1022 Conservation Agriculture Project


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Presented at: Workshop on the System of Rice Intensification, Exchanging Experience in China

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1022 Conservation Agriculture Project

  1. 1. Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  2. 4. <ul><li>MCC involvement began in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>So far, over $15 million US in food and other material resources has been provided </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Four main areas of involvement: </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Assisting other organizations with English training </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Food and greenhouses to tuberculosis hospitals and rest homes </li></ul><ul><li>Soybeans, soymilk makers, and other materials to orphanages </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing agricultural partnerships </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Discussions began in 2008, MOU signed with DPRK in April 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>MCC NE Asia Project has office in Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>James Frey, MCC Project Officer, works from Beijing, traveling to DPRK 3-4 times per year </li></ul><ul><li>Partners are DPRK Ministry of Agriculture and 3 cooperative farms </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Three cooperative farms are collaborating </li></ul><ul><li>in project (all located south of Pyongyang) </li></ul>Combined area of 2,987 hectares (7,378 acres) All farms are growing rice One farm devotes 80% of its cropland to rice production
  7. 9. <ul><li>Soils in area are: </li></ul><ul><li>Eroded </li></ul><ul><li>Highly acidic </li></ul><ul><li>Low in carbon </li></ul><ul><li>Some causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive tillage </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive fertilizer application </li></ul><ul><li>Continual removal of plant matter </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Project goals are to: </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce tillage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation tillage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialized seeder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improve soil fertility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By using green manures (mixture of hairy vetch & rye seed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timely (slow) release of nutrients in soil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase plant residues left on field </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For better retention of moisture and nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To improve soil ecology </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>No-till seeders: </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize soil disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Ease labor constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Increase precision </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>No-till seeders: </li></ul><ul><li>Used for most crops… </li></ul><ul><li>… but probably not suitable for rice. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>There are good reasons </li></ul><ul><li>why farmers till! </li></ul><ul><li>Weeds are a major constraint </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Project also provided: </li></ul><ul><li>60 hp tractors </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Green manure seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Inoculant for seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Backpack sprayers </li></ul><ul><li>Herbicide </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Opportunities for SRI: </li></ul><ul><li>Rice is an important crop on project farms </li></ul><ul><li>Using fewer plants/m 2 means using less seed </li></ul><ul><li>SRI is in line with overall project goals of managing soil fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Labour is a big constraint </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Provide training along with all equipment and inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Develop participant understanding of conservation agriculture through workshops and training sessions </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Provide expertise in </li></ul><ul><li>areas relevant to the </li></ul><ul><li>project, including: </li></ul><ul><li>Agronomy </li></ul><ul><li>Horticulture </li></ul><ul><li>Animal husbandry </li></ul><ul><li>Expertise provided through </li></ul><ul><li>short-term agronomists </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Commitment to engage with partners, even when larger forces appear at odds </li></ul><ul><li>Fulfill MCC’s mission to show the love of Christ in the world </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Down in the dirt: </li></ul><ul><li>Work together to break down barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge our differences </li></ul><ul><li>Discover our similarities </li></ul>
  18. 22. Thank You !