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0724 Scaling Up SRI The Need for a Major Strategic Shift for Ecologically Sustainable Rice Production in India
 

0724 Scaling Up SRI The Need for a Major Strategic Shift for Ecologically Sustainable Rice Production in India

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Presenter: Biksham Gujja, Policy Advisor, WWF, Gland, Switzerland

Presenter: Biksham Gujja, Policy Advisor, WWF, Gland, Switzerland

Audience: 2nd National SRI Symposium, Agartala, India

Subject Country: India

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  • 54% of accessible freshwater is currently diverted for human use (UN WWAP 2003). Of the diverted water, globally around 70% is used for agriculture (which is why it is the focus of WWF’s water demand management work), 20% by industry and 10% for domestic use. The quote comes from the 2004 report of the Stockholm and International Water Management Institutes. It highlights the imminent threat to the survival of many freshwater ecosystems if water productivity is not dramatically improved in agriculture.

0724 Scaling Up SRI The Need for a Major Strategic Shift for Ecologically Sustainable Rice Production in India 0724 Scaling Up SRI The Need for a Major Strategic Shift for Ecologically Sustainable Rice Production in India Presentation Transcript

  • Scaling Up SRI The Need for a Major Strategic Shift for Ecologically Sustainable Rice Production in India Dr. Biksham Gujja Policy Advisor, Global Freshwater Programme Gland, Switzerland 5 th October 2007, Agartala, Tripura
  • Water: A global challenge
    • 1.1 billion people presently without safe water supply
    • 2.4 billion people without sanitation
    • 3-10 million deaths from waterborne diseases
    • Ecosystem are being rapidly destroyed
    • Most species-rich ecosystems are in the greatest danger and decline
  • A water-scarcity crisis
    • 70% agriculture
    • 20% industry
    • 10% urban use
    Eradicating malnutrition by 2025, with current productivity, would require additional diversions of water “close to all the water withdrawals at present”, according to IMWI & SIWI WWF LPR 2002
  • Percentage of area under irrigation in A.P.
  • Water Conflicts in India
    • Driving water demand
    • Rural areas are dumping grounds
    • Water conflicts are simmering and
    • occasionally erupt in violence
  • Last three years… WWF getting infected!!
    • Evaluating SRI and establishing that it really works
    • Excitement over large numbers of tillers and grains
    • Some indication of significant water-saving potential
    • Some adoption by farmers,
    • but still not widespread
  • SRI: From Hyderabad to Agartala?
    • Lot of awareness among politicians, farmers, others
    • Civil society and government collaboration
    • SRI practiced in almost all the states to some extent
    • Some solid research is being done
    • Independent confirmation
    • Tripura has progressed
    • with clear targets
  • SRI: From Hyderabad to Agartala?
    • Still at national level, very small percentage of area covered
    • Major rice-growing states are not able to push SRI to the greater extent
    • Water-saving has not been clearly measured and quantified
    • Still some scientists and professionals are critical
    • Some have gotten infected, but
    • SRI is not spreading fast enough,
    • and even some are dis-infected!
  • SRI presents an opportunity, but major challenges lie ahead
    • Informing the rice research establishment
    • Proper information and extension
    • Research, monitoring and evaluation
    • Modifications to irrigation infrastructure
    • Assured power supply enabling farmers
    • to manage their crop with less total water
    • Potential link to climate change documented
    • Partnerships of many kinds to be formed
  • Rice Yield (t/ha) in India District-wise during 2004-05
  • India – China Comparison for Rice Area and Production
  • India – China Comparison for Rice Paddy Yield
  • Mini-mission good start, but not ambitious enough??
    • 11 mt increase by 2012
    • Goal of improving productivity on 20 m.ha. by 500 kg/ha – is this enough?
    • Allocation of Rs. 12,000 crores (Rs. 2,500/ha -- US$ 700)
    • SRI is one of the most promising interventions, but
    • how to be spread?
    • what to be done?
    • where? and with
    • whom?
  • Targets for infection… 20 (or 10) by 2020 for 200
    • 20 m.ha under SRI management by 2020
    • To produce 200 mt of paddy
    • Rs. 20,000 crores investment
    • Cost: Rs.2,500/t production, or Rs.1,300/y/5y
    • Average: 5 t/ha with irrigation; with SRI, 6 t/ha
    • Can India achieve this??
    • India needs a big, ambitious and practical approach. The question is HOW??
  • Conclusions
    • Need major strategic shift
    • Very ambitious mission
    • Rs. 20,000 for five years
    • Direct support to farmers
    • Target of 200 mt increase
    • Save 100 billion cubic m. water
    • SRI one option, but a major one
    • Save money and ecosystems
  • Some Publications on SRI
  • Thank You Let’s Achieve Quickly “ More Rice Per Drop”