0884 Experiences of Smt. Meena Devi. District: Rudryaprayag, Uttarakhand

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State Level Workshop on 'Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand'

State Level Workshop on 'Promoting SRI Paddy Cultivation for Achieving Food Security in Uttarakhand'

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  • 1. EXPERIENCES OF Smt. MEENA DEVI District: Rudryaprayag, Uttarakhand
  • 2. Name : Smt. Meena Devi Age : 38 Years Education : 8 th Pass Village : Pathuli District : Rudryaprayag Family members : 4 Primary occupation : Agriculture Total agriculture land : 0.44 ha (22 Nali) Extent of paddy land : 0.26 ha (13 Nali) Water source : Irrigation canal (kuhl) Profile
  • 3. SRI Adoption - Variations Practices Conventional Method S.R.I Nursery size & seed requirement Size - 30m x 45m Seed - 2 kg/nali Size - 3m x 3m Seed - 250 gm/nali Field preparation Marker not used , and 4-6 persons are required during field preparation Marker used, and 1-2 persons are required during field preparation Transplantation No fixed spacing 10” x 10” (10 day-old seedlings are transplanted) Weeding Manual Weeder used three times Water management 4” to 6” water applied throughout Application of 1” to 1-1/2” water, rest drained Fertilizers/manure 240 kg fertilizer Panchgavya (255 gm), amrit ghol (1 l), Matka khad (4 l)
  • 4. Upscaling SRI Perceived Benefits
    • Less seed and water
    • Saving in time & human resources
    • Grain production double that of conventional method
    • Green fodder production 1.5 times more
    • Organic produce
    Parameters 2007 2008 SRI area 0.4 Nali (0.008 ha) 1.1 Nali (0.022 ha) Variety China Bara China Bara Grain yield 75 kg/ nali (37.5 Q/ha) 62.5 kg/ nali (31.25 Q/ha)
  • 5. Comparative Results Parameter Conventional S.R.I Total number of tillers 11 24 Ave. plant height (cm) 98 123 Productive tillers 10 24 Ave. panicle length (cm) 18 23 No. of grains/panicle 90 145 Total output of grain 70 kg/nali (3.5 t/ha) 144 kg/nali (7.2 t/ha) Total output of straw 100 kg/nali (5.0 t/ha) 160 kg/nali (8.0 t/ha) Cost of cultivation (Rs.) Rs. 465/nali (Rs. 23,250/ha) Rs. 272/nali (Rs. 13,600/ha)
  • 6. SRI - Constraints & Lessons
    • A. CONSTRAINTS
    • Water management in terraced and sloping land
    • Difficulty in marker and weeder use in the first year
    • Water shortage during milking stage
    • LESSONS
    • Timely operations need to be undertaken
    • Mindset of farmers needs to be changed
    • Adequate numbers of equipment are required
  • 7. Suggestions
    • Incentives required in the form of weeders and markers
    • Sustained awareness building and capacity building required
    • Assured irrigation required during transplanting & milking stage
  • 8. THANK YOU