0708 Increasing Water Productivity of Rice through Adoption of System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
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0708 Increasing Water Productivity of Rice through Adoption of System of Rice Intensification (SRI)

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Presenter: Mushtaq A. Gill

Presenter: Mushtaq A. Gill

Institution: Agriculture Water Management, Punjab

Subject Country: Pakistan

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    0708 Increasing Water Productivity of Rice through Adoption of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) 0708 Increasing Water Productivity of Rice through Adoption of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Presentation Transcript

        • Mushtaq A. Gill
        • Director General Agriculture
        • (Water Management), Punjab, Pakistan
      Increasing Water Productivity of Rice through Adoption of System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
    • MAJOR CHALLENGES Low Land and Water Productivity Degrading Land Resource Base Depleting Aquifers Dwindling Land for Agriculture High Water Losses Shrinking Water Resources Increasing Population Pressure Food Security
    • YIELD OF MAJOR CROPS IN PAKISTAN (Kg/ha) Yields are almost stagnant for the past decade
      • Insufficient water availability
      • Improper water management
      • Undulated topography
      • Sub-optimal plant population
      • Imbalanced use of fertilizers
      • Deterioration of soil fertility
      • Inhumane & laborious method of transplanting
      RICE PRODUCTION CONSTRAINTS
    • SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION Punjab Experience
      • Start with precisely levelled fields
      • Early transplantation of young seedlings, only 8-15 days old (9-12 cm height, 2-leaf stage)
      • Maintain moist field with just thin layer of water
      • Wide-space planting in square pattern (25 x 25 cm)
      • Planting only one plant per hill
      • Transplantation of nursery in evening
      • Enhances Productivity
        • Increase yield 30-50% or more
        • Larger panicles (about 200-300 grains/panicle)
        • Higher grain weight (15-20%)
      • Conserves 25-50 % water
      • Reduces seed requirement by 80-90%
      • Improves livelihood
        • 20 % reduction in cost of production
      SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) Impact Assessment
    • PROMOTION OF SRI SRI Seminars at UAF and in Okara Project area Trials at Univ. of Agriculture Faisalabad for adaptation of SRI
    • CROP ESTABLISHMENT AND IMPACT
    • IMPACT OF SRI Year Area (acres) No. of Farmers Water Saving (AF) Net Income (US$) 2006 10 4 13.17 2,395.90 2007 25 10 32.93 5,989.75 Total (US$) 8,385.65
    • RESOURCE CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES BEING EVALUATED AND ADOPTED FOR RICE
      • System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
      • Direct-Seeded Rice (DSR)
      • Zero-tillage Dry Sowing
      • Leaf Colour Chart (LCC)
      • Brown Manuring
      • Surface Mulching
    • Sustainable Agricultural Development through Resource Conservation Technologies A Resource Conserved is A Resource Generated