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0842 World Vision Lanka Experience with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)  at the Grassroot Level
 

0842 World Vision Lanka Experience with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) at the Grassroot Level

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Presenter: Sudesh N. Rodrigo

Presenter: Sudesh N. Rodrigo

Institution: World Vision Lanka
Monaragala District Thanamalwila AGA Division

Subject Country: SriLanka

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    0842 World Vision Lanka Experience with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)  at the Grassroot Level 0842 World Vision Lanka Experience with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) at the Grassroot Level Presentation Transcript

    • World Vision Lanka Experience with the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) at the Grassroot Level by Sudesh N. Rodrigo Programme Manager, World Vision Lanka Willuwa ADP 17.03.2008
    •  
    • “ Thambapanni sarabumi”
      • World Vision Lanka’s Wanathawilluwa & Karuwalagaswewa Area Development Programme (Willuwa ADP) has focused its operations since 1997 in Wanathawilluwa & Karuwalagaswewa DS Divisions in Puttalam District, SriLanka
      • Willuwa Economic development project
      • The “Thambapanni sarabumi” programme aims to uplift the livelihoods of 3,000 families throughout the area within a 3-year period.
    • “ Thambapanni sarabumi” Cont…..
      • Until 2007 Yala season, all farmers have been using conventional methods of paddy farming relying on irrigation water.
      • By focus group discussions and mid-term project evaluation, we found that economic and social gains from such kind of endeavors created low profit margin for farmers, and farmers cultivated paddy mostly for their household consumption.
    •  
    • Table 2: Total Production and Productivity of SRI (Maha 2006 & Maha 2007) District Location/DS Division Total production Obtained (Kgs) Productivity obtained (Kgs/acre) Farmgate price obtained (Rs/Kg) Total value generated or expected to be generated (Rs) Monara-gala Thanamal-wila 58,135 37.5 Rs 35 2,034,725
    •  
    • The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a Pilot Project in Willuwa ADP (using indigenous seed paddy)
      • Identified the problems related to conventional paddy cultivation by using cause-and-effect method.
      • Translated identified problems into achievable objectives and did goal/outcome/output analysis, proposing appropriate activities & developing logical framework for the pilot project.
      • Formed two movements representing both DS divisions, for organic paddy cultivation using indigenous varieties.
    • The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a Pilot Project in Willuwa ADP (using indigenous seed paddy) Cont…..
      • Identified well-experienced resource persons & trainers.
      • The pioneer team was comprised of 24 selected farmers.
      • Organized all trainings & exposures step-by-step.
      • Established a mechanism to provide the indigenous seed paddy varieties to farmers on lease basis through Willuwa Rural Development Service Societies.
      • Prepared a post-harvest action plan with the Federation of Willuwa Rural Development Service Societies.
    • Table 1: Farm Size of SRI – Maha 2007/08 Farm size (acres) Number of SRI farmers Total number of acres grown Produc-tivity of paddy (Kgs/acre) Total production (MT) < 0.25 - - 0.25- 0.5 7 3.50 0.5 - 1 14 4.75 1 - 2 3 4.25 2 < - -
    •  
    • Table 2: No. of Acres Grown and No. of Farmers Involved in SRI Rice Production District Location/DS Division Number of acres grown Number of farmers involved Variety of seed paddy used Duration of variety (mo.) Puttalam Karuwala-gaswewa ½ 1 Suwadal 2/½ 1½ 3 Madathawalu 3/½ 1¼ 4 Kuruluthuda 3 - - Kaluhinati 3/½ - - Pachcha- perumal 3/½ Wanatha-willuwa 1 ¼ 4 Suwadal 2/½ 3 4 Madathawalu 3/½ 1 ½ 2 Kuruluthuda 3 ¼ 1 Kaluhinati 3/½ 3 ¼ 6 Pachcha- perumal 3/½
    • Table 3: Total Production and Productivity of SRI District Location/DS Division Total produc-tion obtained (Kgs) Produc-tivity obtained (Kgs/acre) Farmgate price obtained (Rs/Kg) Total value generated or expected to be generated (Rs) Putta-lam Karuwalagaswewa 3410 kgs 2 Rs 35 Rs 35 Wanathawilluwa
    •  
    • Impact of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a Pilot Project in Willuwa ADP…cont.
      • Economic Impact
      • In the case of indigenous paddy farming in SRI system, farmers get higher harvest than the conventional paddy cultivation even if they practice just a few of the practices for SRI:
      • E.g., wider spacing of planting, reduced water applications, and/or
      • adopting organic fertilizers
      • Farmers have a good opportunity to produce their own seed with high quality with features of pure & unmixed seed, high planting ability, and healthy seed.
      • More adaptation of traditional indigenous knowledge, integrated with SRI system, can increase the productivity when harvesting.
      • Can minimize land preparation costs by application of100% organic fertilizers, by several times.
    • Impact of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a Pilot Project in Willuwa ADP…cont.
      • Cultivating indigenous paddy under SRI system supports food security by upgrading storing capability of harvest without applying any chemical preservatives, high capacity for adaptation to weather and climatic conditions (e.g., mavee,) and soil conditions (e.g., salinity, marshes )
      • Cultivating indigenous paddy under SRI system and using organic fertilization creates a higher market price.
      • Reducing water application for paddy through SRI enables additional crop cultivation using irrigation water saved .
    •  
    • Impact of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a Pilot Project in Willuwa ADP…cont.
      • Social Impact
      • Emerging new farming culture with feature of continuous upgrading, innovation, and in-field research.
      • e.g., cultivating different varieties, testing different methods, grassroots awareness.
      • Collective skills of the households are directed to their own development.
      • Paddy farming is a system that has to change, and farmers should begin to move from conventional paddy farming.
    • Impact of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a Pilot Project in Willuwa ADP…cont.
      • Environmental impact
      • Genetic purity of the varieties is perfectly maintained
      • Conserving ecosystem diversity in the paddy fields.
      • e.g., Minimum land preparation
      • Farmers have their own traditional practices (technologies) which can increase the paddy harvest and protect the environment.
    •  
    • Expansion of Pilot Project
      • Goal of transforming a minimum of 500 acres of paddy fields from conventional paddy farming to SRI system by the end of year 2011.
      • Training at least 10 grassroot-level knowledge experts and trainers to promote the System of Rice Intensification.
    • Expansion of Pilot Project Table 4: Expected Cultivation of SRI (Yala-2008) District Location/DS Division No. of acres expected to be grown Number of farmers involved Variety of seed paddy used Duration of variety (mo.) Puttalam Karuwalag-aswewa 27 ¾ 60 - 3 to 3-1/2 Wanatha-willuwa 48 ¼ 69 - 3 to 3-1/2 Total 75 86
    • Media clip
      • Thank You!