0845 Sharing of SRI Experience in Punjab

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Presenter: Kapil Behal

Audience: 3rd National SRI Symposium,
TNAU, Coimbatore, India

Subject Country: India

Published in: Technology, Travel, Business
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0845 Sharing of SRI Experience in Punjab

  1. 1. Sharing of SRI Experience in Punjab <ul><li>Presented by </li></ul><ul><li>Kapil Behal s/o Keshav Behal </li></ul><ul><li>V&PO Hayatnagar </li></ul><ul><li>District: Gurdaspur, Punjab 143521 </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile: +9198 7700 0403 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: kapil.mintu@gmail.com </li></ul><ul><li>Under the guidance of </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Amrik Singh, Deputy Project Director, ATMA, Gurdaspur </li></ul>From powerpoint presentation to 3 rd National SRI Symposium, TNAU, Coimbatore, Dec. 1-3, 2008
  2. 9. FARMER: KAPIL BEHAR HAYATNAGAR VILLAGE, GURDASPUR KHARIF 2008-09 AREA UNDER SRI: 1 ACRE VARIETY: PHB-71 Dr Amrik Singh 08/04/09 Parameter Farmer method SRI Date of nursery sowing 25/5/2008 25/5/2008 Date of transplanting 3/7/2008 6/6/2008 Date of harvesting 25/10/2008 13/10/2008 Weed control 1.2 ltr Butachlor 3 x use of conoweeder Farmyard manure (FYM) Nil 4 tons Fertilizer (Urea kg/acre) 110 kg 65 kg Productive tillers/m 2 307 395 No. of grains/panicle 385 415 Grains wt./panicle (g) 3.65 7.35 Length of panicle (cm) 29.70 31.12 Chaffy grain (%) 26 21 No. of plants/m 2 18 16 Grain yield (t/ha) 7.7 9.8 Duration (days) 139 136 No. of irrigations 25 (5 cm depth, standing water) 13 (2.5 cm depth – alt. drying and wetting)
  3. 10. Performance of SRI (Kharif 2008-09) Parameter PAU-201 PUSA-1121 Punjab Basmati No. 2 Non- SRI SRI Non- SRI SRI Non- SRI SRI No. of plants per m 2 19 16 20 16 18 16 No. of panicles per m 2 279 325 244 321 239 294 No. of grains per panicle 275 321 170 187 167 181 Wt. of 1000 grains (g) 30.1 32.2 30.3 35.7 28 28.1 Yield per 25 m 2 (kgs) 19.2 23.7 14.3 15.1 12 12.7
  4. 11. Benefits of SRI Seed requirement 75% less Water requirement 45-50 % less with greater resistance to water stress Fertilizer requirement 25%-40% less Head rice recovery 71-74% Maturity period Uniform Duration 8-10 days less Yield 20%-25% more Root systems and tillering Strong & profuse, resulting in lodging resistance Pest & disease management Development of resistance against foot rot in basmati rice Soil health Increase in microbiological activities Quality of grain Better
  5. 12. Dr Amrik Singh 08/04/09 Saving of Water for Irrigation Method of Cultivation No. of irrigations per acre Time to irrigate one acre Saving of water under SRI Conventional methods 26 4 hours (5 cm) 45-50 % SRI 14 2.15 hours (2.5 cm intermittent drying and wetting) <ul><li>If we apply SRI method of rice cultivation in 26 lakh hectare area of rice in Punjab, then it is estimated that 50% water and electricity can be saved. </li></ul>
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