Vision and MissionTo enable Indonesia to become the largest organic rice-producing country in the world by year 20201. To develop agriculture to be environmental-friendly by empowering farmers and drawing on local knowledge2. To conduct research, to provide agribusiness consultancy, and to speed up and improve the development of organic SRI through better processing and marketing
Our Earth is Heating1. Burning paddy straw after harvest2. Over-use of chemical pesticides and chemical fertilizer3. Flooding of paddy fields
1. Our earth is in critical conditionToo much use of chemical fertilizer will causedeclining productivity and less fertility of soil Continuously using chemical fertilizer and chemical pesticide The soil becomes hard, compacted, sticky, and difficult to work during soil preparation and it has less water-holding capacity
2. Water becoming scarceWater resources are becoming scarce Source DPKLTS 2004 Very , Very Critical Very Critical Critical Less Critical Not Critical
3. Global warmingBURNING PADDY STRAW AFTER HARVEST
4. Over used of Pesticide Impacts PESTICIDE ....!!!!! PESTS Environmental pollutionKilling of non-target insects Reduced biological diversity Pests become resistantArising of secondary pests UREA, TSP, KCL Explosion of pests Worse human health
5. Declining of Production IMPACT OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZER & PESTICIDE ON RICE PRODUCTIONCondition Chemical Fertilizer Production Pesticides Pests 0 < 1970 1970 - 1990 1990 –Present –
Advantages of Organic SRI Environmentally friendly Saving of water Saving of seed Recycle organic wasteADVANTAGES OFOrganic SRI Improve soil fertilty Apply local wisdom Products free of agrochemical residue High yield Better price
System of Rice Intensification Organic SRI 2006: First SRI trial was carried out at locations in Eastern Bhutan -- both at farmer’s field and research centre, at 1600-2000 masl Showed better crop performance. 63 tillers
System of Rice Intensification Organic SRI RootManagement SRI NON SRI Roots Roots Soil preparation through holistic way NON SRI SRI
Principles of Organic SRIa. Young seedlings between 7-10 days old (with just two leaves) are planted singly and shallow, at spacing of 25 x 25 cm or widerb. Soil should be kept moist, with alternate flooding and draining irrigation, but with no continuously standing water on fieldc. Weeding should be conducted several times, starting at 10 days after transplanting, and repeated 3 times in 10-day intervals is possible
SRI – Organic Cultivation 1. Land PreparationTo obtain a good rice growth with SRI-Organic, land preparationshould be made by plowing 25-30 cm deep, using organic fertilizerwhen processing the soil, with use of compost and MOL 5-7 ton/ha depends on soil fertility
SRI – Organic Cultivation 2. ChannelsOne or more channels should be dug across the field to drain off excess water
SRI – Organic Cultivation 3. Seed SelectionSeed test to obtain the best quality seed Egg Prepare salt solution in a bucket When egg floats . . . Salt Water Put seed into solution Separate the floating seeds Wash the good quality seed Use good seeds at bottom with plain water
SRI – Organic Cultivation 4. Paddy Nursery NURSERY Nursery is to be prepared using trays and/or in the field to facilitate planting. The following steps are made under the SRI method: 1. Soil and organic fertilizer are to be mixed with a ratio of 1 : 1 2. Before filling the tray with soil, the soil is pre-mixed wih organic fertilizer and should be layered with banana leaves in order to facilitate easy uprooting and to maintain soil humidity. Afterward, the soil is to be filled and watered to make it humid 3. The dried seeds are put on the soil-filled tray 4. After spreading the seeds, they are covered with a thin layer of soil. 5. Tray should be placed safe, away from chickens or other animals 6. Watering is to be done each day to keep the soil medium humid and the plants fresh.
SRI – Organic Cultivation 5.a. MarkingMARKINGPrior to planting, marking of the field is done using a device in order to establish plantinggrids to facilitate even spacing. Rake-maker or roller-maker functions as a ‘ruler’ withcertain distances, such as 30 x 30 cm, or 25 x 25 cm, or some other spacing. Grids are ;laidout for the field’s length and width. Each meeting point of the rows will be where eachseedling is to be planted.
SRI – Organic Cultivation 5.b. SRI Method PlantingPlanting under the SRI method is done using the following steps: 1. Seedlings must be of young age -- 7–10 days after seeding in tray or nursery, when they have only 2 leaves. 2. Each seedling must be planted singly in one hill 3. Seedlings are planted shallow, and their roots are placed in the soil in an L shape, and planting is done when the soil is not submerged in water Plant Spacing 25 CM x 25 CM Plant Spacing 30 CM x 30 CM
SRI – Organic Cultivation 6. Organic FertilizerLocal micro-organisms (indigenous microorganisms) should be used, referred to as MOL,applied by spraying. The treatments consist of : 1. First spraying at 10 days after transplanting, using MOL solution @ 30 liter/Ha 2. Then spray MOL 30 L/Ha 8 times after every 10-day interval.
SRI – Organic Cultivation 7. Watering Pengelolaan Air SRI-Jabar FloodingGenangan (mm)25.0 Weeding Penyiangan dengan Gasrok20.015.010.0 Macak-macak Pengeringan 5.0 Macak-macak 0.0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 Awal Vegetatif-Anakan Pembungaan Pengisian Bulir - Masak Pematangan Susu HST dan Tahap Pertumbuhan At least 4 times weeding before the canopy closes, starting every ten days after transplanting (at days 10, 20, 30 and 40); watering of the paddy field is to be done intermittently, or flood and drain irrigation
SRI – Organic Cultivation 8. WeedingThe purpose of weeding is notonly to get rid of weeds but also toloosen the soil in order to keep thesoil aerated and fertile. The plantcan get more nutrients by sprayingliquid fertilizer after weeding.Besides uprooting weeds andgrasses, weeding will cultivate thesoil around the paddy plant.Weeding is done 4 times, every 10-day interval after transplanting.
SRI – Organic Cultivation 9. Pest Control Pest Control by using Bio - Pesticide Bio–pesticides can be made from cow urine, tobacco leaves, garlic, berenuk fruit, mahogany fruit, etc. The usage of bio–pesticide is for when the pests cannot be controlled. SEMBUNG BERENUK( Blumea B. L ) ( Crescentia C )