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0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World
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0940 Recent Developments in Teff, Ethiopia's Most Important Cereal and Gift to the World

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Presenter: Tareke Berhe …

Presenter: Tareke Berhe

CIIFAD Forum Seminar

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • 1. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN TEFF, ETHIOPIA’S MOST IMPORTANT CEREAL AND GIFT TO THE WORLD
    TarekeBerhe ( Ph. D )
    t.berhe@vip.cgnet.com
    CIIFAD Forum Seminar, July 23, 2009
  • 2. OUTLINE
    I. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF TEFF
    II. DIETARY IMPORTANCE OF TEFF
    III. PRODUCTION DIFFICULTIES OF TEFF
    IV. UNEXPLOITED POTENTIALS & RECENT
    DEVELOPMENTS
    V. WHAT NEXT?
  • 3. I. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF TEFF
  • 4. TEFF: THE MOST IMPORTANT STAPLE FOOD CROP OF ETHIOPIA
    IN ETHIOPIA ALONE:
    • Over 2.5 metric tons of grain produced/year
    • 5. Staple food for over 50 million people
  • TEFF IS THE MAJOR CEREALOF ETHIOPIA COVERING OVER 2.5 MILLION HECTARES/YEAR
  • 6. TEFF OCCUPIES A LARGE PLACE IN THE GRAIN MARKET
    Current price of teff grain in Ethiopia = $700-1000/ton
    Current price of teff flour in the USA = $2,990/ton
  • 7. II. NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF TEFF
  • 8. MERITS OF TEFF
    • WIDE ADAPTATION: Grows in range of altitudes, temperatures, soils, water regimes = significant tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses
    • 9. MINIMAL STORAGE PROBLEMS
    • 10. FOOD SECURITY CROP FOR ETHIOPIAN FARMERS
    • 11. VERY NUTRITIOUS: high in Fe, Ca, and lysine with good balance of amino acids
    • 12. NO GLUTEN, LOW GLYCEMIC INDEX: Being developed as a health food in Europe and USA
  • TEFF ENJARA: ETHIOPIANS’ DAILY BREAD
  • 13. TEFF STRAW IS A COMMERCIAL PRODUCT: Livestock Feed and for Construction
  • 14. III. PRODUCTION CONSTRAINTS OF TEFF
  • 15. PROBLEM # 1 IN TEFF
    • LOW YIELD
    ETHIOPIA: National ave. = < 1ton/hectare
    Maximum yield = 2.5 tons/ha
    2. Holland and USA (Idaho): 1.3 – 2.5 tons/ha
  • 16. MAIN CAUSES
    • LODGING DUE TO HIGH
    PLANTING DENSITY
    • 25-50 LBS/ACRE IN ETHIOPIA VS. 2.5 -3.0 LBS/ACRE IN EUROPE AND USA
    • 17. LONG PEDUNCLE
    • 18. TEFF RUST (Uromyces sp.)
  • PROBLEM # 2CULTURAL PRACTICES: All Manual– Labor Intensive
    LAND PREPARATION
    WEED CONTROL
    HARVESTING
    THRESHING
  • 19. PROBLEM # 3: Politics
    RESTRICTIONS ON MATERIAL TRANSFER
    OPPOSITION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY
    LOW INVESTMENT BY GOVERNMENT
  • 20. INNOVATIVE APPROACHES/TOOLS/TECHNIQUES UNDER TEST
    REDUCTION OF PLANT DENSITY
    USE OF TRANSPLANTING TECHNIQUES
    USE OF IRRIGATION FOR OFF-SEASON CROP
    USE OF MORE COMPLETE FERTILIZERS WITH MICRONUTRIENTS
    USE OF CONVENTIONAL & NON–CONVENTIONAL (GYNOGENESIS) BREEDING TO SPEED UP VARIETY DEVELOPMENT
  • 21. IV. UNEXPLOITED POTENTIALS
    • AGRONOMY– System of Teff Intensification ( STI )
    • 22. BREEDING – Conventional and Non-Conventional
    • 23. MECHANIZATION: Planting, Harvesting, Threshing
    • 24. UTILIZATION: Cereal Mixtures (e.g., rice or grain amaranth) to Reduce Pressure on Teff
  • TAREKE BERHE, 1979, SCOTTS BLUFF, NE
    HAILU TEFERRA
    2000, DZ, ETHIOPIA
  • 25. SPACE IN PLANTING AND IN ROWS, DEBRE ZEIT, 2008
  • 26. HIGH-TILLERING TRAIT IN TEFF WHEN TRANSPLANTED WITH WIDER SPACING
  • 27. FIRST TRIALS, 2008 –Duplication of Earlier Findings
    YIFRU ( 1998 )
    M. Sc. THESIS
    Reported yield of 4-5 tons/ha for
    non-lodged teff
    vs.
    2-3 t/ha for lodged teff
  • 28. SECOND TRIALS, 2009COMPOUND FERTILIZER + SPACINGVariety: DZ-01-974 (3 replications I-III)
    * YIELD LEVELS NEVER REPORTED BEFORE
  • 29. PELLETING DAP PROVED EASIER THAN PELLETING TEFF SEEDS
  • 30. TEFF FERTILIZER POT EXPERIMENTS
  • 31. IRRIGATED TEFF: OFF-SEASON
  • 32.
  • 33. NEW TOOL: GYNOGENESIS
  • 34. GOOD GYNO GENOTYPES NOTED IN THE FIELD
  • 35. GYNO TEFF EXPERIMENTS - DEBRE ZEIT, 2009
  • 36. MECHANIZATION
  • 37. UTILIZATION & COMPANION CROPS
    GRAIN AMARANTHE
    NERICA RICE
  • 38. COMPANION CROPS CAN BE MIXED WITH TEFF TO MAKE ENJARA
  • 39. V. WHAT NEXT?
    POSSIBLE DONORS
    • McKnight Foundation
    • 40. Rockefeller Foundation
    • 41. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
    • 42. AGRA
    • 43. Sasakawa African Assoc.
    • 44. PUT ALL PROMISING TECHNOLOGIES TO WORK
    • 45. FULL TIME IN ETHIOPIA
    • 46. FULL TIME IN USA
    • 47. ETHIOPIA:USA – 50:50
  • BON APPETIT TO EVERYONE
    THE END

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