0705 SRI: Based Livelihood Initiative in the Mekong

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Presenter: Le Nguyet Minh …

Presenter: Le Nguyet Minh

Institution: Oxfam America, Hai Duong

Subject Country: Vietnam

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  • 1. SRI – based livelihood Initiative in the Mekong Hai Duong, 11 July 2007 L e Nguyet Minh [email_address]
  • 2. Presentation overview
    • Opportunities & Impact potentials : Grow local, influence regional and global
    • Cambodia’s lessons : CEDAC self-reliance and its leading role
    • Oxfam work : Demonstration & facilitation
  • 3. 1. Opportunities
    • Population growth and finite resources, esp. water, will sustain high demand for rice
    • Tremendous advocacy opportunity to form an organized support structure at community, national and international levels
    • Increasing trend towards sustainable agriculture: less dependence on artificial inputs, environmental friendly
    • Community-based approach, addressing poverty at scale
  • 4. 1. Impact potentials
    • Changes in lives of millions of rice farmers, regardless of landholding size
    • Influence global rice sector, and food security
    • Potential of scalability
    • Increased support to small farmer agriculture
    • Improved social resilience
      • Strengthened income security through higher land productivity
      • Coherent social network
      • Boosting farmer confidence
  • 5. 2. Cambodian experience
  • 6. 2. Cambodian experience
    • CEDAC learned about SRI in 1999 through LEISA magazine, first contact with Normal Uphoff (CIIFAD) in 2000
    • In 2000, 28 SRI farmer-led field experimentation conducted
    • In 2006, around 60,000 farmers apply SRI at various levels
    • Consistent positive field results shows that SRI is appropriate to address problems related to food insecurity, poverty alleviation & strategic entry point in rural development
    • 5 years for Ministry of Agriculture to formally endorse SRI technology
    • SRI is now widely supported & promoted by 24 provincial departments of agriculture & 47 NGOs
    • SRI national working group: secretariat hosted by MAFF, membership of NGOs, bilateral donors
  • 7. 2. Number of SRI farmers in Cambodia Source: CEDAC
  • 8. Areas of SRI application (ha) Source: CEDAC, SRI secretariat
  • 9. Number of villages, provinces Source: SRI secretariat 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Number of villages 18 122 350 815 1,397 2,500 2,685 Number of provinces 4/24 7/24 11/24 14/24 17/24 20/24 24/24
  • 10. Innovative ways to promote SRI
    • Informal and formal farmer to farmer extension
    • Combined informal and formal channels
      • NGOs network
      • Local governments, department of agriculture
      • Politicians
      • School teachers
    • Adaptive extension and learning materials (radio broadcast, video, upcoming television shows)
    • Prize of best SRI farmers
    • Market premium for chemical-free SRI rice
  • 11. Benefits from SRI
    • Yield increases 50 - 150%, from average 1.5-1.8 tons/ha to 2.5-3.5 tons/ha with traditional/local varieties
    • Few SRI farmers yield over 6 tons/ha
    • Reduced inputs:
      • Seed by 70-80%
      • Fertilizers by 50 % (150 kg/ha down to 75 kg/ha)
    • Most SRI farmers have given up pesticide
    • Net income per ha increases app. $US 58 - 172 (almost 200 % more ).
    • Under CEDAC’s marketing support, increasing number of SRI farmers sell their rice as chemical-free and receive 15 % premium
  • 12. Change of income ( n=120 farmers, in riel )
  • 13. Spin-off benefits of SRI
    • Increased self-confidence and self-reliance as they can get higher production by using only their existing resources
    • Growing interest among farmers in other technical and social innovations ( e.g. saving for self-reliance, collective marketing & purchase)
    • SRI to SID (System of intensification & diversification) to diversity farm portfolio: feed animals with rice surplus, converting part of rice fields to other products (vegetables, fish, husbandry and trees planting)
  • 14. Twinning SRI & Saving for Change
    • Oxfam reinforces Self-help farmer groups as foundation
    • Twining approach: SRI & Saving for Change: to mobilize own resource, smooth incomes & enhance social trust, cohesion
    • Rolls out nation-wide
    0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 SRI and Saving for Change in Cambodia Savers SRI farmers
  • 15.
    • On-going support to Cambodia since 2003
    • Pilot in Vietnam: Community-based SRI application with PPD and Ha Tay PPSD
      • 78 - 90 % seed saving
      • 30% water saving
      • 8 - 15 % yield increase
      • More $ 120 - 140 / ha / crop
    • Developing new partnership in Vietnam (PPD, SRD, OQ) & a regional SRI livelihood program
    • Improving knowledge base with series of studies
    • Facilitating a SRI learning network in Mekong
    3. What is Oxfam doing?