SRI – based livelihood Initiative in the Mekong Hai Duong, 11 July 2007 L e Nguyet Minh [email_address]
Presentation overview <ul><li>Opportunities & Impact potentials : Grow local, influence regional and global </li></ul><ul>...
1. Opportunities <ul><li>Population growth and finite resources, esp. water, will sustain high demand for rice </li></ul><...
1. Impact potentials  <ul><li>Changes in lives of millions of rice farmers, regardless of landholding size </li></ul><ul><...
2.  Cambodian experience
2. Cambodian experience <ul><li>CEDAC learned about SRI in 1999 through LEISA magazine, first contact with Normal Uphoff (...
2. Number of SRI farmers in Cambodia Source: CEDAC
Areas of SRI application (ha)  Source: CEDAC, SRI secretariat
Number of villages, provinces Source: SRI secretariat 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Number of villages 18 122 350 815...
Innovative ways to promote SRI <ul><li>Informal and formal farmer to farmer extension </li></ul><ul><li>Combined informal ...
Benefits from SRI <ul><li>Yield increases 50 - 150%, from average 1.5-1.8 tons/ha to 2.5-3.5 tons/ha with traditional/loca...
Change of income  ( n=120 farmers, in riel )
Spin-off benefits of SRI <ul><li>Increased  self-confidence and self-reliance  as they can get higher production by using ...
Twinning SRI & Saving for Change <ul><li>Oxfam reinforces Self-help farmer groups as foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Twining ...
<ul><li>On-going support to Cambodia since 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot in Vietnam: Community-based SRI application with P...
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0705 SRI: Based Livelihood Initiative in the Mekong

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Presenter: Le Nguyet Minh

Institution: Oxfam America, Hai Duong

Subject Country: Vietnam

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0705 SRI: Based Livelihood Initiative in the Mekong

  1. 1. SRI – based livelihood Initiative in the Mekong Hai Duong, 11 July 2007 L e Nguyet Minh [email_address]
  2. 2. Presentation overview <ul><li>Opportunities & Impact potentials : Grow local, influence regional and global </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia’s lessons : CEDAC self-reliance and its leading role </li></ul><ul><li>Oxfam work : Demonstration & facilitation </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Opportunities <ul><li>Population growth and finite resources, esp. water, will sustain high demand for rice </li></ul><ul><li>Tremendous advocacy opportunity to form an organized support structure at community, national and international levels </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing trend towards sustainable agriculture: less dependence on artificial inputs, environmental friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Community-based approach, addressing poverty at scale </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Impact potentials <ul><li>Changes in lives of millions of rice farmers, regardless of landholding size </li></ul><ul><li>Influence global rice sector, and food security </li></ul><ul><li>Potential of scalability </li></ul><ul><li>Increased support to small farmer agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Improved social resilience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthened income security through higher land productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coherent social network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boosting farmer confidence </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Cambodian experience
  6. 6. 2. Cambodian experience <ul><li>CEDAC learned about SRI in 1999 through LEISA magazine, first contact with Normal Uphoff (CIIFAD) in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000, 28 SRI farmer-led field experimentation conducted </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006, around 60,000 farmers apply SRI at various levels </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent positive field results shows that SRI is appropriate to address problems related to food insecurity, poverty alleviation & strategic entry point in rural development </li></ul><ul><li>5 years for Ministry of Agriculture to formally endorse SRI technology </li></ul><ul><li>SRI is now widely supported & promoted by 24 provincial departments of agriculture & 47 NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>SRI national working group: secretariat hosted by MAFF, membership of NGOs, bilateral donors </li></ul>
  7. 7. 2. Number of SRI farmers in Cambodia Source: CEDAC
  8. 8. Areas of SRI application (ha) Source: CEDAC, SRI secretariat
  9. 9. Number of villages, provinces Source: SRI secretariat 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Number of villages 18 122 350 815 1,397 2,500 2,685 Number of provinces 4/24 7/24 11/24 14/24 17/24 20/24 24/24
  10. 10. Innovative ways to promote SRI <ul><li>Informal and formal farmer to farmer extension </li></ul><ul><li>Combined informal and formal channels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local governments, department of agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Politicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptive extension and learning materials (radio broadcast, video, upcoming television shows) </li></ul><ul><li>Prize of best SRI farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Market premium for chemical-free SRI rice </li></ul>
  11. 11. Benefits from SRI <ul><li>Yield increases 50 - 150%, from average 1.5-1.8 tons/ha to 2.5-3.5 tons/ha with traditional/local varieties </li></ul><ul><li>Few SRI farmers yield over 6 tons/ha </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced inputs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seed by 70-80% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertilizers by 50 % (150 kg/ha down to 75 kg/ha) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most SRI farmers have given up pesticide </li></ul><ul><li>Net income per ha increases app. $US 58 - 172 (almost 200 % more ). </li></ul><ul><li>Under CEDAC’s marketing support, increasing number of SRI farmers sell their rice as chemical-free and receive 15 % premium </li></ul>
  12. 12. Change of income ( n=120 farmers, in riel )
  13. 13. Spin-off benefits of SRI <ul><li>Increased self-confidence and self-reliance as they can get higher production by using only their existing resources </li></ul><ul><li>Growing interest among farmers in other technical and social innovations ( e.g. saving for self-reliance, collective marketing & purchase) </li></ul><ul><li>SRI to SID (System of intensification & diversification) to diversity farm portfolio: feed animals with rice surplus, converting part of rice fields to other products (vegetables, fish, husbandry and trees planting) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Twinning SRI & Saving for Change <ul><li>Oxfam reinforces Self-help farmer groups as foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Twining approach: SRI & Saving for Change: to mobilize own resource, smooth incomes & enhance social trust, cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Rolls out nation-wide </li></ul>0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 SRI and Saving for Change in Cambodia Savers SRI farmers
  15. 15. <ul><li>On-going support to Cambodia since 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot in Vietnam: Community-based SRI application with PPD and Ha Tay PPSD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>78 - 90 % seed saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30% water saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 - 15 % yield increase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More $ 120 - 140 / ha / crop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developing new partnership in Vietnam (PPD, SRD, OQ) & a regional SRI livelihood program </li></ul><ul><li>Improving knowledge base with series of studies </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating a SRI learning network in Mekong </li></ul>3. What is Oxfam doing?

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