Transcript of "0612 The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A Good Alternative for Increasiing Irrigated Rice Cultivation and its Productivity in Nepal"
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI): A good alternative for increasing irrigated rice cultivation and its productivity in Nepal Rajendra Uprety Agriculture Extension Officer District Agriculture Development Office Morang, Nepal
<ul><li>History of SRI method in Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Started 1999 as a curiosity and trials was not successful. </li></ul><ul><li>From 2001, NWRP (Bhairahawa) and ATA (Kathmandu) started some trials and got good results. </li></ul><ul><li>2002 NEDICO started some trials in SMIP command areas in FFS. </li></ul><ul><li>2003, DADO Morang started trials and demonstrations. Its results attracts attention of various sectors working for rice development and media personals and speed up SRI movement in Nepal. </li></ul><ul><li>2005, DADO Morang has woned Nepal Development Marketplace 2005 award for SRI Promotion Project. </li></ul><ul><li>2006 SRI has started in more than 20 districts by GOs/NGOs and about 2500 farmers tested SRI in their fields. </li></ul>
What is SRI method in Nepal? Single rice plant, 35 days after transplanting by SRI method (Chaite 2 variety)
Young seedlings of 3 leaf stage. (8-12 days old)
Single seedling transplanting (without damaging the root of the seedling)
Single seedling transplanting in wider spacing 20x20 cm 25x25 cm 30x30 cm
Keep soil moist during vegetative stage, no water stagnation but sometime wetting and drying of the soil for better performance.
Regular and timely weeding for first 35 days. It increases more tillers and more production. Manual weeding (21 days after transplanting)
Weeding by rotary weeder, it decrease labor cost for SRI
And use of more organic matter/FYM instead of chemical fertilizers
<ul><li>Why SRI for Nepal ? </li></ul><ul><li>Rice is the main staple food and largest contributor for national GDP. </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity of rice is lowest in this region (SE-Asia). </li></ul><ul><li>Half of the districts (38) are food deficit. </li></ul><ul><li>Inputs price increased more than 3 times. </li></ul><ul><li>Profit from rice farming is decreasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Government is spending millions of rupees for food transportation in deficit districts. </li></ul><ul><li>Water is still scarce resource for rice farming. </li></ul>
<ul><li>What can we do by SRI method? </li></ul><ul><li>We can easily increase 1 t/ha rice yield by this method. </li></ul><ul><li>Out of 38 district, 36 can be convert into food sufficient districts. </li></ul><ul><li>SRI can save 90% of rice seed for the consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>We can save irrigation water by 40-50% from rice cultivation. </li></ul><ul><li>We can reduce chemical (fertilizers and pesticides) use in rice farming and reduce air, water and soil pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>We can save millions of rupees, spending for food transportation for other development works. </li></ul><ul><li>We can reduce GHG emissions and save our world from its bad effects. </li></ul><ul><li>We can increase profit and help for poverty reduction program. </li></ul>
Weed management Farmers' reactions: It required more labor. More money. Sometimes weed problems lead to fail the crops.
Mechanical Weeding by rotary weeder will be a good solution to reduce weeding cost. SRI field after first weeding by rotary weeder
Farmers, made marker and weeder to facilitate SRI method
Water management according to soil type. Wetting and drying up to cracking stage with loose and organic soil.
Healthy and big root system Healthy and big shoots and more production
What is necessary for SRI movement ? Collaboration of GOs/NGOs/CBOs/WUAs to testing, packaging and dissemination of SRI method in their working areas. In such collaboration we can generate a movement for the prosperity of this country. Which is suffering from food deficiency and poverty . Let's Join Together for SRI.
Visitors from the World Bank and Poverty Alleviation Fund/Nepal
Journalist in the SRI fields Himal Khabarpatrika NEPALI TIMES Channel Nepal BBC World Service
For more Information please contact <ul><li>Rajendra Uprety </li></ul><ul><li>District Agriculture Development Office, Morang, Biratnagar. </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 021-521358/526568. </li></ul><ul><li>Email: email@example.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.ciifad.cornell.edu/sri/countries/nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. Dr. Norman Uphoff (firstname.lastname@example.org) </li></ul>
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