0630 System of Rice Intensification (SRI) On–Farm Trials in  Eastern Visayas
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

0630 System of Rice Intensification (SRI) On–Farm Trials in Eastern Visayas

on

  • 3,286 views

Presenter: Zosimo M. de la Rosa, Fe M. Gabunada

Presenter: Zosimo M. de la Rosa, Fe M. Gabunada

Subject Country: Philippines

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,286
Views on SlideShare
3,279
Embed Views
7

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
96
Comments
2

1 Embed 7

http://www.slideshare.net 7

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • I would like to meet SRI trialist in Cebu City, Leyte, and Mindanao area to learn more about SRI in the Philippines. I will appreciate if you keep in touch thru: rogelio_yu@yahoo.com.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • That's a breakthrough in terms of sustainable rice production. Hope you can help replicate the technology to our poor farmers and open the gate for poverty alleviation in Asia. I am very willing to try the methodologies in rice production and have a trial for my self. Hope you can send me literature and module for this. Thank you.
    bonifacio N. javier
    Naya Subdivision, Tanke, Talisay City, Cebu
    Philippines
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

0630 System of Rice Intensification (SRI) On–Farm Trials in  Eastern Visayas 0630 System of Rice Intensification (SRI) On–Farm Trials in Eastern Visayas Presentation Transcript

  • System of Rice Intensification (SRI) On–Farm Trials in Eastern Visayas
  • The System of Rice Intensification Basic Information Researchers Dr. Zosimo M. de la Rosa - Regional Program Coordinator Dr. Fe M. Gabunada - Team Member FARMI Staff - Members Participating LGUs, NGOs, POs & Farmers Duration of the study Date Started: June – October 2004 planting season End Date: 2006 (3-4 planting seasons& beyond)
  • The System of Rice Intensification Basic Information Implementing Agencies
    • LGU-OMA, Baybay, Leyte
    • LGU-OMA, Jaro, Alang-alang, Leyte
    • City Agricultural Service Office (CASO) - Ormoc City
    • RDI Leyte Incorporated - Ormoc City & Naval, Biliran
    • Office of the Provincial Agriculturist (OPA) - Leyte
    • OPA, Naval, Biliran Province
    • OPA, Borongan, Eastern Samar
    • Babatngon & San Jorge Seed Farms – Leyte & Samar
    • CASO, Maasin City- Southern Leyte Province
    • CASO, Calbayog City – Northern Samar
    • Biliran National Agricultural College, Biliran Province
    • MASIPAG- Valencia, Ormoc
  • The System of Rice Intensification Basic Information Cooperating/Funding Agencies
    • Association Liaison Office (ALO/USAID)
    • Cornell Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development
    • (CIIFAD) – Cornell University, USA
    • Leyte State University, Visca, Baybay, Leyte
    • Visca Foundation for Agricultural Research and Development
    • (VIFARD)
    • Visayas Consortium Agricultural Research Program (ViCARP)
    • Eastern Visayas Integrated Agricultural Research Center
    • (EVIARC)
    • Rural Development Institute (RDI) Leyte, Incorporated – NGO
    • OPA, Leyte
  • The System of Rice Intensification Introduction
    • Food demand is an acute need of developing countries
    • like the Philippines
    • Rice is the staple food of Filipinos & half the world’s pop.
    • Estimated ave. yield of lowland rice in Eastern Visayas
    • ranges from 2.5 to 4.5 t/ha; increasing yield by 6.0 t/ha or
    • higher through SRI practices may reduce rice importation
    • Need for food security and food safety to meet population
    • growth
    • Conversion of prime rice lands as a result of urbanization
    • SRI practice , which is environment-friendly, opens up a
    • new hope for disadvantaged rice farmers
  • Enhancing the productivity and sustainability of the Philippine rice economy through SRI The System of Rice Intensification Goal
    • To test and demonstrate the applicability of SRI practice in
    • Eastern Visayas;
    • To evaluate the yield increment between the SRI practice
    • and farmers’ traditional rice cultivation;
    • To determine the economic advantage of SRI over the
    • traditional rice culture; and
    • To document farmer-cooperators’ feedback on SRI
    Specific Objectives
  • Background of the SRI Initiative in Eastern Visayas
    • Dr. Norman Uphoff conducted SRI seminar in March 2004
    • A working group on SRI was formed at LSU and
    • SRI protocol was drafted
    • Joint SRI proposal was prepared
    • Implementation guidelines were discussed
    • among participating partners
    The System of Rice Intensification
  • Implementation Strategy Employed
    • Discussed protocol with selected farmers together with their respective technicians
    • Identified areas for the on-farm trials
    • On-going on-farm trials enabled other farmers to interact with cooperators during Farmer-Field Days
    • Conducted 34 SRI orientations/seminars and small group discussions
    The System of Rice Intensification
  • The System of Rice Intensification On-Farm Research Sites
  • The System of Rice Intensification
    • Use at least 500 sq.m. of well
    • puddled/ prepared/leveled irrigated
    • lowland rice field per location
    • with a planting distance of
    • 25cm x 25cm.
    • Test plot will be demarcated
    • by buffer and irrigation/drainage
    • channels on all sides to arrest
    • inter-plot/paddy seepage and
    • hydraulic conductivity. All
    • cultural practices for the
    • conventional management will
    • be followed in control plots.
    Methodology
  • The System of Rice Intensification Methodology 3. Available compost/manure in the area will be used as fertilizer to be applied before plowing or first harrowing. The rate of application will be dependent on the soil fertility and the resources of farmers. 4. Broadcast pre-germinated rice seeds (farmers’ choice) sufficient for the SRI plot (500 sq.m.)
  • The System of Rice Intensification Methodology 5. Seedlings ranging from 8-15 days old will be transplanted at a distance of 25cm x 25cm. Only one seedling should be planted per hill within 15-30 minutes after uprooting.
    • Rice paddies should be moist
    • but not saturated or flooded;
    • surface cracking of the soil is
    • allowable, during the vegetative
    • stage of the rice plants.
  • The System of Rice Intensification Methodology 7. Two weeding operations, using rotary weeders, should be employed. First weeding should be 8-10 days after planting. Second should be approximately 3 – 4 weeks after planting. Hand weeding should follow during the growing/tillering phase.
  • The System of Rice Intensification Methodology
    • Apply pest control as the need arises, using alternative
    • management scheme (i.e., biological control or use herbal pesticides).
    • A depth of 1-5 cm standing
    • water in the rice field during the
    • reproductive phases (initiation,
    • booting, flowering, grain filling)
    • should be maintained.
    • 10. Rice field should be drained 10-15 days before harvesting.
  • The System of Rice Intensification Methodology
    • Three crop cuts (2m x 5m) both
    • from SRI and non-SRI plots will
    • be taken to determine the
    • yield in ton/ha, adjusted to
    • 14% moisture content.
    • Record all data and feedback
    • from farmer-experimenters.
    Note: Collect “kohol” if it is prevalent in the plot before planting.
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • SRI Orientations
    May 12, 2005 38 13. Lorente, Eastern Samar March 11, 2005 48 12. Leyte Province, Tac. city Feb. 25, 2005 28 11. City Agricultural Office, Calbayog, Western Samar Feb. 16, 2005 36 10. Borogan, Eastern Samar Jan. 14, 2005 67 9. Baybay, Leyte Jan. 10, 2005 15 8. Naval, Biliran Jan. 7, 2005 27 7. SWC, Network, Bohol Dec. 17, 2004 23 6. Matag-ob, Leyte Nov. 22, 2004 39 5. Almeria, Biliran Nov. 15, 2004 44 4. Maasin City, So. Leyte Nov. 5, 2004 60 3. Sogod, So. Leyte Oct. 21, 2004 27 2. Jabonga, Agusan del Norte Sept. 24, 2004 35 1. Almeria, Biliran Date Conducted Number of Participants (DA technicians & farmers) Name of Municipality and Province
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • SRI Orientations (continuation)
    April 15, 2005 11 14. Tigum sa Mga Mag-uuma Patag, Baybay, Leyte July 6, 2005 25 24. PNOC, Ormoc City July 8, 2005 9 23. DA Technicians Conference Baybay, Leyte June 22, 2005 36 22. Palanas Irrigators Assoc., Albuera, Leyte June 21, 2005 15 21. Cabucgayan, Biliran June 18, 2005 28 20. Patag, Baybay, Leyte May 27, 2005 60 19. Farmers’ Scientist Forum SBFISA, Alang-alang, Leyte May 26, 2005 39 18. Mawacat, Calbayog City May 17, 2005 37 17. Quinapondan, Eastern Samar May 14, 2005 35 16. Salcedo, Samar May 13, 2005 41 15. Oras and Bangkayan Eastern Samar Date Conducted Number of Participants (DA technicians & farmers) Name of Municipality and Province
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • SRI Orientations (continuation)
    August 10, 2005 30 25. Brgy. San Jose, Ormoc City December 6, 2005 20 34. DAR, Digos, Davao del Sur November 18, 2005 62 33. Brgy. Sta. Cruz, Baybay, Leyte November 10, 2005 22 32. OPA Naval, Biliran November 7, 2005 61 31. Capoocan, Leyte October 18, 2005 19 30. University of Eastern Phil, Northern Samar October 5, 2005 65 29. NIT-BNAC, Biliran October 3, 2005 11 28. Brgy. Liberty Hilongos, Leyte September 16, 2005 27 27. SLSU Hinunangan, So. Leyte August 10, 2005 11 26. Capoocon, Leyte Date Conducted Number of Participants (DA technicians & farmers) Name of Municipality and Province
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • On- Farm Trials Conducted (2004 June – October 2004)
    0.20 1 8. Babatngon Seed Farm 0.10 2 7. Brgy. Roxas II, Calbayog Western, Samar 0.05 1 6. Jaro, Leyte, OPA assisted 0.05 1 5. Maasin City –assisted by CASO Maasin, So. Leyte 0.70 3 4. Almeria-Biliran Province (RDI assisted) 0.09 2 3. Labrador-RDI assisted 1.10 2 2. Ormoc, City 0.15 3 1. Baybay Area (in ha.) Number of Trials Place/ Area/Province
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • On- Farm Trials Conducted
    • (1 st & 2 nd Croppings -2004 & 2005)
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • On-farm trials for the dry cropping season (2004 December –
    • April 2005)
    3.00 1 9. Biliran Agricultural College (BAC), Biliran Province 0.25 2 8. Babatngon & San Jorge Seed Farms , Leyte and Samar 0.05 2 7. Brgy. Roxas II, Calbayog, Western, Samar 0.25 1 6. Jaro, Leyte 1.25 3 5. Maasin City – assisted by CASO Maasin, So. Leyte 2.50 7 4. Almeria & Cabugcayn, Biliran Province – RDI-assisted 1.00 3 3. Labrador - RDI assisted 1.25 2 2. Ormoc, City 5.50 15 1. Baybay, Leyte Area (in ha.) Number of Trials Place/ Area/Province
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • Three Farmers’
    • Field Days
    • Farmers’ Forum
  • The System of Rice Intensification Activities Conducted
    • Shared SRI results: 1st Nat’l SRI Symposium at Los Baños,
    • 18 th FCSSP in Cagayan de Oro, Dissemination Symposium on
    • Community-Based Watershed Mgt. Support Project-LSU-CU
    • ALO/USAID, and 17 th Regional R & D Symposium
    • Distributed SRI reading materials
    • in English, Cebuano and Waray
    • dialect to various clients, including
    • SRI leaflet developed in Madagascar
    • (through CIIFAD-CU)
  • The System of Rice Intensification Results of SRI on- Farm Trial Table 1. Computed Average Yield (t/ha) of SRI on-farm trials and non-SRI during the wet cropping season, June 2004-Sept. 2004, and December 2004-May 2005, under different locations in Eastern Visayas 5.86 13.58 11.08 Bigante 4. Edilberto Magallano Marihilo,Maasin, Leyte 12.0 - 14.0 - 10.50 PSB- RC 18 NSIC 110 3. Panfilo Ochea Almeria, Biliran 9.17 6.25 7.60 M116 Bigante 2. Benecia Okan Ormoc City 8.61 10.70 7.7 PSB-RC 18 Mestizo 3 1. Angelina Cano Baybay, Leyte SRI (t/ha) SRI (t/ha) Non-SRI (t/ha) 2 nd Cropping** (Dec. 2004 – May 2005) 1 st Cropping* (July-October 2004) Variety Name of Farmer Cooperator & Location
  • The System of Rice Intensification Results of SRI on- Farm continuation….. * Wet Season ** Dry Season 8.32 or 189.12 cav/ha 9.35 or 212.5 cav/ha 7.84 or 178.21 cav/ha Average 9.0 8.30 7.60 Mestizo 116 Bigante 7 .Guadalupe Mesario Biasong, Baybay, Leyte 7.33 6.25 - 4.75 - RC-98 Mestizo 3 6. Juanito Poliquit Patag, Baybay, Leyte 6.62 6.37 5.66 PSB RC-80 5. Dario Pilapil Labrador, Ormoc City SRI (t/ha) SRI (t/ha) Non-SRI (t/ha) 2 nd Cropping** (Dec. 2004 – May 2005) 1 st Cropping* (July-October 2004) Variety Name of Farmer Cooperator & Location
  • The System of Rice Intensification Results of SRI on- Farm Trial Table 2. Computed Average Yield (t/ha) of SRI ‘spill-over adaptors’ during the dry cropping season, Dec.2004-May 2005, in Eastern Visayas 8.5 6.0 0.10 RC-82 4. Saturno Andrin Labrador, Ormoc City 6.44 2.64 0.38 Mestizo 3 3. Pancracio Petilos Biliran, Biliran 4.23 2.64 0.06 SL-8H 2. Policarpio Mabute Roxax V Quenco District, Calbayog City, Samar 9.0 5.72 0.20 Bigante 1. Ruperto Abreu Maganhan, Baybay, Leyte SRI Yield (t/ha) Previous Non-SRI Yield (t/ha) Area (ha) Variety Name of Farmer Co-operators and Location
  • The System of Rice Intensification Results of SRI on- Farm Trial continuation…. SRI Yield (t/ha) Previous Non-SRI Yield (t/ha) Area (ha) Variety Name of Farmer Co-operators and Location 5.54 3.08 1.0 Inbred 9. Teodoro Tecson Southern, Leyte 5.41 3.70 1.0 Inbred 8. Edna Paco San Juan, So. Leyte 5.28 3.08 1.0 Inbred 7. Isaias Mapute SanJuan, So. Leyte 5.78 3.60 1.0 Inbred 6. Carlito Mapute SanJuan, So. Leyte 5.28 3.08 1.0 Inbred 5. Bernie Kapote San Juan, So. Leyte
  • The System of Rice Intensification Results of SRI on- Farm Trial continuation…. SRI Yield (t/ha) Previous Non-SRI Yield (t/ha) Area (ha) Variety Name of Farmer Co-operators and Location 5.4 3.6 1 Hybrid 13. Terso Juntilla Libertad, Cabucgayan, 4.08 3.10 0.5 Mestizo 3 14. Hospicio Villocino Gakat, Baybay, Leyte 5.4 4.54 1 Hybrid 12. Gerry Lanate Cabucgayan, Biliran 6.38 2.93 0.15 Mestizo 11. Mario Sabando Patag, Baybay, Leyte 8.3 4.6 1 Bigante 10. Dominador Maoña Kananga, Leyte
  • The System of Rice Intensification Results of SRI on- Farm Trial continuation…. SRI Yield (t/ha) Previous Non-SRI Yield (t/ha) Area (ha) Variety Name of Farmer Co-operators and Location 3.52 2.50 .60 Mestizo 3 17. Enrique Alcober Gabas, Baybay, Leyte 6.33 3.30 3 PSB RC 18 18. Biliran Agricultural College, Biliran 4.16 3.10 0.75 Mestizo 3 16. Celso Galvez Maganhan, Baybay, Leyte 5.4 3.60 0.25 Mestizo 3 19. Terso Juntilla Cabucgayan, Bilian 5.15 3.5 0.3 Mestizo 3 15. Antonio Acuzar Maganhan, Baybay, Leyte
  • The System of Rice Intensification Results of SRI on-Farm Trial Table 3. Gross margin (Php/hectare) of selected farmer-cooperators by cropping season * Wet Season ** Dry Season 49, 040 32, 428 30, 918 4. Guadalupe Mesario Biasong, Baybay, Leyte 29, 491 800 (8, 300) 3. Juanito Poliquit Patag, Baybay, Leyte 44, 197 26, 491 31, 307 2. Benecia Okan Ormoc City 47, 115 49, 200 11,750 1. Angelina Cano Baybay, Leyte SRI SRI Non-SRI 2 nd Cropping** (Dec. 2004 – May 2005) 1 st Cropping* (July-October 2004) Name of Farmer Cooperator & Location
  • The System of Rice Intensification Lessons Learned in the conduct of SRI On-Farm Trials (Farmers’ Feedback)
    • During the pre-implementation stage, farmers thought:
      • SRI is “ kuti ” – which means work in transplanting young and small seedlings is tedious
      • Young seedlings (8-12 days old) planted can be eaten
      • easily by golden snails or kohol (during rainy season)
      • Uncertainty as to whether 1 seedling per hill is better than
      • planting in clumps (4-8 or more)
      • Unavailable sources of organic fertilizer/compost
      • and manure
      • Newly-planted seedlings near the dikes are attacked
      • by mole crickets
  • The System of Rice Intensification Lessons Learned in the conduct of SRI On-Farm Trials (Farmers’ Feedback)
      • Positive feedback/comments
      • Less number of seeds needed per ha
      • Strong/sturdy seedlings
      • Plants are more robust with bigger leaves after 2-4
      • weeks after planting
      • 30%-60 % savings on irrigation water
      • Rate of compost and inorganic fertilizer application
      • varied
      • More bigger tillers developed/produced
      • Longer panicles with bigger and more grains
  • The System of Rice Intensification Lessons Learned in the conduct of SRI On-Farm Trials (Farmers’ Feedback)
    • Positive feedback/comments
      • Bigger plants with stronger stems and lodging-
      • resistant
      • Resistant to sheath blight
      • Higher grain yield –increased by 2 t/ha or more
      • Cooked rice from SRI tastes better
      • Environment-friendly methods compared to conventional rice culture
  • The System of Rice Intensification Summary and Conclusion
    • The first two batches of farmers who conducted SRI
    • on-farm trials in the different rice-growing areas in
    • Eastern Visayas during the June-October 2004 wet
    • season and Dec. 2004-May 2005 dry season
    • claimed to have increased their yield by as much as 2
    • tons hectare. In some cases, production was more
    • than twice their previous yield
    • The number of farmers who are now testing SRI has
    • increased more than triple the original number for
    • Dec.2004-May 2005 cropping season
  • The System of Rice Intensification Summary and Conclusion
    • Establishment of harmonious working relationships
    • among collaborative partners
    • Improvement of the research and extension capabilities
    • of the personnel and staff involved in the implementation
    • Created networking and advocacy among institutions
    • (NGA, NGO, GOs and POs, and other farmer groups)
    • with environmental concern as the central focus
    • Forged the value of cost-sharing among partners in
    • conducting field activities and other related concerns
  • The System of Rice Intensification Summary and Conclusion
    • Awakened interest among farming families, not only in the Visayas region but also nation-wide, in producing healthy food
    • Served as a showcase for a dynamic and sustainable
    • agriculture
    • Sped-up awareness and promotion of SRI along with
    • other sustainable farming practices
    • The Magsasaka at Siyentipiko Para sa Pag-unlad ng Agrikultura (MASIPAG) advocates in Region 8 started to promote the blending of MASIPAG-SRI rice culture
  • The System of Rice Intensification Implication and Recommendation
    • Ill effects of some expensive chemicals have prodded
    • farmers to adopt SRI into their own farms
    • Have forged a stronger and more meaningful impact
    • not only in the lives of farmer-cooperators, but also
    • among participating organizations throughout E.Visayas
    • It is therefore recommended that concerned government
    • and non-government agencies promulgate policies
    • towards institutionalizing SRI within the Department
    • of Agriculture.
  • The System of Rice Intensification Implication and Recommendation
    • Promotion and adoption of SRI can be facilitated
    • and enhanced through an aggressive program
    • of the national government in support
    • of the disadvantaged rice farmers of the country
  • The System of Rice Intensification Thank You!