Photos from Oct. 2009 visit to SRI field in Tamil Nadu, India (by Mei Xie, WBI)<br />SRI was piloted from 2000-2004 by TN ...
Manual transplanting and manual weeding with conoweeder are used by most farmers<br />Female labor does  most  of the tran...
Conoweeder – easily made by locals, easy to use<br />Disassembled conoweeder;design to be sent to Kenya farmers/MIAD<br />
Mechanized transplanting and weeding were tried this season – expect to have major breakthrough in labor saving. Expect th...
Extension Support by TN Agriculture University<br />SRI field<br />Over 300 Master degree students got posted in villages ...
SRI roots more developed than traditionally grown paddy <br />SRI<br />Non-SRI<br />Field Comparison<br />
Allow soils to crack before irrigating again<br />
Green manure planted 30 days prior to paddy field preparation – as organic fertilizer<br />Dan ji  - a kind of legume  -  ...
Nursery<br />Smaller nursery bed s are needed, and are next to the field – convenient to farmers<br />14-day seedlings asr...
Farmers ‘ reaction to SRI<br />When asked in the field “Who are using SRI?”  many hands were up<br />This farmer  had comp...
Harvesting – Witnessed measuring paddy yields – SRI 2 tons higher in yield than conventional paddy<br />
TNAU is studying reduction of GHG release by SRI field – over 20% reduction by SRI compared to conventional rice fields – ...
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0944 World Bank Institute: Photos from Oct. 2009 visit to SRI field in Tamil Nadu, India

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0944 World Bank Institute: Photos from Oct. 2009 visit to SRI field in Tamil Nadu, India

  1. 1. Photos from Oct. 2009 visit to SRI field in Tamil Nadu, India (by Mei Xie, WBI)<br />SRI was piloted from 2000-2004 by TN University of Agriculture – a leading agriculture institute in India<br />After successful trials by TNAU, it was included in WB project from 2006 to now. Many farmers have now tried 4-5 seasons of SRI. Liked it much. Results were impressive – over 30% water saving, with 30-60% or even more increase in yields, and labor saving.<br />Local governments give strong support, with scientific and research back-up from TN agricultural university<br />Now over 500,000 ha under SRI management in the state. Still expanding<br />
  2. 2. Manual transplanting and manual weeding with conoweeder are used by most farmers<br />Female labor does most of the transplanting, using thread with knots to mark the field – not accurately square however<br />
  3. 3. Conoweeder – easily made by locals, easy to use<br />Disassembled conoweeder;design to be sent to Kenya farmers/MIAD<br />
  4. 4. Mechanized transplanting and weeding were tried this season – expect to have major breakthrough in labor saving. Expect this to spread fast among farmers<br />Developed by private sector who got contract from WB project. Transplanting machine modified from China imported transplanter<br />Weeder also was developed by private sector. It is liked by farmers.<br />
  5. 5. Extension Support by TN Agriculture University<br />SRI field<br />Over 300 Master degree students got posted in villages for 3 yrs to help disseminate SRI<br />
  6. 6. SRI roots more developed than traditionally grown paddy <br />SRI<br />Non-SRI<br />Field Comparison<br />
  7. 7. Allow soils to crack before irrigating again<br />
  8. 8. Green manure planted 30 days prior to paddy field preparation – as organic fertilizer<br />Dan ji - a kind of legume - <br />shown by Dr. Ravi of TNUA <br />Plough back into field as excellent green manure, reduce chemical fertilizer use<br />
  9. 9. Nursery<br />Smaller nursery bed s are needed, and are next to the field – convenient to farmers<br />14-day seedlings asresuggested in Tamil Nadu. Younger ones can result in higher yields, but are more difficult for farmers to handle during transplanting<br />
  10. 10. Farmers ‘ reaction to SRI<br />When asked in the field “Who are using SRI?” many hands were up<br />This farmer had composed a song for SRI – telling others how to transplant, how to weed, and how to water ….<br />
  11. 11. Harvesting – Witnessed measuring paddy yields – SRI 2 tons higher in yield than conventional paddy<br />
  12. 12. TNAU is studying reduction of GHG release by SRI field – over 20% reduction by SRI compared to conventional rice fields – results to come out soon<br />

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