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1022 Conservation Agriculture Project
 

1022 Conservation Agriculture Project

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Presented at: Workshop on the System of Rice Intensification, Exchanging Experience in China

Presented at: Workshop on the System of Rice Intensification, Exchanging Experience in China

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    1022 Conservation Agriculture Project 1022 Conservation Agriculture Project Presentation Transcript

    • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
    •  
    •  
      • MCC involvement began in 1995
      • So far, over $15 million US in food and other material resources has been provided
      • Four main areas of involvement:
      • Humanitarian assistance
      • Sustainable agriculture
      • Advocacy
      • Assisting other organizations with English training
      • Food and greenhouses to tuberculosis hospitals and rest homes
      • Soybeans, soymilk makers, and other materials to orphanages
      • Continuing agricultural partnerships
      • Discussions began in 2008, MOU signed with DPRK in April 2009
      • MCC NE Asia Project has office in Beijing
      • James Frey, MCC Project Officer, works from Beijing, traveling to DPRK 3-4 times per year
      • Partners are DPRK Ministry of Agriculture and 3 cooperative farms
      • Three cooperative farms are collaborating
      • in project (all located south of Pyongyang)
      Combined area of 2,987 hectares (7,378 acres) All farms are growing rice One farm devotes 80% of its cropland to rice production
      • Soils in area are:
      • Eroded
      • Highly acidic
      • Low in carbon
      • Some causes:
      • Excessive tillage
      • Excessive fertilizer application
      • Continual removal of plant matter
      • Project goals are to:
      • Reduce tillage
        • Conservation tillage
        • Specialized seeder
      • Improve soil fertility
        • By using green manures (mixture of hairy vetch & rye seed)
        • Timely (slow) release of nutrients in soil
      • Increase plant residues left on field
        • For better retention of moisture and nutrients
        • To improve soil ecology
      • No-till seeders:
      • Minimize soil disturbance
      • Ease labor constraints
      • Increase precision
      • No-till seeders:
      • Used for most crops…
      • … but probably not suitable for rice.
      • There are good reasons
      • why farmers till!
      • Weeds are a major constraint
      • Project also provided:
      • 60 hp tractors
      • Fertilizer
      • Green manure seeds
      • Inoculant for seeds
      • Backpack sprayers
      • Herbicide
      • Opportunities for SRI:
      • Rice is an important crop on project farms
      • Using fewer plants/m 2 means using less seed
      • SRI is in line with overall project goals of managing soil fertility
      • Labour is a big constraint
      • Provide training along with all equipment and inputs
      • Develop participant understanding of conservation agriculture through workshops and training sessions
      • Provide expertise in
      • areas relevant to the
      • project, including:
      • Agronomy
      • Horticulture
      • Animal husbandry
      • Expertise provided through
      • short-term agronomists
      • Commitment to engage with partners, even when larger forces appear at odds
      • Fulfill MCC’s mission to show the love of Christ in the world
      • Down in the dirt:
      • Work together to break down barriers
      • Acknowledge our differences
      • Discover our similarities
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    • Thank You !