
    Some farmers are applying partial SRI principles
    Planting calendar at Mwea affected rice yields
    Shortage of extension workers to reach out to farmers
  • 14. Sharing Experiences on SRI
    SRI Field day in Mwea
    SRI ToT
    &
    Video Conference
  • 15. Lessons
    Scientific basis for adoption of SRI has been proven
    Aggressive awareness-creation and hands-on training has resulted in good adoption rates
    SRI message is now accepted in all 4 schemes
    There are many spin-off innovations, e.g., 3 local people have begun fabricating rotary weeders
    Farmer behaviour has changed – most use less water
    Private sector - interest by Numerical Machining Complex to support development of rotary weeders
    Government support – extending of SRI to Ahero, West Kano & Bunyala by NIB
  • 16. THANK YOU
    “Rice is nice….it is eaten with a spoon…” A nursery ryme
    I say, SRI rice is better… it is eaten with a smile……B. Mati
    16
    9/1/2011