DPRK Agriculture Program:SRI Project in four local farms<br />Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK<b...
Brief history of AFSC agricultural development work in DPRK<br />1990-2000 <br />Humanitarian assistance <br />2000-2007<b...
The new program cycle of agricultural development approaches in DPRK <br />Three focuses:<br />- Cultivation methods - ric...
Cultivation methods - rice and corn<br />Based on each farm’s situation, specific location, crop, labor force, natural and...
Seed breeding and generation advancement<br />Address one of the fundamental issues of low food production in a poor count...
Soil fertility<br />Address long-term agriculture and environment sustainability issues to find ways to gradually improve ...
First element: address immediate need for increase food production at farm level<br /> Evaluate changes in cultivation met...
Reasons and processes for the original introduction of SRI to farms<br />- Ease shortage of labor and resources at plantin...
Introducing of tray seeding bed method<br />
Tiller effect of new cultivation method<br />
In 2009, total experimental area in the four farms was up 250 hectares<br />
Different transplanting spacing experiments<br />
Seed: Pyong Do 11Seeding date: 		April 30     		April 21Transplanted 		June 5           	June 6                           ...
Visiting the experimental fields<br />
Comparison of the effects of conventional and new cultivation methods on rice plants<br />
Color differences between rice seedlings in the experimental field: new on the left---conventional on the right<br />
Some improvement<br />
Average increase of 0.5 t to 1 t per hectare on 250 hectares of experimental fields  <br />
Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues that we are facing<br />- Better scientific experimental design for the ...
                  Thank you<br />American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)<br />Wuna Reilly<br />China and DPRK Country Re...
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1006 DPRK Agriculture Program: SRI Project in four local farms

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Presented by: Wuna Reilly, China and DPRK Country Representative, American Friends Service Committee

Presented at: Workshop on the System of Rice Intensification, Exchanging Experience in China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and Internationally
Held February 28-March 2, 2010, in Hangzhou, China

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1006 DPRK Agriculture Program: SRI Project in four local farms

  1. 1. DPRK Agriculture Program:SRI Project in four local farms<br />Brief history of AFSC agriculture development work in DPRK<br />New program cycle of agricultural development approach in DPRK <br />Farm experience with SRI practices and initial reports<br />Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues we are facing<br />
  2. 2. Brief history of AFSC agricultural development work in DPRK<br />1990-2000 <br />Humanitarian assistance <br />2000-2007<br />Focus on agricultural development- soil fertility, with winter cover crop and forage<br />2007-present<br />Improvement in cultivation methods - rice and corn, tackle shortfalls in production issue and structural challenges <br />Seed breeding and generation advancement - tackle long-term production bottlenecks <br />Soil fertility - address long-term agricultural needs and environment sustainability <br />
  3. 3. The new program cycle of agricultural development approaches in DPRK <br />Three focuses:<br />- Cultivation methods - rice and corn <br />- Seed breeding and generation advancement<br />- Soil fertility<br />
  4. 4. Cultivation methods - rice and corn<br />Based on each farm’s situation, specific location, crop, labor force, natural and economic condition, address immediate needs of increased food production<br />Results: By 2009, 250 hectares of rice paddy in experiments with the new cultivation methods. Average yield increases of 0.5 t to 1 t per hectare<br />
  5. 5. Seed breeding and generation advancement<br />Address one of the fundamental issues of low food production in a poor country which is lack of knowledge and means to have appropriate policy and research opportunities for producing better crop seeds <br />Results: three new rice varieties have been released; positive results from DPRK-based exchange programs with other institutions in Southeast Asia <br />
  6. 6. Soil fertility<br />Address long-term agriculture and environment sustainability issues to find ways to gradually improve soil fertility, with changes in conventional agricultural practice and systematic structure <br />Result: Extremely difficult to find sustainable solutions. Initial findings need more test.<br />
  7. 7. First element: address immediate need for increase food production at farm level<br /> Evaluate changes in cultivation methods on the farm for rice cultivation<br />Farm experience with SRI and initial reports: see pictures below<br />
  8. 8. Reasons and processes for the original introduction of SRI to farms<br />- Ease shortage of labor and resources at planting period, and at the some time, increase crop yield and, if possible, soil fertility. <br />-Establish experimental stages for gradual introduction of new production methods:<br /> 1) Seeding <br /> 2) Transplanting <br /> 3) Water management<br /> 4) Other related issues.<br />
  9. 9. Introducing of tray seeding bed method<br />
  10. 10. Tiller effect of new cultivation method<br />
  11. 11. In 2009, total experimental area in the four farms was up 250 hectares<br />
  12. 12. Different transplanting spacing experiments<br />
  13. 13. Seed: Pyong Do 11Seeding date: April 30 April 21Transplanted June 5 June 6 Tillers/ pyong 380 310 As of June 24, 640 440 Seed: Pyong Do 15Seeding date: April 30 April 21Transplanted June 5 June 6Tillers/pyong 360 300As of June 24 560 520<br />
  14. 14. Visiting the experimental fields<br />
  15. 15. Comparison of the effects of conventional and new cultivation methods on rice plants<br />
  16. 16. Color differences between rice seedlings in the experimental field: new on the left---conventional on the right<br />
  17. 17. Some improvement<br />
  18. 18. Average increase of 0.5 t to 1 t per hectare on 250 hectares of experimental fields <br />
  19. 19. Next stage of focus on SRI and some of the issues that we are facing<br />- Better scientific experimental design for the on-farm trials for finding the best combination of methods in each location <br />-More experiments on different transplanting densities<br />-Look into the possibilities of more efficient water management and ways of weed control<br />-Look into ways to increase the soil biomass<br />-Expand the experiment fields in more farms <br />
  20. 20. Thank you<br />American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)<br />Wuna Reilly<br />China and DPRK Country Representative<br />

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