The SRI was developed at Madagascar and promoted throughout SouthEast Asia; a variant the Margate System of Intermittent Irrigation and Drainage was popularized in the Philippines sometime during the late 70’s.
TQPM is another variant to offset the slow response or effect of organic fertilizer, known to restore the growth of micro-organism, as a booster applied during or after land preparation. Note the effect on plant color and stand compared with the straight SRI approach using organic fertilizer.
0423 SRI & TQPM Trial Demo Farms in the Visayas: Negros Occidental
SRI & TQPM Trial Demo Farms in the Visayas: Negros Occidental Trials in the Magballo-Balicotoc-Canlamay Integrated Irrigation Systems under SPISP of NIA and ADB 2003-2004 Wet and Dry Season Trials, Supported by the Subproject Staff, Municipal Agriculture Office, and the Agricultural Training Institute as well as the Consultants’ Consortium for SPISP Accompanied by written report
The Color-coded Schemes M B C I I S SPISP NIA/ADB
System of Rice Intensification (SRI) at Magballo-Balicotoc-Canlamay IIS <ul><li>Three spacings were evaluated, with organic fertilizer that is readily available from the market </li></ul><ul><li>SRI compared with the TQPM system that has a head start using inorganic fertilizer. </li></ul>
Total Quality Productivity Management (TQPM): ATI-NIA/SPISP <ul><li>This is similar to the System of Rice Intensification from Madagascar (and the Philippine version of the Margate Intermittent Irrigation & Drainage System, popularized in the Philippines in the 70s). A booster application of inorganic fertilizer is given after land preparation </li></ul>Plants are greener than in previous photograph of SRI
Results of the Pilot Rice Techno-Demo Farms Farmers Practice Undefined 1 Ha. 66.30 18,540.00 10,948.00 7,592.00 TQPM Techno- Demo 10 cm x 30 cm 200 m ² 1 Ha. 1.83 91.50 549.00 27,450.00 335.82 16,319.80 213.18 11,130.20 10 cm x 40 cm 200 m ² 1 Ha. 1.50 75.00 450.00 22,500.00 309.01 15,435.50 140.99 7,064.50 SRI Techno- Demo 25 cm x 25 cm 35 cm x 35 cm 45 cm x 45 cm 133 m ² 1 Ha. 1.67 125.00 501.00 37,500.00 393.58 29,865.26 107.42 7,634.74 133 m ² 1 Ha. 2.44 183.33 732.00 54,999.00 407.99 30,945.26 324.01 24,053.74 133 m ² 1 Ha. 2.05 154.18 615.00 46,254.00 389.55 30,735.76 225.45 15,518.24 Net Income PhP Expenses PhP Gross Income PhP Production (Sacks) 40 kg/sack Land Area Ha./sq. m. Distance Practices
Comparative Mean Values of ET, P, and Total Water Requirements 422.2 345.6 (67.1% less) 66.6 Difference 858.1 169.3 688.8 Water-saving SRI 1280.3 514.9 765.4 Traditional shallow flooding Totals (mm) Deep Perco-lation (mm) Evapotrans- piration (mm) Irrigation Technique
Derived Pumping Cost Savings with the SRI Option