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12108- Factors Affecting Sustained Adoption of SRI by Tribals in South Gujarat
 

12108- Factors Affecting Sustained Adoption of SRI by Tribals in South Gujarat

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Presented by: Niraj U. Joshi and R. Sukumar.

Presented by: Niraj U. Joshi and R. Sukumar.
For IWMI-Tata program
Date: November, 2012

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    12108- Factors Affecting Sustained Adoption of SRI by Tribals in South Gujarat 12108- Factors Affecting Sustained Adoption of SRI by Tribals in South Gujarat Presentation Transcript

    • Factors Affecting Sustained Adoption of SRIby Tribals in South Gujarat: An Investigation Niraj U. Joshi R. Sukumar
    • Programme AreaTribal South Gujarat Region - Netrang
    • SRI Norms promoted by AKRSP(I) • Transplantation age (10 - 14 days) • Maintaining spacing (25 cms X 25 cms) • Number of seedlings (one seedling per hill) • Water management (alternate drying and wetting) • Weeding (at least twice)
    • Efforts of AKRSP(I) in promoting SRI practices  Awareness campaigns (Jhumbesh Yatra)  Field-based trainings or demonstrations  Information dissemination through resource farmers and extension Vvolunteers  Exposure visits to immersion sites
    • Objectives of the study  To document factors affecting continued adoption of SRI  To assess if there is a particular sub-set of practices that farmers give up but retain others over the years  To understand how crop yield under SRI on the same plot behaves over years
    • Methodology  Population : Tribal farmers from Dediapada, Sagbara, Valia (Netrang) and Mandvi blocks who have undergone SRI practice at least once  Sampling method: A convenience-based stratified sampling was used where the farmers were stratified based on the following categories: rainfed, irrigated, as well as those who are continuing to adopt SRI, and those who dropped out.  Sample size : 331  Primary data collection : interview schedule  Interview period: mid-February to March 2012
    • Findings and data interpretationsClassification of sample farmers based on number of years theyhave been practicing SRI Doing SRI for Doing SRI less than 3 for 3 or years more years Type of Farmer (Disadopters) (Adopters) Total Large Farmer (LF) 5 4 9 Medium Farmer(MF) 4 6 10 Marginal Farmer (MGF) 102 105 207 Small Farmer(SF) 43 62 105 Grand Total 154 177 331 % of total 47% 53% 100.00 LF - Landholding more than 3.25 ha MF - Landholding more than 2 ha and less than 3.25 ha SF - Landholding more than 1 ha and less than 2 ha MGF - Landholding less than 1 ha
    • Findings and data interpretationsProfile of Adopters, Non-Adopters and DisadoptersCharacteristics Adopters Disadopters Irrigators Rainfed Irrigators RainfedSample Size 162 15 114 40Avg. Landholding (ha.) 1.13 0.86 0.97 1.07Avg. Cultivated Area 0.41 0.40 0.38 0.53(ha.)Avg. SRI Area (ha.) 0.41 0.40 0.29 0.29Avg. Conventional 0.39 0.30 0.46 0.70Paddy Area (ha.)Avg. Person-months of 1.88 1.00 1.39 1.53MigrationAvg. Age of 41.18 46.27 43.94 48.50RespondentAvg. Years of 4.59 4.80 5.81 4.45Education
    • Findings and data interpretationsPaddy Cultivation Practices and Yields Adopters Dis-AdoptersCharacteristics Irrigators Rainfed Irrigators RainfedSeed application (2 kgs/ac) 48.57 1.90 37.14 12.38(% following norms)Avg. seed application rate 4.83 7.22 5.85 7.99Spacing (% following norms) 55.49 2.89 34.68 6.94Transplanting age 61.22 6.12 28.57 4.08(% following norms)Avg. transplanting age 17.98 17.33 18.56 17.83Seedings per hill (% following 50.54 4.69 33.94 10.83norms)Avg. seedlings per hill 1.15 1.13 1.17 1.10Weeding (% following norms) 50.78 4.65 32.17 12.40Frequency of weeding 1.88 1.80 1.84 1.83Water management 69.12 0.74 29.41 0.74(% following norms)Avg. cash expenditure per Ha. 3657 2670 4224 2438Avg. paddy yield over the last 3 14.92 12.95 7.82 3.98years (in quintals/acre)
    • Findings and data interpretationsCombination of practices for adopters Combination of Practices Total Spacing Young TP AWD Seedling/hill Weeding 00000 4 00040 6 6 00005 5 5 10000 1 1 12000 1 1 1 10300 2 2 2 10040 5 5 5 10005 5 5 5 02040 1 1 1 00340 7 7 7 00305 2 2 2 00045 25 25 25 12040 1 1 1 1 10305 4 4 4 4 10045 20 20 20 20 02045 4 4 4 4 10340 4 4 4 4 00345 18 18 18 18 12340 2 2 2 2 2 10345 36 36 36 36 36 12045 4 4 4 4 4 02345 4 4 4 4 4 12345 16 16 16 16 16 16 Grand Total 177 101 33 95 153 143
    • Findings and data interpretationsMotivation for SRI Adoption Adopters DisadoptersCharacteristics Irrigators Rainfed Irrigators RainfedSample Size 162 15 114 40 Average ScoreMonetary incentive 1.84 2.07 1.72 1.30(Rs. 250)Higher production 4.37 4.40 4.07 2.88Lower expenditure 2.73 3.07 2.56 2.03Possible in rainfed 1.86 3.60 1.77 1.98conditions
    • Findings and data interpretationsConstraints in SRI Adoption Adopters Disadopters Characteristics Irrigators Rainfed Irrigators Rainfed Sample Size 162 15 114 40 Average Score Doubts on overall SRI technique 1.12 1.20 1.30 1.88 Difficulty in nursery bed preparation & transplantation (10-14 days 2.94 2.33 3.10 2.43 plants) Difficulty in managing the lines as well as spacing between plants 2.64 3.13 3.11 3.35 Labour shortages 3.28 2.60 3.49 3.33 Lack of technical support from the extension officer 1.94 1.93 2.23 2.33 Lack of timely availability of water for field preparation (monsoon) 2.85 4.00 3.04 3.50 Lack of awareness among the labors about transplantation technique 2.61 3.60 2.82 3.08
    • Recommendations Seed treatment should be ensured to increase the quality of seedlings To maintain the spacing , a wooden marker could be promoted within a group of five farmers to maintain the 25 cm X 25 cm spacing Although raised bed preparation is practiced, bed preparation could be phased in a gap of 3 – 4 days in three parts to maintain the transplantation period to 12 – 15 days and rule out the risk of delayed monsoon Cono-weeder to be promoted in groups to encourage weeding practices, which will ultimately also ensure to maintain proper spacing between the seedlings Promoting “amrut jal” for treatment of seeds and spraying, which could reduce pest attack and would also reduce the usage of chemical fertilizers